References for Howard Aiken


  1. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.
    http://www.britannica.com/biography/Howard-Hathaway-Aiken

    Books:

  2. I B Cohen, Howard Aiken: Portrait of a Computer Pioneer (MIT Press, 1999).

    Articles:

  3. An Interview with Richard Bloch conducted by William Aspray on 22 February 1984 at Newton, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
    http://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/107123/oh066rb.pdf
  4. An Interview with Robert Hawkins conducted by William Aspray on 20 February 1984 at Barnstable, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
    http://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/107348/oh064rh.pdf
  5. An Interview with Robert V D Campbell conducted by William Aspray on 22 February 1984 at Barnstable, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
    http://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/107210/oh067rvc.pdf
  6. F G Ashurst, Howard Aiken, in Pioneers of computing (London, 1983), 109-111.
  7. Biography of Howard Aiken, History of Computers.
    http://history-computer.com/People/AikenBio.html
  8. H Brooks et al., Speeches delivered at the memorial ceremony for Howard Hathaway Aiken (Harvard University Press, New Haven, 1973).
  9. I B Cohen, Babbage and Aiken: with notes on Henry Babbage's gift to Harvard, and to other institutions, of a portion of his father's difference engine, Annals of the history of computing 10 (1988), 171-193.
  10. I B Cohen, Howard H Aiken and the computer, A history of scientific computing (New York, 1990), 41-52.
  11. Howard Hathaway Aiken, Harvard University Gazette 69 (37) (1974).
  12. Howard H Aiken, Built Computer; Developer of the Mark I Dies - Was Harvard Professor Taught Until 1961 Human Factors Cited, New York Times (March 16, 1973).
  13. Howard Aiken, Engineering and Technology History Wiki.
    http://ethw.org/Howard_Aiken
  14. Howard H Aiken. 1964 Harry H Goode Memorial Award Recipient, IEEE Computer Society.
    http://www.computer.org/web/awards/goode-howard-aiken
  15. Howard Aiken and the Harvard Mark I, I Programmer.
    http://www.i-programmer.info/history/8-people/342-aiken-and-the-mark-i.html
  16. H Jones, Howard Hathaway Aiken, The History of Computing Project.
    http://www.thocp.net/biographies/aiken_howard.html
  17. J A N Lee, Howard Hathaway Aiken, in International Biographical Dictionary of Computer Pioneers (Taylor & Francis, 1995), 9-20.
    http://history.computer.org/pioneers/aiken.html