References for Classical light


  1. R Baierlein, Newton to Einstein (Cambridge, 1992).
  2. J Z Buchwald, The rise of the wave theory of light : Optical theory and experiment in the early nineteenth century ( Chicago, IL, 1989).
  3. N Kipnis, History of the principle of interference of light (Basel, 1991).
  4. H A Lorentz, The theory of electrons and its applications to the phenomena of light and radiant heat, Lectures from a course held at Columbia University, New York, March and April 1906 (Sceaux, 1992).
  5. I Newton, Opticks, or a treatise of the reflections, refractions, inflections and colours of light (New York, N. Y., 1952).
  6. E I Pogrebysskaja, Dispersion of light (Russian) "Nauka" (Moscow, 1980).
  7. H Poincaré, Théorie mathématique de la lumière : Reprint of the 1889 and 1892 originals (Sceaux, 1995).
  8. V Ronchi, Histoire de la lumière (Paris, 1996).
  9. A I Sabra, Theories of light : From Descartes to Newton (Cambridge-New York, 1981).
  10. A E Shapiro, Rays and waves : a study in seventeenth century optics, Ph.D. Thesis, Yale Univ. (New Haven, Conn., 1970).


  11. E J Atzema, All phenomena of light that depend on mathematics : a sketch of the development of nineteenth-century geometrical optics, Tractrix 5 (1993), 45-80.
  12. S Bergia, C Ferrario and V Monzoni, A blocked path? Light molecules from Ishiwara to de Broglie (Italian), Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics (Italian), Rome, 1984, Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Sci. Fis. Natur. (5) 9 (1985), 255-261.
  13. J Z Buchwald, Kinds and the wave theory of light, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 23 (1) (1992), 39-74.
  14. J-P Caubet, The great fugue of the Brownian theory of light, Stochastic Anal. Appl. 3 (2) (1985), 119-151.
  15. X Chen, Dispersion, experimental apparatus, and the acceptance of the wave theory of light, Ann. of Sci. 55 (4) (1998), 401-420.
  16. X Chen, The debate on the "polarity of light" during the optical revolution, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 50 (3-4) (1997), 359-393.
  17. S D'Agostino, Maxwell's dimensional approach to the velocity of light, Centaurus 29 (3) (1986), 178-204.
  18. S D'Agostino, Absolute systems of units and dimensions of physical quantities : a link between Weber's electrodynamics and Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light, Aspects of mid to late nineteenth century electromagnetism, Physis Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. (N.S.) 33 (1-3) (1996), 5-51.
  19. S D'Agostino, Experiment and theory in Maxwell's work. The measurements for absolute electromagnetic units and the velocity of light, Scientia (Milano) 113 (5-8) (1978), 469-480.
  20. S D'Agostino, Maxwell's dimensional approach to the velocity of light : rise and fall of a paradigma, in Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics (Italian), Rome, 1984, Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Sci. Fis. Natur. (5) 9 (1985), 147-167.
  21. J Eisenstaedt, De l'influence de la gravitation sur la propagation de la lumière en théorie newtonienne : L'archéologie des trous noirs, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 42 (4) (1991), 315-386.
  22. J Eisenstaedt, Dark bodies and black holes, magic circles and Montgolfiers : light and gravitation from Newton to Einstein, in Einstein in context (Cambridge, 1993), 83-106.
  23. C Hakfoort, Nicolas Béguelin and his search for a crucial experiment on the nature of light (1772), Ann. of Sci. 39 (3) (1982), 297-310.
  24. J Hendry, The development of attitudes to the wave-particle duality of light and quantum theory, 1900-1920, Ann. of Sci. 37 (1) (1980), 59-79.
  25. R W Home, Leonhard Euler's "anti-Newtonian" theory of light, Ann. of Sci. 45 (5) (1988), 521-533.
  26. C Huygens, Treatise on light, in Great Books of the Western World 34, Encyclopaedia Britannica (Chicago- London- Toronto, 1952), 545-619.
