References for Felix Klein

  1. W Burau, B Schoeneberg, K von Meyenn, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
    See THIS LINK.
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  3. G Kasdorf, Klein, in H Wussing and W Arnold, Biographien bedeutender Mathematiker (Berlin, 1983).
  4. K H Parshall and D E Rowe, The emergence of the American mathematical research community, 1876-1900 : J J Sylvester, Felix Klein, and E H Moore (Providence, 1994).
  5. I M Yaglom, Felix Klein and Sophus Lie : evolution of the idea of symmetry in the nineteenth century (Boston, 1988).


  6. G Birkhoff and M K Bennett, Felix Klein and his 'Erlanger Programm', History and philosophy of modern mathematics, Minnesota Stud. Philos. Sci. XI (Minneapolis, MN, 1988), 145-176.
  7. R Courant, Felix Klein, Jahresberichte der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung 34 (1925), 197-213.
  8. G B Halsted, Biography. Professor Felix Klein, Amer. Math. Monthly 1 (1894), 416-420.
  9. H A Kastrup, The contributions of Emmy Noether, Felix Klein and Sophus Lie to the modern concept of symmetries in physical systems, Symmetries in physics (1600-1980) (Barcelona, 1987), 113-163.
  10. D E Rowe, 'Jewish mathematics' at Göttingen in the era of Felix Klein, Isis 77 (288) (1986), 422-449.
  11. D E Rowe, The early geometrical works of Sophus Lie and Felix Klein, The history of modern mathematics I (Boston, MA, 1989), 209-273.
  12. D E Rowe, Klein, Hilbert, and the Göttingen mathematical tradition, Osiris (2) 5 (1989), 186-213.
  13. D E Rowe, The philosophical views of Klein and Hilbert, The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci. Networks Hist. Stud. 15 (Basel, 1994), 187-202.
  14. A Shields, Klein and Bieberbach: mathematics, race, and biology, The Mathematical Intelligencer 10 (3) (1988), 7-11.
  15. R Tobies, Felix Klein in Erlangen und München : Ein Beitrag zur Biographie, in S S Demidov et al. (eds), Amphora : Festschrift for Hans Wussing on the occasion of his 65th birthday (Basel- Boston- Berlin, 1992), 751-772.