Search Results for history
Biographies
A word appears too often: Please refine search.
History Topics
- References for Calculus history
- References for Calculus history
.
- K Andersen, Precalculus, 1635-1665, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 292-307.
- C B Boyer, The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development (New York, 1959).
- J O Fleckenstein, The line of descent of the infinitesimal calculus in the history of ideas, Arch.
- N Guicciardini, Three traditions in the calculus : Newton, Leibniz and Lagrange, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 308-317.
- T Guitard, On an episode in the history of the integral calculus, Historia Mathematica 14 (2) (1987), 215-219.
- A Rosenthal, The history of calculus, The American Mathematical Monthly 58 (1951), 75-86.
- A dialogue between Leibniz and Newton (1675-1677), Archive for History of Exact Sciences 2 (1964), 113-137.
- D T Whiteside, Patterns of mathematical thought in the later seventeenth century, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 1 (1960), 179-388.
- References for Topology history
- References for Topology history
.
- J W Dauben, Topology : Invariance of dimension, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 939-949.
- J Dieudonne, A History of Algebraic and Differential Topology, 1900-1960 (Basel, 1989).
- I, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 20 (2) (1979), 97-188.
- II, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 25 (2-3) (1981), 85-267.
- E Scholtz, Topology : Geometric, algebraic, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 927-938.
- A Weil, Riemann, Betti and the birth of topology, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 20 (2) (1979), 91-96.
- References for Pi history
- References for Pi history
.
- P Beckmann, A history of π (Boulder, Colo., 1971).
- P Freguglia, The determination of π in Fibonacci's 'Practica geometriae' in a fifteenth-century manuscript (Italian), Contributions to the history of mathematics (Italian) (Modena, 1990), 75-84.
- C Jami, Une histoire chinoise du 'nombre π', Archive for History of Exact Sciences 38 (1) (1988), 39-50.
- C Pereira da Silva, A brief history of the number π (Portuguese), Bol.
- I Tweddle, John Machin and Robert Simson on inverse-tangent series for π, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 42 (1) (1991), 1-14.
- References for Quantum mechanics history
- References for Quantum mechanics history
.
- M Beller, The conceptual and the anecdotal history of quantum mechanics, Found.
- L M Brown, Quantum mechanics, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 1252-1260.
- G S Im, Experimental constraints on formal quantum mechanics : the emergence of Born's quantum theory of collision processes in Gottingen, 1924-1927, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 50 (1) (1996), 73-101.
- R M Nugayev, The history of quantum mechanics as a decisive argument favoring Einstein over Lorentz, Philos.
- History overview
- An overview of the history of mathematics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- How we view history
.
- We view the history of mathematics from our own position of understanding and sophistication.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/History_overview.html
.
- ETH history
- Zurich Federal Polytechnic history
.
- This article gives a brief overview of the history of the Federal Polytechnic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
- It was decided that a federal polytechnic would first and foremost produce engineers, chemists and foresters, but that supplementary subjects such as mathematics, natural sciences, modern languages, history, and politics would also be taught [',' D Gugerli, P Kupper and D Speich, Die Zukunftsmaschine.
- Full knowledge of elementary mathematics and geometry, of trigonometry and of elements of analytic geometry and algebraic analysis; elements of descriptive and practical geometry; [knowledge] of elements of physics, chemistry, mechanics and natural history; furthermore skills in drawing freehand and with a ruler.[',' D Gugerli, P Kupper and D Speich, Die Zukunftsmaschine.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/ETH_history.html
.
- Weather forecasting
- The History of Weather Forecasting
.
- But how are weather forecasts created? And why has forecast accuracy improved so dramatically over the last couple of decades? In this article, I will examine the history of weather forecasting, and especially the historical development of the use of mathematics in forecasting, before describing the basic principles of the mathematical methods used in current forecasting models.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The British Meteorological Department issued regular gale warnings from 1861 onwards; the first US storm-warning system began to operate ten years later, dwarfing the European services with its size and funds [',' http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/craft.weather.forecasting.history, E D Craft','33].
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, p.
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin’s Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)','1, pp.
- D-Day not only changed world history, it also highlighted the importance of weather forecasts [','R Stewart, Weather Forecasting by Computer (2009)','10].
- For this he ran a shortened forecasting model on his computer, and to his great surprise, inputting data that differed from previously entered values only in the fourth decimal place, significantly changed the weather the computer predicted [',' http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Lorenz_Edward.html, J J O’Connor, E F Robertson','38].
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Weather_forecasts.html
.
- Science in the 17th century
- A history in context in application for the degree of M.Litt.
- in Museums and Gallery Studies to the School of Art History of the University of St Andrews.
- This period in the history of Europe is known as the Scientific Revolution.
- Similarly, philosophers had the need to follow the new system in science, to adapt their discourses to the new discoveries [',' J Langone, Bruce Stutz and Andrea Gianopoulos, Theories for everything: an illustrated history of science from the invention of numbers to string theory (National Geographic, Washington, D.C., 2006).','7].
- After 1650, and before the return of the king Charles II, the new science was practiced for its economic benefits, to find new resources for commerce and technology, and for its social status as, for the society of the time, turning to intellectual amusements had become fashionable [',' L Jardine, Britain and the rise of science, BBC History (17 February 2011).','6].
- Approaching the end of the century, in the year 1687, Isaac Newton published his opera magna, Philosophi¾ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, one of the most significant works on the history of science, where he sets the foundation for classical mechanics, describes the Law of the Universal Gravitation and introduces Calculus, a new mathematical system to study motion and change.
- The answer may be in the universities, institutions that provided a supportive environment for study and research [',' J R McNeill and William Hardy McNeill, The human web: a bird’s-eye view of world history (W W Norton, New York, 2003).','8].
- [',' W Ruegg, and H De Ridder-Symoens, A history of the university in Europe 1, 1 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992).','13].
- The bishop Thomas Sprat in his History of the Royal Society of London (1667) mentions that:
.
- ." [',' J J O’Connor and E F Robertson, History topic: Mathematics in St Andrews to 1700, MacTutor History of Mathematics (1996).','10].
- During its first two centuries, students in the University received instruction in Arts, mainly in the study of Aristotle [',' J J O’Connor and E F Robertson, History topic: Mathematics in St Andrews to 1700, MacTutor History of Mathematics (1996).','10].
- [',' H C Rawson, Treasures of the University: an examination of the identification, presentation and responses to artefacts of significance at the University of St Andrews, from 1410 to the mid-19th century; with an additional consideration of the development of the portrait collection to the early 21st century (Art History Theses, University of St Andrews, 2010).','12]
.
- The chair was not attached to any college, and James Gregory, who had just become a member of the Royal Society, worked in the Upper Hall of the university library [',' R G Cant, The University of St Andrews: A Short History (Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1946).','1].
- The construction of the observatory continued despite his absence but neither the building nor the instruments intended to be housed there were ever fully brought to use and the structure, erected at the south end of St Mary's College, became derelict in the eighteenth century and was demolished by the nineteenth [',' H C Rawson, Treasures of the University: an examination of the identification, presentation and responses to artefacts of significance at the University of St Andrews, from 1410 to the mid-19th century; with an additional consideration of the development of the portrait collection to the early 21st century (Art History Theses, University of St Andrews, 2010).','12].
- History of the Royal Society of London ..
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Science_17C.html
.
- References for U of St Andrews History
- References for U of St Andrews History
.
- References for ETH history
- References for ETH history
.
- Pi history
- A history of Pi
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Pi_through_the_ages.html
.
- Quantum mechanics history
- A history of Quantum Mechanics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/The_Quantum_age_begins.html
.
- Topology history
- A history of Topology
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Topology_in_mathematics.html
.
- Calculus history
- A history of the calculus
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/The_rise_of_calculus.html
.
- African men 1
- The International and African Mathematical Union Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa produced a Special Issue of their AMUCHMA Newsletter 30 in 2005 which listed people born in Africa or citizens of an African country who had been awarded a doctorate in mathematics or mathematics education up to 2005.
- 'It is strange because in other areas of school work, you watch movies on history, you read poetry and novels, you learn your language at home, you experience music and drama and art outside the school curriculum - but the learning of mathematics is entirely concentrated within the school curriculum,' he says.
- John's vast experience, his forthright and articulate persona, and the breadth of his involvement in university affairs make him an unforgettable figure in the institution's history.
- After a couple of papers on automorphisms, he published a number of article on the history of mathematics including Le manuscrit mathematique de Jerba: une pratique des symboles algebriques maghrebins en pleine maturite (2002), Proof in Arabian algebra (2002), The first Egyptian modern mathematics textbook (20011) and Emergence d'un savoir mathematique euro-islamique: L'Offrande du converti pour ranimer la flamme eteinte (2016).
- I am particularly active in the history of Arabic mathematics and the history of mathematics teaching in Arabic/Islamic countries.
- His interests are in Algebraic number theory, Commutative Algebra, History of Mathematics, History of Ideas generally, including the history of social thought and historiography, economic theory such as inflation and unemployment, South African economic history, such as the economics of racial discrimination, Liberal theories of justice and religion and Jurisprudence.
- He gives the following fields of interest: Applications of mathematics to finance and to physics, history and philosophy of mathematics and science in general.
- I am certainly the only one in the history of the department to be promoted from Associate to Full professor in one year.
- I was told that there was only one Black student in the entire history of the department who got a Ph.D.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/African_men_1.html
.
- Perfect numbers
- Before we begin to look at the history of the study of perfect numbers, we define the concepts which are involved.
- Nicomachus divides numbers into three classes: the superabundant numbers which have the property that the sum of their aliquot parts is greater than the number; deficient numbers which have the property that the sum of their aliquot parts is less than the number; and perfect numbers which have the property that the sum of their aliquot parts is equal to the number (see [',' M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.','8], or [',' D’Ooge (tr.), Nicomachus, Introduction to arithmetic (New York, 1926).','1] for a different translation):-
.
- However Nicomachus has more than number theory in mind for he goes on to show that he is thinking in moral terms in a way that might seem extraordinary to mathematicians today (see [',' M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.','8], or [',' D’Ooge (tr.), Nicomachus, Introduction to arithmetic (New York, 1926).','1] for a different translation):-
.
- Now satisfied with the moral considerations of numbers, Nicomachus goes on to provide biological analogies in which he describes superabundant numbers as being like an animal with (see [',' M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.','8], or [',' D’Ooge (tr.), Nicomachus, Introduction to arithmetic (New York, 1926).','1]):-
.
- Let us look in more detail at Nicomachus's description of the algorithm to generate perfect numbers which is assertion (4) above (see [',' M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.','8], or [',' D’Ooge (tr.), Nicomachus, Introduction to arithmetic (New York, 1926).','1]):-
.
- As the reader will have already realised, the history of perfect numbers is littered with errors and Cataldi, despite having made the major advance of finding two new perfect numbers, also made some false claims.
- For example Descartes, in a letter to Mersenne in 1638, wrote [',' M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.','8]:-
.
- A History Topic on Prime numbers
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Perfect_numbers.html
.
- References for General relativity
- J Earman, M Janssen and J D Norton (eds.), The Attraction of gravitation : new studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, 1993).
- J Eisenstaedt, La relativite generale a l'etiage : 1925-1955, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 35 (2) (1986), 115-185.
- J Eisenstaedt, The low water mark of general relativity, 1925-1955, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 277-292.
- J Eisenstaedt and A J Kox (eds.), Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, 1992).
- J Earman and C Glymour, The gravitational red shift as a test of general relativity : history and analysis, Stud.
- J Earman and C Glymour, Einstein and Hilbert : two months in the history of general relativity, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 19 (3) (1978/79), 291-308.
- D Howard, Einstein and Eindeutigkeit : a neglected theme in the philosophical background to general relativity, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 154-243.
- D Howard and J Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, 1989).
- J Illy, Einstein teaches Lorentz, Lorentz teaches Einstein : Their collaboration in general relativity, 1913-1920, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 39 (3) (1989), 247-289.
- C W Kilmister, Relativity, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 1235-1241.
- A J Kox, General relativity in the Netherlands, 1915-1920 in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 39-56.
- A Lichnerowicz, Mathematics and general relativity : a recollection, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 103-108.
- A Mercier, General relativity at the turning point of its renewal, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 109-121.
- J M Sanchez-Ron, The reception of general relativity among British physicists and mathematicians (1915-1930), in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 57-88.
- C Vilain, Spherical coordinates in general relativity from 1915 to 1960 : a physical interpretation, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 419-434.
- Classical time
- A history of time: Classical time
.
- A huge effort has been put into making devices to measure time with ever increasing accuracy from the beginnings of recorded history to the present day.
- We shall look at the fascinating 20th century developments in understanding time in the article A history of time: 20th century time.
- Of course the very title of these articles: "A history of time" is confusing.
- The idea of "history" already contains the idea of "time".
- But let us make it clear that what we intend to investigate in these two articles is a history of how ideas about time have developed and, as always in this archive, we emphasise the mathematical aspects.
- In the article A history of time: 20th century time we examine this revolution.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Time_1.html
.
- Cartography
- The history of cartography
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- The book gives a good insight into the history of surveying in China and its links with cartography.
- Edward Wright published mathematical tables to be used in calculating Mercator's projection in 1599, see [',' A V Dorofeeva, From the history of the discovery of the Mercator projection (Russian), Mat.
- It was the most popular atlas of its time, and it is important in the history of cartography partly because Ortelius quotes 87 authorities for the data on which his maps are based.
- Such a map or survey would be useful both in time of war and peace, and many good observations might be made by it, not only as to natural history and philosophy, but also in order to the perfect improvement of a country.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Cartography.html
.
- Doubling the cube
- Theon of Smyrna quotes a work by Eratosthenes (see Heath [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2]):-
.
- The plague certainly was a major event in the history of Athens and about a quarter of the population died from it.
- Heath also suggests in [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2] that Hippocrates may have come to the idea from number theory for he quotes Euclid's Elements Book VIII:-
.
- Heath writes [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2]:-
.
- We shall use some coordinate geometry in a moment to see that Archytas is correct, but first let us give the construction in the words of Eutocius, unchanged except for the names of the point which I have changed to fit the notation of our diagram and that described above (see for example [',' J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.','7]):-
.
- However, Heath [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2] suggests that Eudoxus was:-
.
- Plutarch wrote (see for example [',' J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.','7]):-
.
- Eratosthenes is important in the story both because the history of the problem has been communicated through him and also for his own contribution to the problem.
- He erected a column at Alexandria dedicated to King Ptolemy with an epigram inscribed on it relating to his own mechanical solution to the problem of doubling the cube [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2]:-
.
- Details of the construction is given in [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','2].
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Doubling_the_cube.html
.
- EMS History
- He had already published Treatise on the theory of determinants (1880) and was working on the first volume (five were eventually published) of History of determinants (1890).
- His scholarly five volumes on the History of Determinants are a mine of information still worth dipping into today.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/EMS_history.html
.
- U of St Andrews History
- U_of_St_Andrews_History
.
- EMS history
- History overview
- ETH history
- Greek sources II
- First let us see what facts Heath knew when he wrote his famous book [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1], A history of Greek mathematics, which he began in 1913.
Go directly to this paragraph
- In the 5th century AD, Proclus wrote his Commentary on Euclid which is our principal source of knowledge about the early history of Greek geometry.
Go directly to this paragraph
- Hence, Heath can deduce that [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1]:-
.
Go directly to this paragraph
- Eutocius's commentary on Archimedes On the Sphere and Cylinder II includes a quotation from Diocles solving the following problem of Archimedes (see for example [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1]):-
.
Go directly to this paragraph
- Heath deduces from the quotes in Eutocius that Diocles [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1]:-
.
Go directly to this paragraph
- Heath also writes [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1]:-
.
- Before continuing with the description of what has been discovered since Heath wrote his A history of Greek mathematics it is reasonable to ask: Does it matter when Diocles lived? The answer is certainly "yes" in deciding how fine a mathematician Diocles was.
- The publication of this work in 1976 was an event of major importance in the history of mathematics adding a previously lost piece to the jigsaw.
- One papyrus states [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).','1]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Greek_sources_2.html
.
- 20th century time
- A history of time: 20th century time
.
- Mach published a history of mechanics in 1883.
- Hawking has presented some ideas concerning imaginary time; see for example [',' S W Hawking, A brief history of time (London, 1988).','7] and [',' S W Hawking and R Penrose, The nature of space and time (Princeton, NJ, 1996).','4].
- He writes in [',' S W Hawking, A brief history of time (London, 1988).','7] about a model for time/size of universe as a sphere:-
.
- The history in real time, however, will look very different..
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Time_2.html
.
- Voting
- The history of voting
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- This is a remarkable work which gives Condorcet an important place in the history of probability.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Voting.html
.
- function concept
- As Thiele writes on the first page of [',' H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).','2]:-
.
- From time to time, anachronistic comparisons like the one just given help us with the elucidation of documented facts, but not with the interpretation of their history.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- Jahnke writes [',' H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).','2]:-
.
- History Exact Sci.
- Condorcet seems to have been the first to take up Euler's general definition of 1755, see [',' A P Youschkevitch, The concept of function in the works of Condorcet (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics, No.
- Lutzen writes in [',' H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).','2]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Functions.html
.
- U of St Andrews History
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/U_of_St_Andrews_History.html
.
- Zero
- A history of Zero
.
- Neither of the above uses has an easily described history.
- A History topic on Mayan mathematics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Zero.html
.
- References for Science in the 17th century
- R G Cant, The University of St Andrews: A Short History (Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1946).
- L Jardine, Britain and the rise of science, BBC History (17 February 2011).
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/jardineih_01.shtml
.
- J Langone, Bruce Stutz and Andrea Gianopoulos, Theories for everything: an illustrated history of science from the invention of numbers to string theory (National Geographic, Washington, D.C., 2006).
- J R McNeill and William Hardy McNeill, The human web: a bird's-eye view of world history (W W Norton, New York, 2003).
- J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, History topic: Mathematics in St Andrews to 1700, MacTutor History of Mathematics (1996).
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/U_of_St_Andrews_History.html
.
- H C Rawson, Treasures of the University: an examination of the identification, presentation and responses to artefacts of significance at the University of St Andrews, from 1410 to the mid-19th century; with an additional consideration of the development of the portrait collection to the early 21st century (Art History Theses, University of St Andrews, 2010).
- W Ruegg, and H De Ridder-Symoens, A history of the university in Europe 1, 1 (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1992).
- Measurement
- The history of measurement
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Measurement.html
.
- Set theory
- A history of set theory
.
- The history of set theory is rather different from the history of most other areas of mathematics.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Beginnings_of_set_theory.html
.
- Christianity and Mathematics
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Russell notes not only the impact of Pythagoras on science but also on Christian thinking [',' B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961).','11]:-
.
- However, real knowledge could not be gained through the senses [',' B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961).','11]:-
.
- Russell [',' B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961).','11] gives Aristotle's ideas of God:-
.
- Tolosani wrote that Copernicus (see for example [',' E Rosen, Was Copernicus’ Revolutions approved by the Pope, Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (1975), 531-542.','26]):-
.
- The arguments put forward by Tolosani against Copernicus were that, in addition to contradicting Holy Scripture, his ideas contradicted Aristotle's physics (see for example [',' E Rosen, Was Copernicus’ Revolutions approved by the Pope, Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (1975), 531-542.','26]):-
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Heliocentric.html
.
- Greek astronomy
- Indeed, as Pannekoek points out in [',' A Pannekoek, A history of astronomy (New York, 1989).','7], a Greek astronomer aimed only to describe the heavens while a Greek physicist sought out physical truth.
- In this work Hesiod writes that (see [',' B Hetherington, A chronicle of pre-telescope astronomy (Chichester, 1996).','5], also [',' A F Aveni, Empires of time : Calendars, clocks and cultures (New York, 1989).','1] and [',' A Pannekoek, A history of astronomy (New York, 1989).','7]):-
.
- Neugebauer [',' O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).','6] feels that philosophy had a detrimental affect:-
.
- As Berry writes [',' A Berry, A short history of astronomy (New York, 1961).','2]:-
.
- As Berry writes in [',' A Berry, A short history of astronomy (New York, 1961).','2]:-
.
- Delambre, in his famous work on the history of astronomy, writes:-
.
- Suffice to end this article with a quotation from [',' O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).','6]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Greek_astronomy.html
.
- Copernicus autograph
- For a history of how the autograph copy reached the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland, see THIS LINK.
- Volume 1 begins with a section entitled The Analysis and History of the Manuscript written by Jerzy Zathey and much of the information in the rest of this article comes from this section.
- Both styles [',' J Zathey, The Analysis and History of the Manuscript, in Complete Works of Nicholas Copernicus (Macmillan Press, London; Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 1972), 1-25.','4]:-
.
- The article [',' J Zathey, The Analysis and History of the Manuscript, in Complete Works of Nicholas Copernicus (Macmillan Press, London; Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 1972), 1-25.','4] describes in detail the way Copernicus wrote.
- A summary of the binding is given in [',' J Zathey, The Analysis and History of the Manuscript, in Complete Works of Nicholas Copernicus (Macmillan Press, London; Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 1972), 1-25.','4]:-
.
- In [',' N M Swerdlow, On Establishing the Text of De Revolutionibus, Journal of the History of Astronomy 12 (1981), 35-46.','3] Swerdlow denotes the autograph by M and the 1543 printed text N.
- The History of Copernicus's Autograph
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Copernicus_autograph.html
.
- Mathematics and Architecture
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Even if deep mathematical ideas went into the construction of the pyramids, I think that Ifrah makes a useful contribution to this debate in [',' G Ifrah, The Universal History of Numbers (London, 1998).','4] when he writes:-
.
- But the first gardener in history to lay out a perfect ellipse with three stakes and a length of string certainly held no degree in the theory of cones! Nor did Egyptian architects have anything more than simple devices -- "tricks", "knacks" and methods of an entirely empirical kind, no doubt discovered by trial and error -- for laying out their ground plans.
- History of architecture, and architectural materials.
- Later in the 17th Century lived the English architect Wren, in many ways the best known architect in English history.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Architecture.html
.
- Fractal Geometry
- A History of Fractal Geometry
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/fractals.html
.
- African women 1
- The International and African Mathematical Union Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa produced a Special Issue of their AMUCHMA Newsletter 33 in 2006 which listed women born in Africa or who had spent much of their careers in an African country who had been awarded a doctorate in mathematics or mathematics education up to 2005.
- by Iowa State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA, in 1955, having written the dissertation A study of some phases of the use of the history of mathematics in secondary education.
- She became a member of the Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa formed in 1986 and was on the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics Advisory Board 1984-1988, 1992-2000.
- Her publications include The use of history of mathematics in the teaching of mathematics in secondary education (1983).
- This article gives an overview of the history and basic concepts of quantitative financial analysis."
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/African_women_1.html
.
- Squaring the circle
- One of the fascinations of this problem is that it has been of interest throughout the whole of the history of mathematics.
- Plutarch, in his work On Exile which was written in the first century AD, says [',' I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics : Vol 1 (From Thales to Euclid) (London, 1967).','4]:-
.
- Two characters are speaking, Meton is the astronomer (see D Barrett (trs.), Aristophanes, Birds (London, 1978) or [',' I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics : Vol 1 (From Thales to Euclid) (London, 1967).','4] for a shorter quote):-
.
- Themistius states [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','1]:-
.
- Now Archimedes is famed for his introduction of the spiral curve, but why did he introduced this curve? The authors of [',' J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.','7] suggest three reasons:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Squaring_the_circle.html
.
- References for Nine chapters
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- E I Berezkina (trs.), Two texts of Liu Hui on geometry (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics, No.
- K Chemla, Relations between procedure and demonstration : Measuring the circle in the 'Nine chapters on mathematical procedures' and their commentary by Liu Hui (3rd century), in History of mathematics and education: ideas and experiences (Essen, 1992) (1996), 69-112.
- L S Feng, 'Jiu zhang suanshu' and Hui Liu's theory of similar right triangles (Chinese), in Collected research papers on the history of mathematics, Vol.
- B S Hu, A further study on the positive-negative principle in the Jiu zhang suanshu (Chinese) , in Collected research papers on the history of mathematics Vol.
- D Liu, A comparison of Archimedes' and Liu Hui's studies of circles, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht, 1996), 279-287.
- R Mei, Liu Hui's theories of mathematics, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht, 1996), 243-254.
- J Song, The historical value of the 'Nine chapters on the mathematical art' in society and the economy, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht,1996), 261-266.
- R B Wang, A preliminary exploration on the logical order of the Shang gong chapter of Jiu zhang suanshu - a parallel discussion on the understanding of the operational rule ab+ac=a(b+c) in 'Jiu zhang' (Chinese), in Collected research papers on the history of mathematics Vol.
- Cosmology
- A brief history of cosmology
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Cosmology.html
.
- Burnside problem
- A history of the Burnside problem
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Burnside_problem.html
.
- Harriot's manuscripts
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- In fact Stephen Peter Rigaud, who succeeded Robertson to both Savilian chairs at Oxford, was much more interested in the history of mathematics than Robertson had been.
- played a major part in the renaissance of the history of mathematics - of Newtonian studies in particular ..
- Harriot’s will, History of science 6 (Cambridge, 1967), 1-16.','6] for full details of this interesting episode.
- Only in the second half of the twentieth century, when the significance of science has become of crucial importance and the study of history and philosophy of science has matured, has Harriot's reputation started to come into its own.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Harriot.html
.
- Indian mathematics
- Histories of Indian mathematics used to begin by describing the geometry contained in the Sulbasutras but research into the history of Indian mathematics has shown that the essentials of this geometry were older being contained in the altar constructions described in the Vedic mythology text the Shatapatha Brahmana and the Taittiriya Samhita.
- While there is so much uncertainty over the date, a topic discussed fully in our article on the Bakhshali manuscript, then we should avoid rewriting the history of the Jaina period in the light of the mathematics contained in this remarkable document.
- Now we have presented the latter part of the history of Indian mathematics in an unlikely way.
- Indeed work is now being undertaken and we should soon have a better understanding of this important part of the history of mathematics.
- South Asia History Project
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Indian_mathematics.html
.
- Mathematics and Art
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- The work contains a history of art in ancient times, a history of thirteenth century artists, an autobiography, and a compilation of medieval texts on the theory of vision such as that by al-Haytham.
- In his introduction to this work Danti wrote a brief history of perspective:-
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Art.html
.
- References for Prime numbers
- L E Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers (3 volumes) (New York, 1919-23, reprinted 1966).
- U Dudley, History of a formula for primes, Amer.
- J Echeverria, Observations, problems and conjectures in number theory-the history of the prime number theorem, in The space of mathematics (Berlin, 1992), 230-252.
- L J Goldstein, A history of the prime number theorem, Amer.
- O Ore, Number Theory and Its History (1948, reprinted 1988).
- W Schwarz, Some remarks on the history of the prime number theorem from 1896 to 1960, in Development of mathematics 1900-1950 (Basel, 1994), 565-616.
- H S Uhler, A brief history of the investigations on Mersenne numbers and the latest immense primes, Scripta Math.
- A Weil, Number Theory: An Approach Through History from Hammurapi to Legendre (1984).
- Mathematical games
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- The whole history of mathematics is interwoven with mathematical games which have led to the study of many areas of mathematics.
- They are know known as problems of retrograde analysis and their object is to deduce the past history of a game rather than the future of a game which is the conventional problem.
Go directly to this paragraph
- David Joyner (A history of puzzles)
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Mathematical_games.html
.
- References for Babylonian mathematics
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics (1964).
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- S Gandz, A few notes on Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics, in Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, 31 August 1944 (New York, 1947), 449-462.
- J Hoyrup, Babylonian mathematics, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 21-29.
- K Muroi, Babylonian mathematics - ancient mathematics written in cuneiform writing (Japanese), in Studies on the history of mathematics (Kyoto, 1998), 160-171.
- M A Powell Jr, The antecedents of old Babylonian place notation and the early history of Babylonian mathematics, Historia Math.
- A E Raik, From the early history of algebra.
- Statistics index
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Although at present this archive does not contain any specially written article on Statistics, nevertheless there is a wealth of information on the history of Statistics.
- Fisher R A Fisher's History of Statistics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Statistics.html
.
- The number e
- One of the first articles which we included in the "History Topics" section of our web archive was on the history of π.
- There is a great contrast between the historical developments of these two numbers and in many ways writing a history of e is a much harder task than writing one for π.
- Now the reader might ask, not unreasonably, why we have not started our article on the history of e at the point where it makes its first appearance.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/e.html
.
- References for Egyptian mathematics
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics (1964).
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- S Gandz, A few notes on Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics, in Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, 31 August 1944 (New York, 1947), 449-462.
- History Exact Sci.
- C S Roero, Egyptian mathematics, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 30-45.
- W Wendrich, Ancient Egyptian rope and knots, in History and science of knots (River Edge, NJ, 1996) 43-68.
- African women I
- The International and African Mathematical Union Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa produced a Special Issue of their AMUCHMA Newsletter 33 in 2006 which listed women born in Africa or citizens of an African country who had been awarded a doctorate in mathematics or mathematics education up to 2005.
- Was a member of the Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa formed in 1986.
- On the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics Advisory Board 1984-1988, 1992-2000.
- Published The use of history of mathematics in the teaching of mathematics in secondary education (1983).
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Africa_1.html
.
- Mayan mathematics
- He visited the ruins of the great cities of the Mayan civilisation and learnt from the people about their customs and history.
- Certainly what he then did was to write a book Relacion de las cosas de Yucatan Ⓣ (1566) which describes the hieroglyphics, customs, temples, religious practices and history of the Mayans which his own actions had done so much to eradicate.
- In [',' G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).','4] Ifrah argues that the number system we have just introduced was the system of the Mayan priests and astronomers which they used for astronomical and calendar calculations.
- Ifrah writes [',' G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).','4]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Mayan_mathematics.html
.
- References for Non-Euclidean geometry
- H Freudenthal, Nichteuklidische Geometrie im Altertum?, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 43 (3) (1991), 189-197.
- J J Gray, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 877-886.
- J J Gray, The discovery of non-Euclidean geometry, in Studies in the history of mathematics (Washington, DC, 1987), 37-60.
- B A Rosenfeld, A history of non-euclidean geometry : evolution of the concept of a geometric space (New York, 1987).
- B A Rozenfel'd, History of non-Euclidean geometry : Development of the concept of a geometric space (Russian) (Moscow, 1976).
- R Taton, Lobatchevski et la diffusion des geometries non-euclidiennes, The Spanish scientist before the history of science (Madrid, 1980), 39-46.
- I Toth, From the pre-history of non-euclidean geometry (Hungarian), Mat.
- Indian numerals
- In particular his account of Indian astronomy and mathematics is a valuable contribution to the study of the history of Indian science.
- In [',' G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).','1] Ifrah lists a number of the hypotheses which have been put forward.
- Ifrah proposes a theory of his own in [',' G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).','1], namely that:-
.
- However, the same story in Lalitavistara convinces Kaplan (see [',' R Kaplan, The nothing that is : a natural history of zero (London, 1999).','3]) that the Indians' ideas of numbers came from the Greeks, for to him the story is an Indian version of Archimedes' Sand-reckoner.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Indian_numerals.html
.
- References for Egyptian Papyri
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics (1964).
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- S Gandz, A few notes on Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics, in Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday, 31 August 1944 (New York, 1947), 449-462.
- History Exact Sci.
- C S Roero, Egyptian mathematics, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 30-45.
- W Wendrich, Ancient Egyptian rope and knots, in History and science of knots (River Edge, NJ, 1996) 43-68.
- Forgery 1
- Vrain-Lucas was trained as a law clerk and, like Chasles, he was interested in history.
- When Vrain-Lucas approached Chasles in 1861 offering to sell him letters between famous people from history, Chasles bought them eagerly and asked Vrain-Lucas if he could seek out more.
- He was a patriotic French man with a passionate interest in the history of science.
- In fact rather than be an accomplice, and therefore a common criminal, it seems more likely that Chasles was such an honest man, living a sheltered academic life away from the real world, that he accepted Vrain-Lucas simply as someone like himself with a passionate interest in history and scholarship.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Forgery_1.html
.
- References for Weather forecasting
- The Turbulent History of Weather Prediction from Franklin's Kite to El Nino (Hoboken NJ, 2002)
.
- http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/craft.weather.forecasting.history, E D Craft
.
- http://www.ehow.com/facts_4856867_history-weather-forecasting.html, B Hudson
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Bjerknes_Vilhelm.html, J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Lorenz_Edward.html, J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Richardson.html, J J O'Connor, E F Robertson
.
- References for function concept
- H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- F A Medvedev, Newton's concept of function (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences, No.
- M Panza, Concept of function, between quantity and form, in the 18th century, in History of mathematics and education: ideas and experiences, Essen, 1992 (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Gottingen, 1996)
.
- Siu, M K Concept of function - its history and teaching, in Learn from the masters!, Kristiansand, 1988 (Math.
- A P Youschkevitch, The concept of function in the works of Condorcet (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics, No.
- History Exact Sci.
- The Scottish Book
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- As most readers will realize, the city of Lwow, and with it the "Scottish Book", was fated to have a very stormy history within a few years of the book's inception A few weeks after the outbreak of World War II, the city was occupied by the Russians.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Scottish_Book.html
.
- References for Classical light
- N Kipnis, History of the principle of interference of light (Basel, 1991).
- S Bergia, C Ferrario and V Monzoni, A blocked path? Light molecules from Ishiwara to de Broglie (Italian), Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics (Italian), Rome, 1984, Rend.
- S D'Agostino, Maxwell's dimensional approach to the velocity of light : rise and fall of a paradigma, in Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics (Italian), Rome, 1984, Rend.
- E I Pogrebysskaya, The development of the ideas about dispersion of light in the seventeenth century (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences, No.
- History Exact Sci.
- ewton and his followers have any conception of wave-particle dualism of light? (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences, No.
- Physical world
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- In this article we explore a little of the history of the philosophy of science in order to look at differing views to the type of questions that we have just considered.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/World.html
.
- References for Chinese overview
- R Calinger, A contextual history of mathematics (New York, 1999).
- Y Li, Materials for the Study of the History of Ancient Chinese Mathematics (Chinese) (Shanghai, 1963).
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- B Qian, History of Chinese mathematics (Chinese) (Peking, 1981).
- K Chemla, Reflections on the world-wide history of the rule of false double position, or : How a loop was closed, Centaurus 39 (2) (1997), 97-120.
- D Liu, 400 years of the history of mathematics in China - an introduction to the major historians of mathematics since 1592, Historia Sci.
- References for Real numbers 2
- H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- P Djugak, The limit concept and irrational numbers: ideas of Charles Meray and Karl Weierstrass (Russian), inStudies in the history of mathematics, No.
- M Lopez Pellicer, Constructions of real numbers (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century, Part 2 (Spanish), Madrid, 1993, Real Acad.
- L C Mejlbo, Addendum to: "Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history" (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- L C Mejlbo, Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Infinity
- I N Burova, The development of the problem of infinity in the history of science (Russian), Nauka (Moscow, 1987).
- E Maor, To infinity and beyond : A cultural history of the infinite (Boston, MA, 1987).
- E Maor, To infinity and beyond : A cultural history of the infinite (Princeton, NJ, 1991).
- M Guillemot and D Daumas, En route for infinity, History of mathematics : History of problems (Paris,1997), 7-32.
- A W Moore, A brief history of infinity, Sci.
- Trisecting an angle
- Firstly it has no real history relating to the way that the problem first came to be studied.
- Heath writes in [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','1]:-
.
- He writes [',' T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).','1]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Trisecting_an_angle.html
.
- References for Cosmology
- D Basu, Early history of cosmology, Indian Sci.
- G F R Ellis, The expanding universe : a history of cosmology from 1917 to 1960, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 367-431.
- A Koestler, The sleepwalkers : a history of man's changing vision of the universe (Harmondsworth, 1968).
- F J Ragep, Duhem, the Arabs, and the history of cosmology : Pierre Duhem: historian and philosopher of science I, Synthese 83 (2) (1990), 201-214.
- H Urbantke, Schrodinger and cosmology, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992) 453-459.
- Debating topics
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- The first ideas we present are simply to make people think about numbers, and in particular to encourage the use of the history archive to find birth dates and death dates before making calculations.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Debating.html
.
- Bakhshali manuscript
- The paper [',' R C Gupta, Centenary of Bakhshali manuscript’s discovery, Ganita Bharati 3 (3-4) (1981), 103-105.','8] describes this discovery along with the early history of the manuscript.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Bakhshali_manuscript.html
.
- References for Black holes
- S Hawking, A Brief History of Time (Bantam Press, London-New York, 1988).
- A Chodos (ed.), 1783: John Michell anticipates black holes, Physics History 18 (10) (2009).
- J Eisenstaedt, The Early Interpretation of the Schwarzschild Solution, in D Howard and J Stachel (eds), Einstein and the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies 1 (Birkhauser, Boston, 1989), 213-233.
- C Montgomery, W Orchiston and I Whittingham, Michell, Laplace and the origin of the black hole concept, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 12 (2) (2009), 90-96.
- S Schaffer, John Mitchell and Black Holes, Journal for the History of Astronomy 10 (1979), 42-43.
- S Soter and N deGrasse Tyson, Case Study: John Michell And Black Holes, Cosmic Horizons: Astronomy at the Cutting Edge, American Museum of Natural History (2000).https://www.amnh.org/explore/resource-collections/cosmic-horizons/case-study-john-michell-and-black-holes
.
- Prime numbers
- You can see more about these numbers in the History topics article Perfect numbers.
- There is then a long gap in the history of prime numbers during what is usually called the Dark Ages.
- A History Topic on Perfect numbers
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Prime_numbers.html
.
- Coffee houses
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- But the most pathetic figure associated with its history is that of Abraham De Moivre, that French mathematician who became the friend of Newton and Leibniz.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Coffee_houses.html
.
- Arabic mathematics
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- History Exact Sci.
Go directly to this paragraph
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Arabic_mathematics.html
.
- Ten classics
- The History of the T'ang records (see [',' J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).','1]):-
.
- History of Science, 1962 (Paris, 1964), 489-492.','4] seems to have the most convincing argument:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Ten_classics.html
.
- References for Perfect numbers
- A Weil, Number theory : An approach through history (Boston-Basel-Stuttgart, 1984).
- M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.
- M L Nankar, History of perfect numbers, Ganita Bharati 1 (1-2) (1979), 7-8.
- H S Uhler, A brief history of the investigations on Mersenne numbers and the latest immense primes, Scripta Math.
- A M Vaidya, Comment on : "History of perfect numbers", Ganita Bharati 1 (3-4) (1979), 22.
- Ptolemy Manuscript
- The history of the text is a problem of scholarly pursuit on par with the information contained within the text itself.
- It is interesting to note that while such a work would seemingly have been a valuable tool throughout its history for the common traveler, pilgrim, merchant, military commander, and ruler, its use in the Middle Ages was minimal, with only a few copies in existence.
- This was a major turning point in the history of the Geography, marking the beginning of a new proliferation of manuscripts.[',' Ptolemy, Ptolemy’s geography : an annotated translation of the theoretical chapters / J.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Ptolemy_mss.html
.
- Pi chronology
- A history of Pi
.
- A history of Pi
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Pi_chronology.html
.
- Poincaré - Inspector of mines
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Poincare_mines.html
.
- Chinese overview
- It gives a clear statement on the nature of Chinese mathematics in this period (see for example [',' R Calinger, A contextual history of mathematics (New York, 1999).','2]:-
.
- The most famous member of this family was Mei Wending (1633-1721) and his comment on the golden section is typical of the sensible attitude he took towards Western mathematics (see for example [',' J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).','9]):-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Chinese_overview.html
.
- Bourbaki 2
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Bourbaki_2.html
.
- Bolzano's manuscripts
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Bolzano_manuscripts.html
.
- Infinity
- An article on infinity in a History of Mathematics Archive presents special problems.
- The questions above are very fundamental and must have troubled thinkers long before recorded history.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Infinity.html
.
- Weil family
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Weil_family.html
.
- Mental arithmetic
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Mental_arithmetic.html
.
- Maxwell's House
- Between the portraits is a notice giving a brief history:-
.
- From a long view of the history of mankind - seen from, say, ten thousand years from now - there can be little doubt that the most significant event of the 19th century will be judged as Maxwell's discovery of the laws of electrodynamics.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Maxwell_House.html
.
- Modern light
- But we are getting too deeply into modern day physics and away from the history, so let us end our look at the dual wave-particle nature of light here.
- There has been one other important development in the theory of light in the 20th century which we no not want to examine in too much detail, as it also takes us too deeply into physics, but needs to be mentioned in an article on the history of light.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Light_2.html
.
- Nine chapters
- For example in [',' K Chemla, Relations between procedure and demonstration : Measuring the circle in the ’Nine chapters on mathematical procedures’ and their commentary by Liu Hui (3rd century), in History of mathematics and education: ideas and experiences (Essen, 1992) (1996), 69-112.','8] Chemla shows that Chinese mathematicians certainly understood how to give convincing arguments that their methodology for solving particular problems was correct.
- has dominated the history of Chinese mathematics.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Nine_chapters.html
.
- Bourbaki 1
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Bourbaki_1.html
.
- Babylonian Pythagoras
- Several authors, for example see [',' R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- Several historians (see for example [',' R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Babylonian_Pythagoras.html
.
- References for Orbits
- S Aoki, The moon-test in Newton's 'Principia' : accuracy of inverse-square law of universal gravitation, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 44 (2) (1992), 147-190.
- A B Kozhevnikov, The views of Faraday and Maxwell on gravitation (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences XXXI (Moscow, 1985), 129-134.
- History Exact Sci.
- C Wilson, The dynamics of the Solar System, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 1044-1053.
- C Wilson, The three-body problem, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 1054-1062.
- Hirst's diary
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Hirst_comments.html
.
- Alcuin's book
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Alcuin_book.html
.
- Tait's scrapbook
- Greek - Latin - Mathematics - English and French - Geography, History and Scripture; and printed Examination Papers, containing questions and exercises on each of these, were successively put into the hands of the Competitors, who returned written answers, without leaving the school-room, and without any assistance of any kind.
- Tait also gained distinction in Latin (Maxwell didn't), Lewis Campbell came second in Greek despite going on to have a distinguished career as a professor of Greek, Tait and Maxwell both achieved distinctions in English and French and in Geography, History and Scripture.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Tait_scrapbook.html
.
- Decimal time
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Decimal_time.html
.
- References for Mayan mathematics
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- M W Makemson, The astronomical tables of the Maya, in Contributions to American Anthropology and History no.
- L Morales Aldana, Mayan arithmetic : a methodological proposal (Spanish), in Meeting of the International Study Group on Relations Between History and Pedagogy of Mathematics, Blumenau, 1994 (Sao Paulo, 1996), 119-128.
- J E S Thompson, Maya arithmetic, in Contributions to American Anthropology and History no.
- Greeks poetry
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Greeks_poetry.html
.
- Cubic surfaces
- The surface whose history we are interested in for this short article is a surface of order three which is called a cubic surface.
- The last person we will mention in this short history of the study of cubic surfaces is Gino Fano.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Cubic_surfaces.html
.