  27. P Langlois and A Boivin, Thomas Young's ideas on light diffraction in the context of electromagnetic theory, Canad. J. Phys. 63 (2) (1985), 265-274.
  28. M N Mahanta, Nordström's theory in the light of the dualistic gravitation theory, Internat. J. Theoret. Phys. 26 (1) (1987), 63-70..
  29. bservations of the diffraction of light by a slit in Bohemian lands (Czech), Acta Hist. Rerum Natur. Nec Non Tech. 8 (1963), 5-42.
  30. J Marek, Newton's report "New theory about light and colours" and its relation to results of his predecessors, Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 11 (1-4) (1969), 390-407.
  31. H Nakajima, Two kinds of modification theory of light : some new observations on the Newton-Hooke controversy of 1672 concerning the nature of light, Ann. of Sci. 41 (3) (1984), 261-278.
  32. N I Nevskaja, Diffraction of light in the works of eighteenth century astrophysicists (Russian), Istor. -Astronom. Issled. Vyp. 13 (1977), 339-376.
  33. I Newton, A new theory about light and colors, Amer. J. Phys. 61 (2) (1993), 108-112.
  34. E I Pogrebysskaya, The development of the ideas about dispersion of light in the seventeenth century (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences, No. XXII: Physics (Russian) (Moscow, 1979), 128-140.
  35. J Renn, T Sauer and J Stachel, The origin of gravitational lensing : A postscript to Einstein's 1936 Science paper: "Lens-like action of a star by the deviation of light in the gravitational field", Science 84 (1936), 506-507, by A Einstein, Science 275 (5297) (1997), 184-186.
  36. G Rodis-Lewis, Quelques remarques sur la question de la vitesse de la lumière chez Descartes, in "Pour Descartes": mathématiques et physique cartésiennes, Paris, 1996, Rev. Histoire Sci. 51 (2-3) (1998), 347-354.
  37. L Rosenfeld, The velocity of light and the evolution of electrodynamics, Nuovo Cimento (10) 5 (1956), Supp. 1630-1669.
  38. L Rozenfel'd, Gravitational effects of light (Russian), in Einstein collection, 1980-1981 "Nauka" (Moscow, 1985), 255-266; 335.
  39. S Sakellariadis, Descartes' experimental proof of the infinite velocity of light and Huygens' rejoinder, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 26 (1) (1982), 1-12.
  40. A E Shapiro, Kinematic optics: a study of the wave theory of light in the seventeenth century, Arch. History Exact Sci. 11 (1973/74), 134-266.
  41. A E Shapiro, Light, pressure, and rectilinear propagation : Descartes' celestial optics and Newton's hydrostatics, Studies in Hist. and Philos. Sci. 5 (1974), 239-296.
  42. A E Shapiro, The evolving structure of Newton's theory of white light and color, Isis 71 (257) (1980), 211-235.
  43. A E Shapiro, The gradual acceptance of Newton's theory of light and color, 1672-1727, Perspect. Sci. 4 (1) (1996), 59-140.
  44. ewton and his followers have any conception of wave-particle dualism of light? (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences, No. XXI (Russian), (Moscow, 1979), 76-83.
  45. J Stachel, Einstein's light-quantum hypothesis, or why didn't Einstein propose a quantum gas a decade-and-a-half earlier?, in Einstein : the formative years, 1879-1909 (Boston, MA, 2000), 231-251.
  46. M Suffczy'nski, Velocity of light, in Isaac Newton's Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, Lublin, 1987 (Singapore, 1988), 69-71.
  47. W Tobin, Toothed wheels and rotating mirrors : Parisian astronomy and mid-nineteenth century experimental measurements of the speed of light, Vistas Astronom. 36 (3) (1993), 253-294.
  48. K Weinrich, Die Lichtbrechung in den Theorien von Descartes und Fermat, Sudhoffs Arch. (1998), Suppl. 40, 1-171.
  49. A Ziggelaar, How did the wave theory of light take shape in the mind of Christiaan Huygens?, Ann. of Sci. 37 (2) (1980), 179-187.