Parametric Cartesian equation:
x = (a + b) cos(t) - b cos((a/b + 1)t), y = (a + b) sin(t) - b sin((a/b + 1)t)
Click below to see one of the Associated curves.
|Definitions of the Associated curves||Evolute|
|Involute 1||Involute 2|
|Inverse curve wrt origin||Inverse wrt another circle|
|Pedal curve wrt origin||Pedal wrt another point|
|Negative pedal curve wrt origin||Negative pedal wrt another point|
|Caustic wrt horizontal rays||Caustic curve wrt another point|
For the epicycloid, an example of which is shown above, the circle of radius b rolls on the outside of the circle of radius a. The point P is on the circumference of the circle of radius b. For the example drawn here a = 8 and b = 5.
These curves were studied by Dürer (1525), Desargues (1640), Huygens (1679), Leibniz, Newton (1686), de L'Hôpital (1690), Jacob Bernoulli (1690), la Hire (1694), Johann Bernoulli (1695), Daniel Bernoulli (1725), Euler (1745, 1781).
Special cases are a = b when a cardioid is obtained and a = 2b when a nephroid is obtained.
If a = (m - 1)b where m is an integer, then the length of the epicycloid is 8mb and its area is πb2(m2 + m).
The pedal curve, when the pedal point is the centre, is a rhodonea curve.
The evolute of an epicycloid is a similar epicycloid - look at the evolute of the epicycloid above to see it is a similar epicycloid but smaller in size.
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