- Brachistochrone problem
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Brachistochrone.html
.
- Chrystal and the RSE
- It is sometimes said that history repeats itself, a saying which in one particular applies to that of our Society.
- History of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Chrystal_RSE.html
.
- Newton poetry
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Newton_poetry.html
.
- References for Real numbers 1
- H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- M Lopez Pellicer, Constructions of real numbers (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century, Part 2 (Spanish), Madrid, 1993, Real Acad.
- L C Mejlbo, Addendum to: "Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history" (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- L C Mejlbo, Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- M Pihl, The place of Theodoros in Plato's "Theaitetos" and the earliest history of irrational numbers (Danish), Mat.
- Word problems
- Before continuing to describe the history, let us define some concepts.
- Let us return to the history of the word problem for groups.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Word_problems.html
.
- Black holes
- They were also both wrong in their predictions of what stellar black holes were like [',' C Montgomery, W Orchiston and I Whittingham, Michell, Laplace and the origin of the black hole concept, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 12 (2) (2009), 90-96.','26]:-
.
- Einstein wrote back in 1916 [',' J Eisenstaedt, The Early Interpretation of the Schwarzschild Solution, in D Howard and J Stachel (eds), Einstein and the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies 1 (Birkhauser, Boston, 1989), 213-233.','20]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Black_Holes.html
.
- References for Real numbers 3
- H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- P Djugak, The limit concept and irrational numbers: ideas of Charles Meray and Karl Weierstrass (Russian), inStudies in the history of mathematics, No.
- M Lopez Pellicer, Constructions of real numbers (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century, Part 2 (Spanish), Madrid, 1993, Real Acad.
- L C Mejlbo, Addendum to: "Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history" (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- L C Mejlbo, Some fundamental theorems about real numbers and their history (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- References for Indian mathematics
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- C N Srinivasiengar, The history of ancient Indian mathematics (Calcutta, 1967).
- A I Volodarskii, Outlines of the history of medieval Indian mathematics (Russian) "Nauka" (Moscow, 1977).
- R Rashed, Indian mathematics in Arabic, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Basel, 1994), 143-148.
- A I Volodarskii, Indian mathematics and al-Biruni (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 49-57.
- Galileo's Difesa
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- Alphabetical list of History Topics
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Galileo_Difesa.html
.
- References for Elliptic functions
- R Ayoub, The lemniscate and Fagnano's contributions to elliptic integrals, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 29 (2) (1984), 131-149.
- R Cooke, Elliptic integrals and functions, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 529-539.
- E I Slavutin, Euler's works on elliptic integrals (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences XIV: Mathematics (Moscow, 1973), 181-189.
- J Stillwell, Mathematics and history (New York, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1989), 152-167.
- References for Abstract linear spaces
- I Grattan-Guinness and W Ledermann, Matrix theory, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 775-786.
- T W Hawkins, Weierstrass and the theory of matrices, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 17 (1977), 119-163.
- E Knobloch, Determinants, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 766-774.
- E Knobloch, From Gauss to Weierstrass : determinant theory and its historical evaluations, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Basel, 1994), 51-66.
- References for Babylonian numerals
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics (1964).
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- J Hoyrup, Babylonian mathematics, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 21-29.
- References for Squaring the circle
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).
- I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics : Vol 1 (From Thales to Euclid) (London, 1967).
- J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.
- References for Zero
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, From one to zero : A universal history of numbers (New York, 1987).
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- R Kaplan, The nothing that is : a natural history of zero (London, 1999).
- Orbits
- 118">Mr Adams does not have the right to appear in the history of the discovery of the planet Le Verrier either with a detailed citation or even with the faintest allusion.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Orbits.html
.
- References for Christianity and Mathematics
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961).
- I Grattan-Guinness, Historical notes on the relations between mathematics and the Christianities, Meeting of Austrian Society for the History of Mathematics (Spring, 1999).
- E Rosen, Calvin's attitude towards Copernicus, Journal of the History of Ideas 21 (1960), 431-441.
- E Rosen, Was Copernicus' Revolutions approved by the Pope, Journal of the History of Ideas 36 (1975), 531-542.
- References for Fund theorem of algebra
- C Gilain, Sur l'histoire du theoreme fondamental de l'algebre : theorie des equations et calcul integral, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 42 (2) (1991), 91-136.
- S S Petrova, From the history of the analytic proofs of the fundamental theorem of algebra (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences XIV : Mathematics, mechanics (Moscow, 1973), 167-172.
- B L van der Waerden, A History of Algebra (Berlin, 1985).
- Jaina mathematics
- History Sci.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Jaina_mathematics.html
.
- References for Indian numerals
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- R Kaplan, The nothing that is : a natural history of zero (London, 1999).
- L C Karpinski, The history of arithmetic (New York, 1965).
- K W Menninger, Number words and number symbols : A cultural history of numbers (Boston, 1969).
- References for Matrices and determinants
- I Grattan-Guinness and W Ledermann, Matrix theory, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 775-786.
- T W Hawkins, Weierstrass and the theory of matrices, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 17 (1977), 119-163.
- E Knobloch, Determinants, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 766-774.
- E Knobloch, From Gauss to Weierstrass : determinant theory and its historical evaluations, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Basel, 1994), 51-66.
- Wave versus matrix
- The thought that the laws of the macrocosmos in the small reflect the terrestrial world obviously exercises a great magic on mankind's mind, indeed its form is rooted in the superstition (which is as old as the history of thought) that the destiny of men could be read from the stars.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Wave_matrix.html
.
- Longitude1
- History of the Academie Royale des Sciences
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Longitude1.html
.
- References for Doubling the cube
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).
- I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics : Vol 1 (From Thales to Euclid) (London, 1967).
- J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.
- Forgery 2
- History of the Berlin Academy
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Forgery_2.html
.
- Ledermann interview
- I had been sufficiently well versed in the history of German anti-Semitism, going back to Martin Luther who already advocated something like genocide.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Ledermann_interview.html
.
- Arabic numerals
- Now in [',' G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).','1] (where a longer quote is given) Ifrah tries to determine which Indian work is referred to.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Arabic_numerals.html
.
- Longitude2
- The early history of the longitude problem is discussed in our article Longitude and the Academie Royale.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Longitude2.html
.
- Matrices and determinants
- Cardan, in Ars Magna (1545), gives a rule for solving a system of two linear equations which he calls regula de modo and which [',' E Knobloch, Determinants, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 766-774.','7] calls mother of rules ! This rule gives what essentially is Cramer's rule for solving a 2 × 2 system although Cardan does not make the final step.
Go directly to this paragraph
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Matrices_and_determinants.html
.
- References for Greek astronomy
- A Berry, A short history of astronomy (New York, 1961).
- J L E Dreyer, A history of astronomy from Thales to Kepler (New York, 1953).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- A Pannekoek, A history of astronomy (New York, 1989).
- Newton's bucket
- However, he wrote in 1872 in History and Root of the Principle of the Conservation of Energy:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Newton_bucket.html
.
- References for Pell's equation
- I G Bashmakova and E I Slavutin, History of Diophantine analysis (Russian) : From Diophantus to Fermat "Nauka" (Moscow, 1984).
- C Brezinski, History of continued fractions and Pade approximants (Berlin, 1991).
- C N Srinivasiengar, The history of ancient Indian mathematics (Calcutta, 1967).
- T N Sinha, Pell's equation: its history and significance, Math.
- Kepler's Laws
- It was not until 1687 that Newton (1642-1727) gave a quantified definition of mass [','A E L Davis: ’The Mathematics of the Area Law: Kepler’s successful proof in Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae (1621)’, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 57, 5 (2003), especially Section 6.','4].
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Keplers_laws.html
.
- Babylonian numerals
- Do not think of history as a dead subject.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Babylonian_numerals.html
.
- The four colour theorem
- Before continuing with the history of the Four Colour Conjecture we will complete details of Francis Guthrie.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/The_four_colour_theorem.html
.
- References for Arabic numerals
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- R Kaplan, The nothing that is : a natural history of zero (London, 1999).
- L C Karpinski, The history of arithmetic (New York, 1965).
- K W Menninger, Number words and number symbols : A cultural history of numbers (Boston, 1969).
- Classical light
- In [',' N Kipnis, History of the principle of interference of light (Basel, 1991).','3] Nakajima discusses the Newton-Hooke controversy of 1672:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Light_1.html
.
- Golden ratio
- The golden ratio has been famed throughout history for its aesthetic properties and it is claimed that the architecture of Ancient Greece was strongly influenced by its use.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Golden_ratio.html
.
- Indian Sulbasutras
- In [',' A E Raik and V N Ilin, A reconstruction of the solution of certain problems from the Apastamba Sulbasutra of Apastamba (Russian), in A P Juskevic, S S Demidov, F A Medvedev and E I Slavutin, Studies in the history of mathematics 19 ’’Nauka’’ (Moscow, 1974), 220-222; 302.','9] in addition to examining the problem of squaring the circle as given by Apastamba, the authors examine the problem of dividing a segment into seven equal parts which occurs in the same Sulbasutra.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Indian_sulbasutras.html
.
- Sundials
- Journal for the History of Astronomy, 2001.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Sundials.html
.
- References for Trisecting an angle
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I (Oxford, 1931).
- I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics : Vol 1 (From Thales to Euclid) (London, 1967).
- J Delattre and R Bkouche, Why ruler and compass?, in History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 89-113.
- Real numbers 2
- History Exact Sci.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Real_numbers_2.html
.
- African men 2
- Contribution to the research on the foundations and the history of logical and mathematical thought in West Africa].
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/African_men_2.html
.
- References for Copernicus autograph
- N M Swerdlow, The Holograph of De Revolutionibus and the Chronology of its Composition, Journal of the History of Astronomy 5 (1974), 186-198.
- N M Swerdlow, On Establishing the Text of De Revolutionibus, Journal of the History of Astronomy 12 (1981), 35-46.
- J Zathey, The Analysis and History of the Manuscript, in Complete Works of Nicholas Copernicus (Macmillan Press, London; Polish Scientific Publishers, Warsaw, 1972), 1-25.
- References for Group theory
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory : A case study in the history of ideas (New York-Berlin, 1982).
- B M Kiernan, The development of Galois theory from Lagrange to Artin, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 8 (1971), 40-154.
- References for Measurement
- L L Kulvecas, Two dates in the history of the development of the metric system of measures (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Kiev, 1977), 109-115; 133.
- P Redondi, The French Revolution and the history of science (Russian), Priroda (7) (1989), 82-91.
- References for Set theory
- J W Dauben, Georg Cantor's creation of transfinite set theory : personality and psychology in the history of mathematics, Papers in mathematics (New York, 1979), 27-44.
- I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Selected essays on the history of set theory and logics (1906-1918) by Philip E B Jourdain (Bologna, 1991).
- P E Johnson, A History of Set Theory (Boston, 1972).
- References for Golden ratio
- R Herz-Fischler, A mathematical history of division in extreme and mean ratio (Waterloo, Ontario, 1987).
- R Herz-Fischler, A mathematical history of the golden number ( New York, 1998).
- J Kappraff, The relationship between mathematics and mysticism of the golden mean through history, in Fivefold symmetry (River Edge, NJ, 1992), 33-65.
- References for Bolzano's manuscripts
- D M Johnson, Prelude to dimension theory : The geometrical investigations of Bernhard Bolzano, Archive for History of Exact Science 17 (1976), 275-296.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Special relativity
- C W Kilmister, Relativity, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 1235-1241.
- L S Swenson, The ethereal aether : a history of the Michelson-Morley-Miller aether-drift experiments, 1880-1930 (Austin, 1972).
- A A Tyapkin, On the history of the special relativity concept, Hadronic J.
- References for Trigonometric functions
- I Grattan-Guinness, An overview of trigonometry and its functions, in I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences (London, 1994), 449-503.
- I Grattan-Guinness, Work for hairdressers : The production of de Prony's logarithmic and trigonometric tables, Annals of the History of Computing 12 (1967), 121-136.
- G J Toomer, The chord table of Hipparchus and the early history of Greek trigonometry, Centaurus 18 (1973/74), 6-28.
- References for Babylonian Pythagoras
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics (1964).
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- Greek numbers
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Greek_numbers.html
.
- Abstract linear spaces
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Abstract_linear_spaces.html
.
- Group theory
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Development_group_theory.html
.
- test2.html
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/test2.html
.
- Crimean pictures
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/crimea.html
.
- Knots and physics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Knots_and_physics.html
.
- Egyptian numerals
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Egyptian_numerals.html
.
- Inca mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Inca_mathematics.html
.
- Real numbers 1
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Real_numbers_1.html
.
- Neptune and Pluto
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Neptune_and_Pluto.html
.
- Ring Theory
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Ring_theory.html
.
- Egyptian Papyri
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Egyptian_papyri.html
.
- African women II
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Africa_2.html
.
- Braids arithmetic
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Braids_arithmetic.html
.
- Babylonian mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Babylonian_mathematics.html
.
- General relativity
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/General_relativity.html
.
- Pell's equation
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Pell.html
.
- test
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/test.html
.
- Fermat's last theorem
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Fermat's_last_theorem.html
.
- Fair book
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/fair_book.html
.
- Tartaglia versus Cardan
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Tartaglia_v_Cardan.html
.
- Abstract groups
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Abstract_groups.html
.
- Gravitation
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Gravitation.html
.
- Quadratic etc equations
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Quadratic_etc_equations.html
.
- Chinese numerals
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Chinese_numerals.html
.
- Fund theorem of algebra
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Fund_theorem_of_algebra.html
.
- Egyptian mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Egyptian_mathematics.html
.
- Gregory's observatory
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Gregory_observatory.html
.
- Chinese problems
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Chinese_problems.html
.
- Greek sources I
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Greek_sources_1.html
.
- Planetary motion
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Kinematic_planetary_motion.html
.
- Special relativity
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Special_relativity.html
.
- Trigonometric functions
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Trigonometric_functions.html
.
- Non-Euclidean geometry
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Non-Euclidean_geometry.html
.
- Euclid's definitions
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Euclid_definitions.html
.
- African women 2
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/African_women_2.html
.
- Size of the Universe
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Size_Universe.html
.
- Elliptic functions
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Elliptic_functions.html
.
- Chandrasekhar Eddington
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Chandrasekhar_Eddington.html
.
- Real numbers 3
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Real_numbers_3.html
.
- Water-clocks
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/Water_clocks.html
.
- Fair book insert
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/HistTopics/insert.html
.
- References for Egyptian numerals
- R Calinger, A conceptual history of mathematics (Upper Straddle River, N.
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- References for Bakhshali manuscript
- C N Srinivasiengar, The history of ancient Indian mathematics (Calcutta, 1967).
- History Sci.
- References for Ten classics
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- History of Science, 1962 (Paris, 1964), 489-492.
- References for Bourbaki 1
- L Baulieu, Dispelling a myth : questions and answers about Bourbaki's early work, 1934-1944, in The intersection of history and mathematics, (Birkhauser, Basel, 1994), 241-252.
- K Uzel', How to appraise the role of Bourbaki in the history of mathematics (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Jaina mathematics
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- References for Inca mathematics
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- A Christensen, The Peruvian quipu, in History and science of knots (River Edge, NJ, 1996), 71-88.
- References for Knots and physics
- M Epple, Geometric aspects in the development of knot theory, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 301-358.
- C Nash, Topology and physics - a historical essay, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 359-416.
- References for Fermat's last theorem
- History Exact Sci.
- P Ribenboim, The history of Fermat's last theorem (Portuguese), Bol.
- References for Alcuin's book
- J Hadley and D Singmaster, Problems to Sharpen the Young, The Use of the History of Mathematics in the Teaching of Mathematics, The Mathematical Gazette 76 (475) (1992), 102-126.
- D Singmaster, The history of some of Alcuin's Propositiones, in P L Butzer, H Th Jongen and W Oberschelp (eds.), Charlemagne and his Heritage 1200 Years of Civilization and Science in Europe 2 (Brepols, Turnhout, 1998), 11-29.
- References for The four colour theorem
- D A Holton and S Purcell, The four colour theorem-a short history, Austral.
- J Mayer, Le theoreme des quatre couleurs : notice historique et apercu technique, in Proceedings of the Seminar on the History of Mathematics 3 (Paris, 1982), 43-62.
- References for Bourbaki 2
- L Baulieu, Dispelling a myth : questions and answers about Bourbaki's early work, 1934-1944, in The intersection of history and mathematics, (Birkhauser, Basel, 1994), 241-252.
- K Uzel', How to appraise the role of Bourbaki in the history of mathematics (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Mathematical games
- R W Dimand and M A Dimand, The early history of the theory of strategic games from Waldegrave to Borel, in Toward a history of game theory (Durham, NC, 1992), 15-27.
- References for Chinese numerals
- G Ifrah, The universal history of numbers (London, 1998).
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Mathematics and Art
- A study of Taylor's role in the history of perspective geometry.
- References for Greek numbers
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- References for Harriot's manuscripts
- Harriot's will, History of science 6 (Cambridge, 1967), 1-16.
- References for Greek sources II
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Classical time
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1946).
- References for Mathematics and Architecture
- G Ifrah, The Universal History of Numbers (London, 1998).
- References for 20th century time
- S W Hawking, A brief history of time (London, 1988).
- References for Kepler's Laws
- A E L Davis: 'The Mathematics of the Area Law: Kepler's successful proof in Epitome Astronomiae Copernicanae (1621)', Archive for History of Exact Sciences 57, 5 (2003), especially Section 6.
- References for Quadratic etc equations
- R Franci and T Rigatelli, Towards a history of algebra from Leonardo of Pisa to Luca Pacioli, Janus 72 (1985), 17-85.
- References for Cartography
- A V Dorofeeva, From the history of the discovery of the Mercator projection (Russian), Mat.
- References for Brachistochrone problem
- K Pedersen and K M Pedersen, The early history of the calculus of variations (Danish), Nordisk Mat.
- References for Sundials
- Journal for the History of Astronomy, 2001.
- References for Indian Sulbasutras
- A E Raik and V N Ilin, A reconstruction of the solution of certain problems from the Apastamba Sulbasutra of Apastamba (Russian), in A P Juskevic, S S Demidov, F A Medvedev and E I Slavutin, Studies in the history of mathematics 19 "Nauka" (Moscow, 1974), 220-222; 302.
- References for Arabic mathematics
- References for Coffee houses
- E F Robinson, The early history of coffee houses in England (London, 1893).
- References for Water-clocks
- Journal for the History of Astronomy, 2001.
- References for Greek sources I
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
Societies etc
- References for Netherlands Academy
- 1808 - Signed: Louis, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1808-getekend-lodewijk
.
- 1812 - The Trippenhuis Building: The Academy's Permanent Headquarters, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1812hettrippenhuisdepermanentezetelvan
.
- 1851 - Institute Closed, Academy Founded, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1851-instituut-opgeheven-akademie-gesticht
.
- 1902 The Second Golden Age, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1902-de-tweede-gouden-eeuw
.
- 1909 - The Academy Welcomes its First Research Institute, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1909-de-akademie-krijgt-haar-eerste-eigen
.
- 1923 - Advisory Duties: The Biology Council of the Netherlands, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1923-advisering-de-biologische-raad-van-nederland
.
- 1938 - A New Name: The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1938-naamswijziging-koninklijke-akademie-van
.
- 1973 - The Academy Institutes the Office of "President", History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1973deakademiestelthetambtvanpresident
.
- 1990 - The Academy Strengthens its International Partnerships and Networks, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history/1990-de-knaw-haalt-de-banden-met-het-buitenland
.
- History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.
- https://www.knaw.nl/en/about-us/academy-history
.
- Netherlands Academy of Sciences
- The Royal Decree signed by Louis I stated that the new Institute was to [',' 1808 - Signed: Louis, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.','10]:-
.
- It was to follow the model of the French Academy in that its members were to be "the most excellent scientists and scholars from throughout the Kingdom." It was divided into four subject areas, namely (i) Mathematics and Physics; (ii) Dutch Literature and History; (iii) Ancient and Eastern Literature; and (iv) History and Fine Arts.
- The annual general meeting was held in the left half of the Trippenhuis Building which was owned by Cornelis Roos, an art collector, poet, and member of the History and Fine Arts Section of the Academy who had made the purchase in 1797.
- Members of the Institute felt that they now had a building worthy of their prestigious body [',' 1812 - The Trippenhuis Building: The Academy’s Permanent Headquarters, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.','11]:-
.
- On 19 April 1853 Thorbecke was forced to resign after it was claimed he had sympathies with the Roman Catholic Church and Floris Adriaan van Hall (1791- 1866) became head of the government [',' 1851 - Institute Closed, Academy Founded, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.','12]:-
.
- the new Cabinet extended the Academy's mission to include "the advancement of linguistics, literature, history and philosophy".
- In 1902 [',' 1902 The Second Golden Age, History of the Academy, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.','13]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Netherlands_Academy.html
.
- Slovenian Academy of Sciences
- The Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Slovenska Akademija znanosti in umetnosti) was founded in 1938 but there is a long history going back many hundreds of years relating to the founding, or attempts to found, earlier academies in Ljubljana.
- The following description of this academy is taken from [',' P Štih, V Simoniti and P Vodopivec, A Slovene history, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino (2008).','4]:-
.
- The most notable scientific essays included work by Academy members, including Janez Gregor Dolničar on history, Janez Štefan Florijančič (Floriantschitsch von Grienfeld) on economics, and the doctor, Marko Grbec (Gerbezius) on medicine.
- He gathered together a number of scholars, particularly those interested in Slovenian history and language, and the Academy began to operate discussing many topics such as language, history, poetry, philosophy, medicine and law.
- The University of Ljubljana was founded in 1919 but [',' P Štih, V Simoniti and P Vodopivec, A Slovene history, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino (2008).','4]:-
.
- Nahtigal undertook research in the Old Slavic language, the history of Slavic languages, Old Russian literature, and the Russian language.
- The post-war period saw the Communist authorities force the Academy to follow their requirements [',' History, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts.','1]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Slovenian_Academy.html
.
- Romanian Academy
- The statutes of 1867 established three sections: (i) Philology and Literature (which included the visual arts), (ii) History and Archaeology, and (iii) Natural Sciences.
- The article [',' A brief history, Romanian Academy.','2] states:-
.
- The development of each domain of activity in the program of the Romanian Academy, summarized in the pages of this book, coincides with the very history of modern and contemporary Romanian culture.
- This law, which modelled the Academy on the USSR Academy of Sciences, [',' A brief history, Romanian Academy.','2]:-
.
- The way that the Academy operated in the first couple of decades under communist control is described in [',' A brief history, Romanian Academy.','2]:-
.
- This law made the Academy [',' A brief history, Romanian Academy.','2]:-
.
- According to its code of bylaws, the Romanian Academy, Romania's highest cultural forum, has several main objectives: cultivation of the national language and literature, study of the national history, research into major scientific domains, and promotion of democratic and ethical principles of free communication of ideas in Romanian sciences, arts and letters.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Romanian_Academy.html
.
- Max Planck Society for Advancement of Science
- The earlier history of the society can be found under the name of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society at THIS LINK.
- The changes in the statutes, however, were not implemented until 1973 [',' History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.','2]:-
.
- There remained uncomfortable questions about the conduct of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society during the Nazi period [',' History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.','2]:-
.
- In 1997, Max Planck Society President Hubert Markl appointed an independent commission of historians to study the history of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society during the National Socialist era.
- The commission was chaired by historians Reinhard Rurup and Wolfgang Schieder, who had made a name for themselves as experts on anti-Semitism and the history of National Socialism.
- The President, Hubert Markl [',' History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.','2]:-
.
- Experience in history shows that the fundamental problems of physics, chemistry, biology and other sciences have led to important new developments in mathematics while mathematics has had a profound impact on these fields of knowledge.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Max_Planck.html
.
- Croatian Mathematical Society
- However the Society has a much longer history than that date would suggest since it was on 18 April 1990 that the Croatian Society of Mathematicians and Physicists made the decision to split into two separate societies, namely the Croatian Mathematical Society and the Croatian Physics Society.
- The Croatian Society of Mathematicians and Physicists had been founded in 1949 but long before that there had been a mathematics section of the Croatian Natural History Society, itself founded in 1885, which was the beginnings of the Mathematical Society.
- The Croatian Natural History Society was founded in 1885 in Zagreb with a view to developing and popularising the natural sciences.
- Over time, almost all Croatian scientific societies have had their genesis in the Croatian Natural History Society.
- Pedagogical and professional works on mathematics were published in the "Teacher's Note" issued by the Croatian Natural History Society, which appeared from 1892 until 1944.
- The Croatian Natural History Society founded the Mathematical-Physical Section in 1945 and a year later, the Department of Mathematics and Physics in the University of Zagreb was established, which started organising workshops for teachers and popular lectures on mathematics and physics.
- The Mathematical-Physical Section and the Astronomical-Geophysical Section of the Croatian Natural History Society launched the scientific journal "Mathematical-Physical and Astronomical Lectures" which appeared under that name from 1946 until 1965.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Croatian.html
.
- Georgian Mathematical Union
- His main research was on mathematical logic, set theory, the history of mathematics and the philosophy of mathematics.
- Topics: Mathematical Logic, Applied Logic and Programming; Topology, Algebra and Number Theory; Real and Complex Analysis (including special memorial sessions dedicated to Professor Otar Tsereteli, Professor David Kveselava and Professor Sergo Topuria); Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations and Applications; Probability & Statistics, and Financial Mathematics; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Continuum Mechanics; Mathematical Physics; Mathematical Education and History.
- Topics: Real and Complex Analysis; Topology, Algebra and Number Theory; Differential Equations and Mathematical Physics; Probability and Statistics, Financial Mathematics; Mathematical Logic and Foundations of Mathematics; Applied Logic and Programming; Logic of Natural Languages and Computational Linguistics; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Mathematical Education and History; Continuum Mechanics.
- The conference was "dedicated to Academician Victor Kupradze (1903-1985) on the occasion of 110th anniversary of his birthday as homage to his memory." Topics: Algebra and Number Theory; Logic of natural languages and computational linguistic; Mathematical Education and History; Mathematical Logic, Applied Logic and Programming; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Mathematical Physics; Mechanics of Continua; Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations and Applications; Probability and Statistics, Financial Mathematics; Real and Complex Analysis; Topology and Applications.
- Topics: Algebra and Number Theory; Logic of natural languages and computational linguistic; Mathematical Education and History; Mathematical Logic, Applied Logic and Programming; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Mathematical Physics; Mechanics of Continua; Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations and Applications; Probability and Statistics, Financial Mathematics; Real and Complex Analysis; Topology and Applications.
- Topics: Algebra, Topology and Number Theory; Applied Logic and Programming; Differential Equations and their applications; Logic of Natural Languages and Computational Linguistics; Mathematical Education and History; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Probability and Statistics, Financial Mathematics; Real and Complex Analysis; Theoretical Physics; Variational Methods and Applications.
- Topics: Algebra, Topology, Geometry and Number Theory; Applied Logic and Programming; Differential Equations and Applications; Logic of natural languages and computational linguistics; Mathematical Physics; Mathematical Education and History; Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis; Mechanics of Continua; Probability Theory and Statistics, Financial Mathematics; Real and Complex Analysis; Technologies, Networks, Computing and Applications.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Georgian.html
.
- Croatian Academy of Sciences
- With this little puzzle out of the way, we will return to the founding of the Academy in a moment, but first let us look briefly at the relevant history of Croatia.
- Rački was an ordained Catholic priest and a leading historian, working mainly on Church history, who was a leader in promoting Slavic culture.
- All the publishing activities of Zagreb's Academy have been primarily and permanently focused on the study of Croatian history, culture, language, and natural heritage.
- Much of the early work of the Academy involved Croatian history and numerous publications on this topic are detailed in [',' Founding of the Academy, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.','1].
- Having the eminent historian Franjo Rački as President was certainly a major factor in this emphasis on history; in fact he served in this role for 20 years.
- There is also research on the philosophical aspects of natural sciences and mathematics, the relation between mathematics and the arts, and the history of mathematics and other exact sciences with an emphasis on the contribution of Croatian scientists to world's science.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Croatian_Academy.html
.
- References for Royal Society
- T Birch, History of the Royal Society (London, 1744).
- E N da Costa, A brief history of the Royal Society (London, 1960).
- T Sprat, A history of the Royal Society (London, 1667).
- T Thompson, History of the Royal Society (London, 1812).
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Royal_Society.html
.
- Norwegian Royal Society
- In Trondheim Schoning and Suhm met each other for study twice a week, and they decided that Schoning should write the history of Norway and Suhm that of Denmark.
- Natural history and archaeological gatherings were created and from the start a library was established.
- Its main task was to promote natural and cultural history, archaeology and history in general.
- 'Vitenskapsmuseet' is today a part of the university in Trondheim and still has both cultural and natural history collections.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Royal_Norwegian_Society.html
.
- Lithuanian Academy of Sciences
- The Lithuanian Academy of Sciences was established on 16 January 1941 but there is a long history of the development of science in Lithuania which led up to the founding of the Academy.
- In our article below we follow [',' History of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences.','1] closely making some changes and giving additional material:
.
- It was founded [',' History of the YIVO, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.','2]:-
.
- to document and study Jewish life in all its aspects: language, history, religion, folkways, and material culture.
- Meanwhile, the new Academy of Sciences was expected to find solutions for large-scale issues such as the exploration and rational use of Lithuania's natural resources, study of the history and cultural heritage of the Lithuanian people and the research into key issues of the building of socialism in all its aspects, compulsory at the time.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Lithuanian_Academy.html
.
- Italian Academy of Sciences
- Main work was in observing but he wrote an interesting history of science in Lombardy.
- Created a museum of physics and natural history in La Specola beside the Pitti Palace in Florence.
- He worked at the universities of Reggio and Modena as professor of logic, metaphysics and Greek, then at the University of Pavia as professor of natural history.
- An entomologist who was professor of logic at Pisa, becoming professor of natural history there in 1801.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Italy.html
.
- Swedish Academy of Sciences
- The city of Stockholm took over the Observatory building in the 1930s but it was acquired again by the Academy in 1999 and it is now a History of Science museum with emphasis on astronomy.
- The Academy has seven Institutes, the three most relevant to this archive being the Institute for Astrophysics, the Mittag-Leffler Institute, and the Centre for the History of Science.
- The Centre for the History of Science was established in 1988 and manages the historical archive of the Academy as well as promoting research into the history of science.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Swedish_Academy.html
.
- References for Lithuanian Academy
- History of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences.
- http://www.lma.lt/history
.
- History of the YIVO, YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.
- https://www.yivo.org/History-of-YIVO
.
- http://www.mab.lt/en/about/history
.
- Women in Mathematics Association
- Carol Wood, president in 1991-93, said [',' L Blum, A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents’ Perspectives, Amer.
- She wrote [',' L Blum, A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents’ Perspectives, Amer.
- For example they held "History of Women in Mathematics" sessions with Association members as speakers.
- The authors of [',' J E Taylor and S M Wiegand, AWM in the 1990s: A Recent History of the Association for Women in Mathematics, Amer.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Women_in_Math.html
.
- Tokyo Mathematical Association
- In 1887 Kawakita wrote about how the Tokyo Mathematical Society had changed its character in only a few years [',' C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- Chikara Sasaki writes that the Mathematical Association of Tokyo [',' C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- Some of them began to write their swan song, the history of Japanese mathematics.
- In fact Toshisada published the first critical history of Japanese mathematics which was published in 1896.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Tokyo_M_A.html
.
- Lisbon Academy of Sciences
- The Academy extended its activity not only to the Natural Sciences, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, History and Linguistics, but also to the Applied Sciences, Economics, Agricultural and Industrial Developments, Public Health, Teaching, etc.
- a) to promote and stimulate scientific research and to disseminate its achievements; b) to stimulate the enrichment of thought, literature, language and other forms of culture; c) to encourage the study of Portuguese history and its relationship with the history of other nations, and to investigate and publish the sources of documentation; d) to collaborate in education and teaching activities; e) to assist the Government in an advisory capacity with scientific and linguistic problems of national interest; f) to preserve and improve the Portuguese language in connection with the Brazilian Academy of Letters and with similar institutions of Portuguese-speaking countries g) and to participate in cultural exchanges with other countries.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Lisbon_Academy.html
.
- Belgium Mathematical Society
- On 14 March 1921 a preliminary meeting took place which decided to set up a (according to their minute translated in [',' L Lemaire, A brief history of the Belgium Mathematical Society, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 29 (September, 1998), 24-25.','1]):-
.
- The statutes state that [',' L Lemaire, A brief history of the Belgium Mathematical Society, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 29 (September, 1998), 24-25.','1]:-
.
- As Lemaire notes in [',' L Lemaire, A brief history of the Belgium Mathematical Society, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 29 (September, 1998), 24-25.','1], the Society was clearly not that certain that the Bulletin would continue publication since they did not number this first volume.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Belgium.html
.
- References for RS
- T Birch, History of the Royal Society (London, 1744).
- E N da Costa, A brief history of the Royal Society (London, 1960).
- T Sprat, A history of the Royal Society (London, 1667).
- T Thompson, History of the Royal Society (London, 1812).
- Canadian Statistical Society
- A committee was formed to consider problems facing the Canadian statistical community [',' D R Bellhouse and C Genest, A history of the Statistical Society of Canada : the formative years, Statist.
- Despite the fact that Canadian statisticians were splitting into two different groups, Arak M Mathai of McGill University and [',' D R Bellhouse and C Genest, A history of the Statistical Society of Canada : the formative years, Statist.
- We refer the reader to the interesting article [',' D R Bellhouse and C Genest, A history of the Statistical Society of Canada : the formative years, Statist.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Canadian_Statistical.html
.
- Kaiser Wilhelm Society
- Planck's unsuccessful meeting with Hitler was followed by dismissals [',' History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, Max Planck Society.','1]:-
.
- Max Planck agreed to become an interim President to allow restructuring to take place [',' History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.','2]:-
.
- The continuing history of the society can be found under the name of the Max Planck Society at THIS LINK.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Kaiser_Wilhelm.html
.
- Spitalfields Mathematical Society
- Records of the Society written in 1784 give some information about its history (see for example [',' J W S Cassels, The Spitalfields Mathematical Society, Bull.
- However the case had a large effect since (according to the Minutes of the Society) the [',' R A Sampson, The decade 1840-1850, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 83-109.','3]:-
.
- More ambitious lecture programmes were started and, for example, in 1821 a course was put on [',' R A Sampson, The decade 1840-1850, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 83-109.','3]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Spitalfields.html
.
- Tokyo Mathematical Society
- Kanda Takahira wrote the Introduction to the first issue, dated October 1877 (see [',' C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- Chikara Sasaki writes [',' C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- Tomochika Kawakita (1840-1919) wrote in 1887 about the change of emphasis in the Society between the two different styles of mathematics [',' C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Tokyo.html
.
- Royal Astronomical Society
- This article looks at the early history of the Royal Astronomical Society.
- The Minutes taken that day record (see [',' H H Turner, The decade 1820-1830, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 1-49.','3]):-
.
- Other aims of the Society which were listed in Herschel's address were [',' H H Turner, The decade 1820-1830, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 1-49.','3]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Astronomical.html
.
- New Zealand Royal Society
- The person considered as the founding father of the Royal Society of New Zealand is the Scottish geologist, naturalist and surgeon James Hector (1834-1907) who arrived in New Zealand in 1862 to conduct a geological survey of Otago province [',' Our History, Royal Society of New Zealand.','2]:-
.
- In 1903 the reforms for which Thomson argued were formalised by an Act of Parliament [',' Our History, Royal Society of New Zealand.','2]:-
.
- For the first time in its history, the Institute establishes the position of president and the role of editor of the Transactions journal, both Board appointments.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/RS_of_New_Zealand.html
.
- Sinica Academia
- The Institute of Chemistry was also founded in 1928 as was the Institute of History and Philology which was initially founded in Canton but had to move several times before ending up in Nanking in 1946.
- In fact only the members and the library of the Institute of History and Philology and part of the library of the Institute of Mathematics were taken to Taiwan when the Nationalist Government moved there in 1949.
- Initially Hong Jing Chou acted as director from 1949 to 1957 but at the beginning of this period [',' Brief History, The Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica.','6]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Academia_Sinica.html
.
- Berlin Academy of Science
- Crelle has won a permanent place in the history of mathematics for his scientific and organizational ability.
- He is especially important for the history of the Berlin Academy of Sciences, to which he was elected in 1827 with the strong support of Alexander von Humboldt.
- Other Web siten n History of the Academy
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Berlin.html
.
- Georgian Academy of Sciences
- The sixteen founder members of the Academy were: Giorgi Akhvlediani (Linguistics); Ivane Beritashvili (Physiology); Arnold Chikobava (Linguistics); Giorgi Chubinashvili (Arts); Simon Djanashia (History); Aleksandre Djanelidze (Geology); Korneli Kekelidze (Philology); Nikoloz Ketskhoveli (Botany); Tarasi Kvaratskhelia (Subtropical Cultures); Giorgi Khachapuridze (History); Nikoloz Muskhelishvili (Mathematics, Mechanics); Akaki Shanidze (Linguistics); Aleksandre Tvalchrelidze (Mineralogy, Petrography); Dimitri Uznadze (Psychology); Kiriak Zavriev (Constructive Mechanics); and Philipe Zaytsev (Zoology).
- preserves personal archives of figures of science and culture that are valuable for Georgian History;
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Georgian_Academy.html
.
- New York Academy of Sciences
- The New York Academy of Sciences was founded in 1817 but at that time it was named The Lyceum of Natural History in the City of New York.
- In 1823 the Lyceum published the first volume of the Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New-York which was to become an extremely important series consisting of:-
.
- In 1877 the Lyceum was renamed the New York Academy of Science and the Annals became the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences although for the first few volumes the title of the publication appeared as the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, late Lyceum of Natural History.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/New_York_Academy.html
.
- Montenegran Society of Mathematicians and Physicists
- The date of 2006 is highly significant in the history of Montenegro which lets us understand why the Society was founded at that time.
- In the quote below we have made some changes to the wording given in [',' History and Review of the Main Activities of the Society of Mathematicians And Physicists of Montenegro, IMU No.
- The submission also indicated some activities of the Society after 2006 [',' History and Review of the Main Activities of the Society of Mathematicians And Physicists of Montenegro, IMU No.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Montenegro.html
.
- References for Kaiser Wilhelm
- History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, Max Planck Society.
- History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.
- https://www.mpg.de/history_mpg
.
- References for Slovenian Academy
- History, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
- http://www.sazu.si/en/history
.
- P Štih, V Simoniti and P Vodopivec, A Slovene history, Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino (2008).
- Zurich Scientific Research Society
- The Physical Society soon built up a scientific library, a collection of mathematical and physical instruments, natural history collections, a botanical garden, and an astronomical observatory built in 1759.
- The wide range of activities of the Society was divided into the following five areas: Natural science, natural history, mathematics, art of medicine and technology.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Zurich.html
.
- References for AMS
- R C Archibald, American Mathematical Society semicentennial publications I : A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (Providence, RI, 1988).
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (New York, 1980).
- E Pitcher, American Mathematical Society centennial publications I : A history of the second fifty years, American Mathematical Society, 1939-1988 (Providence, RI, 1988).
- Japan Academy
- The setting up of the Academy came a few years after the end of the Edo Period (1615-1868) [',' The Edo Period in Japanese History, Victoria and Albert Museum.','3]:-
.
- Section I has three Subsections: Literature, History, Philosophy; Law, Political Science; and Economics, Commerce.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Japan_Academy.html
.
- Paris Academy of Sciences
- The three Physical Sciences of chemistry, botany and anatomy became four subjects: chemistry and metallurgy; mineralogy and natural history; botany and agriculture; and anatomy.
- Physical Sciences now consisted of: chemistry; natural history and mineralogy; botany and vegetable physics; anatomy and zoology; medicine and surgery; and rural economy and veterinary medicine.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Paris.html
.
- References for Japan Academy
- The Edo Period in Japanese History, Victoria and Albert Museum.
- http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/the-edo-period-in-japanese-history/
.
- History, The Japan Academy.
- References for Max Planck
- History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, Max Planck Society.
- History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Society.
- https://www.mpg.de/history_mpg
.
- References for Tokyo M A
- A Komatsu, S Iyanaga, K Okugawa, Y Kawada, T Kimura, S Sasaki, S Hitotsumatsu, K Honda and Y Mimura, A hundred years of Japanese mathematical history I (Tokyo
.
- A Komatsu, S Iyanaga, K Okugawa, Y Kawada, T Kimura, S Sasaki, S Hitotsumatsu, K Honda and Y Mimura, A hundred years of Japanese mathematical history II (Tokyo
.
- C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- European Mathematical Society
- This took two years, the details of which are described in [',' A Lahtinen, The Pre-history of the EMS, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 38 (December, 2000), 14-15.','5].
- Lahtinen writes in [',' A Lahtinen, The Pre-history of the EMS, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 38 (December, 2000), 14-15.','5]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/EUMS.html
.
- Ukrainian Academy of Sciences
- Within the first year of its existence the Academy had set up three research departments with three research institutes, one of which was physics and mathematics while the other two were history and philology, and social studies.
- The history of the Institute of Mathematics of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences is examined in detail in [',' O M Bogolyubov (ed.), The Institute of Mathematics.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Ukrainian_Academy.html
.
- Iranian Mathematical Society
- devoted to expository articles regarding various issues of mathematics including history and teaching as well as different branches of applied and pure mathematics.
- These are (i) for the best paper presented at the Linear Algebra Seminar, (ii) for the best management in Mathematics, (iii) for the best research paper presented by a school teacher at the annual Iranian Mathematics Education Conference, (iv) for the best edited mathematics text, (v) for the best research paper presented at the annual National Mathematics Conference, (vi) for the best research paper presented at the annual Mathematical Analysis Seminar, (vii) for the best mathematics book written in Persian, (viii) for the best paper on the History of Mathematics, (ix) for the best paper presented by an undergraduate student at the annual University Student Seminar, (x) for the best paper presented at the Financial Mathematics Seminar.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Iranian.html
.
- Mathematical Society of Japan
- This was the first academic society to be founded in Japan [',' The Mathematical Society of Japan - history','3]:-
.
- Foundation of Mathematics and History of Mathematics.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Japanese.html
.
- Estonian Academy of Sciences
- Academy's structure was to consist of Central Library and four scientific divisions, embracing altogether 15 research institutes, 2 research sectors, 5 museums and 3 scientific societies as follows: (1) Division of Physical-Mathematical and Engineering Sciences (Institute of Geology; Institute of Chemistry; Institute of Mathematics, Physics and Mechanics; Institute of Building and Architecture; Institute of Industrial Problems, Geological Museum); (2) Division of Biological and Agricultural Sciences (Institute of Biology; Institute of Agriculture; Institute of Cattle Breeding and Veterinary; Institute of Forestry; Institute of Zoology; Naturalists' Society); (3) Division of Medical Sciences (Institute of Experimental Medicine; Institute of Health and Occupational Diseases; Institute of Clinical Medicine); (4) Division of Social Sciences (Institute of History; Institute of Language and Literature; Institute of Economics; Sector of Law, Sector of Pedagogy; Museum of the Estonian People; State Literary Museum; Museum of History; Estonian Learned Society; Academic Mother Tongue Society).
