References for Gemma Frisius

Version for printing
  1. G Kish, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).


  1. N Crane, Mercator : The Man who mapped the Planet (London, 2002).
  2. K Gesner, Bibliotheca universalis, Zurich, 1545 (Karrow, 1993).
  3. N D Haasbroek, Gemma Frisius, Tycho Brahe and Snellius and their triangulations (Delft, 1968).
  4. R W Karrow, Mapmakers of the Sixteenth Century and Their Maps (Chicago, 1993).
  5. G Kish, Medicina, mensura, mathematica : The Life and Works of Gemma Frisius, 1508-1555 (Minneapolis, 1967).
  6. Production of Globes in the Low Countries (Utrecht, 1993).


  1. B R Goldstein, Remarks on Gemma Frisius's 'De radio astronomico et geometrico', in From ancient omens to statistical mechanics (Copenhagen, 1987), 167-180.
  2. R Haardt, The globe of Gemma Frisius, Imago mundi 9 (1952).
  3. H D Howse, Navigation and astronomy - I: The first three thousand years, Journal of the British Astronomical Association 92 (1982), 53-60.
  4. G Kish, The life and works of Gemma Frisius, 1508-1555, James Ford Bell Lecture 4 (University of Minnesota, 1967).
  5. A Pogo, Gemma Frisius, his method of determining longitude, Isis 22 (1935), i-xix, 469-485.
  6. F van Ostroy, Biobibliographie de Gemma Frisius, Mémoires de l'Académie royale des sciences de Belgique 11 (Brussels, 1920).

JOC/EFR August 2002

The URL of this page is: