References for Weather forecasting


  1. J D Cox, Stormwatchers. The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin's Kite to El Niño (Hoboken NJ, 2002)
  2. S Dunlop, A Dictionary of Weather, second edition (Oxford, 2008)
  3. A E Gill, Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics (San Diego CA, 1982)
  4. R B Stull, Meteorology for Scientists and Engineers, second edition (Pacific Grove CA, 2000)

    Books found online:

  5. J P Boyd, Chebyshev and Fourier Spectral Methods, second edition (Mineola NY, 2000)

    Papers found online:

  6. G Doms, U Schättler, A Description of the Nonhydrostatic Regional Model LM. Part I: Dynamics and Numerics (Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, 2002)
  7. F Grazzini, A Persson, User Guide to ECMWF forecast products, version 4.0 (Meteorological Bulletin M3.2, 14.03.2007)
  8. J C R Hunt, Lewis Fry Richardson and his Contributions to Mathematics, Meteorology, and Models of Conflict (Annual Review for Fluid Mechanics, Volume 30, January 1998), xiii-xxxvi
  9. C E Leith, Objective Methods for Weather Prediction (Annual Review for Fluid Mechanics, 10/1978), 107-128
  10. R Stewart, Weather Forecasting by Computer (2009)
  11. A J Thorpe, H Volkert, M ZiemiaDski, The Bjerknes' Circulation Theorem: A Historical Perspective (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Volume 84, Issue 4, April 2003), 471-480

    Lecture notes / lecture slides found online:

  12. M Birke, Wettervorhersage & Wetterdienst (University of Regensburg, 2009)
  13. B Früh, Wie lässt sich das Klima der Zukunft berechnen? (University of Karlsruhe, 2008)
  14. R S Harwood, Atmospheric Dynamics (Chapter 1: Basics, Chapter 5: Balance of Forces in Synoptic Scale Flow, Chapter 13: Quasi-Geostrophic Equations) (University of Edinburgh, 2005)
  15. N Kämpfer, Atmosphärenphysik. Kapitel 6: Dynamik der Atmosphäre (University of Bern, 2009), 118-123
  16. U Langematz, Vorlesung 6: Dynamik I (FU Berlin, 2009)
  17. R W Riddaway, Numerical Methods, revised March 2001 (by M Hortal) (Meteorological Training Course Lecture Series, 2002)
  18. J Wensch, Numerische Wettervorhersage (TU Dresden, 2009

    Scripts / Slides for talks:

  19. S Auyang, Nonlinear Dynamics: How Science Comprehends Chaos (talk given at Harvard University, 23.02.1998)
  20. F Baer, The Spectral Method: Its Impact on NWP (2004)


  21. P Bethge, J Blech, M Dworschak, O Stampf, Das gefühlte Wetter (Spiegel, 23/2000)
  22. C Budd, Finding order in chaos
  23. C Budd, How maths can make you rich and famous: Part II
  24. A Gassmann, Numerische Wettervorhersage (Welt der Physik/MPI für Meteorologie, 2008)
  25. R Matthews, And now, the forecast ... cloudy with a chance of fractals (NewScientist, No 2733, 7 November 2009), 40-43
  26. W Wiedlich, Eine kleine Geschichte der Wettervorhersage (General-Anzeiger, 27.11.2007)

    Internet resources:

  27., S Gronas
  31., M Chahine, S Graham, C Parkinson
  33., E D Craft
  34., B Hudson
  37., J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
  38., J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
  39., J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
  40., M Goldstein [extract from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Weather, M Goldstein, 2002]
  43., R Bannister
  44., N A Philips
  47., L Alter

    Other sources:

  48. R Wengenmayr, Wettervorhersage. Messen -- Berechnen -- Interpretieren, information booklet published by the DWD, second edition (Offenbach, 2007)