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Estonian_Academy.html
.
- German Academy of Scientists Leopoldina
- Perhaps the period surrounding World War II was the most difficult in the Academy's history.
- The Academy had been a corresponding one throughout its history until 1924 when its then President Johannes Walther introduced monthly meetings.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/German_Academy.html
.
- New York Mathematical Society
- Fiske writes [',' R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (New York, 1980).','2]:-
.
- Fiske, Jacoby and Stabler then distributed a proposal [',' R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (New York, 1980).','2]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/New_York.html
.
- Australian Academy of Science
- The foundation stone for the Academy's building was laid on 2 May 1958 when John Eccles delivered a speech explaining the early history of the Academy [',' J Eccles, M Oliphant, and R Menzies, The laying of the foundation stone 2 May 1958, Australian Academy of Science website.','2]:-
.
- The quote above giving the early history of the Academy came from the laying the foundation stone for the Academy's building in Canberra.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Australian_Academy.html
.
- Luxembourg Mathematical Society
- A leading expert on the history of mathematics he published books such as L'analyse harmonique.
- In addition he published many papers on the History of Mathematics, and several on Harmonic Analysis and Functional Analysis.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Luxembourg.html
.
- References for Moscow
- A P Yushkevich, History of mathematics in Russia until 1917 (Russian) (Moscow, 1968).
- P S Aleksandrov, On the history of the Moscow Mathematical Society in the present century (Russian), Uspekhi Mat.
- F Ja Sevelev, On the history of the Moscow Mathematical Society (Russian), Vestnik Moskov.
- Finnish Mathematical Society
- The time that the Society was founded was a crucial one in the history of Finland.
- A list of presidents and secretaries of the Finnish Mathematical Society is given in [',' M Seppala, Fragments of the history of the Finnish Mathematical Society (Finnish.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Finnish.html
.
- References for Romanian Academy
- A brief history, Romanian Academy.
- History, Simion Stoilow Institute of Mathematics of the Romanian Academy.
- http://www.imar.ro/organization/presentation/history.php
.
- References for Tokyo
- A Komatsu, S Iyanaga, K Okugawa, Y Kawada, T Kimura, S Sasaki, S Hitotsumatsu, K Honda and Y Mimura, A hundred years of Japanese mathematical history I (Tokyo, 1983).
- A Komatsu, S Iyanaga, K Okugawa, Y Kawada, T Kimura, S Sasaki, S Hitotsumatsu, K Honda and Y Mimura, A hundred years of Japanese mathematical history II (Tokyo, 1984).
- C Sasaki, The adoption of Western mathematics in Meiji Japan, 1853-1903, in The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- Hungarian Academy
- The Society had six departments: history, law, linguistics, mathematics, philosophy and natural sciences.
- The Society published an Hungarian Mathematical Dictionary in 1834 but it failed to achieve the aims we have described [',' B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Hungarian.html
.
- References for IAU
- W S Adams, The History of the International Astronomical Union, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 61 (358) (1949), 5-12.
- History of the International Science Council, International Science Council.
- https://council.science/about-us/a-brief-history
.
- References for Astronomical
- J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923).
- J L E Dreyer, The decade 1830-1840, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 50-81.
- H H Turner, The decade 1820-1830, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 1-49.
- References for American Statistical
- J Koren, The American Statistical Association, 1839-1914, in J Koren (ed.), The History of Statistics : Their Development and Progress in Many Countries (1918), 3-14.
- R L Mason, J D McKenzie and S J Ruberg, A brief history of the American Statistical Association, 1839-1989, Amer.
- References for Women in Math
- L Blum, A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives, Amer.
- J E Taylor and S M Wiegand, AWM in the 1990s: A Recent History of the Association for Women in Mathematics, Amer.
- References for South African
- W J Kotze, A brief history of QM at its 25th anniversary, Quaestiones Mathematicae 25 (1) 2002, iii-iv.
- http://www.sams.ac.za/history.html
.
- References for Russian
- A N Shiryaev, On the history of the founding of the Russian Academy of Sciences and on the first publications on probability theory in Russian editions (Russian), Teor.
- A N Shiryaev, On the history of the founding of the Russian Academy of Sciences and on the first publications on probability theory in Russian editions, Theory Probab.
- References for LMS
- J W L Glaisher, Notes on the early history of the Society, J.
- A Rice, The London Mathematical Society : A brief history, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 37 (September, 2000), 28-29.
- References for New York
- R C Archibald, American Mathematical Society semicentennial publications I : A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (Providence, RI, 1988).
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society, 1888-1938 (New York, 1980).
- References for Hong Kong
- C L Yieng, A Brief History of Mathematics in Hong Kong: What It Means for the Future of Mathematics Education, The Huffington Post (26 May 2016).
- http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/cassandra-lee-yieng/a-brief-history-of-mathem_b_10136312.html
.
- References for Japanese
- The Mathematical Society of Japan - history
.
- http://mathsoc.jp/en/pamph/current/history.html
.
- References for Academia Sinica
- S Chen, Government and Academy in Republican China: History of Academia Sinica, 1927-1949 (Ph.D.
- Brief History, The Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica.
- http://www.math.sinica.edu.tw/www/about/history14_e.jsp
.
- References for Hellenic
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Hellenic.html
.
- References for Spanish
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Spanish.html
.
- References for Columbian
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Columbian.html
.
- References for Swiss Academy
- History of the Swiss Academy of Sciences, Swiss Academy of Sciences.
- https://naturalsciences.ch/organisations/scnat/portrait/history
.
- References for Hungarian
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- J Kurschak, The last hundred years in the history of Hungarian mathematics, in The first century of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungarian) (Budapest, 1926), 451-459.
- References for Latvian Science
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Latvian_Science.html
.
- References for Pontifical Academy
- History, Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
- http://www.casinapioiv.va/content/accademia/en/about/history.html
.
- References for Societies List
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/References/Societies_List.html
.
- References for RS of New Zealand
- Our History, Royal Society of New Zealand.
- https://royalsociety.org.nz/who-we-are/our-history/
.
- EMS 1988
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1976
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- St Andrews Colloquium 2003
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1980
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1951
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1938
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1930
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1955
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1996
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1926
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1968
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1926
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1959
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1934
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1913
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1984
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1992
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1972
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1964
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- Czech Academy of Sciences
- Before that there had existed the Private Society in the Czech Lands for the Development of Mathematics, History of the Homeland and Natural Sciences which had been founded in 1770.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Czech_Academy.html
.
- French Mathematical Society
- It contains original articles studying the history of mathematics from the 17th century onwards.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/French.html
.
- Mexican Mathematical Society
- Topics covered are: Algebra, Analysis, Applications, Combinatorics, Geometry, History of Mathematics, Obituaries, Logic and foundations, Probability, Dynamical Systems and Book Reviews.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Mexican.html
.
- American Mathematical Society
- The history of that Society, prior to becoming the American Mathematical Society, is related in the article on the New York Mathematical Society.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/AMS.html
.
- Spanish Statistics and Operations Research Society
- The Bulletin of Statistics and Operations Research (Boletin de la Sociedad de Estadistica e Investigacion Operativa) is a quarterly journal that includes the sections: Statistics, Operations Research, Official Statistics, History and Teaching, and Opinions about the Profession.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Spanish_Statistics.html
.
- Indonesian Academy of Sciences
- The origins of the Academy, however, go back much further and are closely related to the history of Indonesia.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Indonesian_Academy.html
.
- French Statistical Society
- However, this date gives a totally wrong impression of the history of the Society since it really dates back to 1860 when the 'Societe de Statistique de Paris' (Statistical Society of Paris) was founded.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/French_Statistical.html
.
- Barcelona Academy of Sciences
- The Academy has other properties in addition to those just mentioned [',' History of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona.','1]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Barcelona_Academy.html
.
- Egyptian Academy of Sciences
- Although the Institut d'Egypte was founded in 1859 (reviving an older institute founded by Napoleon) and counts among its four sections one for Physical and Mathematical Sciences and another for Medicine, Agronomy and Natural History, its main tendency remained literary and artistic.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Egyption_Academy.html
.
- Estonian Mathematical Society
- A section on school mathematics was established as were working groups on the history of mathematics and mathematical terminology.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Estonian.html
.
- Athens Academy
- It retains these aims today, but its independence has been challenged a number of times due to major events in Greek history.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Athens_Academy.html
.
- Petrograd Physico-Mathematical Society
- The history of that Society from the time of its founding until 1921 when the Society began to function again under the name Petrograd Physico-Mathematical Society is described in the article:
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Petrograd.html
.
- Egyptian Academy of Sciences
- Although the Institut d'Egypte was founded in 1859 (reviving an older institute founded by Napoleon) and counts among its four sections one for Physical and Mathematical Sciences and another for Medicine, Agronomy and Natural History, its main tendency remained literary and artistic.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Egyptian_Academy.html
.
- Göttingen Mathematical Society
- William Henry Young, who was at Gottingen from 1899 to 1908, described the working of the young Mathematical Society (see [',' V Peckhaus, Ernst Zermelo in Gottingen, History and Philosophy of Logic 11 (1990), 19-58.','1]):-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Gottingen.html
.
- Austrian Academy of Sciences
- Srbik was internationally respected but, because of his "all-German conception of history", he was also appreciated by National Socialists.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Austrian_Academy.html
.
- Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences
- The Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences was explicitly declared to be the equal of the other Spanish Academies of History and San Fernando.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Spanish_Academy.html
.
- African Mathematical Union
- The Union set up four commissions in 1986: the Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa; the Commission on Women in Mathematics in Africa; the Commission Mathematics Education; and the Commission on Mathematics Olympiad.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/African.html
.
- Plato Academy
- In ancient Athens, the Academy was first and foremost a public park dominated by its gymnasium, and the connection between it and Plato's school was only one of the numerous historical reminiscences in an area rich in history.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Plato.html
.
- Chinese Academy of Sciences
- After the Chinese Academy of Sciences was founded, the Institute of Mathematics was founded as part of the new Academy in 1952 [',' History, The Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science.','4]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Chinese_Academy.html
.
- Columbian Mathematical Society
- It is a joint publication of the Colombian Mathematical Society and the University of the Andes, specialising in mathematics, its teaching, its history and its applications.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Columbian.html
.
- Armenian Academy of Sciences
- The founder and first president was Hovsep Orbeli, an orientalist who specialised in the medieval history of the Caucasus area.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Armenian_Academy.html
.
- Israel Academy of Sciences
- In 1936 he was appointed lecturer in modern Jewish history at the Hebrew University and was promoted to professor in 1948.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Israel_Academy.html
.
- Latvian Academy of Sciences
- Among the aims of the Latvian Academy of Sciences are: encouraging research in the basic and applied sciences; active participation in establishing a Latvian science policy and consultation with the Government about scientific issues; undertaking publishing scientific literature; organising congresses, conferences, discussions, and competitions; popularising scientific achievements and the history of Latvian sciences; maintaining international contacts for Latvian scientists; protecting, maintaining, and improving research ethics, discussion principles, and traditions.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Latvian_Academy.html
.
- St Petersburg Mathematical Society
- In [',' N S Ermolaeva, On the history of the St Petersburg and Petrograd mathematical societies (Russian), Trudy S.-Peterburg.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/St_Petersburg.html
.
- Edinburgh Royal Society
- In a move to counter this proposal the Professor of History at the University of Edinburgh, John Walker, proposed that the University of Edinburgh, the Faculty of Advocates, the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh, and the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland should seek a Royal Charter to establish the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/RSE.html
.
- Austrian Mathematical Society
- Furthermore, reviews of books and monographs on mathematical topics, essays on the history of mathematics and obituaries for members of the Austrian Mathematical Society are published.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Austrian.html
.
- American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the end and design of the institution of the said Academy is to promote and encourage the knowledge of the antiquities and the natural history of America; to determine the uses to which the various natural productions of the country may be applied; to promote and encourage medical discoveries, mathematical disquisitions, philosophical enquiries and experiments, astronomical, meteorological and geographical observations, and improvements in agriculture, arts, manufactures and commerce; and, in fine, to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest, honor, dignity, and happiness of a free, independent, and virtuous people.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/American.html
.
- Danish Royal Academy of Sciences
- The Royal Academy covered the subjects of mathematics, physics and natural history.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Danish_Academy.html
.
- Pontifical Academy of Sciences
- Indeed, as is well known to those who study the history of science, it must be recognized on the one hand that the Roman Pontiffs and the Catholic Church have always fostered the research of the learned in the experimental field as well, and on the other hand that such research has opened up the way to the defence of the deposit of supernatural truths entrusted to the Church.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Pontifical_Academy.html
.
- Australian Statistical Society
- The first state statistical society was the Statistical Society of New South Wales (see [',' H O Lancaster, Statistical Society of New South Wales : Bicentennial history issue, Austral.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Australian_Statistical.html
.
- Brazilian Academy of Sciences
- The following is a slightly modified version of the material from [',' History of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.','2]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Brazilian_Academy.html
.
- Serbian Society of Mathematicians and Physicists
- Each consisted of several sections: general mathematical articles, articles about the history of mathematics, problems from computer science, mathematical problems for primary schools, problems from entrance examinations for high schools, problems from mathematical competitions, mathematical jokes, chess problems, etc.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Serbia.html
.
- Kosovar Mathematical Society
- The date of 2008 is highly significant in the history of Kosovo which lets us understand why the Society was founded at that time.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Kosovar.html
.
- Portuguese Mathematical Society
- The Society tried to improve the situation by setting up committees such as a Pedagogical Committee, a Pure Mathematics Committee, an Applied Mathematics Committee, and a History and Philosophy of Mathematics Committee.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Portuguese.html
.
- Irish Mathematical Society
- The second short instructional conference organised by the Society was 'History of Mathematics' held in University College Cork in September 1978.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Irish.html
.
- Colombian Mathematical Society
- It is a joint publication of the Colombian Mathematical Society and the University of the Andes, specialising in mathematics, its teaching, its history and its applications.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Colombian.html
.
- Italian Mathematical Union
- A section on the history of mathematics was added in 1939 and at the same time it began publishing articles on mathematical education.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Italian.html
.
- Macedonian Academy of Sciences
- The area that is now Macedonia along with its aims to be an independent country over a long period of history, mean that we shall refer to "Macedonia" throughout this article.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Macedonian_Academy.html
.
- Mathematical Association of America
- Straley writes in [',' T H Straley, A Brief History of the Mathematical Association of America.','1]:-
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/MAA.html
.
- Association for Statistics and its Uses
- For the Section of Jacques Droesbeke's article specifically looking at the history of the Association for Statistics and its Uses, see THIS LINK.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Stats_and_Uses.html
.
- Malaysian Mathematical Society
- 'Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences' is an international peer-reviewed journal devoted to the publication of original papers/research papers, and it serves as a forum for practical approaches to improving quality in issues related to mathematical sciences, covering topics in the areas but not limited to theoretical and applied mathematics, statistics, industrial mathematics, biomathematics, mathematics education, ethnomathematics, history of mathematics and its related fields.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Malaysian.html
.
- Paris Statistical Society
- For the Section of Jacques Droesbeke's article specifically looking at the history of the Statistical Society of Paris, see THIS LINK.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Paris_Statistical.html
.
- Norwegian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Norwegian.html
.
- Japanese Association of Mathematical Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/JAMS.html
.
- London Royal Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/RS.html
.
- Turkish Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Turkish_Academy.html
.
- Turkish Women in Mathematics Association
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Turkish_Women.html
.
- Bulgarian Mathematicians' Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Bulgarian.html
.
- Armenian Mathematical Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Armenian.html
.
- List of societies by date of foundation
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/societies_list.html
.
- German Society for Applied Mathematics and Mechanics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/GAMM.html
.
- Australian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Australian.html
.
- Lincei Accademia
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Lincei.html
.
- Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/IMA.html
.
- Quaternion Association
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Quaternion.html
.
- References for Royal Norwegian Society
- History, The Royal Norwegian Science Society.
- European Women in Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/European_Women.html
.
- Hellenic Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Hellenic.html
.
- Turin Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Turin.html
.
- Indian Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Indian_Academy.html
.
- Bulgarian Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Bulgarian_Statistical.html
.
- Korean Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Korean_Statistical.html
.
- Icelandic Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Icelandic.html
.
- Singapore Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Singapore.html
.
- Slovak Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Slovak_Academy.html
.
- Indonesian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Indonesian.html
.
- Estonian Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Estonian_Statistical.html
.
- Czech Mathematicians and Physicists Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Czech.html
.
- Edinburgh Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/EMS.html
.
- test.html
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/test.html
.
- Spanish Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Spanish.html
.
- Polish Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Polish_Academy.html
.
- References for Montenegro
- History and Review of the Main Activities of the Society of Mathematicians And Physicists of Montenegro, IMU No.
- References for Dutch
- D J Beckers, "Untiring labor overcomes all!" The history of the Dutch Mathematical Society in comparison to its various counterparts in Europe, Historia Math.
- Swiss Academy of Science
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Swiss_Academy.html
.
- International Mathematical Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/IMU.html
.
- Spanish Society of Applied Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Spanish_Applied.html
.
- Mathematical Circle of Palermo
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Palermo.html
.
- Dutch Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Dutch.html
.
- Serbian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Serbian.html
.
- References for Spitalfields
- R A Sampson, The decade 1840-1850, in J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923), 83-109.
- Catalan Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Catalan.html
.
- References for Petrograd
- N S Ermolaeva, On the history of the St Petersburg and Petrograd mathematical societies (Russian), Trudy S.-Peterburg.
- Dublin Trinity College
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/TCD.html
.
- References for Canadian
- G F D Duff, The second generation : a history of the Canadian Mathematical Society 1966-1995, in P Fillmore (ed.), Canadian Mathematical Society, 1945-1995 1: Mathematics in Canada (Ottawa, ON, 1995), 129-189.
- References for Polish
- K Szalajko, What was written fifty years ago about Lwow mathematicians and not only about Lwow mathematicians (Polish), School of the history of mathematics (Polish), Miedzyzdroje, 1996, Zesz.
- References for Canadian Statistical
- D R Bellhouse and C Genest, A history of the Statistical Society of Canada : the formative years, Statist.
- References for MAA
- T H Straley, A Brief History of the Mathematical Association of America.
- References for Bolyai
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- Romanian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Romanian.html
.
- Hamburg Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Hamburg.html
.
- Finnish Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Finnish_Statistical.html
.
- References for Lisbon Academy
- L M R Saraiva, The Lisbon Academy of Sciences and the development of mathematics in Portugal in the 19th century, in M Kokowski (ed.), The Global and the Local: The History of Science and the Cultural Integration of Europe, Cracow, Poland, 6-9 September, 2006 (Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cracow
.
- References for Brazilian Academy
- History of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.
- References for Australian Statistical
- H O Lancaster, Statistical Society of New South Wales : Bicentennial history issue, Austral.
- German Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/German_Statistical.html
.
- Bourbaki
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Bourbaki.html
.
- Kharkov Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Kharkov.html
.
- Royal Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Royal_Statistical.html
.
- Fellows of the RSE
- There is also a list ordered by date of electionA link to the History of the RSE
.
- References for EUMS
- A Lahtinen, The Pre-history of the EMS, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 38 (December, 2000), 14-15.
- Warsaw Scientific Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Warsaw.html
.
- References for Chinese
- H Fan and D Li, History of the Chinese Mathematical Society (Chinese), China Historical Materials of Science and Technology 3 (1981), 72-78.
- Fellows of the RSE
- There is also a list ordered alphabeticallyA link to the History of the RSE
.
- References for Argentina
- L A Santalo, History of the Union Matematica Argentina, 1936-1996 (Spanish), Rev.
- Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/SIAM.html
.
- Argentina Mathematical Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Argentina.html
.
- References for Belgium
- L Lemaire, A brief history of the Belgium Mathematical Society, European Mathematical Society Newsletter 29 (September, 1998), 24-25.
- New Zealand Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/New_Zealand.html
.
- Indian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Indian.html
.
- Serbian Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Serbian_Academy.html
.
- Mexican Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Mexican_Academy.html
.
- References for Australian Academy
- https://www.science.org.au/about-us/shine-dome/history/laying-foundation-stone
.
- Italian Society of Applied and Industrial Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Italian_Applied.html
.
- Lithuanian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Lithuanian.html
.
- References for Southeast Asian
- P Y Lee, Mathematics education in Southeast Asia, in Alexander Karp and Gert Schubring (eds.), Handbook on the history of mathematics education (Springer New York, 2014), 384-388.
- Chinese Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Chinese.html
.
- Quebec Mathematical Association
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Quebec.html
.
- Catalan Society for Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Catalan_Science.html
.
- Mathematical Society of Philippines
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Philippines.html
.
- German Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/German.html
.
- Swedish Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Swedish.html
.
- Polish Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Polish.html
.
- References for Finnish
- M Seppala, Fragments of the history of the Finnish Mathematical Society (Finnish.
- References for Romanian
- V Berinde, Romania - the native country of IMOs : A brief history of the Romanian Mathematical Society (Baia Mare, 2000).
- References for St Petersburg
- N S Ermolaeva, On the history of the St Petersburg and Petrograd mathematical societies (Russian), Trudy S.-Peterburg.
- Allahabad Mathematical Society
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Allahabad.html
.
- Turkish Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Turkish.html
.
- Norwegian Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Norwegian_Academy.html
.
- Nepal Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Nepal.html
.
- References for Chinese Academy
- History, The Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science.
- References for Barcelona Academy
- History of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Barcelona.
- Heidelberg Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Heidelberg_Academy.html
.
- References for Gottingen
- V Peckhaus, Ernst Zermelo in Gottingen, History and Philosophy of Logic 11 (1990), 19-58.
- Slovak Mathematicians and Physicists Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Slovak.html
.
- Swiss Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Swiss.html
.
- References for Quaternion
- M J Crowe, A history of vector analysis: The evolution of the idea of a vectorial system (Courier Corporation, 1967).
- Danish Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Danish.html
.
- French Applied and Industrial Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/SMAI.html
.
- British Association for the Advancement of Science
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/British_Association.html
.
- London Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/LMS.html
.
- Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Bulgarian_Academy.html
.
- Russian/St Petersburg Academy
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Russian.html
.
- János Bolyai Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Bolyai.html
.
- South African Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/South_African.html
.
- Norwegian Statistical Association
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Norwegian_Statistics.html
.
- Brazilian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Brazilian.html
.
- Latvian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Latvian.html
.
- Jagiellonian University Mathematics Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Jagiellonian.html
.
- Korean Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Korean.html
.
- Slovenian Society of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Slovenia.html
.
- International Society for Mathematical Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/International_Soc.html
.
- Hong Kong Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Hong_Kong.html
.
- Irish Royal Academy
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Irish_Academy.html
.
- Canadian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Canadian.html
.
- Kazan Physico-mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Kazan.html
.
- Chilean Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Chile.html
.
- American Statistical Association
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/American_Statistical.html
.
- Israel Mathematical Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Israel.html
.
- South-Eastern Europe Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/South-East_Europe.html
.
- Ramanujan Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Ramanujan.html
.
- Alphabetical List of Mathematical Societies and Academies
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/alph_list.html
.
- Finnish Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Finnish_Academy.html
.
- International Astronomical Union
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/IAU.html
.
- Latvian Society of Physicists and Mathematicians
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Latvian_Physical.html
.
- Canadian Royal Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/RS_of_Canada.html
.
- National Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/NAS.html
.
- Belarus Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Belarus_Academy.html
.
- Moscow Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Moscow.html
.
- Vietnamese Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Vietnamese.html
.
- Göttingen Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Gottingen_Academy.html
.
- Belgian Royal Academy of Sciences
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Belgium_Academy.html
.
- Pakistan Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Pakistan.html
.
- Trinity Cambridge Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Trinity_Cambridge.html
.
- Southeast Asian Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Southeast_Asian.html
.
- Swiss Statistical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Swiss_Statistical.html
.
- Cyprus Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Societies/Cyprus.html
.
Honours
- History of the LMS
- A History of the London Mathematical Society
.
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMShistory.html
.
- History of the EMS
- A History of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society
.
- History of the EMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/EMShistory.html
.
- History of the AMS
- The History of the American Mathematical Society
.
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMShistory.html
.
- History of the Royal Society
- The History of the Royal Society of London
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RShistory.html
.
- Hirst Prize winner
- The London Mathematical Society first decided to award a prize for contributions to the history of mathematics as a part of the celebrations to mark the LMS 150th Anniversary.
- for their creation, development and maintenance of the MacTutor History of Mathematics web site.
- for his research and books on the history of mathematics, especially differential equations and geometry in and around the nineteenth century.
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Hirst_Prize.html
.
- Galway Group Theory.html
- For a brief history of this conference series see the article History of Groups in Galway.
- Michael Tuite (Galway) A brief history of Moonshine
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Galway_Group_Theory.html
.
- AMS Conant Prize
- for his article "A Brief History of the Classification of the Finite Simple Groups".
- The article leads the broad range of Notices readers through the 2000-year history of the subject, including its appearance in 1900 in Hilbert's 18-th problem, into its mathematical heart.
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSConantPrize.html
.
- AMS Cole Prize in Algebra
- History of the AMS
.
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSColePrize_algebra.html
.
- AMS/SIAM Birkhoff Prize
- for his outstanding contributions to our understanding of the subjects of rational mechanics and nonlinear materials, for his efforts to give precise mathematical formulation to these classical subjects, for his many contributions to applied mathematics in the fields of acoustic theory, kinetic theory, and nonlinear elastic theory, and the thermodynamics of mixtures, and for his major work in the history of mechanics.
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/BirkhoffPrize.html
.
- Fellow of the Royal Society
- The list of fellows given below is only those scientists elected Fellows of the Royal Society whose biographies appear in the MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive, together with some present day mathematicians.
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/FRS.html
.
- Wilks Award of the ASS
- for highly significant contributions to research on, and applications of, statistical methods and problems in agriculture, national defense, science and engineering; for his internationally renowned applications of statistical methodology to basic problems in metrology; and for his singular contributions to the history of methodology in the field of statistics.
- for distinguished contributions to statistical methodology and to study of the history of statistics, for enthusiastic support of statistics in the social sciences, and for extensive public service, especially on behalf of the Joint Service Advisory Group and as chairman of the Committee on National Statistics of the National Academy of Sciences-NRC.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Wilks_award.html
.
- Bakerian Lecturer
- on such part of natural history or experimental philosophy, at such time and in such manner as the President and the Council of the Society for the time being shall be pleased to order and appoint.
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Bakerian.html
.
- LMS Presidential Addresses
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSAddresses.html
.
- LMS Naylor Prize
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSNaylorPrize.html
.
- Sylvester Medal
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SylvesterMedal.html
.
- LMS Whitehead Prize
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSWhiteheadPrize.html
.
- The Hannan Medal
- Citation: Eugene Seneta has done much seminal work in probability and statistics in connection with branching processes, the history of probability and statistics, and in such diverse areas as slowly varying functions, Bonferroni type bounds on probabilities of unions of sets, on modelling of the price of a risky asset, and in the scaling of Higher School Certificate marks.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Hannan_Medal.html
.
- AMS Steele Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSSteelePrize.html
.
- Jose Celestino Mutis Prize
- In 1760 he moved to the New Kingdom of Granada as doctor of the viceroy and in 1762 was appointed to the chair of mathematics at the Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Senora del Rosario and in 1763 he presented his plan for a Natural History of America.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Jose_Celestino_Mutis_Prize.html
.
- LMS Pólya Prize
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSPolyaPrize.html
.
- Royal Medal
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RoyalMedal.html
.
- LMS Senior Whitehead Prize
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSSeniorWhiteheadPrize.html
.
- AMS Satter Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSSatterPrize.html
.
- AMS Wiener Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSWienerPrize.html
.
- AMS Colloquium Lecturer
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSCollLecturers.html
.
- AMS Gibbs Lecturer
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSGibbsLecturers.html
.
- LMS Frölich Prize
- AMS Fulkerson Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSFulkerson.html
.
- Royal Society of Edinburgh
- In a move to counter this proposal the Professor of History at the University of Edinburgh, John Walker, proposed that the University of Edinburgh, the Faculty of Advocates, the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh, and the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland should seek a Royal Charter to establish the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSE.html
.
- Joan and Joseph Birman Prize
- This work has generated a great amount of excitement and activity in the field and was described by a leading expert as "one for the history books".
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Birman_Research_Prize.html
.
- Presidents of the Royal Society
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSpresidents.html
.
- De Morgan Medal Winners
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSDeMorganMedal.html
.
- AMS President
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSPresidents.html
.
- LMS President
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSPresidents.html
.
- AMS Bôcher Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSBocherPrize.html
.
- AMS Veblen Prize
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSVeblenPrize.html
.
- LMS Honorary Member
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSHonorary.html
.
- International Congress Speaker
- Andre Weil, History of Mathematics: Why and How.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/ICM.html
.
- Berwick Prizewinner
- History of the LMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LMSBerwick.html
.
- Lucasian Chairs
- The history of the Lucasian chair by Bob Bruen
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Lucasian.html
.
- Groups St Andrews.html
- For a brief history of this conference series see the article Twenty-Five Years of Groups St Andrews.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Groups_St_Andrews.html
.
- Paris street names
- The Mairie de Paris have a website at THIS LINK giving the history of all Parisian street names and if you click on the M next to the street you can see these details.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/ParisNames.html
.
- European Mathematical Society Prize
- The question of the existence of Riemannian metrics with special holomony has a long history beginning with the work of Cartan.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/EuMSPrizes.html
.
- AMS Cole Prize in Number Theory
- History of the AMS
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AMSColePrize_num_theory.html
.
- Copley Medal
- History of the Royal Society
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/CopleyMedal.html
.
- Brouwer Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/BrouwerMedal.html
.
- J H Michell Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/J_H_Michell_Medal.html
.
- RSS Honorary Fellowships
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSSHonorary.html
.
- Gavin Brown Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Gavin_Brown_Prize.html
.
- Microsoft Research Prize in Algebra and Number Theory
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Research_Prize_in_Algebra.html
.
- Haim Nessyahu Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Haim_Nessyahu_Prize.html
.
- MAA Hedrick Lecturer
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Hedrick_lecturers.html
.
- SIAM Ralph E Kleinman Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMKleinmanPrize.html
.
- Ostrowski Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Ostrowski.html
.
- St Petersburg Abramov Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/StPetersburgAbramov.html
.
- ANZIAM medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/ANZIAM_medal.html
.
- AWM-SIAM Kovalevsky Lecture
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/KovalevskyLecture.html
.
- Alice T Schafer Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Schafer_Mathematics_Prize.html
.
- Ribenboim Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RibenboimPrize.html
.
- SeMA Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Best_SeMA_Journal_Article.html
.
- Bowen Lecturer
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Bowen_Lecturers.html
.
- Austrian Mathematical Society Forderungspreis
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Forderungspreis.html
.
- Pythagoras Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Pythagoras.html
.
- MSJ Geometry Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/MSJGeometryPrize.html
.
- Shaw Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/ShawPrize.html
.
- Erwin Schrödinger Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Schrodinger_prize.html
.
- Dahlquist Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMDahlquist.html
.
- Gödel Lecturer
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/GodelLecturer.html
.
- DMV/IMU Gauss Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/GaussPrize.html
.
- Abel Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AbelPrize.html
.
- RSS Guy Medal in Silver
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSSGuySilver.html
.
- Australian Mathematical Society Szekeres Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AuMSSzekeresMedal.html
.
- Copson lectures.html
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Copson_lectures.html
.
- Planetary features
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/PlanetaryFeatures.html
.
- Nemmers Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/NemmersPrize.html
.
- Waynflete Chair
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Waynflete.html
.
- Autumn Prize of the Mathematical Society of Japan
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Autumn_Prize.html
.
- Maxwell Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Maxwell.html
.
- Fields Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/FieldsMedal.html
.
- Wolf Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Wolf_Prize.html
.
- Plumian chair
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Plumian.html
.
- CMS Krieger-Nelson Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/CMSKriegerNelsonPrize.html
.
- Lunar features
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LunarFeatures0.html
.
- Nobel Prizes
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Nobel.html
.
- Times Obituaries
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Times_obits.html
.
- Ruth I Michler Memorial Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Michler_Memorial_Prize.html
.
- Spring Prize of the Mathematical Society of Japan
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Spring_Prize.html
.
- Eiffel Tower
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Eiffel.html
.
- SIAM von Kármán Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMVonKarmanPrize.html
.
- British Mathematical Colloquium
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/BMC.html
.
- Fellows of the RSE
- There is also a list ordered by date of electionA link to the History of the RSE
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Honours/FRSE.html
.
- CMS Coxeter-James Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/CMSCoxeterJamesPrize.html
.
- Levitzki Prize.html
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Levitzki_Prize.html
.
- Fellows of the RSE
- There is also a list ordered alphabeticallyA link to the History of the RSE
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Honours/FRSE
.
- MAA Chauvenet Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Chauvenet_prize.html
.
- IMA President
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/IMA_presidents.html
.
- MSJ Seki-Takakazu Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/MSJSekiTakakazuPrize.html
.
- Antonio Valle Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Antonio_Valle_Award.html
.
- IMU Leelavati Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/IMULeelavatiPrize.html
.
- IMA prizewinner
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/IMA_prizewinners.html
.
- Premio Nacional de Matematicas
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Premio_Nacional.html
.
- Collatz Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Collatz.html
.
- Sadosky Prize in Analysis
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Sadosky_Prize.html
.
- George Szekeres Medal.html
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/George_Szekeres_Medal.html
.
- SIAM Prize for Distinguished Service
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMService.html
.
- Young Mathematician prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/StPetersburgYoung.html
.
- Eiffel scientists
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Eiffel_m.html
.
- NAS Award in Applied Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/NASApplied.html
.
- Bruce Medallists
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/BruceMedal.html
.
- MSJ Iyanaga, Spring and Autumn Prize
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/MSJIyanagaPrize.html
.
- Aubrey's Brief Lives
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Aubrey.html
.
- Levitzky Prize in Algebra
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Levitzky_Prize.html
.
- Times Obituaries
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Times__obits.html
.
- MSJ Algebra Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/MSJAlgebraPrize.html
.
- Su Buchin Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Buchin.html
.
- Swedish Mathematical Society Wallenberg Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Wallenberg_Prize.html
.
- SIAM George Pólya Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMPolyaPrize.html
.
- Emmy Noether Lecture
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Noether_Lecture.html
.
- Lectures to the Mathematical Society of Vienna
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Lectures_Vienna_Math_Soc.html
.
- Presidents of the Swiss Mathematical Society
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Swiss_presidents.html
.
- Australian Mathematical Society Medal
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Australian_Math_Soc_Medal.html
.
- Rolf Schock Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Schock.html
.
- CMS Jeffery-Williams Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/JefferyWilliamsPrize.html
.
- RSS Guy Medal in Bronze
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSSGuyBronze.html
.
- Henry George Forder Lectures
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Forder_Lecturers.html
.
- St Petersburg Mathematical Society Honorary Members
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/StPetersburgHonorary.html
.
- RSS Guy Medal in Gold
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/RSSGuyGold.html
.
- Chern Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Chern_Medal.html
.
- Lunar features
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/LunarFeatures.html
.
- IMU Nevanlinna Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/IMUNevanlinnaPrize.html
.
- NAS Award in Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/NASAward.html
.
- Australian Mathematical Society Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AuMSMedal.html
.
- Balaguer Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Balaguer.html
.
- Fermat Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/FermatPrize.html
.
- SIAM W T and Idalia Reid Prize in Mathematics
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMReidsPrize.html
.
- MSJ Analysis Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/MSJAnalysisPrize.html
.
- DVR Cantor Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/DMVCantorMedal.html
.
- Clay Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Clay.html
.
- SIAM John von Neumann Lecture
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SIAMVonNeumannLecture.html
.
- Chern Visiting Professor
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Chern_Lectures.html
.
- Australian Mathematical Society Mahler Lecturership
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/AuMSMahlerLectureship.html
.
- DVR Honorary Members
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/DMVHonorary.html
.
- Karp Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Karp.html
.
- Savilian Chairs
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Savilian.html
.
- The Moran Medal
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Moran_Medal.html
.
- Sverdrup Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Sverdrup_Prize.html
.
- Herbrand Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/HerbrandAward.html
.
- New Zealand Mathematics Society Research Award
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/New_Zealand_Research_Award.html
.
- Lowndean chair
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Lowndean.html
.
- Lagrange Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Lagrange.html
.
- Gibbs Lectures.html
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Gibbs_Lectures.html
.
- Pioneer Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Pioneer.html
.
- Schafer Mathematics Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/SchaferPrize.html
.
- Anna and Lajos Erdos Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Societies/Anna_and_Lajos_Erdos_Prize.html
.
References
- References for Albert Einstein
- J Earman, M Janssen and J D Norton (eds.), The attraction of gravitation : new studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, 1993).
- G Holton, Einstein, history, and other passions (Woodbury, NY, 1995).
- D Howard and J Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989).
- J B Barbour, Einstein and Mach's principle, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 125-153, 460.
- G Berg, On the origin of the concept of an Einstein space, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 336-343; 460.
- M Biezunski, Inside the coconut : the Einstein-Cartan discussion on distant parallelism, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 315-324.
- P H Byrne, The significance of Einstein's use of the history of science, Dialectica 34 (4) (1980), 263-276.
- C Cattani and M De Maria, Max Abraham and the reception of relativity in Italy : his 1912 and 1914 controversies with Einstein, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 160-174.
- C Cattani and M De Maria, The 1915 epistolary controversy between Einstein and Tullio Levi-Civita, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 175-200.
- L Debnath, Albert Einstein-scientific epistemology, in Selected studies : physics-astrophysics, mathematics, history of science (Amsterdam-New York, 1982), 315-327.
- J Earman and C Glymour, Einstein and Hilbert : two months in the history of general relativity, Arch.
- J Eisenstaedt, Toward a history of Einstein's theory of gravitation, in Fifth Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation (Teaneck, NJ, 1987), 552-565.
- M Francaviglia, History of a work of Albert Einstein (Italian), Atti Accad.
- D Howard, Einstein and Eindeutigkeit : a neglected theme in the philosophical background to general relativity, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 154-243; 462.
- J Illy, The correspondence of Albert Einstein and Gustav Mie, 1917-1918, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 244-259; 462.
- P Kerszberg, The Einstein-de Sitter controversy of 1916-1917 and the rise of relativistic cosmology, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 325-366.
- L Kostro, An outline of the history of Einstein's relativistic ether concept, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 260-280; 463.
- L Kostro, Einstein's relativistic ether, its history, physical meaning and updated applications, Organon No.
- A J Kox, Einstein, specific heats, and residual rays : the history of a retracted paper, in No truth except in the details (Dordrecht, 1995), 245-257.
- C Liu, Einstein and relativistic thermodynamics in 1952 : a historical and critical study of a strange episode in the history of modern physics, British J.
- A I Miller, Albert Einstein's 1907 Jahrbuch paper : the first step from SRT to GRT, in Studies in the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1992), 319-335; 464.
- Reflections on spacetime : foundations, philosophy, history, Erkenntnis 42 (2) (1995), 223-245.
- J Norton, How Einstein found his field equations, 1912-1915, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 101-159.
- J Norton, What was Einstein's principle of equivalence?, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 5-47.
- R M Nugayev, The history of quantum mechanics as a decisive argument favoring Einstein over Lorentz, Philos.
- History Exact Sci.
- J Stachel, Einstein's search for general covariance, 1912-1915, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 63-100.
- E Stipanich, Boskovic and Einstein (Russian), in Investigations in the history of mechanics 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1983), 219-245.
- V P Vizgin, Eotvos and Einstein (Russian), in History of science 'Metsniereba' (Tbilisi, 1984), 86-89.
- V P Vizgin, On the history of the discovery of equations of gravitation (Einstein and Hilbert) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- V P Vizgin, Einstein, Hilbert, and Weyl : the genesis of the geometrical unified field theory program, in Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 300-314.
- C N Yang, Einstein and the physics of the second half of the twentieth century, in Selected studies : physics-astrophysics, mathematics, history of science (Amsterdam-New York, 1982), 139-146.
- References for William Herschel
- A Berry, A Short History of Astronomy.
- M Hoskin, The Herschel Partnership: as viewed by Caroline (Science History Publications, Cambridge, 2003).
- M Hoskin, The Herschels of Hanover (Science History Publications, Cambridge, 2007).
- J A Bennett, 'On the Power of Penetrating into Space': The Telescopes of William Herschel, Journal of the History of Astronomy 7 (2) (1976), 75-108.
- A Hanham and M Hoskin, The Herschel Knighthoods: Facts and Fiction, Journal of the History of Astronomy 44 (120) (2013), 149-164.
- M Hoskin, Was William Herschel a deserter?, Journal of the History of Astronomy 35 (3) (2004), 356-358.
- M Hoskin, Herschel's determination of the solar apex, Journal of the History of Astronomy 11 (1980), 153-163.
- M Hoskin, Unfinished Business: William Herschel's Sweeps for Nebulae, History of Science 43 (2005), 305-320.
- M Hoskin, George Ill's Purchase of Herschel Reflectors, Journal of the History of Astronomy 39 (2008), 121-124.
- M Hoskin, Nebulae, Star Clusters and the Milky Way: From Galileo to Herschel, Journal of the History of Astronomy 39 (2008), 363-396.
- M Hoskin, Mary Herschel's Fortune: Origins and Impact, Journal of the History of Astronomy 41 (2010), 213-223.
- M Hoskin, William Herschel and the Southern Skies, Journal of the History of Astronomy 41 (2010), 503.
- M Hoskin, William Herschel and Herschelian Reflectors, History of Science 49 (2011), 115-120.
- M Hoskin, William Herschel and the Nebulae, Journal of the History of Astronomy 42 (2011), 177-192; 321-338.
- M Hoskin, William Herschel's Residence in Bath, 1799-1801, Journal of the History of Astronomy 43 (2012), 351-358.
- M Hoskin, William Herschel's Agenda for His Son John, Journal of the History of Astronomy 43 (2012), 439-454.
- M Hoskin and D W Dewhirst, William Herschel and the Prehistory of Stellar Spectroscopy, Journal of the History of Astronomy 37 (2006), 393-403.
- E J Hysom, Tests of the Shape of Mirrors by Herschel, Journal of the History of Astronomy 27 (1996), 349-352.
- S Schaffer, Herschel in Bedlam: natural history and stellar astronomy, British J.
- S Schaffer, The Great Laboratories of the Universe: William Herschel on Matter Theory and Planetary Life, Journal of the History of Astronomy 11 (1980), 81-111.
- S Schaffer, Uranus and the Establishment of Herschel's Astronomy, Journal of the History of Astronomy 12 (1981, 11-26.
- J T Spaight, 'For the Good of Astronomy': The Manufacture, Sale, and Distant Use of William Herschel's Telescopes, Journal of the History of Astronomy 35 (2004), 45-69.
- References for Ivor Grattan-Guinness
- J M Dubbey, Review: The Development of the Foundations of Mathematical Analysis from Euler to Riemann, by I Grattan-Guinness, The British Journal for the History of Science 6 (1) (1972), 88- 89.
- J W Dawson, Obituary for Ivor Grattan-Guinness (1941-2014), History and Philosophy of Logic 36 (1) (2015), 1.
- C Fraser, Report on the Awarding of the Kenneth O May Prize to Ivor Grattan-Guinness, International Congress of History of Science and Technology (31 July 2009).
- Ivor Grattan-Guinness, International Academy of the History of Science (12 December 2014).
- I Grattan-Guinness, The development of a historian: Cannot put it down: spiralling into the history of mathematics, British Society for the History of Mathematics Newsletter 14 (2) (1999), 29-35.
- I Grattan-Guinness, History of Science Journals: "to be useful, and to the living", Annals of Science 34 (1977), 193-202.
- D M Johnson, Review: Dear Russell - Dear Jourdain, by I Grattan-Guinness, The British Journal for the History of Science 12 (2) (1979), 232-233.
- C V Jones, Review: From the Calculus to Set Theory, 1630-1910: An Introductory History, by I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), American Scientist 70 (4) (1982), 436.
- R Jones, Review: From the Calculus to Set Theory, 1630-1910: An Introductory History, by I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Philosophy of Science 51 (3) (1984), 519-522.
- M Kline, Review: From the Calculus to Set Theory, 1630-1910: An Introductory History, by I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Isis 72 (4) (1981), 661-662.
- J G Petrunic, Review: Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940, by Ivor Grattan-Guinness, The British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4) (2007), 608- 610.
- T Pinch, Review: Psychical Research: A Guide to Its History, Principles, and Practices, by I Grattan-Guinness, Isis 74 (3) (1983), 439.
- A Rice, Ivor Grattan-Guinness (23 June 1941-12 December 2014), BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics 30 (2) (2015), 94-101.
- J L Richards, Review: History in Mathematics Education, by Ivor Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Isis 81 (3) (1990), 546-547.
- J L Richards, Review: Selected Essays on the History of Set Theory and Logics (1906-1918), by Philip E B Jourdain and Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Isis 85 (2) (1994), 354-355.
- R E Rider, Review: From the Calculus to Set Theory, 1630-1910: An Introductory History, by I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), The American Mathematical Monthly 92 (3) (1985), 225-227.
- References for Al-Biruni
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- A E-A Hatipov and A Pulatov, Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematics and astronomy I, Trudy Samarkand.
- M S Khan, An examination of al-Biruni's knowledge of Indian astronomy, in History of oriental astronomy (Cambridge, 1987), 139-145.
- History Sci.
- G P Matvievskaja, The mathematical and astronomical legacy of al-Biruni, and the history of its study (Russian), Izv.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- B A Rozenfel'd, S A Krasnova and M M Rozanskaja, The mathematical work of Abu'l-Rayhan al-Biruni (Russian), From the History of Science and Technology in the East 3 (Moscow, 1963), 71-92.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- T Usmonov, The role of history in the flowering of al-Biruni's physics (Uzbek), in Collection dedicated to the 1000th anniversary of the birth of al-Biruni (Tashkent, 1973), 179-197.
- A I Volodarskii, Indian mathematics and al-Biruni (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 49-57.
- References for Pierre-Simon Laplace
- H H Frisinger, Mathematicians in the history of meteorology: the pressure-height problem from Pascal to Laplace, Historia Math.
- F J Giron, History of probability theory: from Pascal to Laplace , in History of mathematics in the XIXth century (Spanish) 2 (Madrid, 1994), 113-133.
- B Ju Levin, On the history of the term 'Kant-Laplace hypothesis' (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- B Yu Levin, Laplace's cosmogonic hypothesis (history of its creation and publication) (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- V V Pavlovskaja, The problem of the stability of the equilibrium of a revolving fluid in the works of d'Alembert and Laplace (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Kiev, 1977), 58-67.
- S S Petrova, On the history of Laplace's method of cascades (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 125-131, 301.
- S S Petrova, Early history of the Laplace transform (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- History Exact Sci.
- O B Sheynin, On the history of the de Moivre-Laplace limit theorems (Russian), in History and methodology of natural sciences No.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- S M Stigler, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XXXIV: Napoleonic statistics : the work of Laplace, Biometrika 62 (2) (1975), 503-517.
- S M Stigler, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XXXII : Laplace, Fisher, and the discovery of the concept of sufficiency, Biometrika 60 (1973), 439-445.
- References for Carl Boyer
- Anon, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer and Uta C Merzbach, Biometrics 49 (2) (1993), 674.
- H Eves, Review: A History of Analytic Geometry, by Carl B Boyer, Amer.
- H Eves, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, American Scientist 56 (4) (1968), 468A-469A.
- J V Grabiner, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, Science, New Series 163 (3863) (1969), 171.
- J E Hofmann, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, Isis 60 (4) (1969), 553.
- P S Jones, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, Amer.
- M Kline, Review: The History of the Calculus and its Conceptual Development, by Carl B Boyer, Mathematical Reviews, MR0124178 (23 #A1495).
- K May, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, Mathematical Reviews, MR0234791 (38 #3105).
- A Prag, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, The British Journal for the History of Science 5 (1) (1970), 89.
- M K Prichard, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer and Uta C Merzbach, The Mathematics Teacher 85 (5) (1992), 394-395.
- H L Prouse, Review: A History of Mathematics, by Carl B Boyer, The Mathematics Teacher 62 (7) (1969), 597.
- A Rosenthal, Review: A History of Analytic Geometry, by Carl B Boyer, Science, New Series 125 (3252) (1957), 823-824.
- R Taton, Review: A History of Analytic Geometry, by Carl B Boyer, Isis 50 (4) (1959), 489-492.
- References for Isaac Newton
- M Bartolozzi and R Franci, A fragment of the history of algebra : Newton's rule on the number of imaginary roots in an algebraic equation (Italian), Rend.
- History Exact Sci.
- M Galuzzi, Some considerations about motion in a resisting medium in Newton's 'Principia', in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 169-189.
- A T Grigor'yan, Isaac Newton's work of genius (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1987 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1987), 177-191; 245-246.
- R C Hovis, What can the history of mathematics learn from philosophy? A case study in Newton's presentation of the calculus, Philos.
- C W Kilmister, The history of Newton's laws, Bull.
- T M Kuk, On the question of Newton's physical concept of force (Russian), Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 80-83; 185.
- L L Kul'vetsas, The content of the concept of force in Newton's mechanics (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1990 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1990), 131-149.
- M Nauenberg, Newton's early computational method, Archive for the History of the Exact Science 46 (3) (1994), 221-252.
- M Panza, Eliminating time : Newton, Lagrange and the inverse problem of resisting motion (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 487-537.
- History Exact Sci.
- D T Whiteside, The mathematical principles underlying Newton's Principia, Journal for the History of Astronomy 1 (1970), 118-119.
- G J Whitrow, Newton's role in the history of mathematics, Notes and Records Roy.
- References for David Hilbert
- M Ackerman and R Hermann (trs.), Hilbert's invariant theory papers (Lie Groups: History, Frontiers and Applications, VIII.
- Archimedes: New Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, 10 (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2004).
- History Exact Sci.
- L Corry, David Hilbert and his empiricist philosophy of geometry (Spanish), History and philosophy of mathematics (Spanish), Bol.
- A V Dorofeeva, Hilbert's development of the theory of infinite quadratic forms (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Russian), Moskov.
- J Earman and C Glymour, Einstein and Hilbert: two months in the history of general relativity, Arch.
- J D North, Review: Gesammelte Abhandlungen, by David Hilbert; Hilbert Gedenkband, by K Reidemeister, The British Journal for the History of Science 6 (2) (1972), 208-209.
- V Peckhaus, Hilbert's axiomatic programme and philosophy, in The history of modern mathematics III (Academic Press, Boston, MA, 1994), 90-112.
- A Pietsch, D Hilbert and E Schmidt or A landmark in the history of mathematics (Czech), Pokroky Mat.
- D E Rowe, The philosophical views of Klein and Hilbert, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Sci.
- M Toepell, On the origins of David Hilbert's 'Grundlagen der Geometrie', Archive for History of Exact Science 35 (4) (1986), 329-344.
- V P Vizgin, Einstein, Hilbert, and Weyl: the genesis of the geometrical unified field theory program, in Einstein and the history of general relativity, North Andover, MA, 1986 (Einstein Stud., 1, Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1989), 300-314.
- References for Howard Aiken
- An Interview with Richard Bloch conducted by William Aspray on 22 February 1984 at Newton, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
- An Interview with Robert Hawkins conducted by William Aspray on 20 February 1984 at Barnstable, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
- An Interview with Robert V D Campbell conducted by William Aspray on 22 February 1984 at Barnstable, MA, Charles Babbage Institute, Center for the History of Information Processing University of Minnesota.
- Biography of Howard Aiken, History of Computers.
- http://history-computer.com/People/AikenBio.html
.
- I B Cohen, Babbage and Aiken: with notes on Henry Babbage's gift to Harvard, and to other institutions, of a portion of his father's difference engine, Annals of the history of computing 10 (1988), 171-193.
- I B Cohen, Howard H Aiken and the computer, A history of scientific computing (New York, 1990), 41-52.
- Howard Aiken, Engineering and Technology History Wiki.
- http://www.i-programmer.info/history/8-people/342-aiken-and-the-mark-i.html
.
- H Jones, Howard Hathaway Aiken, The History of Computing Project.
- http://history.computer.org/pioneers/aiken.html
.
- References for Louis Karpinski
- Louis C Karpinski, The Michigan Alumnus 84-91, Faculty History Project (University of Michigan, 1 November 1910).
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/louis-c-karpinski/bio
.
- Louis C Karpinski, The Michigan Alumnus 47, Faculty History Project (University of Michigan, 20 October 1945).
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/louis-c-karpinski/classroom-profile
.
- L C Karpinski, Manuscript Maps relating to American History in French, Spanish, and Portuguese Archives, American Historical Review XXXIII (2) (1928), 328-330.
- E H Kraus, P S Jones and T H Hildebrandt, Memorial, Louis C Karpinski, L S A Minutes, Faculty History Project (University of Michigan).
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/louis-c-karpinski/memorial
.
- Louis C Karpinski retires after 43 Years' Teaching, The Michigan Alumnus 503, Faculty History Project (University of Michigan, 20 September 1947).
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/louis-c-karpinski/louis-c-karpinski-retires%E2%80%A8-after-43-years039-teaching
.
- Louis C Karpinski, Regents' Proceedings 87, Faculty History Project (University of Michigan, 1 September 1948).
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/louis-c-karpinski/memoir
.
- References for Galileo Galilei
- M Clavelin, Galilee et la mecanisation du systeme du monde, in Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science I (Dordrecht- Boston, Mass., 1981), 229-251.
- A C Crombie, Philosophical presuppositions and shifting interpretations of Galileo, in Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science I (Dordrecht- Boston, Mass., 1981), 271-286.
- R Devadason, The life history and contributions of a mathematician whom I admire : Galileo Galilei, Menemui Mat.
- S Drake, Galileo's first telescopic observations, Journal for the history of astronomy 7 (1976), 153-168.
- S Drake, Galileo, Kepler, and the phases of Venus, Journal for the history of astronomy 15 (1984), 198-208.
- S Drake, Galileo and satellite prediction, Journal for the history of astronomy 10 (1979), 75-95.
- D Gruender, Galileo and the methods of science, in Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science I (Dordrecht- Boston, Mass., 1981), 259-270.
- O Pedersen, Galileo and the Council of Trent : the Galileo affair revisited, Journal for the history of astronomy 14 (4) (1983), 1-29.
- E A Whitaker, Galileo's lunar observations and the dating of the composition of 'Sidereus Nuncius', Journal for the history of astronomy 9 (1978), 155-169.
- W L Wisan, Galileo and the emergence of a new scientific style, in Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science I (Dordrecht- Boston, Mass., 1981), 311-339.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for René Descartes
- O J Abdounur, Music according to Descartes, in Studies in history of mathematics dedicated to A P Youschkevitch (De Diversis Artibus, 56, Brepols, Turnhout, 2002), 173-185.
- O J Abdounur, The music-mathematics relation according to Descartes (Portuguese), in II Portuguese-Brazilian Conference on the History of Mathematics & II National Seminar on the History of Mathematics (Portuguese), Sao Paulo, 1997 (UNESP, Rio Claro, 1997), 313-322.
- A C Crombie, Expectation, modelling and assent in the history of optics.
- A study of the 'De solidorum elementis', in Sources in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 4 (New York-Berlin, 1982).
- S A Janovskaja, On the role of mathematical rigor in the history of the creative development of mathematics and especially on the 'Geometry' of Descartes (Russian), in Studies in systems of logic (dedicated to the memory of S A Janovskaja) 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1970), 13-50.
- R J Levene, Sources of confusion in Descartes's illustrations, with reference to the history of contact lenses, in History of science 6 (Cambridge, 1967), 90-96.
- B Russell, Descartes, in History of Western Philosophy (George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London, 1961), 542-551.
- A Saxon Dean, An investigation of pedagogical techniques in Descartes' La geometrie, British Society for History of Mathematics Bull.
- References for Herbert Dingle
- H Dingle, The Scientific Adventure, Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science (Philosophical Library, New York, 1953).
- L Brillouin, Review: The Scientific Adventure, Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, American Journal of Physics 21 (1953), 651.
- I B Cohen, Review: The Scientific Adventure: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, The American Historical Review 59 (2) (1954), 347-348.
- W H Furgason, Review: The Scientific Adventure, Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, The Scientific Monthly 78 (5) (1954), 329.
- B Glass, Review: The Scientific Adventure Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, The Quarterly Review of Biology 30 (4) (1955), 372-373.
- H R Kahl, Review: The Scientific Adventure; Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, The Journal of Philosophy 50 (16) (1953), 505-507.
- T S Kuhn, Review: The Scientific Adventure: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, Speculum 28 (4) (1953), 879-880.
- E H Madden, Review: The Scientific Adventure, Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science, by Herbert Dingle, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (1) (1954), 121-122.
- L Pyenson, Review: Science at the Crossroads, by Herbert Dingle, The British Journal for the History of Science 9 (3) (1976), 336-337.
- W A Smeaton, Obituary: Herbert Dingle, 2 August 1890-4 September 1978, British Journal for the History of Science 12 (2) (1979), 242-243.
- References for Takebe Katahiro
- D E Smith and Y Mikami, A History of Japanese Mathematics (Open Court Publishing, Chicago, 1914).
- M Fujiwara, On the Sanreki Zakko presumably written by Takebe Katahiro, Studies of history of Japanese mathematics (Japanese) 1 (1945), 84-92.
- M Morimoto, Differentiation and Integration in Takebe Katahiro's Mathematics, Sixth International Symposium on the History of Mathematics and Mathematical Education Using Chinese Characters (University of Tokyo, 2005), 131-143.
- M Morimoto, Takebe Katahiro's algorithm to find the circular arc length, International Conference on History of Mathematics in Memory of Seki Takakazu (1642?-1708) (University of Tokyo, 2008).
- T Ogawa, On a Calculation of an Extremum by Takebe Katahiro (Japanese), Studies on the history of mathematics (Japanese) (Kyoto, 1998), 129-147.
- T Ogawa, The beginnings of enri - the calculation of pi by Katahiro Takebe (Japanese), Study of the history of mathematics (Japanese) (Kyoto, 1997), 77-97.
- Ogawa Tsukane, Theories of circles originated by Seki and Takebe Katahiro, International Conference on History of Mathematics in Memory of Seki Takakazu (1642?-1708) (University of Tokyo, 2008).
- Z Xu and C Zhou, Standing on the Shoulders of a Giant - Influence of Seki Takakazu on Takebe Katahiro's mathematical achievements, International Conference on History of Mathematics in Memory of Seki Takakazu (1642?-1708) (University of Tokyo, 2008).
- H Yokotsuka, The Enri Kohai-jutsu Preserved in Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba (Japanese), Journal of history of science, Japan, Series II 43 (232) (2004), 204-210.
- References for Gottfried Leibniz
- History Exact Sci.
- G Arrighi, On a memoir of Leibniz from 1684 (Italian), in Contributions to the history of mathematics (Modena, 1992), 35-39.
- V M Kir'yanova, The ideas of the symbolic calculus of Leibniz and Euler (Russian), in Questions on the history of mathematical natural science (Kiev, 1979), 91-96.
- E Knobloch, Leibniz and Euler : problems and solutions concerning infinitesimal geometry and calculus, in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 293-313.
- F C Kreiling, Leibniz' views on the history of science, in 1971 Actes XIIe Congres Internat.
- Z A Kuzicheva, Leibniz' logical program and its role in the history of logic and cybernetics (Russian), Voprosy Kibernet (Moscow) 78 (1982), 3-36.
- M Otte, Two principles of Leibniz's philosophy in relation to the history of mathematics, Theoria (San Sebastian) (2) 8 (19) (1993), 113-125.
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 563-576.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Hipparchus
- J L E Dreyer, A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler (1953).
- G Grasshoff, The history of Ptolemy's star catalogue (New York, 1990).
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- G Sarton, A History of Science, Vol.
- O Neugebauer, The early history of the astrolabe, Isis 40 (1949), 240-256.
- G J Toomer, The chord table of Hipparchus and the early history of Greek trigonometry, Centaurus 18 (1973/74), 6-28.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Johannes Kepler
- J L E Dreyer, A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler (New York, 1953).
- E Badolati, On the history of Kepler's equation, Vistas Astronom.
- A C Crombie, Expectation, modelling and assent in the history of optics.
- S Drake, Galileo, Kepler, and the phases of Venus, Journal for the history of astronomy 15 (1984), 198-208.
- J Evans, The division of the Martian eccentricity from Hipparchos to Kepler : a history of the approximations to Kepler motion, Amer.
- J V Field, A Lutheran Astrologer : Johannes Kepler, Archive for History of Exact Science 31 (1984), 189-.
- J V Field, Rediscovering the Archimedean polyhedra: Piero della Francesca, Luca Pacioli, Leonardo da Vinci, Albrecht Durer, Daniele Barbaro, and Johannes Kepler, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 50 (1997), 241 - 289.
- B Stephenson, Kepler's physical astronomy, Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 13 (New York-Berlin, 1987).
- References for Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock
- A D Aleksandrov and G M Idlis, The contribution of V A Fok to the relativistic theory of space, time and gravity (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1988 ('Nauka', Moscow, 1988), 106-113.
- A D Aleksandrov and G M Idlis, The contribution of V A Fok to the relativistic theory of space, time and gravity (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1998-1999 ('Nauka', Moscow, 2000), 36-49; 294; 298.
- N V Fok, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fok (a biographical sketch) (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1998-1999 ('Nauka', Moscow, 2000), 5-25; 294; 298.
- G E Gorelik, Vladimir Fock: philosophy of gravity and gravity of philosophy, in The attraction of gravitation: new studies in the history of general relativity, Johnstown, PA, 1991 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1993), 308-331.
- G E Gorelik, Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fok: a philosophical lesson on the history of physics (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1998-1999 ('Nauka', Moscow, 2000), 50-71; 294; 298.
- A B Kozhevnikov, V A Fok and the method of second quantization (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1988 ('Nauka', Moscow, 1988), 113-138.
- Yu S Vladimirov, V A Fok and the principal problems of the theory of space-time and interactions (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1998-1999 ('Nauka', Moscow, 2000), 26-36; 294; 298.
- References for Pierre Fatou
- D S Alexander, A history of complex dynamics: from Schroder to Fatou and Julia (Friedr.
- D S Alexander, Early Days in Complex Dynamics: A History of Complex Dynamics in One Variable During 1906-1942 (American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, 2012).
- A history of complex dynamics in one variable during 1906-1942, History of Mathematics 38 (American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, 2012).
- D S Alexander, An episodic history of complex dynamics from Schroder to Fatou and Julia,
.
- Studies in the history of modern mathematics II,
.
- Alexander: A history of complex dynamics.
- D Gronau, On the early history of iteration theory and dynamics, Functional analysis VII, Dubrovnik, 2001, Various Publ.
- References for Nathan Jacobson
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1910-1943, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers I (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 1-11.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1943-1946, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers I (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 276-284.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1947-1955, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers II (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 1-16.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1956-1965, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers II (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 269-288.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1965-1970, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers III (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 1-12.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1970-1980, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers III (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 42-61.
- N Jacobson, A personal history and commentary 1980-1988, in N Jacobson, Collected Mathematical Papers III (Boston-Basel-Berlin, 1989), 215-239.
- References for William Whewell
- H W Becher, Voluntary Science in Nineteenth-Century Cambridge University to the 1850s, British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1986), 57-87.
- M Fisch, Necessary and Contingent Truth in William Whewell's Antithetical Theory of Knowledge, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 16 (1985), 275-314.
- J Losee, Whewell and Mill on the Relation between Science and Philosophy of Science, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 14 (1983), 113-126.
- M Morrison, Whewell on the Ultimate Problem of Philosophy, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 28 (1997), 417-437.
- L J Snyder, It's All Necessarily So : William Whewell on Scientific Truth, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 25 (1994), 785-807.
- L J Snyder, Renovating the Novum Organum: Bacon, Whewell and Induction, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 30 (1999), 531-557.
- E W Strong, William Whewell and John Stuart Mill: Their Controversy over Scientific Knowledge, Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1955), 209-31.
- References for Al-Khwarizmi
- S al-Khalidi, al-Khwarizmi : scholar of astronomical and mathematical geography (Arabic), in Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference on the History of Arabic Science (Arabic) (Aleppo, 1986), 55-63.
- B B Hughes, Robert of Chester's Latin translation of al-Khwarizmi's 'al-Jabr', Boethius : Texts and Essays on the History of the Exact Sciences XIV (Stuttgart, 1989).
- G P Matvievskaya, The algebraic treatise of al-Khwarizmi (Russian), in On the history of medieval Eastern mathematics and astronomy (Tashkent, 1983), 3-22.
- G P Matvievskaya, History of the study of the scientific work of al-Khwarizmi (Russian),, in The great medieval scientist al-Khwarizmi (Tashkent, 1985), 72-82.
- S Kh Sirazhdinov and G P Matvievskaya, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi and his contribution to the history of science (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- Z K Sokolovskaya, The 'pretelescopic' period of the history of astronomical instruments.
- E Yu Yusupov and M M Kharullaev, The creative legacy of al-Khwarizmi and his place in the history of science (Russian), Voprosy Filos.
- References for George Peacock
- H W Becher, Radicals, whigs and conservatives: the middle and lower classes in the analytical revolution at Cambridge in the age of aristocracy, British Journal for the History of Science 28 (1995), 405-426.
- H W Becher, Voluntary science in nineteenth century Cambridge University to the 1850's, British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1986), 57-87.
- M Fisch, The Emergency which has Arrives': The Problematic History of Nineteenth-Century British Algebra: A Programmatic Outline.
- British Journal For the History of Science 27 (1994), 247-276.
- A Keller, George Peacock's Arithmetic in the changing landscape of the history of mathematics in India, Indian J.
- K Lambert, A natural history of mathematics: George Peacock and the making of English algebra, Isis 104 (2) (2013), 278-302.
- D Raina, Situating the history of Indian arithmetical knowledge in George Peacock's 'Arithmetic', Indian J.
- References for Karl Weierstrass
- K-R Biermann and G Schubring, Einige Nachtrage zur Biographie von Karl Weierstrass, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 65-91.
- P Dugac, The limit concept and irrational numbers: ideas of Charles Meray and Karl Weierstrass (Russian), Studies in the history of mathematics (Moscow, 1973),176-180.
- P Dugac, Elements d'analyse de Karl Weierstrass, Archive for History of Exact Science 10 (1-2) (1973), 41- 176.
- History Exact Sci.
- E Neuenschwander, Studies in the history of complex function theory.
- E Neuenschwander, Studies in the history of complex function theory.
- P Ullrich, The proof of the Laurent expansion by Weierstrass, in The history of modern mathematics III (Boston, MA, 1994), 139-153.
- References for Hans Wussing
- M Folkerts, Hans Wussing 80 Jahre, Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology, and Medicine 15 (4) (2007), 295-297.
- A contribution to the history of the origin of abstract group theory, by Hans Wussing, British Journal for the History of Science 18 (3) (1985), 360.
- K H Parshall, Review: The Genesis of the Abstract Group Concept: A Contribution to the History of the Origin of Abstract Group Theory, by Hans Wussing, Amer.
- K-H Schlote and H Wussing, Hans Wussing - Auskunfte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte in der ehehemaligen DDR, Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology, and Medicine 7 (2) (1999), 65-82.
- R Siegmund-Schultze, Hans Wussing (1927-2011) and the blooming of the history of mathematics and sciences in the German Democratic Republic - A biographical essay, Historia Math.
- References for Józeph Petzval
- R Kingslake, A History of the Photographic Lens (Academic Press, 1989).
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- Petzval History Series: The Early Life of Joseph Petzval, Lomography Magazine (9 June 2015).
- Petzval History Series: The Man Behind the Lens: Joseph Petzval, Lomography Magazine (25 July 2013).
- Petzval History Series: Joseph Petzval's Unconventional Career, Lomography Magazine (14 June 2015).
- Petzval History Series: The Invention of the First Petzval Lens, Lomography Magazine (11 June 2015).
- References for Liu Hui
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- E I Berezkina (trs.), Two texts of Liu Hui on geometry (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics, No.
- K Chemla, Relations between procedure and demonstration : Measuring the circle in the 'Nine chapters on mathematical procedures' and their commentary by Liu Hui (3rd century), in History of mathematics and education: ideas and experiences (Essen, 1992) (1996), 69-112.
- L S Feng, 'Jiu zhang suanshu' and Hui Liu's theory of similar right triangles (Chinese), in Collected research papers on the history of mathematics, Vol.
- D Liu, A comparison of Archimedes' and Liu Hui's studies of circles, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht, 1996), 279-287.
- R Mei, Liu Hui's theories of mathematics, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht, 1996), 243-254.
- References for Archimedes
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the early history of mathematics (Washington, D.C., 1964).
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics II (Oxford, 1931).
- History Exact Sci.
- D L Hilliker, A study in the history of analysis up to the time of Leibniz and Newton in regard to Newton's discovery of the binomial theorem II : Contributions of Archimedes, Math.
- History Exact Sci.
- T S Sarangov, Archimedes' proof of the lever principle (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XXXI (Moscow, 1985), 89-101.
- References for Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovich
- C Eisenhart, Boscovich and the combination of observations, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 88-100.
- R W Farebrother, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XLII.
- J F Fuertes Martinez and J Lopez Garcia, Roger Boscovich : precursor of field theory? (Spanish), Theory, history and foundations of the natural and social sciences, Theoria (San Sebastian) (2) 7 (16-18) (1992), B, 687-701.
- E Proverbio, R G Boscovich's Determination of Instrumental Errors in Observation, Archive for History of Exact Science 38 (2) (1988), 135-152.
- History Exact Sci.
- S M Stigler, Studies in the history of probability and statistics.
- References for Nicolaus Copernicus
- J L E Dreyer, A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler (1953).
- N M Swerdlow and O Neugebauer, Mathematical astronomy in Copernicus's 'De revolutionibus.' Part 1, 2, Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 10 (New York-Berlin, 1984).
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- A Rosenblatt, Copernicus' position in the history of science (Spanish), Revista Ci., Lima 45 (1943), 409-442.
- References for Karl Pearson
- J B S Haldane, Karl Pearson, 1857 - 1957 : A centenary lecture delivered at University College London, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 427-438.
- M E Magnello, The non-correlation of biometrics and eugenics : Rival forms of laboratory work in Karl Pearson's career at University College London I, History of Science 37 (1999), 79-106.
- M E Magnello, The non-correlation of biometrics and eugenics : Rival forms of laboratory work in Karl Pearson's career at University College London II, History of Science 37 (1999), 123-150.
- E S Pearson, Some early correspondence between W S Gosset, R A Fisher and Karl Pearson, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 405-418.
- Historical sidelights on an episode in Anglo-Polish collaboration, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 455-479.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Thomas Harriot
- T F Bloom, Borrowed perceptions : Harriot's maps of the Moon, Journal for the history of astronomy 9 (1978), 117-122.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- Harriot's unpublished papers, History of science 6 (Cambridge, 1967), 17-40.
- Harriot's will, History of science 6 (Cambridge, 1967), 1-16.
- D T Whiteside, In search of Thomas Harriot, History of Science 13 (1975), 61-62.
- References for Pierre Rémond de Montmort
- F N David, Games, Gods & Gambling: The Origins and History of Probability and Statistical Ideas from the Earliest Times to the Newtonian Era (Charles Griffin & Co, London, 1962).
- A Hald, A History of Probability and Statistics and Their Applications Before 1750 (Wiley, New York, 1990).
- I Todhunter, A History of the Mathematical Theory of Probability (Chelsea, New York, 1965).
- D Bellhouse, Banishing Fortuna: Montmort and De Moivre, Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (4) (2008) 559-581.
- R Goulding, Histories of Science in Early Modern Europe: Introduction, Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (1) (2006), 33-40.
- R J Pulskamp, Pierre Remond de Montmort, Sources in the History of Probability and Statistics.
- References for Abraham de Moivre
- R H Daw and E S Pearson, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XXX : Abraham de Moivre's 1733 derivation of the normal curve : a bibliographical note, Biometrika 59 (1972), 677-680.
- I Schneider, Der Mathematiker Abraham de Moivre, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 5 (1968), 177-317.
- I Schneider, Die Ruckfuhrung des allgemeinen auf den Sonderfall - eine Neubetrachtung des Grenzwertsatzes fur binomiale Verteilungen von Abraham de Moivre, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 263-275.
- O B Sheynin, On the history of the de Moivre-Laplace limit theorems (Russian), in History and methodology of natural sciences IX : Mechanics, mathematics (Moscow, 1970), 199-211.
- S M Stigler, Abraham de Moivre, The History of Statistics.
- References for Leonhard Euler
- C B Boyer, The Age of Euler, in A History of Mathematics (1968).
- N P Khomenko and T M Vyvrot, Euler and Kirchhoff - initiators of the main directions in graph theory II (Russian), in Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 28-34.
- E Knobloch, Leibniz and Euler : problems and solutions concerning infinitesimal geometry and calculus, Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 293-313.
- W Knobloch, Leonhard Eulers Wirken an der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1741-1766, Studies in the History of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR 11 (Berlin, 1984).
- B D Kovalev, Formation of Euler hydrodynamics (Russian), in Investigations in the history of mechanics 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1983), 146-167.
- I A Tyulina, Euler's hydraulic studies (Russian), in Investigations in the history of mechanics 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1983), 167-177.
- References for George Dantzig
- M L Balinski, Mathematical programming : journal, society, recollections, in J K Lenstra, A H G Rinnooy, K Schrijver and A Schrijver (eds.), History of mathematical programming (Amsterdam, 1991), 5-18.
- The story about how it began: some legends, a little about its historical significance, and comments about where its many mathematical programming extensions may be headed, in J K Lenstra, A H G Rinnooy, K Schrijver and A Schrijver (eds.), History of mathematical programming (Amsterdam, 1991), 19-31.
- G B Dantzig, Origins of the simplex method, in S G Nash (ed.), A history of scientific computing (Reading, MA, 1990), 141-151.
- G B Dantzig, Reminiscences about the origins of linear programming, in A Schlissel (ed.), Essays in the history of mathematics, American Mathematical Society, San Francisco, Calif., January 1981 (Providence, R.I., 1984), 1-11.
- G B Dantzig, Time-staged methods in linear programming : comments, early history, future prospects, in Large scale systems, Cleveland, Ohio, 1980 (Amsterdam-New York, 1982), 19-30.
- W Orchard-Hays, History of mathematical programming systems, Ann.
- References for Jean-Nicolas Nicollet
- R E Ehrenberg, Review: E C Bray and M C Bray (eds.), Joseph N Nicollet on the Plains and Prairies: The Expeditions of 1838-1839 (Minnesota Historical Press, St Paul, 1977), Minnesota History 45 (6) (1977), 250-251.
- R E Ehrenberg, Review: E C Bray and M C Bray (eds.), Joseph N Nicollet on the Plains and Prairies: The Expeditions of 1838-1839 (Minnesota Historical Press, St Paul, 1977), The Journal of American History 58 (3) (1971), 737-738.
- B L H, Supplies for the Nicollet Expedition of 1838, Minnesota History 19 (2) (1938), 192-193.
- R N Hamilton, Review: M C Bray (ed.), The Journals of Joseph N Nicollet: A Scientist on the Mississippi Headwaters, with Notes on Indian Life, 1836-37 (Minnesota Historical Press, St Paul, 1970), The Wisconsin Magazine of History 54 (3) (1971), 223-224.
- S Lottinville, Review: M C Bray (ed.), The Journals of Joseph N Nicollet: A Scientist on the Mississippi Head-waters, with Notes on Indian Life, 1836-37 (Minnesota Historical Press, St Paul, 1970), Minnesota History 42 (5) (1971), 192.
- N J W Thrower, Review: M C Bray, Joseph Nicollet and His Map (American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1980), Minnesota History 47 (5) (1981), 206-207.
- References for John Playfair
- J Challinor, The History of British Geology, a Bibliographical Study (Newton Abbot, 1979).
- D R Dean, James Hutton and the History of Geology (London, 1992).
- D K Wilson, The History of Mathematical Teaching in Scotland to the End of the Eighteenth Century (London, 1935).
- Schlimm (eds.), Research in History and Philosophy of Mathematics, Proceedings of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics, 2016
.
- References for Sun Zi
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- L Y Lam, A Chinese genesis : rewriting the history of our numeral system, Arch.
- L Y Lam, Correction for the article: 'A Chinese genesis : rewriting the history of our numeral system', Arch.
- W M Li, A preliminary proof of Zi Sun's theorem and the art of solving congruences by Zong Xian Huang (Chinese), in Di Li (ed.), Collected research papers on the history of mathematics 3 (Chinese) (Hohhot, 1992), 112-116.
- History of Science, 1962 (Paris, 1964), 489-492.
- References for Qin Jiushao
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- G C Smith, S Radvansky and M Chiba, History of mathematics and related sciences : an annotated bibliography of sources held by Monash University Library (Clayton, 1992).
- The history of non-Western mathematics (Dordrecht, 2000), 373-407.
- Chien Pao-tsung, The research of Chin Chiu-shao on the book Nine chapters of mathematics, in Discourses on the history of mathematics of the Sung and Yuan period (Peking 1966).
- Pai Shang-shu, An inquiry into the solution techniques of nine surveying problems raised by Chin Chiu-shao, in Discourses on the history of mathematics of the Sung and Yuan period (Peking 1966).
- References for Anastácio da Cunha
- R L S Baroni and I F Balieiro, The concept of infinitesimal in J A de Cunha's 'Mathematical principles' (Portuguese), in II Portuguese-Brazilian Conference on the History of Mathematics & II National Seminar on the History of Mathematics, São Paulo, 1997 (Rio Claro, 1997), 361-368.
- A N Bogolyubov, The views of J A da Cunha in the domain of mechanics (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 177-187.
- A J Franco de Oliveira, Anastacio da Cunha and the Concept of Convergent Series, Archive for History of Exact Science 39 (1988), 1-12.
- A P Yushkevich, J A da Cunha and problems on the foundations of mathematical analysis (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 18 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1973), 157-175, 337.
- References for Ptolemy
- J L E Dreyer, A history of astronomy from Thales to Kepler (New York, 1953).
- G Grasshoff, The history of Ptolemy's star catalogue (New York, 1990).
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy (3 Vols.) (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1975).
- J P Britton, Models and precision : the quality of Ptolemy's observations and parameters, in Sources and Studies in the History and Philosophy of Classical Science 1 (New York, 1992).
- References for Augustin-Louis Cauchy
- A N Bogolyubov, Augustin Cauchy and his contribution to mechanics and physics (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1988), 179-201.
- A Dahan-Dalmedico, La propagation des ondes en eau profonde et ses developpements mathematiques (Poisson, Cauchy, 1815-1825), in The history of modern mathematics II (Boston, MA, 1989), 129-168.
- H Freudenthal, Did Cauchy plagiarise Bolzano, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 7 (1971), 375-392.
- I Grattan-Guinness, Bolzano, Cauchy and the 'new analysis' of the early nineteenth century, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 6 (1970), 372-400.
- F Smithies, Cauchy's conception of rigor in analysis, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 36 (1986), 41-61.
- References for Gabriel Koenigs
- D S Alexander, A history of complex dynamics.
- D S Alexander, Gaston Darboux and the history of complex dynamics, Historia Math.
- D S Alexander, An episodic history of complex dynamics from Schroder to Fatou and Julia, in Studies in the history of modern mathematics, II, Rend.
- V V Povstenko, The development of the theory of centers of curvature of plane roulettes in the works of E Bobillier, Ph Gilbert and G Koenigs (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematical natural science 139 (Kiev, 1979), 26-35.
- References for Levi ben Gerson
- S Feldman, Levi ben Gershom, in D H Frank and O Leaman (eds.), History of Jewish Philosophy (Routledge Univ Press, 2003), 379-398.
- B R Goldstein, Levi ben Gerson's analysis of precession, Journal for the History of Astronomy 6 (1975), 31-34.
- B R Goldstein, Levi ben Gerson : On instrumental errors and the transversal scale, Journal for the History of Astronomy 8 (1977), 102-112.
- B R Goldstein, The astronomy of Levi ben Gerson (1288-1344), Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 11 (New York-Berlin, 1985).
- J D North, Levi's astronomical tables, Journal for the History of Astronomy 7 (1976), 212-213.
- References for Harlow Shapley
- O Gingerich, How Shapley Came to Harvard or, Snatching the Prize from the Jaws of Debate, Journal for the History of Astronomy 19 (1988), 201-207.
- O Gingerich, Through Rugged Ways to the Galaxies, Journal for the History of Astronomy 21 (1990), 77-88.
- O Gingerich, Through Rugged Ways to the Galaxies, Journal for the History of Astronomy 21 (1990), 77-78.
- M A Hoskin, The 'Great Debate': What Really Happened, Journal for the History of Astronomy 7 (1976), 169-182.
- H Smith, Bailey, Shapley, and Variable Stars in Globular Clusters, Journal for the History of Astronomy 31 (2000), 185-201.
- References for Zhu Shijie
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- G C Smith, S Radvansky and M Chiba, History of mathematics and related sciences : an annotated bibliography of sources held by Monash University Library (Clayton, 1992).
- J Hoe, Zhu Shijie and his Jade mirror of the four unknowns, in First Australian Conference on the History of Mathematics (Clayton, 1980) (Clayton, 1981), 103-134.
- Tu Shih-jan, The research of Chu Shih-chieh, in Discourses on the history of mathematics of the Sung and Yuan period (Peking 1966).
- A P Yushkevich, Studies in the history of mathematics in ancient China (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for Madhava
- K V Sarma, A History of the Kerala School of Hindu Astronomy (Hoshiarpur, 1972).
- History Sci.
- R C Gupta, Madhava's rule for finding angle between the ecliptic and the horizon and Aryabhata's knowledge of it, in History of oriental astronomy, New Delhi, 1985 (Cambridge, 1987), 197-202.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Doris Hellman
- N T Bobrovnikoff, Review: The Comet of I577: Its Place in the History of Astronomy, by C Doris Hellman, Isis 36 (3/4) (1946), 266-270.
- Courses in the History of Science, Isis 42 (3) (1951), 244.
- M L Gleason, The Metropolitan New York Section of the History of Science Society, Isis 90 (1999), S200-S218.
- C D Hellman, History of Science, Science, New Series 131 (3397) (1960), 362-364.
- P Kibre, Review: The Comet of I577: Its Place in the History of Astronomy, by C Doris Hellman, Speculum 20 (3) (1945), 354-355.
- References for William Morgan
- D O Forfar, History of the Development of the Actuarial Profession and of Actuarial Thought in Scotland, 26th
.
- S Haberman and T Sibbett, A History of Actuarial Science, V, (1995) 80-143 and X, 8-17.
- A Hald, History of Probability and Statistics before 1750, John Wiley, New Jersey (2003)
.
- Institute of Actuaries (1950), Catalogue of the exhibition illustrating the History of Actuarial Science in Great Britain with special reference to the Institute of Actuaries, Proceedings of the Centenary Assembly of the Institute of Actuaries, Volume I (1950),
.
- C Walford, The History of the Equitable Society, from the date of its projection in 1756 down to 1873, London (1875).
- References for Federigo Enriques
- U Bottazzini, A Conte and P Gario, The report of Castelnuovo and Enriques: unpublished material for the Royal Prize in Mathematics of 1901 (Italian), Studies in the history of modern mathematics III, Rend.
- M Castellana, Federigo Enriques and Annibale Pastore: towards a history of neo-rationalist epistemology (Italian), in Ornella Pompeo Faracovi (ed.), Federigo Enriques: approximation and truth (Italian), Livorno, 1981 (Belforte, Livorno, 1982), 123-130.
- S D'Agostino, Federigo Enriques (1871-1946) and history of science in Italy in the pre-war years, Organon No 22-23 (1986/87), 17-24.
- T Nastasi, The history of scientific thought and its importance in the works of Federigo Enriques (Italian), Physis Riv.
- S Di Sieno and M Galuzzi, Mathematics and the history of mathematics in the works of Federigo Enriques (Italian), in Italian mathematics between the two world wars (Italian), Milan/Gargnano, 1986 (Pitagora, Bologna, 1987), 161-168.
- References for Thabit
- Y Dold-Samplonius, The 'Book of assumptions', by Thabit ibn Qurra (836-901), in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 207-222.
- History Exact Sci.
- L M Karpova and B A Rozenfel'd, A treatise of Thabit ibn Qurra on composite ratios (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- History Exact Sci.
- A P Yushkevich, Quadrature of the parabola of ibn Qurra (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for John Backus
- J W Backus, The History of Fortran I, II and III, History of Programming Languages (New York, 1981).
- G Booch, Oral History of John Backus.
- Recorded: September 5, 2006 Ashland, Oregon, Computer History Museum.
- S Weiss, John Backus, The History of Computing Project.
- References for John Wallis
- C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics, 2nd ed.
- I A Golovinskii, Interpolation of sequences in the work of Wallis and Euler (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Russian) (Moscow, 1978), 62-68.
- L Maieru, John Wallis : a reading of the polemics between Peletier and Clavius concerning the angle of contact (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 315-364.
- T F Nikonova, The first attempt to compile a history of algebra by the English mathematician John Wallis (Russian), Moskov.
- H Pycior, Mathematics and philosophy : Wallis, Hobbes, Barrow and Berkeley, Journal of the History of Ideas 48 (1987), 265-287.
- References for Hermann Grassmann
- L G Biryukova, Brief outline of a history of the genetic method in the development of the deductive sciences, in From Past to Future: Grassmann's Work in Context (Basel, 2010), 87-90
.
- D Fearnley-Sander, Grassmann's theory of dimension, in First Australian Conference on the History of Mathematics (Clayton, 1981), 52-82.
- I Grattan-Guinness, Where does Grassmann fit in the history of logic?, in Hermann Gunther Grassmann (1809-1877) : visionary mathematician, scientist and neohumanist scholar (Dordrecht, 1996), 211-216.
- V Peckhaus, Robert and Hermann Grassmann's influence on the history of formal logic, in From Past to Future: Grassmann's Work in Context (Basel, 2010), 221-228
.
