Lincoln

Robert Grosseteste (1168?-1253), philosopher and scientist, first Chancellor of Oxford University, was Bishop of Lincoln 1235-1253 and is buried in the SE transept of the Cathedral with a commemorative stone on the adjacent wall . He must have lived in the Old Bishop's Palace, now a ruin, to the south of the Cathedral. George Boole studied a memoir of Grosseteste's in the British Museum and said that he had come close to the Principlal of Least Action [MacHale, p. 120].

The tallest part of Lincoln Castle is Observatory Tower, built in the 1820s by Governor Merryweather, reputedly a keen astronomer.

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Sir Edward ffrench Bromhead (1789-1855), of Thurlby Hall, between Lincoln and Newark, was a member of the Analytical Society at Cambridge and later was George Green's patron and George Boole's friend. He is buried in Thurlby churchyard.

George Boole was born on 2 Nov 1815 at 34 Silver St., Lincoln (house demolished, but Langleys Solicitors is on the site) and baptised the next day at St. Swithin's. Soon afterward, the family moved to 49 Silver St., where they lived for 15 years. In 1992, I could not identify either site in Silver Street and I wrote a letter about this to the Lincolnshire Echo [see BSHM Newsletter 20 (1992), 12]. Philip R. Cragg, of Langleys Solicitors, responded and identified the firm's premises as the Boole birthsite. Boole was a student at Thomas Bainbridge's Commercial Academy in Fish Hill (now Michaelgate). After teaching in Doncaster and Liverpool, he taught at Mr. Robert Hall's Academy in Waddington, some four miles from Lincoln. His uncle William was already running a Classical, Commercial and Mathematical Academy in High Street, Lincoln, when George opened his own school in Free School Lane, Lincoln, in 1834. In 1838, Robert Hall died and Boole became Head of the Waddington Academy, moving his parents and siblings to Waddington. Not a trace now remains of the Academy, where Boole wrote his first papers. In 1840, he returned to Lincoln and started his own Boarding School for Young Gentlemen at 3 Pottergate, Minster Yard, by the Cathedral It was here that he wrote the first paper on invariant theory in 1841.

There is a memorial plaque on the building, which was unveiled by Boole's grandson, Sir G. I. Taylor [MacHale, p. 264 is a photo of the event].

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A memorial to Boole was unveiled in Lincoln High Street in 2015 on the 200th anniversary of his birth

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Lincoln Cathedral has a memorial window to Boole with a brass plate underneath.

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Eamonn de Valera (1882-1975) was in Lincoln Gaol from sometime in 1918, but escaped in Feb 1919.


To see an Ordnance Survey map click at THIS LINK


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An extract from The Mathematical Gazetteer of the British Isles created by David Singmaster

The original site is at THIS LINK