- G Schubring, Introduction - reflections on the complex history of Grassmann's reception, in Hermann Gunther Grassmann (1809-1877) : visionary mathematician, scientist and neohumanist scholar (Dordrecht, 1996), ix-xxix.
- References for Caleb Gattegno
- A Logan (ed.), The Gattegno Effect: 100 Voices on One of History's Greatest Educators (Educational Solutions Worldwide, 2011).
- A Arnould, Education from my father, in The Gattegno Effect: 100 Voices on One of History's Greatest Educators (Educational Solutions Worldwide, 2011), 212-213.
- Bibliography of Dr Caleb Gattegno, in The Gattegno Effect: 100 Voices on One of History's Greatest Educators (Educational Solutions Worldwide, 2011), 343-361.
- Chronology of Dr Caleb Gattegno, in The Gattegno Effect: 100 Voices on One of History's Greatest Educators (Educational Solutions Worldwide, 2011), 341-342.
- J Reed, The Summer with Dr G, in The Gattegno Effect: 100 Voices on One of History's Greatest Educators (Educational Solutions Worldwide, 2011), 109.
- References for Euclid
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 1 (Oxford, 1931).
- A C Bowen, Euclid's 'Sectio canonis' and the history of Pythagoreanism, in Science and philosophy in classical Greece (New York, 1991), 167-187.
- M K Bucel', Rational numbers and quadratic irrationalities in Euclid's 'Elements' (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XIV : Mathematics, mechanics (Moscow, 1973), 60-64.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Edmund Gunter
- B E Babcock, Some notes on the history and use of Gunter's scale, Journal of the Oughtred Society 3 (1994), 14-20.
- T Gardiner, Rigorous Thinking and the Use of Instruments, The Mathematical Gazette 76 (475) The Use of the History of Mathematics in the Teaching of Mathematics (1992), 179-181.
- N T Gridgeman, John Napier and the history of logarithms, Scripta Math.
- B Penkov, Mathematical history calendar for the year 1976 I (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- J V Pepper, Harriot's Unpublished Papers, History of Science 6 (1968), 17-40.
- References for Emma Castelnuovo
- F Furinghetti, History of international cooperation in mathematics education, in A Karp and G Schubring (eds.), Handbook on history of mathematics education (Springer, New York - Heidelberg - Dordrecht - London, 2014), 543-564.
- K Ruthven, Mathematical technologies as a vehicle for intuition and experiment: A foundational theme of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction, and a continuing preoccupation, International Journal for the History of Mathematics Education 3 (1) (2008), 91-102.
- CIEAEM, History, The International Commission for the Study and Improvement of Mathematics Teaching.
- F Furinghetti and L Giacardi, The first century of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (1908-2008), The history of ICMI.
- References for Felice Casorati
- History Exact Sci.
- U Bottazzini, Multiply-periodic functions in the correspondence between Hermite and Casorati (Italian), Archive for History of Exact Science 18 (1) (1977/78), 39-88.
- E Neuenschwander, Studies in the history of complex function theory.
- E Neuenschwander, Der Nachlass von Casorati (1835-1890) in Pavia, Archive for History of Exact Science 19 (1) (1978/79), 1-89.
- References for Mikhail Vasilevich Ostrogradski
- A N Bogoljubov and I Z Stokalo, M V Ostrogradskii's 'Program in analytical mechanics' (Russian), Studies in the history of mathematics (Izdat.
- V J Katz, The History of Stokes' Theorem, Mathematics Magazine 52 (3) (1979), 146-156.
- A Vucinich, Mathematics in Russian Culture, Journal of the History of Ideas 21 (2) (1960), 161-179.
- A P Youschkevitch, On the history of the integral theorem of M V Ostrogradskii (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for Mei Wending
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the history of mathematics: its historical development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- C Jami, History of mathematics in Mei Wending's (1633-1721) work, Historia Sci.
- T Kobayashi, On Mei Wending's works in the Momijiyama Bunko Library (Japanese), Journal of History of Science, Japan (II) 41 (221) (2002), 26-34.
- T Kobayashi, Zhongxi suanxue tong by Mei Wending and Calendrical Calculations Books in Tsinghua University Library (Japanese), Journal of history of science, Japan (II) 45 (238) (2006), 92-95.
- References for Christiaan Huygens
- H J M Bos, Christiaan Huygens, in Lectures in the History of Mathematics (Providence R.I.- London, 1993), 59-81.
- H J M Bos, Recognition and wonder : Huygens, tractional motion and some thoughts on the history of mathematics, Tractrix 1 (1989), 3-20.
- E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Burgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Joseph Boussinesq
- J D Anderson, A History of Aerodynamics (Cambridge Univ.
- O Darrigol, Worlds of Flow: A History of Hydrodynamics from the Bernoullis to Prandtl (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005).
- S P Timoshenko, History of Strength of Materials: With a Brief Account of the History of Theory of Elasticity and Theory of Structures (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1953).
- References for Ágoston Scholtz
- O Hittrich, The history of the first 100 years of the Lutheran Chief Grammar
.
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- History of the university, Homepage of the Faculty of Arts, Lorand Eotvos University.
- J Kurschak, Hundred years from the history of mathematics in Hungary (1825-1925) (Hungarian).
- References for Plato
- W K C Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy 4 (1975), 5 (1978).
- T Koetsier, Negation in the development of mathematics : Plato, Lakatos, Mannoury and the history of the intermediate-value theorem in analysis, in Perspectives on negation (Tilburg, 1995), 105-121.
- M Pihl, The place of Theodoros in Plato's 'Theaitetos' and the earliest history of irrational numbers (Danish), Mat.
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 112-172.
- References for Pythagoras
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 1 (Oxford, 1931).
- L Ya Zhmud', Pythagoras and his school (Russian), From the History of the World Culture 'Nauka' (Leningrad, 1990).
- W K C Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy I (1962), 146-340.
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 49-56.
- References for Dugald Stewart
- M Brown, Creating a canon : Dugald Stewart's construction of the Scottish Enlightenment, History of Universities 16 (2001), 135-154.
- E H Madden, Stewart's enrichment of the common sense tradition, History of Philosophy Quarterly 3 (1) (1986), 45-63.
- S Rasid, Dugald Stewart, 'Baconian' methodology and political economy, Journal of the History of Ideas 46 (1985), 245-257.
- S C Stimson, The figure of Smith : Dugald Stewart and the propagation of Smithian economics, European Journal for the History of European Thought 3 (1996), 225-253.
- References for al-Karaji
- M A Abrarova, The algebraic section of al-Karaji's treatise, the 'Comprehensive book of arithmetic', in On the history of medieval Eastern mathematics and astronomy (Tashkent, 1983), 49-53.
- L S Mokhamed, On negative numbers in al-Karaji's works (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences No.
- L S Mohammed, The Sufficient book of al-Karaji (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences No.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for William Feller
- E Pitcher, Mathematical Reviews, in E Pitcher (ed.), A History of the Second Fifty Years.
- History of Mathematics and Teaching of Mathematics (2016), 61-70.
- D Zubrinic, William Feller (1906-1970), History of Croatian Science, 20th-21st centuries, Croatian History (1995).
- References for Gaspard Monge
- J L Coolidge, A History of Geometrical Methods (1940).
- History Exact Sci.
- K M Liu and S Z Yang, The history and contemporary significance of descriptive geometry : commemorating the 200th anniversary of the publication of Monge's 'Descriptive geometry' (Chinese), Math.
- L Pepe, Gaspard Monge : a mathematician in the history of the great libraries of Italy (1796-1798) (Italian), Boll.
- References for Christoff Rudolff
- F Cajori, A History of Mathematical Notations I (1928-29, reprinted by Cosimo, Inc., 2007).
- O Ore, Number theory and its history (1948, reprinted by Courier Dover Publications, 1988).
- D E Smith, History of Mathematics I (New York, 1923), 328-.
- D E Smith, History of Mathematics II (New York, 1925), 721.
- References for Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
- U Ataev, The commentary of Kazi -zade ar-Rumi on the astronomical treatise of Nasir ad-Din at-Tusi (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematics and astronomy I, Trudy Samarkand.
- U Ataev, The mathematician and astronomer Nasir ad-Din at-Tusi (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematics and astronomy I, Trudy Samarkand.
- N G Hairetdinova, On the history of Nasir ad-Din at-Tusi 's 'Treatise on the quadrilateral' (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- B H Siddiqui, Nasir al-Din Tusi, A History of Muslim Philosophy I (Wiesbaden, 1963), 564-580.
- References for Simon Newcomb
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 124-139.
- S M Stigler, Simon Newcomb, Percy Daniell, and the history of robust estimation 1885-1920, Journal of the American Statistical Association 68 (1973), 872-879.
- S M Stigler, Simon Newcomb, Percy Daniell, and the history of robust estimation 1885-1920, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 410-418.
- References for Rudolf Clausius
- F Bevilacqua, History of electrodynamics : W Weber and R Clausius on the principle of conservation of energy, in Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics, Rome, 1984, Rend.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Charles Graves
- S L Danvel, Popular Controversies in World History: Investigating History's Intriguing Questions: Investigating History's Intriguing Questions (ABC-CLIO, 2010).
- A Boldt, Von Ranke in Dublin, 18th-19th Century History 16 (1) (2008).
- References for Georg Cantor
- P E Johnson, A history of set theory (Boston, Mass., 1972).
- J Dauben, The trigonometric background to Georg Cantor's theory of sets, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 7 (1971), 181-216.
- J Dauben, Georg Cantor and Pope Leo XIII : Mathematics, theology, and the infinite, Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (1977), 85-108.
- H Meschkowski, Aus den Briefbuchern Georg Cantors, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 2 (1965), 503-519.
- References for Ambros Speiser
- H R Schwarz, The Early Years of Computing in Switzerland, Annals of the History of Computing 3 (2) (1981), 121-132.
- A P Speiser, IBM Research Laboratory Zurich: The Early Years, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 20 (1) (1998), 15-28.
- A P Speiser, Konrad Zuse's Z4 : Architecture, Programming, and Modifications at the ETH Zurich, in R Rojas and U Hashagen (eds.),The First Computers - History and Architectures (MIT Press, 2002), 263-276.
- A P Speiser, The Relay Calculator Z4, Annals of the History of Computing 2 (3) (1980), 242-245.
- References for Enrico Betti
- M T Borgato, On the history of mathematics in Italy before political 'Unification', Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences (1992), 121-136.
- History Exact Sci.
- A Weil, Riemann, Betti and the Birth of Topology, Archive for History of Exact Science 20 (2) (1979), 91- 96.
- A Weil, A postscript to: 'Riemann, Betti and the Birth of Topology', Archive for History of Exact Science 21 (4) (1979/80), 387.
- References for Paul Montel
- D S Alexander, A history of complex dynamics : From Schroder to Fatou and Julia (Braunschweig, 1994).
- U Bottazzini and J Gray, Complex function theory from Zurich (1897) to Zurich (1932), in Studies in the history of modern mathematics II, Rend.
- S Domoradzki, Among the teachers of Tadeusz Wazewski were E Borel, A Denjoy and P Montel (Polish), in School of the history of mathematics (Polish) (Miedzyzdroje, 1996), Zesz.
- B Penkov, A history-of-mathematics calendar for the year 1976 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Jia Xian
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- B Qian, History of Chinese mathematics (Chinese) (Peking, 1981).
- S Guo, Preliminary research into Jia Xian's Huangdi Jiuzhang Suanjing Xicao (Chinese), Studies in the History of Natural Sciences 7 (4) (1988), 328 -334.
- R Mei, Jia Xian's additive-multiplicative method for the extraction of roots (Chinese), Studies in the History of Natural Sciences 8 (1) (1989), 1 -8.
- References for Francis Galton
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Obits/Galton.html
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Obits/Galton_2.html
.
- P J FitzPatrick, Leading British statisticians of the nineteenth century, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 180-212.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Varahamihira
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- References for Avicenna
- M S Asimov, Ibn Sina in the history of world culture (Russian), Voprosy Filos.
- S H Nasr, Ibn Sina's oriental philosophy, in History of Islamic philosophy (London, 1996), 247-251.
- S Kh Sirazhdinov, G P Matvievskaya and A Akhmedov, Ibn Sina's role in the history of the development of the physico-mathematical sciences (Russian), Izv.
- A U Usmanov, Ibn Sina and his contributions in the history of the development of the mathematical sciences (Russian), in Mathematics and astronomy in the works of Ibn Sina, his contemporaries and successors (Tashkent, 1981), 55-58; 156.
- References for Leonard Dickson
- R C Archibald (ed.), A semicentennial history of the Ameriacn Mathematical Society 1888-1938 Vol 1 (New York, 1980), 183-194.
- D D Fenster, Leonard Dickson's History of the theory of numbers : an historical study with mathematical implications, Rev.
- D D Fenster, Why Dickson left quadratic reciprocity out of his History of the theory of numbers, Amer.
- I Kaplansky, Quadratic reciprocity in Dickson's History, Notices Amer.
- References for Maurice Fréchet
- A E Taylor, A study of Maurice Frechet I, Archive for History of Exact Science 27 (1982), 233-295.
- A E Taylor, A study of Maurice Frechet II, Archive for History of Exact Science 34 (1985), 279-380.
- A E Taylor, A study of Maurice Frechet III, Archive for History of Exact Science 37 (1987), 25-76.
- A E Taylor, A further look at Maurice Frechet, Conference on the History of Mathematics, Cetraro, 1988 (EditEl, Rende, 1991), 561-580.
- References for Erich Hans Rothe
- L Cesari, Erich H Rothe 1895-1988, Faculty History Project, University of Michigan.
- http://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/erich-hans-rothe/memorial
.
- Memoir, Erich Hans Rothe, Regents' Proceedings, 947, Faculty History Project, University of Michigan.
- http://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/erich-hans-rothe/memoir
.
- References for Nicolas-François Canard
- B Ingrao and G Israel, The Invisible Hand: Economic Equilibrium in the History of Science (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1990).
- B Larson, Canard on Direct Exchange and Taxation: A Perspective on Cournot, History of Political Economy 31 (1) (1999), 109-131.
- B Larson, A Reappraisal of Canard's Theory of Price Determination, in Donald A Walker (ed.), Perspectives on the History of Economic Thought 1 (Edward Elgar, Aldershot, England, 1989).
- T Martin, La probabilite des jugements de Nicolas-Francois Canard, Electronic Journal for History of Probability and Statistics 7 (1) (June 2011).
- References for Brook Taylor
- K Andersen, Brook Taylor's work on linear perspective : A study of Taylor's role in the history of perspective geometry (New York, 1992).
- K Andersen, Brook Taylor's work on linear perspective : A study of Taylor's role in the history of perspective geometry, Sources in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences 10 (New York, 1992).
- S S Petrova and D A Romanovska, On the history of the discovery of Taylor series (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Jakob Kulik
- L E Dickson, Jakob Kulik, in History of the theory of numbers I (Washington, D.C., 1919), 351-352.
- H Eves, Jakob Kulik, in An introduction to the history of mathematics (5th ed.) (Saunders College, Philadelphia, 1983), 436.
- Special Issue 16, Studies of Czechoslovak Historians for the 16th International Congress of the History of Science (Prague, 1981), 327-343.
- Meeting on the history of mathematics, Erfurt, Germany (2004), 307-328.
- References for Robert Murphy
- P R Allaire, Where was Robert Murphy 1833-1835? Or Did Murphy Meet George Green?, Proceedings of Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics 15 (2002), 9-12.
- E Koppelman, The calculus of operations and the rise of abstract algebra, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 8 (1971-2), 155-242.
- S S Petrova, The Origin of the Linear Operator Theory in the Works of Servois and Murphy, History and Methodology of the Natural Sciences 20 (1978), 122-128.
- J Venn, Biographical History of Gonville and Caius College, 1349-1897, 2 (General Books LLC, 2009).
- References for Michael Stifel
- W W Rouse Ball, A short account of the history of mathematics (Courier Dover Publications, 1960).
- F Cajori, A history of mathematical notations (two vols.) (Courier Dover Publications, 1993).
- V J Katz, A history of mathematics: an introduction (Addison-Wesley, 2009).
- M L Cernova, The algebra of M Stifel (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XIV : Mathematics, mechanics (Izdat.
- References for Yang Hui
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- G C Smith, S Radvansky and M Chiba, History of mathematics and related sciences : an annotated bibliography of sources held by Monash University Library (Clayton, 1992).
- Yen Tun-chieh, A study of the mathematical books written by Yang Hui in the Sung period, in Discourses on the history of mathematics of the Sung and Yuan period (Peking 1966).
- A P Yushkevich, Studies in the history of mathematics in ancient China (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for Abraham Robinson
- J W Dauben, Abraham Robinson and nonstandard analysis: history, philosophy, and foundations of mathematics, in History and philosophy of modern mathematics, Minneapolis, MN, 1985 (Minneapolis, MN, 1988), 177-200.
- J W Dauben, Mathematics at the University of Toronto : Abraham Robinson in Canada (1951-1957), in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 93-136.
- V Gomez Pin, The ontology and history of calculus (the work of Abraham Robinson) (Spanish), Theoria (San Sebastian) (2) 2 (4) (1986/87), 97-119.
- References for John Napier
- D J Bryden, Napier's bones : a history and instruction manual (London, 1992).
- M Napier, Memoirs of John Napier of Merchiston, his lineage, life, and times, with a history of the invention of logarithms (Edinburgh, 1904).
- E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Burgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
- N T Gridgeman, John Napier and the history of logarithms, Scripta Math.
- References for Walter Shewhart
- M D Fagen (ed.), A History of Engineering and Science in the Bell System: The Early Years (1875-1925) (1975).
- M D Fagen (ed.), A History of Engineering and Science in the Bell System: National Service in War and Peace (1925-1975) (1978).
- Western Electric - A Brief History
.
- (http://www.bellsystemmemorial.com/westernelectric_history.html)
.
- References for Corrado Segre
- T Hawkins, Emergence of the Theory of Lie Groups: an essay in the history of mathematics, 1869-1926 (Springer, New York, 2000).
- M Avellone, A Brigaglia and C Zappulla, The Foundations of Projective Geometry in Italy from De Paolis to Pieri, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 56 (2002), 363-425.
- P Gario, Resolution of singularities of surfaces by P Del Pezzo: A mathematical controversy with C Segre, Archive for History of Exact Science 40 (3) (1989), 247-274.
- P Gario, Singolarita e geometria sopra una superficie nella corrispondenza di C Segre a G Castelnuovo, Archive for History of Exact Science 43 (2) (1991), 145-188.
- References for Pierre Laurent
- J Gray, The Real and the Complex: A History of Analysis in the 19th Century (Springer, 2015).
- K R Manning, The Emergence of the Weierstrassian Approach to Complex Analysis, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 14 (4) (1975), 297-383.
- I Todhunter, Pierre Laurent, in A History of the Calculus of Variations (1861), 476-477.
- P Ullrich, The proof of the Laurent expansion by Weierstrass, in The history of modern mathematics III (Boston, MA, 1994), 139-153.
- References for Honoré Fabri
- S Drake, Free fall from Albert of Saxony to Honore Fabri, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 5 (1975), 347-366.
- E A Fellmann, Honore Fabry (1607-1688) als Mathematiker - eine Reprise, in P M Harman and A E Shapiro (eds.), The Investigation of Difficult Things: Essay on Newton and the History of the Exact Sciences in Honor of D T Whiteside (Cambridge, 1992), 97-112.
- W E Knowles Middleton, Science in Rome, 1675-1700, and the Accademia Fisicomatematica of Giovanni Giustino Ciampini, The British Journal for the History of Science 8 (2) (1975), 138-154.
- D B Meli, Shadows and Deception: From Borelli's 'Theoricae' to the 'Saggi' of the Cimento, The British Journal for the History of Science 31 (4) (1998), 383-402.
- References for Oliver Heaviside
- J Lutzen, Heaviside's operational calculus and the attempts to rigorise it, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 21 (1979), 161-200.
- A C Lynch, The sources for a biography of Oliver Heaviside, History of technology 13 (1991), 145-149.
- A C Lynch, The Sources for a Biography of Oliver Heaviside, History of Technology 13 (1991) 145-149.
- S S Petrova, Heaviside and the Development of the Symbolic Calculus, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 37 (1987), 1-23.
- References for André Weil
- An approach through history: From Hammurapi to Legendre, by Andre Weil, Isis 77 (1) (1986), 153-154.
- An approach through history: From Hammurapi to Legendre, by Andre Weil, Science.
- An approach through history: From Hammurapi to Legendre, by Andre Weil, Revue d'histoire des sciences 41 (2), Algebre, Analyse, Topologie.
- An approach through history: From Hammurapi to Legendre, by Andre Weil, American Scientist 73 (5) (1985), 489.
- References for Kurt Reidemeister
- B Chandler and W Magnus, Kurt Reidemeister, in The History of Combinatorial Group Theory: A Case Study in the History of Ideas (New York - Heidelberg - Berlin, 1982), 91-92.
- I M James, Some topologists, History of topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 883-908.
- S L Segal, Topologists in Hitler's Germany, History of topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 849-861.
- References for Aryabhata
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- References for Nikolai Egorovich Zhukovskii
- J D Anderson, A History of Aerodynamics (Cambridge, 1997).
- A A Kosmodemyanskii, Essays on the history of mechanics (Russian) 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1982).
- A T Grigorian, Development of the theoretical foundations of aviation in the work of N E Zhukovsky and S A Chaplygin (Russian), Investigations in the history of mechanics, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1983), 183-192.
- N M Merkulova, N E Zhukovskii -founder of the scientific school of aerodynamics (Russian), Investigations in the history of mechanics, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1981), 268-292.
- References for Harry Carver
- S M Stigler, Statistics on the Table: The History of Statistical Concepts and Methods (Harvard University Press, 2002).
- http://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/harry-clyde-carver/bio
.
- http://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/harry-clyde-carver/classroom-profile
.
- http://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/harry-clyde-carver/memoir
.
- References for Jean Bartik
- Jean Bartik, an oral history conducted in 2001 by Janet Abbate, IEEE History Center, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
- Oral history of Jean Bartik, interviewed by Gardner Hendrie on 1 July 2008, Computer History Museum (2008).
- References for Adolphe Quetelet
- P F Lazarsfeld, Notes on the history of quantification in sociology - trends, sources and problems, Isis 52 (1961), 277-333.
- P F Lazarsfeld, Notes on the history of quantification in sociology - trends, sources and problems, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 213-270.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Otto Yulyevich Schmidt
- S N Chernikov, Otto Yulevich Shmidt (Russian), in On the history of the mathematical sciences ('Naukova Dumka', Kiev, 1984), 18-27; 166.
- S S Demidov, Lettre de N N Luzin a O Yu Schmidt, in Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 7 (Inst.
- F A Tsitsin, On the history of O Yu Shmidt's planetary cosmogony: sources, problems, and prospects (Russian), in Research in the history of astronomy XXXIII (Russian) ('Nauka', Moscow, 2008), 83-150; 361.
- References for Michael Scot
- C Haskins, Studies on the History of Medieval Science, 2nd ed.
- The early middle ages, History of Magic and Experimental Science, Vol.
- T C Scott and P Marketos, On the Origin of the Fibonacci Sequence, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, (University of St Andrews, March 2014)
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Publications/fibonacci.pdf
.
- References for Piero della Francesca
- K Andersen, The mathematical treatment of anamorphoses from Piero della Francesca to Niceron, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 3-28.
- M A Lavin, Computers and Art History: Piero della Francesca and the Problem of Visual Order, New Literary History 20 (2) (1989), 483-504.
- References for Daniel Bernoulli
- V A Nikiforovskii, The great mathematicians Bernoulli (Russian), History of Science and Technology Nauka' (Moscow, 1984).
- O B Sheynin, Daniel Bernoulli on the normal law, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 101-104.
- O B Sheynin, D Bernoulli's work on probability, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 105-133.
- References for Andrei Andreyevich Markov
- B V Gnedenko, Andrei Andreyevich Markov (Russian), in Essays on the history of mathematics in Russia (Moscow, 1946), 125-133.
- O B Sheynin, A A Markov's Work on Probability, Archive for History of Exact Science 39 (1988), 337-377.
- O B Sheynin, Errata for the contribution: 'A A Markov's work on probability', Archive for History of Exact Science 40 (4) (1989), 387.
- References for Maria Agnesi
- A Cupillari, Rules of Differentiation: Learning from Leibniz and Agnesi, Proceedings of the Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Mathematics 15, (2003).
- C Truesdell, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Archive for History of Exact Science 40 (1989), 113-142.
- C Truesdell, Correction and Additions for Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Archive for History of Exact Science 43 (1991), 385-386.
- References for Pierre Varignon
- V N Chinenova, The application of differential calculation by P Varignon in the science about movement, in Studies in history of mathematics dedicated to A P Youschkevitch (Brepols, Turnhout, 2002), 201-206.
- Varignon to the science of motion (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1998-1999 ('Nauka', Moscow, 2000), 201-214; 296; 300.
- I A Tjulina, Varignon's treatise 'Nouvelle mecanique' (on the 250th anniversary of its publication) (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 187-195.
- References for Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky
- G E Izotov, On the history of the publishing by N I Lobachevskii of his works on 'imaginary' geometry (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- J M Montesinos Amilibia, Non-Euclidean geometries : Gauss, Lobachevskii and Bolyai (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century (Part 1) (Madrid, 1992), 65-114.
- R Taton, Lobatchevski et la diffusion des geometries non-euclidiennes, in The Spanish scientist before the history of science (Madrid, 1980), 39-46.
- References for Giovanni Vailati
- H S Thayer, Meaning and Context: A Critical History of Pragmatism (Hackett Publishing, 1981).
- L Bruni, A Note on the 'obscure' (to Mirowski) Giovanni Vailati, History of Economic Ideas 12 (1) (2004), 119-121.
- A Guerraggio, The contributions of Vailati to the history of mathematics (Italian), in F Barbieri and F Cattelani Degani (eds.), Pietro Riccardi (1828-1898) and the historiography of mathematics in Italy (Italian), Modena, 1987 (Univ.
- References for Nikolai Mitrofanovich Krylov
- A N Bogolyubov, N M Krylov as a historian of mathematics (Russian), in Outlines on the history of mathematics and physics in the Ukraine ('Naukova Dumka', Kiev, 1978), 3-14.
- T F Lucka, An investigation of the rate of convergence of the variational methods in the works of N M Krylov and N N Bogoljubov (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Inst.
- T F Lucka, The contribution of N M Krylov and N N Bogoljubov to the development of variational methods in mathematical physics (Russian), in Outlines on the history of mathematics and physics in the Ukraine (Inst.
- References for Charles Hermite
- Lettres de Charles Hermite a Gosta Mittag-Leffler (1874-1883), Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 5 (Paris, 1984), 49-285.
- Lettres de Charles Hermite a Gosta Mittag-Leffler (1884-1891), Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 6 (Paris, 1985), 79-217.
- Partie inedite de la correspondance d'Hermite avec Stieltjes, Proceedings of the Seminar on the History of Mathematics 4 (Paris, 1983), 75-87.
- References for Wilhelm Weber
- F Bevilacqua, History of electrodynamics: W Weber and R Clausius on the principle of conservation of energy, in Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics (Italian), Rend.
- B V Bulyubash, The problems of electrodynamics in Helmholtz' discussion with Weber (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1986 ('Nauka', Moscow, 1986), 110-124.
- References for John Colson
- W W Rouse Ball, A history of the study of mathematics at Cambridge (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1889).
- J Stedall, From Cardano's Great Art to Lagrange's Reflections: Filling a Gap in the History of Algebra (European Mathematical Society, Zurich, 2011).
- A history of Cambridge University's Lucasian professors of mathematics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003), 171-204.
- References for Hugh MacColl
- M Astroh, I Grattan-Guinness and S Read, A survey of the life of Hugh MacColl (1837-1909), History and Philosophy of Logic 22 (2) (2001), 81-98.
- S Rahman, Hugh MacColl: eine bibliographische erschliessung seiner hauptwerke und notizen zu ihrer rezeptionsgeschichte, History and Philosophy of Logic 18 (3) (1997), 165-183.
- S Rahman and J Redmond, Hugh MacColl and the birth of logical pluralism, Handbook of the History of Logic - British Logic in the Nineteenth Century 4 (North Holland, Amsterdam, 2008), 533-604.
- References for Eugenio Beltrami
- A C Capelo and M Ferrari, Beltrami's 'bonnet' : history and description (Italian), Boll.
- F Palladino and R Tazzioli, Letters of Eugenio Beltrami to Ernesto Cesaro, Archive for History of Exact Science 49 (4) (1996), 321-353.
- R Tazzioli, Ether and theory of elasticity in Beltrami's work, Archive for History of Exact Science 46 (1) (1993), 1-37.
- References for Thomas Carlyle
- J A Froude, Thomas Carlyle: A History of the First Forty Years of Life, 1795-1835 (Longmans, 1882, reprinted 1970).
- J A Froude, Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London, 1834-1881 (Longmans, 1890, reprinted 1969).
- P A Wursthorn, The position of Thomas Carlyle in the history of mathematics, The Mathematics teacher (December 1966), 755-770.
- References for Nicolai Vasilievich Bugaev
- F Ja Sevelev, On the history of the Moscow Mathematical Society (Russian), 1966 History Methodology Natur.
- F Ja Sevelev, On the history of the Moscow Mathematical Society (Russian), Vestnik Moskov.
- References for Fibonacci
- I G Basmakova, The 'Liber quadratorum' of Leonardo of Pisa (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 27-37.
- R Franci and L Toti Rigatelli, Towards a history of algebra from Leonardo of Pisa to Luca Pacioli, Janus 72 (1-3) (1985), 17-82.
- P Freguglia, The determination of π in Fibonacci's 'Practica geometriae' in a fifteenth-century manuscript (Italian), in Contributions to the history of mathematics (Modena, 1992), 75-84.
- References for Joseph-Louis Lagrange
- On the occasion of the bicentennial of the publication of 'Mecanique analytique' (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1989 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1989), 157-170.
- History Exact Sci.
- M Panza, Eliminating time : Newton, Lagrange and the inverse problem of resisting motion (Italian), Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 487-537.
- References for Ibrahim ibn Sinan
- B A Rozenfel'd and M M Rozanskaja, Geometric transformations and change of variables in the writings of Ibrahim ibn Sinan (Russian), in History and Methodology of Natural Sciences IX : Mechanics, Mathematics (Moscow, 1970), 178-181.
- F Sezgin, History of Arabic literature (German) Vol.
- F Sezgin, History of Arabic literature (German) Vol.
- References for Bonaventura Cavalieri
- K Anderson, Cavalieri's method of indivisibles, Archive for the History of Exact Sciences 31 (4) (1985), 291-367.
- F De Gandt, Cavalieri's indivisibles and Euclid's canons, in P Barker and R Arew (eds.), Revolution and continuity: continuity: Essays in the history and philosophy of early modern science (Cathol.
- P Palmieri, Superposition: on Cavalieri's practice of mathematics, Archive for the History of Exact Sciences 63 (5) (2009), 471-495.
- References for Theodorus
- M S Brown, Theaetetus : Knowledge as Continued Learning, Journal of the History of Philosophy 7 (1969), 359-379.
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921), 203-204, 209-212.
- A Wasserstein, Theaetetus and the History of the Theory of Numbers, Classical Quarterly 8 (1958), 165-179.
- References for Pierre Duhem
- R N D Martin, Pierre Duhem : philosophy and history in the work of a believing physicist (1991).
- M J Crowe, Duhem and history and philosophy of mathematics, Pierre Duhem: historian and philosopher of science II, Synthese 83 (3) (1990), 431-447.
- F J Ragep, Duhem, the Arabs, and the history of cosmology, in Pierre Duhem : historian and philosopher of science I, Synthese 83 (2) (1990), 201-214.
- References for Petre Sergescu
- K K Lynn, The Inauguration of 'Organized Political Warfare': The Cold War Organizations Sponsored by the National Committee for a Free Europe / Free Europe Committee (Helena History Press, 2013).
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- History of Medicine 10 (4) (1955), 421-425.
- References for Bernard Bolzano
- D M Johnson, Prelude to dimension theory : The geometrical investigations of Bernhard Bolzano, Archive for History of Exact Science 17 (1976), 275-296.
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for John Herivel
- S McKay, The lost world of Bletchley Park: The illustrated history of the wartime codebreaking centre (Aurum Press, 2013).
- A study of Newton's dynamical researches in the years 1664-84, by John Herivel, The British Journal for the History of Science 3 (3) (1967), 298-299.
- L Bucciarelli, Review: Joseph Fourier: The Man and the Physicist (1975), by John Herivel, The British Journal for the History of Science 10 (3) (1977), 270-271.
- References for Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
- M B Hall, Review: Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: An Autobiography and Other Recollections, by Katherine Haramundanis, The British Journal for the History of Science 18 (2) (1985), 238-239.
- http://www.newn.cam.ac.uk/about/history/biographies/
.
- R W Smith, Review: Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: An Autobiography and Other Recollections, by Katherine Haramundanis, The British Journal for the History of Science 31 (3) (1998), 372-373.
- References for Frederick Mosteller
- S E Fienberg, Frederick Mosteller, Statisticians in History, American Statistical Association.
- S E Fienberg, Review: Inference and Disputed Authorship The Federalist by Frederick Mosteller and David L Wallace, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 1 (3) (1971), 557-560.
- A Petrosino, Charles Frederick [Fred] Mosteller (1916-2006), James Lind Library Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
- References for Vito Volterra
- A Guerraggio, Memoirs of Volterra and Peano on the motion of the poles (Italian), Archive for History of Exact Science 31 (2) (1984), 97-126.
- G Israel, On Vito Volterra's proposals to confer the Nobel Prize in physics on Henri Poincare (Italian), Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics, Rend.
- Y Koshiba, On the classical examples of functions that are not Riemann integrable in the writings of Volterra and H J Smith (Japanese), in Studies on the history of mathematics (Japanese), Kyoto, 1998 (Surikaisekikenkyusho Kokyuroku No.
- References for Joseph Bertrand
- A I Dale, A history of inverse probability : From Thomas Bayes to Karl Pearson (Second edition), Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1999).
- The Laplace integral and the Bertrand problem (Russian), Investigations in the history of mechanics ('Nauka', Moscow, 1981), 128-140; 311.
- References for Brahmagupta
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- History Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for John von Neumann
- W Aspray, The mathematical reception of the modern computer: John von Neumann and the Institute for Advanced Study computer, Studies in the history of mathematics (Washington, DC, 1987), 166-194.
- W Aspray, The transformation of numerical analysis by the computer: an example from the work of John von Neumann, The history of modern mathematics II (Boston, MA, 1989).
- U Rellstab, New insights into the collaboration between John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern on the Theory of games and economic behavior, Toward a history of game theory (Durham, NC, 1992), 77-93.
- References for Donald Higman
- https://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/donald-g-higman/memorial
.
- https://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/donald-g-higman/obituary
.
- https://www.lib.umich.edu/faculty-history/faculty/donald-g-higman/memoir
.
- References for Carl Jacobi
- S S Demidov, On the history of the theory of first-order partial differential equations : C G J Jacobi's 'first method' (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- B N C Fradlin, Jacobi's contribution to the development of mathematics and mechanics (on the occasion of the 175th anniversary of his birth) (Russian), in Mathematics : Questions concerning methods, history and methodology (Tula, 1983), 114-119.
- C G Fraser, Jacobi's result (1837) in the calculus of variations and its reformulation by Otto Hesse (1857) : A study in the changing interpretation of mathematical theorems, in History of mathematics and education : ideas and experiences (Gottingen, 1996), 149-172.
- References for Francis Edgeworth
- P J FitzPatrick, Leading British statisticians of the nineteenth century, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 180-212.
- M G Kendall, Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, 1845-1926, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 257-263.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for William Rowan Hamilton
- N G Krotkova, The generalized complex numbers of W R Hamilton and De Morgan (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences (Moscow, 1973), 127-130.
- History Exact Sci.
- N D McMillan, History of mathematics : J MacCullagh and W R Hamilton - the triumph of Irish mathematics 1827-1865, Irish Math.
- References for Autolycus
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- G Aujac, Autolycos de Pitane, predecesseur d'Euclide, in Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 5 (Paris, 1984), 1-12.
- References for Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille
- A Berry, A Short History of Astronomy (Dover Publications, New York, 1961).
- D S Evans, Lacaille: astronomer, traveller; with a new translation of his journal (Pachart History of Astronomy Series, Tucson, 1992).
- C A Wilson, Perturbations and Solar Tables from Lacaille to Delambre: the Rapprochement of Observation and Theory, Part I, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 22 (1/2) (1980), 53-188.
- References for János Bolyai
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- History of Science II (1948), 323-399.
- B Szenassy, Contributions to the history of the discovery of the two Bolyais (Hungarian), Mat.
- References for Alexandre-Theophile Vandermonde
- T Muir, History of determinants Volume 3 (1920).
- J H Przytycki, History of the knot theory from Vandermonde to Jones, in XXIVth National Congress of the Mexican Mathematical Society (Mexico City, 1992), 173-185.
- J J Tattersall, Vandermonde's contributions to the early history of combinatorial theory, Eleventh British Combinatorial Conference, Ars Combin.
- References for Christoph Scheiner
- A study of fifty-six prominent Jesuit geometers during the first two centuries of Jesuit history (Vatican Observatory Publications, Vatican City, 1989).
- S Drake, Sunspots, Sizzi, and Scheiner, in W R Shea (ed.), Galileo's Intellectual Revolution; Middle Period (1610-1632) (Science History Publications, New York, 1972), 177-199.
- W R Shea, Galileo, Sunspots and Inconstant Heavens, in W R Shea (ed.), Galileo's Intellectual Revolution; Middle Period (1610-1632) (Science History Publications, New York, 1972), 49-74.
- References for Ernest Esclangon
- A Heck, The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory (Springer Science & Business Media, 2006).
- J Eisenstaedt, La relativite generate a l'etiage: 1925 - 1955, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 35 (2) (1986), 115-185.
- Ju M Gaiduk, On the history of the theory of almost periodic functions (Ukrainian), Narisi Istor.
- References for Adelard
- C H Haskins, Studies in the History of Medieval Science (Cambridge, Mass, 1927), 20-42.
- G Sarton, Introduction to the history of science II (Baltimore, 1931, 167-169.
- L Thorndike, A history of magic and experimental science II (New York, 1923), 19-49.
- References for Hermann Weyl
- J M Almira, J A Cid and J Ostale, When did Hermann Weyl pass away?, British Journal for the History of Mathematics 34 (1) (2019) 60-63
.
- E Scholz, Hermann Weyl's contribution to geometry, 1917-1923, The intersection of history and mathematics (Birkhauser, Basel, 1994), 203-230.
- V P Vizgin, Einstein, Hilbert, and Weyl : the genesis of the geometrical unified field theory program, in Einstein and the history of general relativity, North Andover, MA, 1986 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1989), 300-314.
- References for Otto Schreier
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The History of Combinatorial Group Theory: A Case Study in the History of Ideas (New York - Heidelberg - Berlin, 1982), 91-98.
- T Hawkins, Weyl and the topology of continuous groups, in History of topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 169-198.
- References for Democritus
- W K C Guthrie, A history of Greek philosophy (six vols.) (Cambridge, 1962-81).
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 82-90.
- References for Torsten Carleman
- G Elfving, The history of mathematics in Finland 1828-1918 (Helsinki, 1981).
- History of the Mittag-Leffler Institute, WEB page at:
.
- M Johansson, L E Persson and A Wedestig, Carleman's inequality - history, proofs and some new generalizations, J.
- References for John Arbuthnot
- A W Bower and R A Erickson (eds.), John Arbuthnot : the history of John Bull (1976).
- H A David and A W F Edwards, Annotated readings in the history of statistics (New York, 2001).
- M T Peres Larin'o, On the history of the notion of geometric probability (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for János Apáczai
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- K Szily, Apaczai's Encyclopaedia from the point of view of mathematics and physics (Hungarian), in Some data on the history of the Hungarian language and literature (Hungarian) (Budapest, 1898), 112-120.
- J Zemplen, The reception of Copernicanism in Hungary, in A contribution to the history of natural philosophy and physics in the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries, Etudes sur l'audience de la theorie heliocentrique, Sympos.
- References for Theaetetus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- M S Brown, Theaetetus : Knowledge as Continued Learning, Journal of the History of Philosophy 7 (1969), 359-379.
- A Wasserstein, Theaetetus and the History of the Theory of Numbers, Classical Quarterly 8 (1958), 165-179.
- References for Benjamin Robins
- M Anderson, V J Katz and R J Wilson, Sherlock Holmes in Babylon and Other Tales of Mathematical History (Mathematical Association of America, 2004).
- C C Boyer, Benjamin Robins, in A history of the calculus and its conceptual development (Dover Publications, New York, 1959), 229-247.
- F Cajori, Jurin's controversy with Robins and Pemberton, in A history of the conceptions of limits and fluxions in Great Britain : from Newton to Woodhouse (1919), 96-148.
- References for Bernard de Fontenelle
- Gregory Matthew Adkins, When Ideas Matter: The Moral Philosophy of Fontenelle, Journal of the History of Ideas 61 (3) (2000), 433-452.
- Corcos, Fontenelle and the Problem of Generation in the Eighteenth Century, Journal of the History of Biology 4 (2) (1971), 363-372.
- Marsak, Bernard De Fontenelle: In Defense of Science, Journal of the History of Ideas 20 (1) (1959), 111-122.
- References for Charles Babbage
- M Campbell-Kelly, Charles Babbage and the Assurance of Lives, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 16 (1994), 5-14.
- P J FitzPatrick, Leading British statisticians of the nineteenth century, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 180-212.
- J D Hill, Charles Babbage, Rowland Hill and penny postage, Postal History International 2 (1) (1973).
- References for João Delgado
- L Saraiva, The Jesuits, the Padroado and East Asian Science (1552-1773), History of Mathematical Sciences: Portugal and East Asia II (World Scientific, 2008).
- U Baldini, The Portuguese Assistancy of the Society of Jesus and Scientific Activities in its Asian Missions until 1640, in Historia das Ciencias Matematicas - Portugal e o Oriente / History of Mathematical Sciences - Portugal and East Asia (Fundacao Oriente, Lisbon, 2000), 49-104.
- D Cozzoli, Alessandro Piccolomini and the certitude of mathematics, History and Philosophy of Logic 28 (2) (2007), 151-171.
- References for Leopold Kronecker
- H M Edwards, Kronecker's views on the foundations of mathematics, in The history of modern mathematics Vol.
- H M Edwards, Kronecker's place in history, in History and philosophy of modern mathematics (Minneapolis, MN, 1988), 139-144.
- References for Max Dehn
- H Guggenheimer, The Jordan curve theorem and an unpublished manuscript by Max Dehn, Archive for History of Exact Science 17 (2) (1977), 193-200.
- C L Siegel, On the history of the Frankfurt Mathematics Seminar, Math.
- J Stillwell, Max Dehn, in History of topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 965-978.
- References for Charles Méray
- P Djugak, The limit concept and irrational numbers: ideas of Charles Meray and Karl Weierstrass (Russian), Studies in the history of mathematics (Moscow, 1973),176-180.
- M Lopez Pellicer, Constructions of real numbers (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century Madrid, 1993 Vol.
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1985 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Zeno of Elea
- W K C Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy (Vol.
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 1 (Oxford, 1931).
- F Cajori, The history of Zeno's arguments on motion, Amer.
- References for Joel E Hendricks
- F Cajori, Joel E Hendricks, in The teaching and history of mathematics in the United States (Bureau of Education, Washington, DC, 1890), 279-283.
- B F Gue, Joel E Hendricks, History of Iowa From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century Vol 4 (The Century History Company, New York, 1903), 127-128.
- References for Francesco Cantelli
- G Fenaroli, F Furinghetti and A M Somaglia, Works on probability theory published in Italian journals in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics, Cetraro, 1988 (EditEl, Rende, 1991), 105-141.
- E Regazzini, Probability and statistics in Italy during the First World War I: Cantelli and the laws of large numbers, Electronic Journal for History of Probability and Statistics 1 (1) (2005).
- E Seneta, On the history of the strong law of large numbers and Boole's inequality, Historia Math.
- References for Takakazu Seki
- M Fujiwara, Miscellaneous notes on the history of Wazan.
- S Hosoi, The history of mathematics of Takakazu Seki (Japanese), Sugaku 10 (1959), 134-138.
- D E Smith and Y Mikami, A History of Japanese Mathematics (Chicago, 1914), 90-127.
- References for Heron of Alexandria
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics II (London, 1941).
- References for Henrietta Swan Leavitt
- C W Carey, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American Scientists, Facts on File library of American history (Infobase Publishing, 2014), 220-221
.
- Henrietta Swan Leavitt, A to Z of Women in Science and Math, Facts on File library of American history (Infobase Publishing,1999), 170.
- Facts on File library of American history (Infobase Publishing, 2007), 434-435.
- References for Werner Romberg
- J Impagliazzo, T Jarvi and P Paju (eds.), History of Nordic Computing 2 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2009)
.
- L Nordal, Tool or science? The history of computing at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, in J Impagliazzo, T Jarvi and P Paju (eds.), History of Nordic Computing 2 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2009), 121-129.
- References for Mary Everest Boole
- L M Laita, Boolean algebra and its extra-logic sources: the testimony of Mary Everest Boole, History and Philosophy of Logic 1 (1980), 37-60.
- K A Valente, Giving wings to logic: Mary Everest Boole's propagation and fulfilment of a legacy, The British Journal for the History of Science 43 (1) (2010), 49-74.
- A little bit of history.
- References for Samuel Clarke
- R Attfield, Clarke, Collins and compounds, Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (1977), 45-54.
- J Gay, Matter and freedom in the thought of Samuel Clarke, Journal of the History of Ideas 24 (1963), 85-105.
- L Stewart, Samuel Clarke, Newtonianism and the factions of post-revolutionary England, Journal of the History of Ideas 42 (1981), 53-72.
- References for Diophantus
- T L Heath, Diophantus of Alexandria: A Study in the History of Greek Algebra (New York, 1964).
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 2 (Oxford, 1931).
- E I Slavutin, Some questions on the structure of the 'Arithmetic' of Diophantus of Alexandria (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 18 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1973), 301-309, 339.
- References for Sophus Lie
- R Hermann (ed.), Lie Groups : History, Frontiers and Applications (Brookline, Mass., 1975 - ).
- D E Rowe, The early geometrical works of Sophus Lie and Felix Klein, in The history of modern mathematics I Poughkeepsie, NY, 1989 (Boston, MA, 1989), 209-273.
- Yu P Surkov, Sophus Lie and the integral invariants of Poincare (Russian), Sketches on the history of mathematical physics (Russian), 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 83-87, 185.
- References for Morgan Crofton
- A Dale, A history of inverse probability : From Thomas Bayes to Karl Pearson (New York, 1999).
- Fathers of the Society of Jesus, A page of Irish history : Story of University College Dublin 1883-1909 (Dublin, 1930).
- M T Peres Larigno, On the history of the notion of geometric probability (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for Thales of Miletus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961).
- F Ueberweg, A History of Philosophy, from Thales to the Present Time (1972) (2 Volumes).
- References for Gerbert of Aurillac
- A N Bogolyubov, Khwarizmi and Gerbert (Russian), in On the history of medieval Eastern mathematics and astronomy ('Fan', Tashkent, 1983), 23-37.
- History Exact Sci.
- 955-1003), Lectures in Medieval History, WWW Virtual Library.
- References for Hermann von Helmholtz
- B V Bulyubash, The problems of electrodynamics in Helmholtz' discussion with Weber (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1986 (Russian) 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1986), 110-124; 270.
- L L Kul'vetsas, The status of the concept of quantity in physics theory and H Helmholtz's book 'Zahlen und Messen' (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1989 (Russian) 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1989), 170-186.
- M Sugiura, On the space problem of Helmholtz, in Studies on the history of mathematics (Japanese) Kyoto, 1998, Surikaisekikenkyusho Kokyuroku No.
- References for Niels Bohr
- G M Idlis, The unity of natural science according to Bohr and uniform interconnected periodic systems in physics, chemistry, biology and psychology I (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1990, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1990), 37-78.
- G M Idlis, The unity of natural science according to Bohr and uniform interconnected periodic systems in physics, chemistry, biology and psychology II (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1991-1992, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1997), 101-187.
- K Yan, Niels Bohr in China, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology (Dordrecht, 1996), 433-437.
- References for Salvatore Pincherle
- Fields and the History of the Fields Medal (Amer.
- D C Struppa and C Turrini, Pincherle's contribution to the Italian school of analytic functionals, in Massimo Galuzzi (ed.), Conference on the History of Mathematics, Cetraro, 1988, Sem.
- D Vachov and Yu A Belyi, Anniversaries in the history of mathematics for 1986 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.Spis.
- References for Kenneth May
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the History of Mathematics - Its Historical Development (Springer Science & Business Media, 2002).
- K O May, History in the Mathematics Curriculum, Amer.
- K O May, What is good history and who should do it?, Historia Mathematica 2 (1975), 449-455.
- References for Aristotle
- W K C Guthrie, A history of Greek philosophy Volume 6, Aristotle : An encounter (Cambridge, 1981).
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 1 (Oxford, 1931).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 173-217.
- References for Liu Hong
- F Ye, The History of the Eastern Han Dynasty (Chinese) 12 (Beijing, 1965).
- F Xuanlin, The History of Jin Dynasty (Chinese) 17 (Beijing, 1974).
- C Meidong, The Life, Thinking and Astronomical Achievements of Liu Hong, Studies in the History of Natural Sciences 5 (2) (1986), 129 -142.
- References for Moritz Abraham Stern
- History and Application of the Mediant and the Farey Sequence, Docent Press, Boston, 2011.
- E Berkovich, The Year of Mathematics and History Lessons.
- Jewish Mathematicians in the German-speaking Academic Culture (in Russian), Notes on Jewish History 10 (2008).
- References for Nicomachus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- M Crubellier and J Sip, Looking for perfect numbers, History of Mathematics : History of Problems (Paris, 1997), 389-410.
- References for Solomon Lefschetz
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 236-240.
- R F Brown, Fixed Point Theorems, in History of Topology (Oxford, 1999), 271-300.
- I M James, Some topologists, in History of Topology (Oxford, 1999), 883-908.
- References for Wilbur Knorr
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba (eds.), Writing the history of mathematics.
- Wilbur Richard Knorr, Harvard University Department of the History of Science Newsletter (2) (Fall, 1997), 5.
- D T Whiteside, Review: The Ancient Tradition of Geometric Problems, by Wilbur Richard Knorr, The British Journal for the History of Science 23 (3) (1990), 373-375.
- References for Blaise Pascal
- H H Frisinger, Mathematicians in the history of meteorology : the pressure-height problem from Pascal to Laplace, Historia Math.
- K Hara, Une methode de restitution - quelques exemples dans le cas de Pascal, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Basel, 1994), 15-24.
- D L Hilliker, A study in the history of analysis up to the time of Leibniz and Newton in regard to Newton's discovery of the binomial theorem.
- References for Regiomontanus
- Ju A Belyi, Regiomontanus and his place in the history of science.
- N G Khairetdinova, Regiomontanus' theory of ratios (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XXIX (Moscow, 1982), 104-106.
- M H Shank, Regiomontanus on Ptolemy, physical orbs, and astronomical fictionalism : Goldsteinian themes in the 'Defense of Theon against George of Trebizond', in New foundations in the history of astronomy, Pittsburgh, PA, 1999, Perspect.
- References for Thomas Simpson
- R W Farebrother, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XLII.
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- S M Stigler, Studies in the history of probability and statistics.
- References for Enoch Beery Seitz
- Mrs Anna E Seitz, in A biographical history of Darke County, Ohio (Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, 1900) 744.
- Enoch Beery Seitz, in A biographical history of Darke County, Ohio (Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago, 1900)740-744.
- http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/math/history/page54094.html
.
- References for Anaxagoras
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics 1 (Oxford, 1931).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 79-81.
- V P Vizgin, The problem of the plurality of worlds in the doctrine of Anaxagoras (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1989 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1989), 5-25.
- References for Gianfrancesco Malfatti
- F Cajori, History of the Exponential and Logarithmic Concepts, Amer.
- B M Kiernan, The Development of Galois Theory from Lagrange to Artin, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 8 (1/2) (1971), 40-154.
- British Society for the History of Mathematics 27 (3) (2012), 169-180.
- References for Pappus
- I Bulmer-Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics II (London, 1941).
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics II (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Jean d'Alembert
- d'Alembert (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 94-124.
- V V Pavlovskaja, The problem of the stability of the equilibrium of a revolving fluid in the works of d'Alembert and Laplace (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Kiev, 1977), 58-67.
- A P Yushkevich, On the history of the controversy about the vibrating string (d'Alembert on the application of 'discontinuous' functions) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Heinrich Tietze
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory : A case study in the history of ideas (New York-Berlin, 1982).
- H Reitberger, The contributions of L Vietoris and H Tietze to the foundations of general topology, in Handbook of the history of general topology I (Dordrecht, 1997), 31-40.
- References for Felix Klein
- G Birkhoff and M K Bennett, Felix Klein and his 'Erlanger Programm', History and philosophy of modern mathematics, Minnesota Stud.
- D E Rowe, The early geometrical works of Sophus Lie and Felix Klein, The history of modern mathematics I (Boston, MA, 1989), 209-273.
- D E Rowe, The philosophical views of Klein and Hilbert, The intersection of history and mathematics, Sci.
- References for George Berkeley
- F Cajori, A history of the conceptions of limits and fluxions in Great Britain from Newton to Woodhouse (Chicago, 1919), 57-95.
- H Pycior, Mathematics and philosophy : Wallis, Hobbes, Barrow and Berkeley, Journal of the History of Ideas 48 (1987), 265-287.
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 623-633.
- References for Xiahou Yang
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- L Y Lam, A Chinese genesis : rewriting the history of our numeral system, Arch.
- L Y Lam, Correction for the article: 'A Chinese genesis : rewriting the history of our numeral system', Arch.
- References for Edward Troughton
- A McConnell, Instrument makers of the world : a history of Cooke, Troughton and Simms (York, 1992).
- J L E Dryer, History of the Royal Astronomical Society 1830-1840 in History of the Royal Astronomical Society 1820-1920 (London 1923), 50-81.
- References for Bartel van der Waerden
- Y Dold-Samplonius, Bartel Leendert van der Waerden befragt von Yvonne Dold-Samplonius, NTM (International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine), New Series 2 (1994), 129-147.
- G P Egorychev, History and proof of van der Waerden's conjecture on permanents (Russian), in Mathematics Today '86 (Russian) ('Vishcha Shkola', Kiev, 1986), 44-75.
- N Schappacher, A historical sketch of B L van der Waerden's work in algebraic geometry: 1926-1946, in Episodes in the history of modern algebra (1800-1950) (Amer.
- References for Zhang Heng
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- F Ye, The History of the Eastern Han Dynasty (Chinese) 12 (Beijing, 1965).
- Z Jin, A critique of 'Zhang Heng's theory of a spherical earth', in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology (Dordrecht, 1996), 427-432.
- References for Alfred Kempe
- A M Tokarenko, Development of the methods of the exact synthesis of mechanisms in England (1870s-1880s) (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1988 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1988), 218-232.
- A M Tokarenko, On the history of the reproduction of plane algebraic curves by articulated mechanisms (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Kiev, 1977), 8-57; 131.
- References for Philipp Furtwängler
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The History of Combinatorial Group Theory: A Case Study in the History of Ideas (New York - Heidelberg - Berlin, 1982).
- D D Fenster and J Schwermer, Beyond class field theory: Helmut Hasse's arithmetic in the theory of algebras in early 1931, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 61 (5) (2007), 425-456.
- References for Emmy Noether
- N Byers, The Life and Times of Emmy Noether; contributions of E Noether to particle physics, in H B Newman and T Ypsilantis (eds) History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries in Particle Physics (New York 1996).
- C W Curtis, Emmy Noether's 1932 ICM lecture on noncommutative methods in algebraic number theory, in Episodes in the history of modern algebra (1800-1950), Hist.
- P Dubreil, Emmy Noether (French), Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 7 (Inst.
- References for Johann Heinrich Lambert
- A Dou, Origins of non-Euclidean geometry: Saccheri , Lambert and Taurinus (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century, Part 1, Madrid, 1991 (Madrid, 1992), 43-63.
- U Garibaldi and M A Penco, Probability theory and physics between Bernoulli and Laplace : the contribution of J H Lambert (1728-1777) (Italian), in Proceedings of the fifth national congress on the history of physics, Rome, 1984, Rend.
- O B Sheynim, J H Lambert's Work on Probability, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 7 (1971), 244-256.
- References for Estienne de la Roche
- N Z Davis, Sixteenth-Century French Arithmetics on the Business Life, Journal of the History of Ideas 21 (1960), 18-48.
- B Moss, Chuquet's mathematical executor : could Estienne de la Roche have changed the history of algebra?, in C Hay (ed.), Mathematics from Manuscript to Print 1300-1600 (Oxford, 1988), 117-126.
- References for Osborne Reynolds
- J D Anderson, A History of Aerodynamics (Cambridge, 1997).
- N Rott, Note on the history of the Reynolds number, Annual review of fluid mechanics 22 (1990), 1-11.
- References for John Brinkley
- Yu A Belii, B Penkov and G I Chobanov, John Brinkley, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1985 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- J Venn, John Brinkley, Biographical History of Gonville and Caius College 1349-1897 II (Cambridge University Press, 1898), 107-108.
- References for Geminus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Pierre Fermat
- K Barner, How old did Fermat become?, International Journal for History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 8 (4) (2001) 209-228.
- I G Basmakova, Diophantos and Fermat : On the history of the method of tangents and extrema (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Michele de Franchis
- C Ciliberto, M de Franchis and the theory of hyperelliptic surfaces, Studies in the history of modern mathematics III, Rend.
- E Sernesi, de Franchis' contributions to the theory of algebraic curves, Studies in the history of modern mathematics III, Rend.
- References for Nicolas Bourbaki
- L Baulieu, Dispelling a myth : questions and answers about Bourbaki's early work, 1934-1944, in The intersection of history and mathematics, (Birkhauser, Basel, 1994), 241-252.
- K Uzel', How to appraise the role of Bourbaki in the history of mathematics (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Cleomedes
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Benjamin Osgood Peirce
- Early history of the Department, Department of Physics, Harvard University.
- https://www.physics.harvard.edu/about/history
.
- References for Kelly Miller
- B Eisenberg, Kelly Miller: The Negro Leader as a Marginal Man, Journal of Negro History 45 (3) (1960), 182-197.
- C G Woodson, Kelly Miller, Journal of Negro History 25 (1940), 137-138.
- References for Georgii Vasilovich Pfeiffer
- L V Koval'chuk, On Pfeiffer's generalization of Jacobi's method (Russian), in Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 184 ('Naukova Dumka', Kiev, 1985), 53-61.
- L V Koval'chuk, The life and scientific activity of academician G V Pfeiffer (Russian), in On the history of the mathematical sciences 167 ('Naukova Dumka', Kiev, 1984), 39-43.
- References for Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian
- A Blaauw, History of the IAU: The Birth and First Half-Century of the IAU (Kluwer, Boston, 1994).
- A I Eremeeva, Political Repression and Personality: The History of Political Repression Against Soviet Astronomers,nJ.
- References for Farkas Bolyai
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- B Szenassy, Contributions to the history of the discovery of the two Bolyais (Hungarian), Mat.
- References for Theon of Alexandria
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for William Wager Cooper
- W W Cooper, Abraham Charnes and W W Cooper (et al.): A Brief History of a Long Collaboration in Developing Industrial Uses of Linear Programming, Operations Research 50 (1) (2002), 35-41.
- W W Cooper, Online Companion for Abraham Charnes and W W Cooper (et al.): A Brief History of a Long Collaboration in Developing Industrial Uses of Linear Programming, Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.
- References for Robert Hooke
- A R Hall, Horology and criticism : Robert Hooke, in Studia Copernicana 16 - Science and history (Ossolinskich, 1978), 261-281.
- W S Middleton, The Medical Aspect of Robert Hooke, Annals of Medical History 9 (1927), 227-43.
- References for Guido Castelnuovo
- U Bottazzini, A Conte and P Gario, The report of Castelnuovo and Enriques : unpublished material for the Royal Prize in Mathematics of 1901 (Italian), in Studies in the history of modern mathematics, III.
- P Gario, Singularities and geometry of surfaces in C Segre's correspondence with G Castelnuovo (Italian), Archive for History of Exact Science 43 (2) (1991), 145-188.
- References for Issai Schur
- B Chandler & W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory : a case study in the history of ideas (New York, 1982).
- References for Jan A Schouten
- H F M Goenner, On the History of Unified Field Theories (Living Reviews Relativity, 2004).
- D J Struik, Schouten, Levi-Civita and the Emergence of Tensor Calculus, in David Rowe and John McCleary (eds.), History of Modern Mathematics Vol.
- References for Anders Lexell
- V I Lysenko, On the mathematical works of A I Lexell (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences XXV (Moscow, 1980), 104-112.
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1984 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Aleksandr Nikolaevich Korkin
- A P Juskevic, History of mathematics in Russia up to 1917 (Russian) (Nauka, Moscow, 1968).
- Yu A Belii, Anniversaries in the history of mathematics for 1987 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Giovanni Benedetti
- E Giusti, The theory of proportions in Giovan Battista Benedetti (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics, Rende, 1991 (1992), 581-602.
- Music And Science, Dictionary of the History of Ideas
.
- References for Pierre Gassendi
- L S Joy, Gassendi the atomist : advocate of history in an age of science (Harvard University, Cambridge, 1987).
- L U Pancheri, Pierre Gassendi, a forgotten but important man in history of physics, American Journal of Physics 46 (5), 455-464.
- References for Virgil Snyder
- G C Cochell, The Early History of the Cornell Mathematics Department: A Case Study in the Emergence of the American Mathematical Community, Historia Mathematica 25 (1998), 133-153.
- R C Archibald, Virgil Snyder, in A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 218-223.
- References for Filippo Brunelleschi
- B Fletcher, A History of Architecture (London, 1987).
- M Kemp, Science, non-science and nonsense : The interpretation of Brunelleschi's perspective, Art History 1 (2) (1978), 134-161.
- References for Ruth Moufang
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The History of Combinatorial Group Theory: A Case Study in the History of Ideas (New York - Heidelberg - Berlin, 1982), 123; 136-137.
- References for Pavel Urysohn
- T Crilly and D Johnson, The emergence of topological dimension theory, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 1-24.
- D van Dalen, Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 947-964.
- References for Hermann Brück
- H A Bruck and M T Bruck, Recollections of life as a student and a young astronomer in Germany in the 1920s, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 3 (2) (2000), 115-129.
- C Davenhall, Dr Mary Bruck, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage 12 (1) (2009), 81-83.
- References for Gottlob Frege
- I Angelelli, Frege and abstraction, Philosophy of science : History of science, Salzburg, 1983, Philos.
- T Burge, The concept of truth in Frege's program, Philosophy of science : History of science, Salzburg, 1983, Philos.
- References for Wilhelm Fiedler
- F Cajori, Wilhelm Fiedler, in A History of Mathematics (Macmillan and Co., London, 1919), 297.
- M Menghini, The Role of Projective Geometry in Italian Education and Institutions at the End of the 19th Century, The International Journal for the History of Mathematics Education 1 (1) (2006), 35-55.
- References for Heinrich Weber
- G Frei, Heinrich Weber and the emergence of class field theory, in Rowe and McCleary, The history of modern mathematics I (Academic Press, Boston, MA, 1989), 425-450.
- N Schappacher, On the History of Hilbert's Twelfth Problem: A Comedy of Errors, Materiaux pour l'histoire des mathematiques au XXe siecle, Nice, 1996, Semin.
- References for Ernst Schröder
- G Brady, From Pierce to Skolem: A Neglected Chapter in the History of Logic (Elsevier, 2000).
- V Peckhaus, Schroder's Logic, in D M Gabbay and John Woods (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic.
- References for Edward Waring
- P Bhattacharyya and S Sankar, History of Waring's problem, Math.
- P Holgate, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XLI : Waring and Sylvester on random algebraic equations, Biometrika 73 (1) (1986), 228-231.
- References for Imre Lakatos
- J Hernandez, On the philosophy of mathematics of Imre Lakatos (Spanish) III, in International Colloquium on Philosophy and History of Mathematics (Mexico City, 1992), 459-477.
- T Koetsier, Negation in the development of mathematics: Plato, Lakatos, Mannoury and the history of the intermediate-value theorem in analysis, in Perspectives on negation (Tilburg, 1995), 105-121.
- References for Herman Hollerith
- F W Kistermann, The invention and development of the Hollerith punched card : in commemoration of the 130th anniversary of the birth of Herman Hollerith and for the 100th anniversary of large scale data processing, Annals of the history of computing 13 (1991), 245-259.
- K S Reid-Green, The history of census tabulation, Scientific American 260 (1989), 78-83.
- References for J Willard Gibbs
- The History of a Great Mind (New Haven, Conn., 1952).
- N V Vdovichenko, A few words in memory of J Willard Gibbs (on the 150th anniversary of his birth) (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1990), 198-210.
- References for Christian Goldbach
- A A Kiselev, Certain questions of the theory of numbers in the correspondence between Euler and Goldbach (Russian), History Methodology Natur.
- I G Mel'nikov, Certain questions of the theory of numbers in the correspondence between Euler and Goldbach (Russian), History Methodology Natur.
- References for Abraham Gelbart
- E Hemmingsen, History of the Mathematics Department, Syracuse University, Department of Mathematics.
- D E Kibbey, History of the Mathematics Department, Syracuse University, Department of Mathematics.
- References for Mollie Orshansky
- G M Fisher, The Development and History of the U.S.
- G M Fisher, The Development and History of the Poverty Thresholds, Social Security Bulletin 55 (4) (Winter 1992), 3-14.
- References for Axel Harnack
- J Ferreiros, Labyrinth of Thought: A History of Set Theory and Its Role in Modern Mathematics (Birkhauser, Basel, 2013).
- Yu M Gaiduk, Axel Harnack (1851-1888), in From the History of Science and Technology of the Pribaltic 1 (VII) (Zinatne, Riga, 1968), 125-132.
- References for Eudemus
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- R Robinson (trs.), Aristotle, Fundamentals of the History of his Development (Oxford, 1948).
- References for George Boole
- S S Petrova, G Boole and the development of the calculus of operations in England (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences (Moscow, 1982), 98-103.
- J Richards, Boole and Mill : differing perspectives on logical psychologism, in History and philosophy of logic 1 (Tunbridge Wells, 1980), 19-36.
- References for Earle Raymond Hedrick
- E Tucker, History of Randolph County, Indiana.
- A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 223-228.
- References for Dimitri Fedorovich Egorov
- V I Bogachev, On the history of the discovery of the Egorov and Luzin theorems (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- V A Volkov, D F Egorov: new archive documents (on the history of the Moscow mathematical school) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Kathleen McNulty Antonelli
- J Shurkin, Engines of the Mind : A History of the Computer (New York, 1984).
- T Petzinger, History of software begins with the work of some brainy women, Wall Street Journal (November 1996).
- References for Paul Davies
- P Davies, Brief History.
- http://cosmos.asu.edu/research/brief_history.htm
.
- References for Jérôme Franel
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- History and Application of the Mediant and the Farey Sequence, Docent Press, Boston, 2011
.
- References for Eudoxus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy (3 Vols.) (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1975).
- References for Thomas Graham
- The History of Lodge Stepps 1213, Grand Lodge of Scotland.
- http://www.lodgestepps1213.co.uk/history.html
.
- References for John Colenso
- R L Numbers, The Most Important Biblical Discovery of Our Time : William Henry Green and the Demise of Ussher's Chronology, Church History 69 (2) (2000), 257-276.
- G Parsons, From Heresy to Acceptance? : Rowland Williams and John William Colenso in Perspective, The Welsh Journal of Religious History 1 (2006), 59-87.
- References for Aristarchus
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy (3 Vols.) (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1975).
- References for Nicomedes
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Paul Dirac
- F A Medvedev, The delta-function of G L Giorgi and P A M Dirac (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics (Moscow, 1988), 78-88.
- Vl P Vizgin, P A M Dirac and the problem of the interrelation between physics and mathematics (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics (Moscow, 1988), 88-106.
- References for Benedetto Castelli
- P E Ariotti, Benedetto Castelli and George Berkeley as Anticipators of recent Findings on the Moon Illusion, Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 9 (1973), 328-332.
- P E Ariotti, On the Apparent Size of the Projected After-Image: Emmert's or Castelli's Law? A Case of 242 Years Anticipation, Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences 9 (1973), 18-28.
- References for Georges Buffon
- P Holgate, Buffon's cycloid, Studies in the history of probability and statistics XXXIX, Biometrika 68 (3) (1981), 712-716.
- P Holgate, Correction : 'Studies in the history of probability and statistics.
- References for Carl Johannes Thomae
- H N Jahnke (ed.), A history of analysis (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/thomae/index.html
.
- References for Ernst Hellinger
- C L Siegel, On the history of the Frankfurt Mathematics Seminar, Math.
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1983 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Diocles
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- G J Toomer, Diocles On Burning Mirrors, Sources in the History of Mathematics and the Physical Sciences 1 (New York, 1976).
- References for Gilbert Bliss
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 201-206.
- S MacLane, Mathematics at the University of Chicago : a brief history, in A century of mathematics in America II (Amer.
- References for Jacob Bernoulli
- V A Nikiforovskii, The great mathematicians Bernoulli (Russian), History of Science and Technology Nauka' (Moscow, 1984).
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Oliver Byrne
- J H Barnett, Mathematics is a Plural Noun: The Case of Oliver Byrne, Proceedings of the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Mathematics: Thirty-fifth Annual Meeting (Montreal) 23 (2010), 26-46.
- J H Barnett, The Dual Arithmetic of Oliver Byrne: A New Art which entirely supersedes the use of logarithms, Proceedings of the Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Mathematics: Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting (Dublin) 24 (2011), 12-30.
- References for Kamalakara
- History Sci.
- History Sci.
- References for Julius König
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- F A Medvedev, From the history of the so-called Konig theorem in set theory (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Warren Weaver
- R Siegmund-Schultze, Rockefeller and the internationalization of mathematics between the two world wars: Documents and studies for the social history of mathematics in the 20th century (Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, 2001).
- L Owens, Mathematicians at war : Warren Weaver and the Applied Mathematics Panel, 1942 - 1945, in The history of modern mathematics, Vol.
- References for Jyesthadeva
- K V Sarma, A History of the Kerala School of Hindu Astronomy (Hoshiarpur, 1972).
- History Sci.
- References for Henri Padé
- C Brezinski, History of continued fractions and Pade approximants (Berlin, 1991).
- Brezinski, Claude The long history of continued fractions and Pade approximants, Pade approximation and its applications, Lecture Notes in Math.
- References for Brian Hartley
- Brian Hartley (1939-1994), University of Manchester, School of Mathematics, History of Mathematics at Manchester.
- http://www.maths.manchester.ac.uk/about-us/history/brian-hartley/
.
- References for Li Shanlan
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- Y Wang, Li Shanlan : forerunner of modern science in China, in Chinese studies in the history and philosophy of science and technology 179 (Dordrecht, 1996), 345-368.
- References for Hippocrates
- A Aaboe, Episodes from the early history of mathematics (Washington, D.C., 1964).
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921), 182-202.
- References for Johann Castillon
- J C Laursen, Cicero in the Prussian Academy: Castillon's translation of the 'Academica', History of European Ideas 23 (24) (1997), 117-126.
- J C Laursen and R H Popkin, Sources of knowledge of Sextus Empiricus in Kant's time: A French translation of Sextus Empiricus from the Prussian academy, 1779, British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (2) (1998), 261-267.
- References for Marion Walter
- D A Green, Oral History Interview with Marion Walter on 1 May 2011, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2012)
.
- Marion Walter Gallery, Archives of American Mathematics, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin (2006-2017).
- References for Karl Peterson
- A P Yushkevich, History of Mathematics in Russia Until 1917 (Moscow, 1968).
- U Lumiste, Differential geometry in Estonia : history and recent developments (Finnish), Arkhimedes (4) (1996), 31-34.
- References for Annie Scott Dill Maunder
- http://www.presbyterianhistoryireland.com/history/annie-maunder/
.
- M B Ogilvie, Obligatory Amateurs: Annie Maunder (1868-1947) and British Women Astronomers at the Dawn of Professional Astronomy, British Journal for the History of Science 33 (2000), 67-84.
- References for L E J Brouwer
- T Crilly and D Johnson, The emergence of topological dimension theory, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 1-24.
- D M Johnson, L E J Brouwer's coming of age as a topologist, Studies in the history of mathematics, MAA Stud.
- References for James Joseph Sylvester
- R C Archibald, Material concerning James Joseph Sylvester, in Studies and Essays in the History of Science and Learning Offered in Homage to George Sarton on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday (New York, 1947), 209-217.
- K H Parshall, James Joseph Sylvester at Johns Hopkins University 1876-1883, Archive for History of Exact Science 38 (1988), 153-196.
- References for Leucippus
- W K C Guthrie, History of Greek Philosophy II (Cambridge, 1965).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 82-90.
- References for François Viète
- S S Gluskov, The mathematical work of Francois Viete (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 58-61.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for William Oughtred
- F Cajori, On the history of Gunter's scale and the Slide Rule during the Seventeenth Century (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1920).
- J Granger, Gulielmus Oughtred, in A biographical history of England, adapted to a methodical catalogue of engraved British heads Volume II (William Baynes and Son, London, 1824), 368-369.
- References for Henri Poincaré
- W Goldfarb, Poincare against the Logicists, in History and philosophy of modern mathematics, Minneapolis, MN, 1985 (Minneapolis, MN, 1988), 61-81.
- Henri Poincare, La correspondance d'Henri Poincare avec des mathematiciens de A a H, in Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 7 (Paris, 1986), 59-219.
- References for Alfredo Capelli
- T Umeda, A page of history: Alfredo Capelli and invariant theory (Japanese), Study of the history of mathematics (Japanese), Kyoto, 1997, Surikaisekikenkyusho Kokyuoku 1019 (1997), 98-119.
- References for Ferdinand Minding
- V J Katz, Using History to Teach Mathematics: An International Perspective (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).
- L A Sorokina, Minding's papers on the theory of abelian integrals (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences (Russian) (Moscow, 1982), 144-151.
- References for Piers Bohl
- Yu M Gaiduk, Evaluation of the scientific work of Piers Bohl by his contemporaries (Russian), Tartu State University, History of development, training of personnel, and scientific research II (Tartu, 1982), 28-39.
- L L Kul'vetsas, P Bohl's fourth thesis and Hilbert's sixth problem (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1986 (Moscow, 1986), 62-93.
- References for André-Marie Ampère
- E I Harlamova and G V Mozalevskaja, A paper of Ampere (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 196-204.
- F A Medvedev, A theorem of Ampere (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 106-110.
- References for Lee Lorch
- L Lorch, Meetings and their context, in Celebrating 100 years of meetings: history and reminiscences, Talks presented at the Special Session 'Meetings of Mathematicians' held in Cincinnati, Ohio, January 1994 (American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, 1995).
- S Ramsey, 'We Will Be Ready Whenever They Are': African American Teachers' Responses to the Brown Decision and Public School Integration in Nashville, Tennessee, 1954-1966, The Journal of African American History 90 (1/2) (Winter, 2005), 29-51.
- References for Li Zhi
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- Mei Jung-chao, Li Chih and his writings on mathematics, in Discourses on the history of mathematics of the Sung and Yuan period (Peking 1966).
- References for Guo Shoujing
- Biography in Ke Shaomin, Xin Yuanshi (New Official History of the Yuan Dynasty).
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Frank Harary
- Obituary: Frank Harary, University of Michigan Faculty History Project.
- http://um2017.org/faculty-history/faculty/frank-harary/obituary
.
- References for Jost Bürgi
- E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Burgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
- O Gingerich, Jost Burgi at Kassel, Journal for the history of astronomy 11 (1980), 212-213.
- References for Thomas Scott Fiske
- A A Fiske, The Fiske family: a history of the family (ancestral and descendant) of William Fiske, sen., of Amherst, N.H.
- R C Archibald, Thomas S Fiske, in A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 151-153.
- References for Jakob Steiner
- H Dorrie, One Hundred Great Problems of Elementary Mathematics, Their History and Solution (Dover, 1965).
- N I Danilova, Problems of Cramer and L'Huilier in the works of Jacob Steiner (Russian), in Questions on the history of mathematical natural science (Akad.
- References for Arnljot Høyland
- M Rausand, RAMS Group History, Department of Production and Quality Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (22 January 2015).
- https://www.ntnu.no/wiki/display/ross/RAMS+Group+History
.
- References for Lalla
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- History Sci.
- References for Johann Segner
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Samuil Osipovich Shatunovsky
- I H Anellis, Sof'ya Aleksandrovna Yanovskaya's Contributions to Logic and History of Logic, Modern Logic 6 (1) (1996), 7-36.
- A P Lapko and L A Lyusternik, From the history of Soviet Mathematics, Russian Mathematical Surveys 22 (6) (1967), 11-138.
- References for Luca Valerio
- C B Boyer, The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development (Courier Dover Publications, 1959).
- D Freedberg, The Eye of the Lynx: Galileo, His Friends, and the Beginnings of Modern Natural History (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2002).
- References for Marshall Hall Jr
- J Cooper, Slice of History: Hadamard Matrix, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California (1 August 2013).
- http://www.math.osu.edu/history/biographies/mhall/
.
- References for Erwin Schrödinger
- P A Hanle, The Coming of Age of Erwin Schrodinger : His Quantum Statistics of Ideal Gases, Archive for History of Exact Science 17 (1977), 165-.
- H Kragh, On the history of early wave mechanics, Centaurus 26 (1982), 154-197.
- References for Schieffelin Claytor
- I Brown, William Claytor, Reflections: The UPenn Black History Project (13 February 2012).
- https://www.math.upenn.edu/about/department-history/pioneer-african-american-mathematicians
.
- References for Czesaw Olech
- O Lehto, Mathematics Without Borders: A History of the International Mathematical Union (Springer, 1998).
- C Olech, My contacts with Professor Kuratowski, 1970-1980 (Polish), Tenth School of the history of mathematics, Miedzyzdroje, 1996, Zesz.
- References for Augustus De Morgan
- A Rice, Augustus De Morgan: Historian of science, History of Science 34 (1996), 201-240.
- J L Richards, Augustus De Morgan, the history of mathematics, and the foundations of algebra, Isis 78 (291) (1987), 7-30.
- References for Dmitry Aleksandrovich Grave
- V M Urbanskii, The scientific work of D A Grave in the twenties and thirties (Russian), in On the history of the mathematical sciences (Russian) 166 (Kiev, 1984), 8-18.
- A P Yushkevich, History of Mathematics in Russia until 1917 (Moscow, 1968), 547-554.
- References for Menelaus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Walther von Dyck
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory : A case study in the history of ideas (New York-Berlin, 1982).
- References for Sergei Ivanovich Adian
- B Chandler and W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory.
- A case study in the history of ideas (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982).
- References for Thomas Hobbes
- H Pycior, Mathematics and philosophy : Wallis, Hobbes, Barrow and Berkeley, Journal of the History of Ideas 48 (1987), 265-287.
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 531-541.
- References for Caspar Wessel
- M J Crowe, A History of Vector Analysis (Notre Dame, 1967).
- O Pedersen, Lovers of learning : A history of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters 1742-1992 (Copenhagen, 1992), 89-104; 119-132.
- References for Gustav Kirchhoff
- N P Khomenko and T M Vyvrot, Euler and Kirchhoff - initiators of the main directions in graph theory (Russian) I : On the history of the mathematical sciences 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1984), 63-69, 168.
- N P Khomenko and T M Vyvrot, Euler and Kirchhoff - initiators of the main directions in graph theory (Russian) II : Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 28-34, 183.
- References for Eutocius
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Jean-Victor Poncelet
- T S Reynolds, Stronger Than a Hundred Men : A History of the Vertical Water Wheel (JHU Press, 2003).
- A N Bogolyubov, Geometry and mechanics in the works of J-V Poncelet (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 271 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1986), 178-191.
- References for Cheng Dawei
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- D Liu, 400 years of the history of mathematics in China - an introduction to the major historians of mathematics since 1592, Historia Sci.
- References for Hermann Minkowski
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Hertha Marks Ayrton
- F Henderson, Almost a Fellow: Hertha Ayrton and an embarrassing episode in the history of the Royal Society, The Royal Society of London (8 March 2012).
- http://blogs.royalsociety.org/history-of-science/2012/03/08/almost-a-fellow/
.
- References for Theodor Molien
- History Exact Sci.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Jakob Hermann
- N Guicciardini, An episode in the history of dynamics : Jakob Hermann's proof (1716-1717) of Proposition 1, Book 1, of Newton's Principia, Historia Mathematica 23 (2) (1996), 167-181.
- W E Knowles Middleton, Jacob Hermann and the Kinetic Theory, British Journal for the History of Science 2 (3) (1965), 247-250.
- References for Aristaeus
- J L Coolidge, A history of the conic sections and quadric surfaces (Oxford, 1945).
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Gaston Darboux
- D S Alexander, Gaston Darboux and the history of complex dynamics, Historia Mathematica 22 (2) (1995), 179-185.
- H Gispert, Sur les fondements de l'analyse en France (a partir de lettres inedites de G Darboux et de l'etude des differentes editions du Cours d'analyse de C Jordan), Archive for History of Exact Science 28 (1) (1983), 37-106.
- References for Ulugh Beg
- A U Usmanov, A short survey of the history of the development of astronomy in the medieval East up to the age of Ulugh Beg (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematics and astronomy I, Trudy Samarkand.
- References for Ernst Stueckelberg
- J Lacki, H Ruegg and V Telegdi, The Road to Stueckelberg's Covariant Perturbation Theory as Illustrated by Successive Treatments of Compton Scattering, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 30 (4) ( 1999), 457-518.
- References for Luther Eisenhart
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980),
.
- W Aspray, The emergence of Princeton as a world center for mathematical research, 1896-1939, History and philosophy of modern mathematics, Minneapolis, MN, 1985 (Minneapolis, MN, 1988), 346-366.
- References for Szolem Mandelbrojt
- S Mandelbrojt, Souvenirs a batons rompus de Szolem Mandelbrojt, Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 6 (Inst.
- S Mandelbrojt, Pourquoi je fais des mathematiques, Proceedings of the seminar on the history of mathematics 6 (Inst.
- References for Benjamin Franklin Finkel
- B F Finkel, The Human Aspect in the Early History of the American Mathematical Monthly, Amer.
- http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/math/history/page54103.html
.
- References for Ismail Mohamed
- Ismail Jacob Mohamed, South African History Online.
- E Mohamed, Ismail Jacob Mohamed, South African History Online (14 August 2013).
- https://www.sahistory.org.za/sites/default/files/IJ%20Mohamed%20South%20African%20History%20contribution%20Elaine%20Mohamed.pdf
.
- References for Siméon-Denis Poisson
- A Dahan-Dalmedico, La propagation des ondes en eau profonde et ses developpements mathematiques (Poisson, Cauchy, 1815-1825), in The history of modern mathematics II (Boston, MA, 1989), 129-168.
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Sophie Germain
- L L Bucciarelli, Sophie Germain : an essay in the history of the theory of elasticity (Dordrecht - Boston, Mass., 1980).
- J H Sampson, Sophie Germain and the Theory of Numbers, Archive for History of Exact Science 41 (1990-91), 157-161.
- References for Eric Temple Bell
- A Armitage, Review: Mathematics: Queen and Servant of Science, by E T Bell, Bulletin of the British Society for the History of Science 1 (8) (1952), 220.
- E T Bell, The History of Blissard's Symbolic Method, with a Sketch of its Inventor's Life, Amer.
- References for Nevil Maskelyne
- T D Cope, A mountain in Perthshire, Pennsylvania History 21 (3) (1954), 228-238.
- E G Forbes, The Bicentenary of the 'Nautical Almanac' (1767), The British Journal for the History of Science 3 (4) (1967), 393-394.
- References for William Gosset
- E S Pearson, Some early correspondence between W S Gosset, R A Fisher and Karl Pearson, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 405-418.
- William Sealy Gosset, 1876-1937, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 355-404.
- References for Heraclides
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Dionysodorus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics II (Oxford, 1921).
- I Thomas, Selections illustrating the history of Greek mathematics II (London, 1941).
- References for François-Joseph Servois
- L A Ljusternik and S S Petrova, From the history of symbolic calculus (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- S S Petrova, The origin of linear operator theory in the works of Servois and Murphy (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 122-128.
- References for Guarino Guarini
- C Lohr, Metaphysics, in Ch B Schmitt (ed.), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy (Cambridge, 1988), 537-638.
- J A Ramirez, Guarino Guarini, Fray Juan Ricci and the complete Salomonic Order, Art History IV/2 (June 1981), 175-185.
- References for Giambattista della Porta
- A C Crombie, Expectation, modelling and assent in the history of optics.
- K Seligmann, Giambattista della Porta (1538-1615), in The History of Magic (Patheon, New York, 1948), 319-321.
- References for Tiberiu Popoviciu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- Tiberiu Popoviciu, History of Approximation Theory, Department of Mathematics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (2014).
- References for Abu'l-Wafa
- R C Gupta, Abu'l Wafa and his Indian rule about regular polygons, Ganita-Bharati : Bulletin of the Indian Society for the History of Mathematics 14 (1-4) (1992), 57-61.
- M I Medovoi, On the arithmetic treatise of Abu'l-Wafa, Studies in the history of mathematics 13 (1960), 253-324.
- References for Hieronymus Georg Zeuthen
- H Bohr, Presentation of a new edition of Zeuthen's History of Mathematics (Danish), in Den 11te Skandinaviske Matematikerkongress, Trondheim, 1949 (Oslo, 1952), 195-200.
- J Lutzen and W Purkert, Conflicting tendencies in the historiography of mathematics : M Cantor and H G Zeuthen, in The history of modern mathematics III (Boston, MA, 1994), 1-42.
- References for James Bradley
- M Hoskin, The History of Astronomy (A Very Short Introduction) (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2003).
- J Fisher, Conjectures and reputations: The composition and reception of James Bradley's paper on the aberration of light with some reference to a third unpublished version, The British Journal for the History of Science 43 (1) (2010), 19-48.
- References for Jacques Feldbau
- J Dieudonne, A History of Algebraic and Differential Topology (Birkhauser, Boston, 1989).
- M Zisman, Fibre bundles, fibre maps, in Ioan James (ed.), History of Topology (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 605-629.
- References for Dennis Sullivan
- R Kirby, Review: Mathematics at Berkeley : A history, Notices Amer.
- A Phillips, (2005), Dennis Sullivan - A short history, in Graphs and patterns in mathematics and theoretical physics (American Mathematical Society, Providence RI, 2005), xiii.
- References for William Horner
- M H Bektasova, From the history of numerical methods for the solution of equations (Russian), in Collection of questions on mathematics and mechanics No.
- A T Fuller, Horner versus Holdred: an episode in the history of root computation, Historia Math.
- References for Georg Frobenius
- History Exact Sci.
- F L Williams, History and variations on the theme of the Frobenius reciprocity theorem, The Mathematical Intelligencer 13 (3) (1991), 68-71.
- References for Alonzo Church
- In honor of Alonzo Church's 75th birthday with some remarks from the History of logic of A Dumitriu, Internat.
- ULCA Philosopher, Mathematician Alonzo Church dead at 92, History of Logic Newsletter 19 (Sept 1995), 1-2.
- References for Charlotte Angas Scott
- M C Bradbrook, That Infidel Place: A short history of Girton College, 1869-1969 (Chatto & Windus, London, (1969).
- B Megson and J O Lindsay, Girton College, 1869-1959: An informal history (W Heffer, London, 1961).
- References for Luca Pacioli
- R Franci and L Toti Rigatelli, Towards a history of algebra from Leonardo of Pisa to Luca Pacioli, Janus 72 (1-3) (1985), 17-82.
- F R Glushkova and S S Glushkov, The geometrical part of Pacioli's 'Summa' (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XXIX (Moscow, 1982), 57-63.
- References for Gertrude Blanch
- on 16 May 1973 (Computer Oral History Collection, 1969-1973, 1977, Archives Center, National museum of American History).
- References for Theodosius
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Richard Feynman
- D Goodstein and J Goodstein, Richard Feynman and the history of superconductivity, Phys.
- O S Razumovskii and V A Firsov, Feynman's formulation in quantum mechanics, and path integration : The historical-methodological aspect (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1988 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1988), 37-51.
- References for Marcel Riesz
- J Horvath, L'oeuvre mathematique de Marcel Riesz I, Proceedings of the Seminar on the History of Mathematics 3 (Paris, 1982), 83-121.
- J Horvath, L'oeuvre mathematique de Marcel Riesz II, Proceedings of the Seminar on the History of Mathematics 4 (Paris, 1983), 1-59.
- References for John Hellins
- J Bowyer Nichols, Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century: Consisting of Authentic Memoirs and Original Letters of Eminent Persons; and Intended as a Sequel to the Literary Anecdotes 6 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1831), 43-47.
- R Polwhele, John Hellins, F.R.S., in The history of Cornwall 5 (1816), 107.
- References for Chrysippus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 264-265.
- References for Zhao Youqin
- A K Volkov, Science and Daoism: an introduction, Special issue on science in 14th century China: a case study of Daoist master and polymath Zhao Youqin (1271-1335?), Taiwanese Journal for Philosophy and History of Science 5 (1) (1997), 1-58.
- A K Volkov, The mathematical work of Zhao Youqin: remote surveying and the computation of π, Special issue on science in 14th century China: a case study of Daoist master and polymath Zhao Youqin (1271-1335?), Taiwanese Journal for Philosophy and History of Science 5 (1) (1997), 129-189.
- References for Moritz Cantor
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the History of Mathematics - Its Historical Development (Springer, New York, 2002).
- J Lutzen and W Purkert, Conflicting tendencies in the historiography of mathematics: M Cantor and H G Zeuthen, in The history of modern mathematics III (Boston, MA, 1994), 1-42.
- References for Edward Sang
- A R Davidson, The History of the Faculty of Advocates in Scotland 1856-1956 (1956).
- for the History of Mathematics Newsletter 45 (Spring 2002), 32-45.
- References for Oswald Veblen
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 206-211.
- W Aspray, Oswald Veblen and the origins of mathematical logic at Princeton, Perspectives on the history of mathematical logic (Boston, MA, 1991), 54-70.
- References for Henry Gellibrand
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1986 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1986, Proc.
- References for Marinus
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Corrado Gini
- G Favero, Corrado Gini and Italian Statistics under Fascism, Congress of the International Economic History Association, Buenos Aires, 23 July 2002.
- D Parisi, Corrado Gini (1884-1965): The Leading Figure of the Italian Group in the Econometric Society, History of Political Economy 43 (2011), 211-232.
- References for Jean-Robert Argand
- S S Petrova, From the history of the analytic proofs of the fundamental theorem of algebra (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences, No.
- References for Li Chunfeng
- Y Li and S Du, Chinese Mathematics : a Concise History (Oxford, 1986).
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Bibhutibhushan Datta
- R C Gupta, Swami Vidyaranya and the history and historiography of mathematics in India, Math.
- L G Simons, Review: History of Hindu Mathematics - A Source Book.
- References for Conon
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Claude-Louis Navier
- J D Anderson, A History of Aerodynamics (Cambridge, 1997).
- A Picon, Navier and the introduction of suspension bridges in France, Construction History 4 (1988), 21-34.
- References for Zenodorus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- G J Toomer, Diocles On Burning Mirrors, Sources in the History of Mathematics and the Physical Sciences 1 (New York, 1976).
- References for Felix Hausdorff
- J Flachsmeyer, Merkwurdiges zur jungen Geschichte der Geometrie und Topologie : die Auswahlsatze von Blaschke, Hausdorff und Hadwiger, in Contributions to the history, philosophy and methodology of mathematics, Greifswald, 1982, Wiss.
- G Preuss, Felix Hausdorff (1868-1942), Handbook of the history of general topology 1 (Dordrecht, 1997), 1-19.
- References for Xu Yue
- Y Li, Materials for the Study of the History of Ancient Chinese Mathematics (Chinese) (Shanghai, 1963).
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Menaechmus
- J L Coolidge, A history of the conic sections and quadric surfaces (Oxford, 1945).
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Adriaan Vlacq
- E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Burgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
- N T Gridgeman, John Napier and the history of logarithms, Scripta Math.
- References for Patrick d'Arcy
- M S Ryan, A dynamic Irishman in Paris: Patrick d'Arcy, 1725-79, History Ireland 18 (2) (March/April 2010).
- http://www.historyireland.com/18th-19th-century-history/a-dynamic-irishman-in-paris-patrick-darcy-1725-79/
.
- References for Julius Plücker
- D Pedoe, Notes on the history of geometrical ideas II.
- R Wilson, The early history of block designs, Rend.
- References for Sharaf al-Din al-Tusi
- G Sarton, Introduction to the history of science (Baltimore, 1950).
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Eratosthenes
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- B A El'natanov, A brief outline of the history of the development of the sieve of Eratosthenes (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Sadi Carnot
- F O Koenig, On the history of science and the second law of thermodynamics, in H Evans (ed.), Men and Moments in History of Science (Seattle, Wash., 1959), 57-111.
- References for David Eugene Smith
- F E Brasch and L Hudgens, The History of Science Society and the David Eugene Smith Festschrift, Science, New Series 83 (2158) (1936), 424-426.
- Gert Schubring, David Eugene Smith: Cortland, New York 1860 - New York, New York 1944, History of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction.
- References for Humphrey Lloyd
- http://www.tcd.ie/provost/history/former-provosts/h_lloyd.php
.
- T D Spearman, Mathematics and theoretical physics, in T O'Raifeartaigh (ed.), The Royal Irish Academy: a bicentennial history, 1785-1985 (Dublin, 1985), 201-239.
- References for Giuseppe Peano
- M Segre, Peano's axioms in their historical context, Archive for History of Exact Science 48 (3-4) (1994), 201-342.
- E A Zaitsev, An interpretation of Peano's logic, Archive for History of Exact Science 46 (4) (1994), 367-383.
- References for Nikolai Dmetrievich Brashman
- A T Grigorian, Nikolai Dmetrievich Brashman (Russian), in Essays on the History of Mechanics in Russia (Moscow, 1961), 96-107.
- I I Liholetov and S H Yanovskaja, From History of Teaching Mechanics at Moscow University (Russian), Istoriko-Matematicheskie Issledovaniya 8 (1955), 294-368.
- References for Theon of Smyrna
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Mikhail Egorovich Vashchenko-Zakharchenko
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the History of Mathematics: Its Historical Development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- R A Sapsai, The work of Mikhail Egorovich Vashchenko-Zakharchenko in the field of probability theory (Russian), in A N Bogolyubov (ed.), On the history of the mathematical sciences 167 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1984), 36-39.
- References for Marjorie Senechal
- T J Friedman, Review: American Silk, 1830-1930: Entrepreneurs and Artifacts, by Jacqueline Field, Marjorie Senechal and Madelyn Shaw, The Business History Review 82 (2) (2008), 377-379.
- M Senechal, Narco Brat, in D Paty (ed.), Of human bondage, Smith College Studies in History 52 (2003), 173-200.
- References for Callippus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Giovanni Battista Riccioli
- M R Matthews, Time for science education: how teaching the history and philosophy of pendulum motion can contribute to science literacy (Springer Verlag, New York, 2000).
- C M Graney, The Telescope Against Copernicus: Star Observations by Riccioli Supporting a Geocentric Universe, Journal for the History of Astronomy 41 (2010), 457-461.
- References for Zhang Qiujian
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- K Chemla, Reflections on the world-wide history of the rule of false double position, or : How a loop was closed, Centaurus 39 (2) (1997), 97-120.
- References for Mei Juecheng
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- W-S Horng, Reading into Mathematical Texts from a Pedagogical Perspective: A case study of the Mei Juecheng's 'Chi Shui Yi Zhen' (in Chinese), Bulletin of the Club for the History of Science 1 (2): 35-43.
- References for Hypsicles
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Erwin Hiebert
- Erwin N Hiebert, Department of the History of Science, Harvard University (2013).
- Professor of the history of science taught at Harvard since 1970, Harvard Gazette (23 January 2013).
- References for Annie Jump Cannon
- J Des Jardins, To Embrace or Decline Marriage and Family: Annie Jump Cannon and the Women of the Harvard Observatory, 1880-1940, in The Madame Curie Complex: The Hidden History of Women in Science (Feminist Press, New York, 2010), 88-116.
- EnDnSchafer, Cannon, Annie Jump (1863-1941), Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia (Gale Research Inc., 2002).
- References for Paolo Ruffini
- R G Ayoub, Paolo Ruffini's Contributions to the Quintic, Archive for History of Exact Science 23 (1980), 253-277.
- R A Bryce, Ruffini and the quintic equation, in First Australian Conference on the History of Mathematics (Clayton, 1981), 5-31.
- References for Dorothea Beale
- D G Amphlett, Gloucester: History You Can See (The History Press, 2015).
- References for Seth Ward
- Mathematics: John Wallis and Seth Ward; Newton, in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature VIII (XV.
- Seth Ward's Vindiciae Academiarum, in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature IX (XV.
- References for Karl von Staudt
- R Hartshorne, Publication history of von Staudt's Geometrie der Lage, Arch.
- I Sh Slavutskii, Outline of the history of research on the arithmetic properties of Bernoulli numbers (von Staudt, Kummer, Voronoi) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Gloria Hewitt
- L Riddle, Women's History: Women in Mathematics, AP Central, The College Board, New York.
- http://apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/resources/womens-history-women-in-mathematics
.
- References for Ludwig Schlesinger
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- D Vachov, Calendar on the history of mathematics for 1983, Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Ibn Yunus
- D A King, Ibn Yunus' Very Useful Tables for Reckoning Time by the Sun, Archive for the History of Exact Sciences 10 (1973), 342-394.
- D A King, Ibn Yunus and the pendulum : a history of errors, Arch.
- References for Sergei Bernstein
- K-G Steffens, Constructive Function Theory: Kharkiv, in The History of Approximation Theory : From Euler to Bernstein (Birkhauser, Boston-Basel-Berlin, 2006), 167-190.
- A P Yushkevich, On the history of scientific relations between mathematicians in the USSR and in France (the election of S N Bernstein, I M Vinogradov and M A Lavrent'ev to the Paris Academy of Sciences) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Platon Sergeevich Poretsky
- N I Styazhkin, History of Mathematical Logic from Leibniz to Peano (Cambridge, Mass., 1969).
- V A Bazhanov, Life and Scientific Activity: Pioneering Studies of Mathematical Logic in Russia by P S Poretsky (Russian), History of Science and Technology (Russian) 4 (2005), 64-73.
- References for Ralph Fox
- M Epple, Geometric aspects in the development of knot theory, in I M James (ed.), History of topology (Elsevier, 1999), 301-358.
- J H Przytycki, Notes to the early history of the Knot Theory in Japan.
- References for Posidonius
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Arthur Cayley
- K H Parshall, Towards a history of nineteenth-century invariant theory, in D.
- McCleary (eds.), The history of modern mathematics: Ideas and their reception (1989), 157-206.
- References for Jules Bienaymé
- F Jongmans, Un regard nouveau sur l'Ïuvre de Jules Bienayme a la lumiere des archives familiales et de la correspondance, in Studies in history of mathematics dedicated to A P Youschkevitch (Brepols, Turnhout, 2002), 251-256.
- F Jongmans and E Seneta, The Bienayme family history from archival materials and background to the turning-point test, Bull.
- References for Dirk Struik
- Ganitanand, Professor Dirk Jan Struik, the first winner of the highest prize in history of mathematics, Ganita Bharati 14 (1-4) (1992), 62-65.
- D E Rowe, Dirk Jan Struik and his contributions to the history of mathematics, Historia Math.
- References for Guglielmo Righini
- 1966 - The Flood, Museo Galileo, Institute and Museum of the History of Science.
- http://www.museogalileo.it/en/aboutus/history/since1927.html
.
- References for Tullio Levi-Civita
- C Cattani, Levi-Civita's influence on Palatini's contribution to general relativity, in The attraction of gravitation: new studies in the history of general relativity, Johnstown, PA, 1991 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1993), 206-222.
- D J Struik, Schouten, Levi-Civita, and the emergence of tensor calculus, in The history of modern mathematics, Vol.
- References for Samuel Haughton
- D E Cartwright, Tides: A Scientific History (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000).
- Samuel Haughton, in Grace's Guide to British Industrial History.
- References for Thomas Bayes
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- Thomas Bayes's essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 131-153.
- References for Stanley Jevons
- P J FitzPatrick, Leading British statisticians of the nineteenth century, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 180-212.
- I Grattan-Guinness, Boole and his semifollower Jevons (Spanish), in 2nd International Colloquium on Philosophy and History of Mathematics, Mexico City, 1990, Mathesis 7 (3) (1991), 351-362.
- References for Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
- L Boschiero (ed.), Experiment and natural philosophy in seventeenth-century Tuscany: the history of the Accademia del cimento (Springer, 2007).
- History Exact Sci.
- References for Georges Lemaître
- M Heller, Lemaitre, big bang, and the quantum universe, Pachart History of Astronomy Series 10 (Pachart Publishing House, Tucson, AZ, 1996).
- O Godart, Contributions of Lemaitre to general relativity (1922-1934), in Studies in the history of general relativity, Luminy, 1988, Einstein Stud.
- References for Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin
- A T Grigorian, Development of the theoretical foundations of aviation in the work of N E Zhukovskii and S A Chaplygin (Russian), in Investigations in the history of mechanics (Moscow, 1983), 183-192.
- Yu V Sungurtsev, The role of S A Chaplygin's dissertation in the history of the development of modern gas jet theory (Russian), Istor.
- References for Richard Delamain
- The Use of the History of Mathematics in the Teaching of Mathematics, The Mathematical Gazette 76 (475) (1992), 179-181.
- K Hill, 'Juglers or Schollers?': Negotiating the Role of a Mathematical Practitioner, The British Journal for the History of Science 31 (3) (1998), 253-274.
- References for Proclus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- O Neugebauer, A history of ancient mathematical astronomy (New York, 1975).
- References for Mario Pieri
- E A Marchisotto, In the shadow of giants: The work of Mario Pieri in the foundations of mathematics, History and Philosophy of Logic 65 (1995), 107-119.
- References for Perseus
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Oskar Klein
- Kragh, Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, 1999)
.
- References for Ferdinand Rudio
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba (eds.), Writing the history of mathematics: its historical development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- References for Adolf Hurwitz
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Bhama Srinivasan
- L Blum, A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives, Notices Amer.
- References for Arthur Eddington
- I T Durham, Rethinking the history of solar wind studies:
.
- References for Jacques Binet
- T Thomson, Annals of Philosophy, Or, Magazine of Chemistry, Mineralogy, Mechanics, Natural History, Agriculture, and the Arts 7 (Robert Baldwin, 1816).
- References for Gaspard de Prony
- I Grattan-Guinness, Work for the hairdressers : The production of de Prony's logarithmic and trigonometric tables, Annals of the History of Computing 12 (3) (1990), 177-185.
- References for Richard Hamming
- Richard Wesley Hamming (1915-1998), IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 20 (2) (1998), 60-62.
- References for István Hatvani
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for George Waddel Snedecor
- Statisticians in History : George Snedecor, AMSTAT News (September 2004), 10-11.
- References for Émile Borel
- F A Medvedev, Two proofs of the finite covering theorem (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences, No.
- References for Qadi Zada
- U Ataev, The commentary of Kazi-zade ar-Rumi on the astronomical treatise of Nasir ad-Din at-Tusi (Russian), Questions on the history of mathematics and astronomy I.
- References for Ott-Heinrich Keller
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/keller/index.html
.
- References for Thymaridas
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Euphemia Lofton Haynes
- Haynes-Lofton Family, American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives, The Catholic University of America.
- References for Thomas Hakon Grönwall
- A Gluchoff and F Hartmann, On a 'Much Underestimated' Paper of Alexander, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 55 (2000), 1-41.
- References for R A Fisher
- E S Pearson, Some early correspondence between W S Gosset, R A Fisher and Karl Pearson, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 405-418.
- References for Jim Wilkinson
- B N Parlett, The contribution of J H Wilkinson to numerical analysis, A history of scientific computing (New York, 1990), 17-30.
- References for Ibn al-Banna
- R Rashed, Materials for the study of the history of amicable numbers and combinatorial analysis (Arabic), J.
- References for Leonty Filippovich Magnitsky
- M J Okenfuss, Technical Training in Russia under Peter the Great, History of Education Quarterly 13 (4) (1973), 325-345.
- References for John Scott Russell
- R K Bullough, The Wave 'par excellence', the solitary, progressive great wave of equilibrium of the fluid - an early history of the solitary wave.
- References for Emory McClintock
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 112-117.
- References for Johann Benedict Listing
- E Breitenberger, Johann Benedict Listing, in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 909-924.
- References for Nikoloz Muskhelishvili
- P Kapodanno, On a neglected work of N I Muskhelishvili (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1986 (Russian) ("Nauka", Moscow, 1986), 239-242; 271.
- References for Joséphine Guidy-Wandja
- O Lehto, Mathematics Without Borders: A History of the International Mathematical Union (Springer Science & Business Media, 2012).
- References for Martin Ohm
- I Todhunter, A History of the Calculus of Variations (Macmillan and Co, Cambridge, 1861).
- References for Frieda Nugel
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/nugel/index.html
.
- References for Walter Samuel McAfee
- (ed.), An Oral History of African-Americans and the Development of Radar Defense Technology at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey 1940-1959.
- References for Herbert Turnbull
- W Ledermann, Memoir : Two Mathematical Cultures, British Society for the History Mathematics Newsletter 41 (Spring 2000), 5-10.
- References for Carl Neumann
- A Cheng and D T Cheng, Heritage and early history of the boundary element method, Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements 29 (2005), 268-302.
- References for Matthew O'Brien
- M J Crowe, A History of Vector Analysis: The Evolution of the Idea of a Vectorial System (University of Notre Dame Press, 1967).
- References for Isaac Barrow
- H Pycior, Mathematics and philosophy : Wallis, Hobbes, Barrow and Berkeley, Journal of the History of Ideas 48 (1987), 265-287.
- References for Gabriel Lamé
- Petersburg (on the history of Cauchy's conception of mathematical analysis) (Russian), Voprosy Istor.
- References for Sof'ja Aleksandrovna Janovskaja
- I H Anellis, Sof'ya Aleksandrovna Yanovskaya's contributions to logic and history of logic, Modern Logic 6 (1) (1996), 7-36.
- References for Oenopides
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for René de Sluze
- H N Jahnke, A History of Analysis (American Mathematical Society Bookstore, Providence, R.I., 2003).
- References for Pierre Verhulst
- N Bacaer, Verhulst and the logistic equation (1838), in N Bacaer, A short history of mathematical population dynamics (Springer-Verlag London, Ltd., London, 2011), 35-39.
- References for Ivar Fredholm
- L N Sretenskii, Ivar Fredholm : Biography and scientific research (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for Arthur Schönflies
- J J Burckhardt, Zur Entdeckung der 230 Raumgruppen, Archive for History of Exact Science 4 (1967), 235-246.
- References for Banu Musa brothers
- D El-Dabbah, The geometrical treatise of the ninth-century Baghdad mathematicians Banu Musa (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for Olaus Henrici
- A R Hall, Science for industry : a short history of the Imperial College of Science and Technology and its antecedents (1982).
- References for Joachim Jungius
- Ein Beitrag zur Geistesgeschichte des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts by Hans Kangro, The British Journal for the History of Science 4 (4) (1969), 409-411.
- References for Ehrenfried Walter von Tschirnhaus
- C A Van Peursen, E W Von Tschirnhaus and the Ars Inveniendi, Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (3) (1993), 395-410.
- References for Édouard Benjamin Baillaud
- L Baillaud, The Chalon Astronomer Benjamin Baillaud, and a Short History of His Bust in the Public Garden of Chalon-sur-Saone, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sonoma University.
- References for Rózsa Péter
- Rozsa Peter and Recursion, in History of Math (Key Curriculum Press, 1996), 197-198.
- References for Nicolae Abramescu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- References for Samuel Eilenberg
- I M James, Some topologists, in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 883-908.
- References for Nicolas Vilant
- A D D Craik and A Roberts, Mathematics teaching and teachers at St Andrews University, 1765-1858, in History of Universities 24 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009), 206-279.
- References for Élie Cartan
- M Biezunski, Inside the coconut: the Einstein-Cartan discussion on distant parallelism, in Einstein and the history of general relativity, North Andover, MA, 1986 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1989), 315-324.
- References for Heinrich Hertz
- D Howard and J D Norton, Out of the labyrinth? Einstein, Hertz, and the Gottingen answer to the hole argument, in The attraction of gravitation: new studies in the history of general relativity, Johnstown, PA, 1991 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1993), 30-62.
- References for Frigyes Riesz
- M Bernkopf, The Development of Functional Spaces, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 3 (1966-67), 1-96.
- References for Franc Mocnik
- J Guncaga, Several Authors of Mathematical Textbooks in 19th Century, Proceedings of the History of Mathematics and Teaching of Mathematics Conference, Eger 19-22 May 2016 (Junior Mathematical Society, Miskolc, 2016), 35-46.
- References for Thomas Clausen
- H Gropp, 'Gaussche Quadrate' or Knut Vik designs - the history of a combinatorial structure, in Proceedings of the 2nd Gauss Symposium.
- References for Arnold Sommerfeld
- K Reich, Die Rolle Arnold Sommerfelds bei der Diskussion um die Vektorrechnung, dargestellt anhand der Quellen im Nachlass des Mathematikers Rudolf Mehmke, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 319-341.
- References for Robert de Montessus
- C Brezinski, History of continued fractions and Pade approximants (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
- References for William Rankine
- an academic discipline, British Journal for the History of Science 25 (1992), 319-346.
- References for Abraham Kästner
- G Goe, Kaestner, Forerunner of Gauss, Pasch, Hilbert, Proceedings 10th International Congress of the History of Science II (Paris, 1964), 659-661.
- References for Eduard Gubler
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Otakar Boruvka
- J Nesetril, E Milkova and H Nesetrilova, Otakar Boruvka on minimum spanning tree problem : Translation of both the 1926 papers, comments, history, Discrete Math.
- References for Carl Friedrich Hindenburg
- References for Nicolaus(I) Bernoulli
- Bernoulli - eine Miszelle, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 223-236.
- References for Herbert Wilf
- http://www.math.upenn.edu/History/obits/Herb_Wilf.html
.
- References for Louis Bachelier
- (1995) (eds.), History of Actuarial Science, VII, 15-78.
- References for Robert Lee Moore
- R L Wilder, The Mathematical Work of R L Moore: its background, nature and influence, Archive for History of Exact Science 26 (1) (1982), 73-97.
- References for Robert Woodward
- R C Archibald, Robert Simpson Woodward, in A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 139-144.
- References for Louise Szmir Hay
- L Blum, A brief history of the Association for Women in Mathematics : The Presidents perspective, Notices Amer.
- References for George Stokes
- V J Katz, The history of Stokes' theorem, Math.
- References for David Gale
- A E Roth, Deferred Acceptance Algorithms : History, Theory, Practice, and Open Questions, International Journal of Game Theory, Special Issue in Honour of David Gale on his 85th birthday 36 (2008), 537-569.
- References for Maria Winckelmann
- M Alic, Hypatia's Heritage : A history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century (The Women's Press, London, 1986).
- References for Bartholomew Lloyd
- J Wills, The Rev Bartholomew Lloyd D.D., The Irish Nation, Its History & Its Biography 4 (A Fullarton, London, 1860), 459-462.
- References for William Neile
- William Neile (1637-1670), in David Nash Ford, Royal Berkshire History (Nash Ford Publishing, 2003).
- References for Ivan Vsevolodovich Meshchersky
- N S Ermolaeva, D K Bobylev and I V Meshcherskii's work on the hydrodynamic theory of jets (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics (Moscow, 1988), 201-217.
- References for Hermann Hankel
- P G J Vredenduin, Gleanings from the history of the negative number (Dutch), Euclides (Groningen) 61 (10) (1985/86), 331-337.
- References for Eduard Kummer
- References for Albert Nijenhuis
- https://www.math.upenn.edu/about/department-history/in-memoriam
.
- References for Roy Kerr
- S Hawking, A Brief History of Time (Bantam Books, 1988).
- References for James MacCullagh
- N D McMillan, History of mathematics : J MacCullagh and W R Hamilton - the triumph of Irish mathematics 1827-1865, Irish Math.
- References for Georg Joachim Rheticus
- R Hooykaas, Rheticus's lost treatise on Holy Scripture and the motion of the Earth, Journal for the history of astronomy 15 (1984), 77-80.
- References for Heinrich Suter
- B A Rosenfeld and E Ihsanoglu, Mathematicians, astronomers, and other scholars of Islamic civilization and their works (7th-19th c.) (Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, Istanbul, 2003).
- References for Jean-Baptiste Bélanger
- O Darrigol, Worlds of Flow - A History of Hydrodynamics from the Bernoullis to Prandtl (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005).
- References for Urbain Le Verrier
- J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society 1820-1920 (Royal Astronomical Society, London, 1923).
- References for Max Abraham
- C Cattani and M De Maria, Max Abraham and the reception of relativity in Italy: his 1912 and 1914 controversies with Einstein, Einstein and the history of general relativity (Boston, MA, 1989), 160-174.
- References for Luigi Bianchi
- D J Struik, Outline of a History of Differential Geometry (II), Isis 20 (1) (1933), 161-191.
- References for Wilhelm Schickard
- H H Goldstine, A brief history of the computer, in A century of mathematics in America 1 (Amer.
- References for Hanno Rund
- R S Pierce, Department History, Department of Mathematics, University of Arizona (2019).
- References for Gábor Szeg
- H Royden, A history of mathematics at Stanford, in A century of mathematics in America II (Amer.
- References for Domninus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Vijayanandi
- References for Adegoke Olubummo
- G Aladeojebi, History of Yorba Land (Partridge Africa, 2016).
- References for Nathaniel Bliss
- Nathaniel Bliss, in E Walter Maunder, The Royal Observatory Greenwich A Glance At Its History And Work (London, 1900).
- References for Adolf Weiler
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Willebrord Snell
- K van Berkel, A note on Rudolf Snellius and the early history of mathematics in Leiden, in Mathematics from manuscript to print, 1300-1600, Oxford, 1984 (Oxford Univ.
- References for Myron Mathisson
- B Sredniawa, Myron Mathisson's and Jan Weyssenhoff's work on the problem of motion in general relativity, in Studies in the history of general relativity, Luminy, 1988 (Birkhauser Boston, Boston, MA, 1992), 400-406; 465.
- References for Eduard Heine
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/heine/index.html
.
- References for Charles Augustin Coulomb
- Yu A Lyubimov, The memoirs of Coulomb - the beginning of modern electromagnetism (Russian), History and methodology of the natural sciences XXX (Moscow, 1983), 101-129.
- References for Ernst Abbe
- M G Kendall, The work of Ernst Abbe, in M G Kendal and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 331-335.
- References for Anthemius
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Hugh Dowker
- I M James, Some topologists, in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 883-908.
- References for Irving Stringham
- C C Moore, Mathematics at Berkeley: A History (Taylor & Francis, 2007).
- References for Rudolf Lipschitz
- R Tazzioli, Rudolf Lipschitz's work on differential geometry and mechanics, in The history of modern mathematics III (Boston, MA, 1994), 113-138.
- References for Harry Schmidt
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/schmidt/index.html
.
- References for Xenocrates
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Edsger Dijkstra
- P L Frana, Oral history interview with Edsger W Dijkstra, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
.
- References for Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogolyubov
- T F Lucka, An investigation of the rate of convergence of the variational methods in the works of N M Krylov and N N Bogoljubov (Russian), in Problems in the history of mathematics and mechanics (Russian), Inst.
- References for Guido Ascoli
- L Giacardi, Guido Ascoli: Livorno 1887 - Turin 1957, The first century of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (1908-2008), History of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction.
- References for Moritz Pasch
- References for Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh
- A T Grigor'yan, Academician Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh and his contribution to the development of his native-land science (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1991-1992 (Russian) ('Nauka', Moscow, 1997), 249-257.
- References for Paul Epstein
- C L Siegel, On the history of the Frankfurt Mathematics Seminar, Math.
- References for Wilhelm Bessel
- A M Clerke, A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century (1902).
- References for Christopher Clavius
- L Maieru, John Wallis : a reading of the polemics between Peletier and Clavius concerning the angle of contact (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 315-364.
- References for Gustav Elfving
- J Fellman, Glimpses at the history of the statistical science in Finland, Theory of Stochastic Processes 3 (19) (1997), 177-182.
- References for Carl Siegel
- C L Siegel, On the history of the Frankfurt Mathematics Seminar, Math.
- References for Katherine Johnson
- National Visionary, Oral History Archive, National Visionary Leadership Project.
- References for Xu Guang-qi
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Omar Khayyam
- R Rashed and A Djebbar (eds), L'Oeuvre algebrique d'al-Khayyam (Arabic), Sources and Studies in the History of Arabic Mathematics 3 (Aleppo, 1981).
- References for Stanisaw Zaremba
- L L Kul'vetsas, S Zaremba's attempts to axiomatize the notion of time in classical mechanics (Russian), Investigations in the history of mechanics (Moscow, 1981), 141-147.
- References for John Sacrobosco
- O Pedersen, In Quest of Sacrobosco, Journal for the History of Astronomy 16 (1985), 175-221.
- References for Goro Shimura
- S Lang, Some history of the Shimura-Taniyama conjecture, Notices Amer.
- References for August Möbius
- St-J Kettle, The early life of Mobius and the World in which he lived, in J N Crossley (ed.), First Australian Conference on the History of Mathematics (Clayton, 1981), 145-158.
- References for Hermann Bleuler
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Jakob Nielsen
- V L Hansen, Jakob Nielsen and his contributions to topology, in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 979-990.
- References for Joseph Kruskal
- E Williams, Joseph B Kruskal Papers, 1926-2003, Archives of American Mathematics, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin (2012).
- References for Karl Sigmund
- W Sieg, Review: Kurt Godel - The Album,nby J Dawson, K Muhlberger and Karl Sigmund, History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (1) (2008), 94-96.
- References for al-Kashi
- A-K Dakhel, Al-Kashi on root extraction, Sources and Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences 2.
- References for Ida Rhodes
- J E Tomayko, Ida Rhodes and the dreams of a human computer, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 22 (1) (2000), 82-85.
- References for William Emerson
- R Gow, Letters of William Emerson and Francis Holliday to the publisher, John Nourse, British Society for the History of Mathematics Bulletin 21 (1) (2006), 40-50.
- References for Germinal Dandelin
- F Cajori, The Dandelin-Graffe method, in A history of Mathematics (New York, 1938), 364.
- References for George Udny Yule
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for John Couch Adams
- J L E Dreyer and H H Turner (eds.), History of the Royal Astronomical Society (London, 1923).
- References for Charles Weatherburn
- http://www.math.canterbury.ac.nz/php/about/history/
.
- References for Gino Loria
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the history of mathematics: its historical development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- References for Eberhard Hopf
- M Frank, Eberhard Hopf : The ergodic theorist who went back to Germany in 1936, American Mathematical Society Meeting (special session on history of mathematics), Washington, DC, (January, 2000).
- References for Erasmus Reinhold
- P D Omodeo and I Tupikova, The post-Copernican reception of Ptolemy: Erasmus Reinhold's commented edition of the 'Almagest', book one (Wittenberg, 1549), in Journal for the History of Astronomy 44 (2013), 235-256.
- References for Walter Rouse Ball
- E M Blake, Review: A Primer of the History of Mathematics, by W W Rouse Ball, Science, New Series 5 (113) (1897), 352-353.
- References for Joseph Fourier
- S Takata, J B Fourier in the history of thermal radiation research, Historia Sci.
- References for Michael Atiyah
- http://www.newton.ac.uk/about/history/atiyah
.
- References for John Dee
- R Poole, John Dee and the English calendar : Science, Religion and Empire, in Electronic Seminars in History (Lancaster, 1997).
- References for Oscar Schlömilch
- P Schreiber, Johann August Grunert and his Archiv der Mathematik und Physik as an integrative factor of everyone's mathematics in the middle of the nineteenth century, in Catherine Goldstein, Jeremy Gray and Jim Ritter, Mathematical Europe: History, Myth, Identity (Editions MSH, 1996), 431-444.
- References for Charles Tinseau
- C B Boyer, History of Analytic Geometry (New York, 1956), 207.
- References for James Hutton
- D R Dean, James Hutton and the history of geology (Ithaca, 1992).
- References for Jan ukasiewicz
- T Kotarbinski, Jan Lukasiewicz's works on the history of logic, Studia Logica 8 (1958), 57-62.
- References for Ludwig Bieberbach
- H Mehrtens, Ludwig Bieberbach and Deutsche Mathematik, in E R Phillips (ed.), Studies in the history of mathematics (Washington DC, 1987), 195-241.
- References for Carl Friedrich Gauss
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Charles Whish
- D Pingree, Hellenophilia versus the History of Science, Isis 83(4) (1992), 554-563.
- References for Leopold Vietoris
- H Reitberger, The contributions of L Vietoris and H Tietze to the foundations of general topology, in Handbook of the history of general topology 1 (Kluwer Acad.
- References for Antonio Bordoni
- History of the Faculty of Engineering, University of Pavia.
- References for Nicholas Oresme
- E Grant, Nicole Oresme and the Commensurability or Incommensurability of Celestial Motions, Archive for History of Exact Science 1 (1961), 420-.
- References for Mihailo Petrovi
- http://www.mi.sanu.ac.rs/novi_sajt/aboutus/history/distiguished_mathematicians/petrovic.php
.
- References for Gustave Dumas
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Johann Friedrich Pfaff
- S S Demidov, On the history of the theory of first-order partial differential equations : The works of J F Pfaff and A Cauchy (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Shaun Wylie
- I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999).
- References for Frank Smithies
- F Smithies, Cauchy's Conception of Rigour in Analysis, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 36 (1) (1986), 41-61.
- References for Jacques Bertillon
- R C Riley, The Morbidity of Medical Practitioners, Social History of Medicine 9 (3) (1996), 467-471.
- References for Archytas
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Cyrus Colton MacDuffee
- http://www.math.osu.edu/history/biographies/CyrusMacDuffee.html
.
- References for Pavel Aleksandrov
- A P Yushkevich, P S Aleksandrov's work on the history of mathematics (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Julius Weingarten
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in the history of mathematics for 1986 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Thomas Bradwardine
- References for John Pople
- D K Allison and D Morrow, Transcript of a Video History Interview with John Pople, Computerworld Honors Program International Archives.
- References for Haskell Curry
- J P Seldin, In memoriam: Haskell Brooks Curry, in Perspectives on the history of mathematical logic (Boston, Boston, MA, 1991), 169-175.
- References for Charles S Peirce
- J W Dauben, Charles S Peirce, Evolutionary Pragmatism and the History of Science, Centaurus 38 (1996), 22-82.
- References for George Hill
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 117-124.
- References for Arnold Walfisz
- R Siegmund-Schultze, Rockefeller and the Internationalization of Mathematics Between the Two World Wars: Documents and Studies for the Social History of Mathematics in the 20th Century (Springer, New York, 2001).
- References for Finlay Freundlich
- K Hentschel, Erwin Finlay Freundlich and Testing Einstein's Theory of Relativity, Archive for History of Exact Science 47 (1994), 143-201.
- References for William Young
- Bulletin of the Indian Society for the History of Mathematics 9 (1987), 41-44.
- References for Ernst Julius Amberg
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Annibale Giordano
- P Colletta, History of the Kingdom of Naples 1734-1825: Translated from the Italian by S Horner (Hamilton, Adams, and Co., London).
- References for Nicolas Chuquet
- B Moss, Chuquet's mathematical executor : could Estienne de la Roche have changed the history of algebra?, in C Hay (ed.), Mathematics from manuscript to print 1300-1600 (Oxford, 1988), 117-126.
- References for Al-Farisi
- R Rashed, Materials for the study of the history of amicable numbers and combinatorial analysis (Arabic), J.
- References for Erich Bessel-Hagen
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba, Writing the History of Mathematics: Its Historical Development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- References for Louis Antoine
- C A Pickover, The Math Book: From Pythagoras to the 57th Dimension, 250 Milestones in the History of Mathematics (Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009).
- References for Thoralf Skolem
- G Gjone, Uber Leben und Werk von Thoralf Skolem, Contributions to the history, philosophy and methodology of mathematics, Wiss.
- References for Thomas Fantet de Lagny
- E M Bruins, On the history of approximative computation, Janus 60 (1973), 199-206.
- References for William Clifford
- History of mechanism and machine science (Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2007), 79-116.
- References for Friedrich Engel
- W Purkert, Zum Verhaltnis von Sophus Lie und Friedrich Engel, Contributions to the history, philosophy and methodology of mathematics, Wiss.
- References for Giusto Bellavitis
- P Freguglia, The foundations of the algebra of imaginary quantities according to Giusto Bellavitis (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 143-168.
- References for Wenceslaus Johann Gustav Karsten
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/karsten/index.html
.
- References for Porphyry
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Arthur Coble
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 233-236.
- References for Theodor Anghelu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- References for Paul Wittich
- O Gingerich and M Gingerich, Matriculation ages in Sixteenth-Century Wittenberg, History of Universities 6 (1987), 135-137.
- References for Ruth Gentry
- D Fenster and K Parshall, Women in the American Mathematical Research Community : 1891-1906, in E Knobloch and D Rowe (eds.), The History of Modern Mathematics III (229-261.
- References for Boethius
- B Russell, History of Western Philosophy (London, 1961), 366-370.
- References for Olinthus Gregory
- A Rice, Inspiration or Desperation? Augustus De Morgan's Appointment to the Chair of Mathematics at London University in 1828, The British Journal for the History of Science 30 (3) (1997), 257-274.
- References for Serenus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Karl Menger
- L Punzo, The school of mathematical formalism and the Viennese circle of mathematical economists, Journal of the History of Economic Thought 13 (1991), 1-18.
- References for Richard Kadison
- https://www.math.upenn.edu/about/department-history/in-memoriam
.
- References for Ferdinand von Lindemann
- Bulletin of the Indian Society for the History of Mathematics 4 (3-4) (1982), 102-108.
- References for John Keill
- A Guerrini, James Keill, George Cheyne, and Newtonian physiology, 1690-1740, Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1985), 247-266.
- References for Heinrich Jung
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/jung/index.html
.
- References for Georg Zehfuss
- H V Henderson, F Pukelsheim and S R Searle, On the history of the Kronecker product, Linear and Multilinear Algebra 14 (2) (1983), 113-120.
- References for Sporus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Gaetano Scorza
- A Guerraggio, Mathematicians and political economies: the polemics between Scorza and Pareto (Italian), Conference on the History of Mathematics (Italian), Cetraro, 1988 (Sem.
- References for Albert of Saxony
- S Drake, Free Fall from Albert of Saxony to Honore Fabri, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 5 (4) (1975), 347-366.
- References for Ward Cheney
- E W Cheney Papers, 1933-2005, Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
- References for John Charles Fields
- C Riehm, The Early History of the Fields Medal, Notices Amer.
- References for Pascual Jordan
- A History of Quantum Physics through Its Textbooks (Edition Open Access, 2013).
- References for Alexis Clairaut
- V J Katz, The history of differential forms from Clairaut to Poincare, Historia Math.
- References for Alfred Barnard Basset
- A B Basset, History of hydrodynamics, in A treatise on hydrodynamics, with numerous examples (Deighton, Bell and Company, 1888).
- References for Mór Réthy
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Francesco Faà di Bruno
- W P Johnson, The Curious History of Faa di Bruno's Formula, Amer.
- References for Chuan-Chih Hsiung
- C-C Hsiung, Personal and professional history, in C-C Hsiung, Selected papers of Chuan-Chih Hsiung (World Scientific Publishing Co., Inc., River Edge, NJ, 2001), xi-xii.
- References for Monteiro da Rocha
- Rocha, Jose Monteiro da (1734-1819), University of Coimbra, History of Science.
- References for Ludwig Schläfli
- V M Strel'cova, On the history of n-dimensional polyhedra (Russian), Kazakhstan Interuniv.
- References for Amédée Mannheim
- A M Tokarenko, Development of the methods of the exact synthesis of mechanisms in England (1870s-1880s) (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1988 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1988), 218-232.
- References for Johannes Campanus
- N Swerdlow, The planetary theory of Campanus, Journal for the History of Astronomy 4 (1973), 59-61.
- References for Laura Bassi
- M Alic, Hypatia's Heritage : A history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century (The Women's Press, London, 1986).
- References for Jacob ben Tibbon
- G Sarton, Introduction to the history of science II (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1931), 850.
- References for Raphael Weldon
- K Pearson, Walter Frank Raphael Weldon, 1860-1906, in E S Pearson and M G Kendall, Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability (London, 1970), 265-322.
- References for Heinrich Burkhardt
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Aderemi Kuku
- G A Abiodun, The history of Okun-Owa, Ijebu, Ogun State (Topspeed Press, 2001).
- References for Henry White
- R C Archibald, Henry Seely White, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 158-161.
- References for Hans Freudenthal
- W T van Est, Hans Freudenthal : 17 September 1905 - 13 October 1990, in History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 1009-1019.
- References for Antoni Zygmund
- A Zygmund, Notes on the history of Fourier series, in Studies in harmonic analysis, Proc.
- References for Mauritz Dahlin
- E M Dahlin, Contributions to the history of mathematics in Sweden before 1679 (Swedish) (1875).
- References for Gustav Roch
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/roch/index.html
.
- References for Julius Weisbach
- H Rouse and S Ince, History of Hydraulics (New York, 1963).
- References for Hendrik Lorentz
- J A Kox, Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, the Ether and the General Theory of Relativity, Archive for History of Exact Science 38 (1988), 67-78.
- References for Alexis Petit
- J W van Spronsen, The history and prehistory of the law of Dulong and Petit as applied to the determination of atomic weights, Chymia 12 (1967), 157-169.
- References for Heinrich Maschke
- G Zappa, History of the solution of fifth- and sixth-degree equations, with an emphasis on the contributions of Francesco Brioschi (Italian), Rend.
- References for Hans Schubert
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/schubert/index.html
.
- References for Jean Claude Saint-Venant
- J D Anderson, A History of Aerodynamics (Cambridge, 1997).
- References for Daniel O'Connell
- http://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4801
.
- References for Jean-Baptiste Biot
- D Raina, Jean-Baptiste Biot on the history of Indian astronomy (1830-1860): the nation in the post-enlightenment historiography of science, Indian J.
- References for Gordon Preston
- G B Preston, Personal reminiscences of the early history of semigroups, in Monash Conference on Semigroup Theory, Melbourne, 1990 (World Sci.
- References for Jagannatha
- References for Martin Davis
- R S Wallace, Mathematicians who forget the mistakes of history: a review of 'Engines of Logic' by Martin Davis, A.L.I.C.E.
- References for Apastamba
- A E Raik and V N Ilin, A reconstruction of the solution of certain problems from the Apastamba Sulba Sutra Apastamba (Russian), in A P Juskevic, S S Demidov, F A Medvedev and E I Slavutin, Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 220-222; 302.
- References for Ladislaus Bortkiewicz
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Anders Celsius
- https://www.uu.se/en/about-uu/history/celsius/
.
- References for Alfred Tarski
- H Sinaceur, Mathematiques et metamathematique du congres de Paris (1900) au congres de Nice (1970): nombres reels et theorie des modeles dans les travaux de Tarski, Studies in the history of modern mathematics II, Rend.
- References for David Fowler
- C Zeeman, Obituary David Fowler : A leading expert on the history of early Greek mathematics and head of Warwick University's Mathematics Research Centre, The Guardian (Monday, 3 May 2004).
- References for Walter Gröbli
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Gaston Julia
- D S Alexander, A history of complex dynamics : from Schruder to Fatou and Julia (Braunschweig, 1994).
- References for Hypatia
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Edward Van Vleck
- R C Archibald, Edward Burr Van Vleck, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 170-173.
- References for Heinrich Friedrich Weber
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Amélie Harlay
- M Alic, Hypatia's Heritage : A history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century (The Women's Press, London, 1986).
- References for Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
- K C Wali, S Chandrasekhar's contributions to general relativity, in The attraction of gravitation : new studies in the history of general relativity, Johnstown, PA, 1991 (Boston, MA, 1993), 332-349.
- References for Dinostratus
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Walter Ledermann
- W Ledermann, Memoir : Two Mathematical Cultures, British Society for the History Mathematics Newsletter 41 (Spring 2000), 5-10.
- References for Jeno Hunyadi
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Zu Geng
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Rolf Nevanlinna
- G Elfving, The history of mathematics in Finland 1828-1918 (Soc.
- References for Henry Fine
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 167-170.
- References for Gyula Farkas
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Wacaw Sierpiski
- A Schinzel, The role of Waclaw Sierpinski in the history of Polish mathematics (Polish), Wiadomosci matematyczne 26 (1) (1984), 1-9.
- References for Marius Lacombe
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Sewall Green Wright
- J F Crow, Sewall Wright's Place in Twentieth Century Biology, Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1990), 57-89.
- References for Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotsky
- A P Yushkevich, History of mathematics in Russia until 1917 (Russian) (Moscow, 1968).
- References for René Baire
- P Dugac, Notes et documents sur la vie et l'oeuvre de Rene Baire, Archive for History of Exact Science 15 (1976), 297-.
- References for Ruan Yuan
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Louis Arbogast
- L A Ljusternik and S S Petrova, From the history of symbolic calculus (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Walter Feit
- R Solomon, A brief history of the classification of the finite simple groups, Bull.
- References for Otto Hesse
- History of mathematics and education: ideas and experiences (Gottingen, 1996), 149-172.
- References for Maria Cunitz
- M Alic, Hypatia's Heritage : A history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century (The Women's Press, London, 1986).
- References for Empedocles
- W K C Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy II (Cambridge, 1965), 122-265.
- References for Henry Watson
- D G Kendall, Branching processes since 1873, in M G Kendall and R L Plackett (eds.), Studies in the History of Statistics and Probability II (London, 1977), 383-405.
- References for Al-Nayrizi
- H L L Busard, Einiges uber die Handschrift Leiden 399, 1 und die arabisch-lateinische ubersetzung von Gerhard von Cremona, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 173-205.
- References for Paul Ehrenfest
- G E Gorelik, Ehrenfest and the problem of the dimension of physical space (Russian), in Investigations in the history of mechanics, 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1983), 245-260.
- References for Eduard Wiltheiss
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/wiltheiss/index.html
.
- References for Nikolai Luzin
- S S Demidov, From the early history of the Moscow school of function theory, Philosophia Mathematica 3 (1988), 29-35.
- References for Arne Beurling
- S Nardis, A History in Sum (Harvard University Press, 2013).
- References for Jean-Charles de Borda
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1983 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for C V Mourey
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Lewis.pdf
.
- References for Bryson
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Grigore Moisil
- A Haimovici, A page from the history of the Mathematics Seminar of Iasi : Gr C Moisil (Romanian), Gaz.
- References for Theodor Estermann
- http://www.aip.org/history/ohilist/4593.html
.
- References for Maryam Mirzakhani
- I Sample, Fields Medal mathematics prize won by woman for first time in its history, The Guardian (13 August 2014).
- References for William Spottiswoode
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1983 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Heinz Hopf
- G Frei and U Stammbach, Heinz Hopf, in History of topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 991-1008.
- References for Robert Remak
- H Hagemann and L F Punzo, On Robert Remak's Superposed Price Systems, History of Economics Society, Toronto, 25-28 June 2004.
- References for John Pell
- T Birch, The History of the Royal Society of London 4 (London, 1757), 444-447.
- References for August Gutzmer
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/gutzmer/index.html
.
- References for Johann Bernoulli
- V A Nikiforovskii, The great mathematicians Bernoulli (Russian), History of Science and Technology Nauka' (Moscow, 1984).
- References for Wolfgang Haack
- P Forman and J M Sanchez-Ron (eds.), Wolfgang Haack, National Military Establishments and the Advancement of Science and Technology: Studies in 20th Century History (Springer, 2001), 112.
- References for John Wilkins
- Modern History 3 (1931), 539-563.
- References for Norman Steenrod
- I M James, Some topologists, in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 883-908.
- References for James Gregory
- A Malet, James Gregorie on Tangents and the 'Taylor' Rule for Series Expansions, Archive for History of Exact Science 46 (1993-94), 97-137.
- References for Charles Hutton
- A G Howson, Charles Hutton, in A History of Mathematics Education in England (Cambridge, 1982), 59-74.
- References for Adolf Kneser
- P V Mjursepp, Professor of mathematics Adolf Kneser (1862-1930) and the Tartu University, Items from history of science in the Estonian SSR (Acad.
- References for R H Bing
- M Starbird, R H Bing's human and mathematical vitality, in Handbook of the history of general topology, Vol.
- References for Julius Gysel
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Vincenzo Viviani
- L Boschiero, Post-Galilean Thought and Experiment in Seventeenth-century Italy: The Life and Work of Vincenzio Viviani, History of Science 43 (2005), 77-100.
- References for Étienne Bobillier
- V V Povstenko, The development of the theory of centres of curvature of plane roulettes in the works of E Bobillier, Ph Gilbert and G Koenigs (Russian), in Questions on the history of mathematical natural science (Kiev, 1979), 26-35.
- References for Guidobaldo del Monte
- E Gamba, Documents of Muzio Oddi for the history of the proportional compass (Italian), Physis Riv.
- References for Wilhelm Killing
- T Hawkins, Wilhelm Killing and the Structure of Lie Algebras, Archive for History of Exact Science 26 (1982), 126-192.
- References for Robert May
- https://www.science.org.au/learning/general-audience/history/interviews-australian-scientists/lord-robert-may-physicist-and
.
- References for Blagoj Popov
- http://www.mi.sanu.ac.rs/History/mitrinovic.htm
.
- References for Alan Broadbent
- T A A Broadbent, The Mathematical Gazette: Our History and Aims, The Mathematical Gazette 30 (291) (1946), 186-194.
- References for John Craig
- S M Stigler, John Craig and the probability of history : from the death of Christ to the birth of Laplace, Journal of the American Statistical Association 81 (1986), 879-887.
- References for Al-Samawal
- References for Fritz (Friedrich) Bützberger
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for John Purser
- W B M, Professor John Purser, in Centenary volume, 1821-1921: A review of the activities of the society for 100 years with historical notes, and memoirs of many distinguished members (Belfast Natural History and Philosophical Society, 1924), 98-99.
- References for Tobias Mayer
- A Berry, A Short History of Astronomy (London, 1898), 282.
- References for Albert Girard
- H Gray Funkhouser, A Short Account of the History of Symmetric Functions of Roots of Equations, Amer.
- References for Ludwig Sylow
- G Casadio and G Zappa, History of the Sylow theorem and its proofs (Italian), Boll.
- References for Jordanus Nemorarius
- J Hoyrup, Jordanus de Nemore, 13th Century Mathematical Innovator, Archive for History of Exact Science 38 (1988), 307-363.
- References for Lev Landau
- On the 80th anniversary of his birth, Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1988 (Russian) ('Nauka', Moscow, 1988), 139-143.
- References for David Gregory
- C M Eagles, David Gregory and Newtonian Science, British Journal for the History of Science 10 (1977), 216-225.
- References for Cora Sadosky
- J E Taylor and S M Wiegand, AWM in the 1990s: A Recent History of the Association for Women in Mathematics, Amer.
- References for Wang Xiaotong
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Robert Boyle
- M Hunter, How Boyle became a scientist, History of Science 33 (1995), 59-103.
- References for Mansur
- G P Matvievskaya and Kh Tllashev, The works of Abu Nasr ibn Iraq on spherics (Russian), in On the history of medieval Eastern mathematics and astronomy (Tashkent, 1983), 82-171.
- References for A A Krishnaswami Ayyangar
- A K Srinivasan and A K Rajagopal (eds.), A A Krishnaswami Ayyangar's Works on the History of Indian Mathematics (CD available from attipat@eth.net).
- References for Ernest Corominas i Vigneaux
- M Mazzotti, Review: Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer, by Antonio Malet, The British Journal for the History of Science 31 (1) (1998), 100-101.
- References for George Birkhoff
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 212-218.
- References for James Booth
- R Willis, Testing Times: A History of Vocational, Civil Service and Secondary Examinations in England since 1850 (Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2013).
- References for Lóránd Eötvös
- Vl P Vizgin, Eotvos and Einstein (Russian), History of science, 'Metsniereba' (Tbilisi, 1984), 86-89.
- References for Anders Wiman
- L Mazliak, How Paul Levy saw Jean Ville and Martingales, Electronic Journal for History of Probability and Statistics 5 (1) (June 2009).
- References for Hendrik de Vries
- P Bockstable, Benelux, in Joseph W Dauben and Christoph J Scriba (eds.), Writing the history of mathematics: its historical development (Birkhauser, 2002).
- References for Francesco Maurolico
- M Clagett, Francesco Maurolico's use of Medieval archimedean texts: the 'De sphaera et cylindro', in Science and History: Studies in honour of Edward Rosen (Ossolineum, 1978), 37-52.
- References for Ahmad Banu Musa
- D El-Dabbah, The geometrical treatise of the ninth-century Baghdad mathematicians Banu Musa (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for Mary Somerville
- E C Patterson, Mary Somerville, British Journal for the History of Science 4 (1969), 311-339.
- References for Christoph Gudermann
- References for Nikolai Chebotaryov
- A V Dorodnov, Nikolai Grigorievich Chebotaryov (1894-1947) (Russian), A survey of the history of the N G Chebotaryov Research Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics (Kazan, 1989), 110-118.
- References for Antiphon
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 Vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Cornelius Lanczos
- G H Golub and D P O'Leary, Some history of the conjugate gradient and Lanczos algorithms : 1948-1976, SIAM Rev.
- References for Ernst Fiedler
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Leopold Klug
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Heinrich Scherk
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/scherk/index.html
.
- References for Nassim Taleb
- M Novarese, Review: The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable, by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, History of Economic Ideas 15 (3) (2007), 188-191.
- References for Leone Battista Alberti
- C Romo Santos, The mirror of our history: the great Aragonese mathematicians (Spanish), Rev.
- References for Albrecht Dürer
- J Peiffer, Le style mathematique de Durer et sa conception de la geometrie, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 49-61.
- References for Adrien Auzout
- A Wolf, A History of Science, Technology and Philosophy in the 16th & 17th Centuries (George Allen & Unwin, London, 1935), 171-172.
- References for Eliakim Moore
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 144-150.
- References for Ferran Sunyer
- M Mazzotti, Review: Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer, by Antoni Malet, The British Journal for the History of Science 31 (1) (1998), 100-101.
- References for Édouard Goursat
- V Katz, Differential forms, in History of topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1999), 111-122.
- References for Martin Bartels
- U Lumiste, Differential geometry in Estonia: history and recent developments (Finnish), Arkhimedes (4) 1996 (1996), 31-34.
- References for Marian arin
- D Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, 8th Conference on History of Mathematics and Teaching of Mathematics, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 22-25 May 2014.
- References for Zu Chongzhi
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Hildegard Ille
- A Soifer, Ramsey Theory Before Ramsey, Prehistory and Early History: An Essay in 13 Parts, in A Soifer (ed.), Ramsey Theory: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (Springer Science & Business Media, 2010), 1-26.
- References for Percy Daniell
- S M Stigler, Simon Newcomb, Percy Daniell, and the History of Robust Estimation 1885-1920, J.
- References for Bhaskara II
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- References for Johannes Robert Rydberg
- P C Hamilton, Reaching out: Janne Rydberg's struggle for recognition, in Svante Linqvist (ed.), Center on the periphery: Historical aspects of 20th century Swedish physics (Science History Publications, Canton, Massachusetts, 1993), 269-292.
- References for Giuseppe Biancani
- L Thorndike, A History of magic and experimental Science VII (New York-London, 1964), 48-51; 423.
- References for John T Graves
- L E Dickson, On quaternions and their generalization and the history of the eight square theorem, Annals of Math.
- References for Georgy Voronoy
- I Sh Slavutskii, Outline of the history of research on the arithmetic properties of Bernoulli numbers (von Staudt, Kummer, Voronoi) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Karl Feuerbach
- J S Mackay, History of the nine point circle, Proc.
- References for Wallace J Eckert
- J F Brennam, The IBM Watson Laboratory at Columbia University : A History (Armonk, NY, 1971).
- References for Al-Battani
- F J Ragep, Al-Battani, cosmology, and the early history of trepidation in Islam, in From Baghdad to Barcelona, Zaragoza, 1993 I, II (Barcelona, 1996), 267-298.
- References for Charles-Marie de La Condamine
- J Canizares-Esguerra, How to Write the History of the New World: Histories, Epistemologies, and Identities in the Eighteenth-century Atlantic World (Stanford University Press, 2001).
- References for Emil Artin
- K Miyake, The establishment of the Takagi-Artin class field theory, in The intersection of history and mathematics (Basel, 1994),109-128.
- References for Lazare Carnot
- A P Youschkevitch, L Carnot and the competition at the Berlin Academy of Sciences in the year 1786 on the topic of the mathematical theory of the infinite (Russian), Studies in the history of mathematics 18 (Moscow, 1973), 132-156.
- References for Timofei Fedorovic Osipovsky
- B A Rozenfeld, A History of Non-Euclidean Geometry : Evolution of the Concept of a Geometric Space (Springer, 1988).
- References for Alicia Boole Stott
- I Polo-Blanco, Alicia Boole Stott and four-dimensional polytopes, in Theory and History of Geometric Models (Ph.D.
- References for Jean Richer
- J R Gribbin The scientists: a history of science told through the lives of its greatest inventors (Random House, 2004).
- References for al-Hasan Banu Musa
- D El-Dabbah, The geometrical treatise of the ninth-century Baghdad mathematicians Banu Musa (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for Hermann Wiener
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/wiener/index.html
.
- References for Evangelista Torricelli
- L A Sorokina, Certain differential methods in the works of E Torricelli (Russian), in 1970 History and Methodology of Natural Sciences IX : Mechanics, Mathematics (Moscow, 1970), 218-226.
- References for Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1984 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Ellen Hayes
- H A Merrill, Ellen Hayes, Scrapbook of the History Department of Mathematics (1944), 41-46.
- References for Joseph Tilly
- S Cicenia and A Drago, Non-Euclidean geometries as physical theories (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Italian), Cetraro, 1988 (EditEl, Rende, 1991), 57-75.
- References for Karl Gräffe
- F Cajori, The Dandelin-Graffe method, in A history of Mathematics (New York, 1938), 364.
- References for Alfréd Haar
- D Vachov, Anniversaries in mathematics history for 1985 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Pietro Mengoli
- Pietro Mengoli (Russian), in Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 143-157.
- References for Zoárd Geöcze
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Nikolai Sergeevitch Krylov
- O V Kuznetsova, N S Krylov's investigations on the justifications of statistical mechanics (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1987 ('Nauka', Moscow, 1987), 80-96; 244-245.
- References for Gabriel Cramer
- N I Danilova, Problems of Cramer and L'Huilier in the works of Jacob Steiner (Russian), in Questions on the history of mathematical natural science (Kiev, 1979), 125-135.
- References for Henry Smith
- Y Koshiba, On the classical examples of functions that are not Riemann integrable in the writings of Volterra and H J Smith (Japanese), Studies on the history of mathematics (Japanese), Kyoto, 1998, Surikaisekikenkyusho Kokyuroku (1064) (1998), 1-5.
- References for David Enskog
- Historical Aspects of 20th Century Swedish Physics (Science history Publications, 1993).
- References for Albert Wangerin
- http://www.mathematik.uni-halle.de/history/wangerin/index.html
.
- References for Gustav de Vries
- F van der Blij, Some details of the history of the Korteweg-de Vries equation, Nieuw Arch.
- References for Karel Rychlik
- M Hyksova, Karel Rychlik (1885-1968) (Czech), History of Mathematics 22 (Prometheus, Prague, 2003).
- References for Anton Dimitrija Bilimovic
- http://www.mi.sanu.ac.rs/History/bilimovic.htm
.
- References for Apollonius
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics (2 vols.) (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Richard Dedekind
- H M Edwards, Dedekind's invention of ideals, in Studies in the history of mathematics (Washington, DC, 1987), 8-20.
- References for George Jerrard
- F Cajori, A History of Mathematics (1894).
- References for Dimitrei D Stancu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- References for Guillaume Bigourdan
- L Baillaud, The Chalon Astronomer Benjamin Baillaud, and a Short History of His Bust in the Public Garden of Chalon-sur-Saone, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sonoma University.
- References for Wilhelm Flügge
- K-E Kurrer, The History of the Theory of Structures: From Arch Analysis to Computational Mechanics (John Wiley & Sons, 2012).
- References for Florian Cajori
- U C Merzbach, The study of the history of mathematics in America : a centennial sketch, in A century of mathematics in America III (Providence, RI, 1989), 639-666.
- References for Elena Moldovan Popoviciu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- References for Ahmes
- How did the ancient Egyptian scribe prepare it?, Archive for the History of Exact Sciences 12 (1974), 291-298.
- References for Sheila Power Tinney
- C O'Halloran, 'Better Without the ladies': The Royal Irish Academy and the Admission of Women Members, Ireland History 19 (6) (2011), 42-45.
- References for John Machin
- I Tweddle, John Machin and Robert Simson on Inverse- tangent Series for p, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 42 (1) (1991), 1-14.
- References for William Oughter Lonie
- C Roger, History of St Andrews: with a full account of the recent improvements in the city (Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1849).
- References for J Presper Eckert
- P Eckstein, J Presper Eckert, Annals of the history of computing 18, (1996), 25-44.
- References for Benjamin Gompertz
- D Vachov and V Andreev, Anniversaries in history of mathematics for 1979 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for Gyula Vályi
- B Szenassy, History of Mathematics in Hungary until the 20th Century (Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 1992).
- References for Shiing-shen Chern
- Z Wang, Shiing-Shen Chern, 1911-2004, in X Zhao and E J W Park (eds.), Asian Americans: An Encyclopedia of Social, Cultural, Economic, and Political History (ABC-CLIO, 2013), 206-207.
- References for John Waterston
- http://www.math.umd.edu/~lvrmr/History/Neglected.html
.
- References for Franz Adolph Taurinus
- A Dou, Origins of non-Euclidean geometry : Saccheri, Lambert and Taurinus (Spanish), in History of mathematics in the XIXth century Madrid, 1991 1 (Madrid, 1992), 43-63.
- References for Sankara Narayana
- G Ifrah, A universal history of numbers : From prehistory to the invention of the computer (London, 1998).
- References for Joseph Liouville
- 1850), in The history of modern mathematics II (Boston, MA, 1989), 77-97.
- References for Frank Yates
- F Yates and D J Finney, Statistics and computing in agricultural research, in Agricultural research, 1931-1981 : a history of the Agricultural Research Council and a review of developments in agricultural science during the last fifty years (1981), 219-236.
- References for Vladimir A Steklov
- H O Ondar, A certain work of V A Steklov on probability theory (Russian) History and Methodology of Natural Sciences.
- References for Philip van Lansberge
- R Hooykaas, Selected studies in history of science (Acta Universitatis Conimbrigensis, UC Biblioteca Geral 1, 1983).
- References for Tom Apostol
- F J Swetz, Review: Project MATHEMATICS! Early History of Mathematics, by Tom M Apostol, The Mathematics Teacher 95 (2) (2002), 158-159.
- References for Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov
- V N Chinenova, On the history of the development of the extremal-energy criterion for stability (from Lagrange to Lyapunov) (Russian), in Mathematics and the mathematical sciences in Ukraine in the twentieth century (Ukrainian), Kam'yanets' -Podi l's'kii, 1999 (Kiev, 2001), 41-52.
- References for Thomas Fincke
- J Schonbeck, Thomas Fincke und die Geometria rotundi, NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicin 12 (2) (2004), 80-99.
- References for T J J See
- T J Sherrill, A Career of Controversy: The Anomaly of T J J See, Journal of the History of Astronomy 30 (1999), 25.
- References for Henri Mineur
- Interview with Gabrielle Mineur in Nice on 10 July 1986, History of the CNRS.
- References for James Stirling
- I Tweedle, James Stirling's early work on acceleration of convergence, Archive for History of Exact Science 45 (1992), 105-125.
- References for Paul Dubreil
- S C Coutinho, Quotient Rings of Noncommutative Rings in the First Half of the 20th Century, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 58 (3) (2004), 255-281.
- References for Leonid Vital'evich Kantorovich
- X F Ji, Kantorovich and linear programming (Chinese), Collected research papers on the history of mathematics (Chinese) Vol.
- References for Guillaume de l'Hôpital
- I Grattan-Guinness and H J M Bos, From the Calculus to Set Theory 1630-1910: An Introductory History (Princeton University Press, 2000).
- References for Yuri Vladimirovich Linnik
- A M Kagan, How important it is to understand sufficient statistics: the history of my acquaintance with Yurii Vladimirovich Linnik (on the 90-th anniversary of the birth of Yu V Linnik), Vestnik St Petersburg Univ.
- References for Kazimierz Kuratowski
- L C Arboleda, Les recherches de M Frechet, P Alexandrov, W Sierpinski et K Kuratowski sur la theorie des types de dimensions et les debuts de la topologie generale, Archive for History of Exact Science 24 (4) (1981), 339-388.
- References for Johann Faulhaber
- A W F Edwards, Sums of powers of integers : a little history, Mathematical Gazette 66 (1982), 22-29.
- References for Diederik Korteweg
- F van der Blij, Some details of the history of the Korteweg- de Vries equation, Nieuw Arch.
- References for Govindasvami
- References for Frank Morley
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 194-201.
- References for Jakob Rebstein
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for John Venn
- W C Salmon, John Venn's Logic of chance, Proceedings of the 1978 Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science II (Dordrecht- Boston, Mass., 1981),125-138.
- References for Herbert Seifert
- D Puppe, Herbert Seifert (1907-1966), in I M James (ed.), History of Topology (Amsterdam, 1999), 1021-1028.
- References for William Molyneux
- H C King, The History of the Telescope (Dover Publications, New York, 1979).
- References for Samuel Molyneux
- R H Scott, History of the Kew Observatory, Proc.
- References for Aurel Angelescu
- D I Duca and A Petrusel, Mathematics Education in Romanian at Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Proceeding 8th Conference on History of Mathematics & Teaching of Mathematics, 21-25 May 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
- References for Maxime Bôcher
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 161-166.
- References for Harish-Chandra
- Bulletin of the Indian Society for the History of Mathematics 8 (1-4) (1986), 42-43.
- References for Josif Zakharovich Shtokalo
- Yu A Mitropol'skii, O S Parasjuk and A N Bogolyubov, Iosif Zakharovich Shtokalo (on the occasion of his seventieth birthday) (Russian), in 1968 Problems in the Theory and History of Differential Equations (Russian) (Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1968), 3-12.
- References for Robert Geary
- T Boylan, R Prendergast and J Turner (eds.), A History of Irish Economic Thought (Routledge, London, 2013).
- References for Marquis de Condorcet
- A P Youschkevitch, The concept of function in the works of Condorcet (Russian), Studies in the history of mathematics 19 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1974), 158-166, 301.
- References for Poul Heegaard
- E S Munkholm and H J Munkholm, Poul Heegaard, in I M James (ed.), History of Algebraic Topology (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1997), 925-946.
- References for Viggo Brun
- O Ore, Review: The Art of Calculating in Old Norway until the Time of Abel, by Viggo Brun; and All is Number, a History of Mathematics from Antiquity to the Renaissance, by Viggo Brun, Amer.
- References for Alexander von Brill
- F Cajori, History of Mathematics (American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, 1991).
- References for al-Jayyani
- References for Émile Lemoine
- J L Coolidge, Emile-Michel-Hyacinthe Lemoine, in A history of geometrical methods (Oxford, 1940), 58.
- References for Max Planck
- M J Klein, Max Planck and the Beginnings of Quantum Theory, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 1 (1962), 459-479.
- References for Philon
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Albin Herzog
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Niels Abel
- R G Ayoub, Paolo Ruffini's Contributions to the Quintic, Archive for History of Exact Science 23 (1980), 253-277.
- References for Hippias
- T L Heath, A History of Greek Mathematics I (Oxford, 1921).
- References for Frans van Schooten
- G Alberts, E Atzema and J van Maanen, Mathematics in the Netherlands : A brief survey with emphasis on the relation to physics, 1560-1960, in Klaas van Berkel, Albert Van Helden, L C Palm, A History of Science in the Netherlands : Survey, Themes, and Reference (BRILL, 1999), 367-.
- References for Wilhelm Lexis
- S M Stigler, The History of Statistics.
- References for Joseph Gergonne
- K Chemla, The background to Gergonne's treatment of duality : spherical trigonometry in the late 18th century, in The history of modern mathematics I (Boston, MA, 1989), 331-359.
- References for Tycho Brahe
- W G Wesley, Tycho Brache's solar observations, Journal for the history of astronomy 10 (1979), 96-101.
- References for Ernest Brown
- R C Archibald, A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 173-183.
- References for Reinher of Paderborn
- E Zinner, zu: George Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science, Deutsche Literaturzeitung, Dritte Folge, 4.
- References for Ernesto Cesàro
- F Palladino and R Tazzioli, Letters of Eugenio Beltrami to Ernesto Cesaro, Archive for History of Exact Science 49 (4) (1996), 321-353.
- References for Friedrich Karl Schmidt
- P Roquette, History of valuation theory I, in Valuation theory and its applications (American Mathematical Society, Providence, 2002), 291-355.
- References for Robert Woodhouse
- E Koppelman, The calculus of operations and the rise of abstract algebra, Archive for History of Exact Sciences 8 (1971-2), 155-242.
- References for Zeno of Sidon
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Baha' al-Din al-Amili
- S H Nasr, Shaykh Baha' al-Din al-Amili, in P Jackson and L Lockhart (eds.), The Cambridge History of Iran 6 (Cambrdge University Press, Cambridge, 1986), 666-675.
- References for Jacques de Billy
- D Vachov and V Andreev, Anniversaries in history of mathematics for 1979 (Bulgarian), Fiz.-Mat.
- References for George Forsythe
- J Varah, The influence of George Forsythe and his students, in A history of scientific computing, Princeton, NJ, 1987 (ACM, New York, 1990), 31-40.
- References for Edvard Phragmén
- L Garding, Some points of analysis and their history (American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 1997).
- References for Gherard
- H L L Busard, Einiges uber die Handschrift Leiden 399, 1 und die arabisch-lateinische ubersetzung von Gerhard von Cremona, in History of mathematics (San Diego, CA, 1996), 173-205.
- References for Igor Rostislavovich Shafarevich
- A G Meyer, Review: Socialism as a Phenomenon in World History (Russsian), by I R Shafarevich, Russian Review 37 (3) (1978), 343-344.
- References for Hanna Neumann
- R Chandler and W Magnus, The history of combinatorial group theory (Springer, New York, 1982).
- References for Bhaskara I
- References for Adolf Lindenbaum
- J Woleński, Mathematical Logic in Poland 1900-1939: People, Institutions Circles, Institutions, Ideas, in J Woleński, Essays in the History of Logic and Logical Philosophy (Jagiellonian University Press, Krakow, 1999), 59-84.
- References for John Leslie
- R G Olson, Scottish philosophy and mathematics : 1750-1830, Journal of the History of Ideas 32 (1971), 29-44.
- References for Aleksei Krylov
- http://www.navy.ru/history/b-krylov.htm
.
- References for Sergei Novikov
- S C Ferry, A Ranickiand J Rosenberg, A history and survey of the Novikov conjecture, in Novikov conjectures, index theorems and rigidity 1 (Cambridge, 1995), 7-66.
- References for Henry Briggs
- E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Burgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
- References for Charles Noble
- E S Harrison, History of Santa Cruz County, California (Pacific Press Publishing Company, San Francisco, California, 1892).
- References for Howard Van Amringe
- R C Archibald, John Howard Van Amringe, in A semicentennial history of the American Mathematical Society 1888-1938 (New York, 1980), 110-112.
- References for Bent Christiansen
- G Schubring, Bent Christiansen : Aalborg, 7 May 1921 - Copenhagen, 3 September 1996, History of the ICMI.
- References for Charles Hughes Terrot
- J Grant, Old and New Edinburgh: Its History, its People, and its Places, IV (London, 1881).
- References for Alexander Wilson
- A M Clerke, A popular history of astronomy during the nineteenth century 2nd edn (1887).
- References for Giuseppe Bagnera
- G Casadio and G Zappa, The history of p-groups from their origins until 1919 (Italian), Boll.
- References for Joan Clarke
- J A N Lee, Joan Elisabeth Lowther Clarke Murray, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 23 (1) (January-March, 2001), 67-72.
- References for Luoxia Hong
- B Gu, The History of the Han Dynasty (Chinese) 21 (Beijing, 1962).
- References for Witold Hurewicz
- K Borsuk, Witold Hurewicz - life and work, in Handbook of the history of general topology 1 (Dordrecht, 1997), 79-84.
- References for Shen Kua
- J-C Martzloff, A history of Chinese mathematics (Berlin-Heidelberg, 1997).
- References for Francesco Brioschi
- Zappa, History of the solution of fifth- and sixth-degree equations, with an emphasis on the contributions of Francesco Brioschi (Italian), Rend.
- References for John William Strutt
- I K Rakhimova, John William (Strutt) Rayleigh - initiator of the contemporary mathematical theory of vibrations (Russian), in Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 141-147.
- References for Évariste Galois
- B M Kiernan, The Development of Galois Theory from Lagrange to Artin, Archive for History of Exact Science 8 (1971), 40-154.
- References for Horst Tietz
- H Tietz, German history experienced: my studies, my teachers, Math.
- References for James Ivory
- I Todhunter, A History of the Mathematical Theories of Attraction and the Figure of the Earth 2 vols.
- References for Saunders Mac Lane
- S Mac Lane, Mathematics at the University of Chicago: A brief history, in P Duren (ed.), A century of mathematics in America, Part I (American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI , 1988), 127-154.
- References for Philip Jourdain
- I Grattan-Guinness (ed.), Philip E B Jourdain : Selected essays on the history of set theory and logics (1906-1918) (Bologna, 1991).
- References for Rafael Bombelli
- Bombelli's 'Algebra' (Russian), in History and methodology of the natural sciences XX (Moscow, 1978), 138-146.
- References for Adolf Kiefer
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Arthur Hirsch
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Christian Beyel
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Publications/Eminger.pdf
.
- References for Jafar Muhammad Banu Musa
- D El-Dabbah, The geometrical treatise of the ninth-century Baghdad mathematicians Banu Musa (Russian), in History Methodology Natur.
- References for Simplicius
- T L Heath, A history of Greek mathematics I, II (Oxford, 1931).
- References for Woolsey Johnson
- Biographical History, William Woolsey Johnson, Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.
- References for Carl Schoy
- J W Dauben and C J Scriba (eds.), Writing the history of mathematics.
- References for Peter Turner
- I R Adamson, The foundation and early history of Gresham College, London, 1596-1704, University of Cambridge PhD thesis (University of Cambridge, 1976).
- References for Mikhail Alekseevich Lavrent'ev
- A P Yushkevich, On the history of scientific relations between mathematicians in the USSR and in France (the election of S N Bernstein, I M Vinogradov and M A Lavrent'ev to the Paris Academy of Sciences) (Russian), Istor.-Mat.
- References for Christine Ladd-Franklin
- L Furumoto, Christine Ladd-Franklin's color theory : Strategy for claiming scientific authority?, in H E Adler and R W Rieber, (eds.), Aspects of the history of psychology in America : 1892-1992 (New York, 1994), 91-100.
- References for Werner Heisenberg
- T Powers, Heisenberg's war : the secret history of the German bomb (London, 1993).
- References for Kristen Nygaard
- K Nygaard and O-J Dahl, The development of the SIMULA languages, History of Programming Languages, Association for Computing Machinery (Academic Press, 1981), 439-480.
- References for George Atwood
- H E Bird, Chess History and Reminiscences (London, 1882).
- References for Mahendra Suri
- Y Ohashi, Early history of the astrolabe in India, Indian J.
- References for Girard Desargues
- P Freguglia, On the geometry of Gerard Desargues (Italian), in Contributions to the history of mathematics (Modena, 1992), 29-33.
- References for Erastus De Forest
- S M Stigler, The history of statistics : The measurement of uncertainty before 1900 (The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1986).
- References for Jan Tinbergen
- R Leeson, 'The Ghosts I Called I Can't Get Rid of Now': The Keynes-Tinbergen-Friedman-Phillips Critique of Keynesian Macroeconometrics, History of Political Economy 30 (1) (1998), 51-94.
- References for Frederico Commandino
- E Gamba, Documents of Muzio Oddi for the history of the proportional compass (Italian), Physis Riv.
- References for Carlo Bonferroni
- E Seneta, On the history of the strong law of large numbers and Boole's inequality, Historia Math.
- References for Giovanni Magini
- A Codazzi, The Contribution of Roberto Almagia to the History of Cartography, Imago Mundi 18 (1964), 78-80.
- References for Ettore Bortolotti
- L Novy and J Folta, The 4th International Congress of the History of Sciences, Prague-1937, in Acta Historiae Rerum Naturalium necnon Technicarum, 1972 (Prague, 1973), 11-388.
- References for Frank Baldwin
- L L Locke, The History of Modern Calculating Machines, An American Contribution, Amer.
- References for Nicole-Reine Etable de Labrière
- M Alic, Hypatia's Heritage : A history of women in science from antiquity to the late nineteenth century (The Women's Press, London, 1986).
- References for Joseph Larmor
- A Warwick, On the role of the FitzGerald- Lorentz contraction hypothesis in the development of Joseph Larmor's electronic theory of matter, Archive for History of Exact Science 43 (1) (1991), 29-91.
- References for Nicolaus(II) Bernoulli
- V A Nikiforovskii, The great mathematicians Bernoulli (Russian), History of Science and Technology Nauka' (Moscow, 1984).
- References for Jacques Le Tenneur
- S Drake, Uniform Acceleration, Space, and Time (Galileo Gleanings XIX), The British Journal for the History of Science 5 (1) (1970), 21-43.
- References for Wilhelm Wirtinger
- G Schubring, Wilhelm Wirtinger, History of the International Commission on Mathematical Instruction.
- References for Willem de Sitter
- P Kerszberg, Einstein, De Sitter and Cosmology, in Don Howard & John Stachel (eds.), Einstein and the History of General Relativity, Proceedings of the 1986 Osgood Hill Conference, North Andover, MA, Einstein Studies (Birkhauser, Boston, 1989), 325-366.
Additional material
A word appears too often: Please refine search.
Quotations
- Quotations by Cajori
- The Teaching and History of Mathematics in the United States
.
- History of Mathematics (p 161)
.
- The Teaching and History of Mathematics in the United States
.
- The history of mathematics is important also as a valuable contribution to the history of civilisation.
- History of Mathematics (p 4)
.
- A quotation by Bhaskara
- History Topics
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Quotations/Bhaskara.html
.
- Quotations by Carlyle
- What is all knowledge too but recorded experience, and a product of history; of which, therefore, reasoning and belief, no less than action and passion, are essential materials?
.
- Critical and Miscellaneous Essays: 'On History'
.
- History of Frederick the Great
.
- Quotations by Hawking
- Someone told me that each equation I included in the book [A Brief History of Time ] would halve its sales.
- A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes, (New York 1988) 174.
- A Brief History of Time
.
- Quotations by Gardner
- Biographical history, as taught in our public schools, is still largely a history of boneheads: ridiculous kings and queens, paranoid political leaders, compulsive voyagers, ignorant generals -- the flotsam and jetsam of historical currents.
- The men who radically altered history, the great scientists and mathematicians, are seldom mentioned, if at all.
- Quotations by Lakatos
- The history of mathematics, lacking the guidance of philosophy, [is] blind, while the philosophy of mathematics, turning its back on the most intriguing phenomena in the history of mathematics, is empty.
- Quotations by Abel
- Quoted in E Maor, To Infinity and Beyond: a Cultural History of the Infinite
.
- Quoted in E Maor, To Infinity and Beyond: a Cultural History of the Infinite
.
- Quotations by Poincare
- One would have to have completely forgotten the history of science so as to not remember that the desire to know nature has had the most constant and the happiest influence on the development of mathematics.
- Quoted in M J Greenberg, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometries: Development and history (San Fransisco, 1980).
- Quotations by Leibniz
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- Quoted in F Cajori, A History of Mathematical Notations (1928)
.
- Quotations by Bacon
- Quoted in J Fauvel and J Gray, A History of Mathematics: A Reader, 1987.
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- Quotations by Hubble
- The history of astronomy is a history of receding horizons.
- Quotations by Anaximander
- he was the first to discover a gnomon, and he set one up on the Sundials (?) in Sparta, according to Favorinus in his Universal History, to mark solstices and equinoxes; and he also constructed hour indicators.
- Quotations by Lagrange
- Quoted in H Eves, An introduction to the history of mathematics (Philadelphia 1983).
- Quotations by Russell
- History of Western Philosophy, (London, 1979) 512.
- Quotations by D'Alembert
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Quotations/D'Alembert.html
.
- Quotations by Brahmagupta
- Quoted in F Cajori, A History of Mathematics
.
- Quotations by Arbuthnot
- The History of John Bull
.
- Quotations by Manin
- In the course of history, the modern language of science slowly emerged from these two archaic activities, and it still owes a lot to them, especially in the more descriptive and less mathematicised domains.
- Quotations by Alberti
- In Francesco De Sanctis, History of Italian literature (1959)
.
- Quotations by Grassmann
- Quoted in M Crowe, A history of vector analysis (Notre Dame, 1967).
- Quotations by Lambert
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- Quotations by Whitehead
- I will not go so far as to say that to construct a history of thought without profound study of the mathematical ideas of successive epochs is like omitting Hamlet from the play which is named after him.
- Quotations by Boole
- I presume that few who have paid any attention to the history of the Mathematical Analysis, will doubt that it has been developed in a certain order, or that that order has been, to a great extent, necessary -- being determined, either by steps of logical deduction, or by the successive introduction of new ideas and conceptions, when the time for their evolution had arrived.
- A quotation by Bowditch
- Quoted in F Cajori, The Teaching and History of Mathematics in the United States
.
- Quotations by Banneker
- Quoted in G W Williams, History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880 (1882)
.
- A quotation by Eudoxus
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- Quotations by Thompson D'Arcy
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Quotations/Thompson_D'Arcy.html
.
- Quotations by Heath
- A History of Greek Mathematics (1921).
- Quotations by Bohr Niels
- It is, indeed, perhaps the greatest prospect of humanistic studies to contribute through an increasing knowledge of the history of cultural development to that gradual removal of prejudices which is the common aim of all science.
- Quotations by Anaxagoras
- Quoted in E Maor, To Infinity and Beyond: a Cultural History of the Infinite
.
- Quotations by Ball
- History of Mathematics (1901)
.
- Quotations by Bernoulli Daniel
- Quoted in C Truesdell, Essays in the History of Mathematics
.
- A quotation by Ptolemy
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- A quotation by Neugebauer
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- A quotation by Baker
- Quoted in F Cajori, A History of Mathematics (New York, 1919).
- Quotations by Kepler
- J V Field, Archive for History of Exact Sciences, 31 (1984) 229 - 72.
- Quotations by Boethius
- Quoted in J Fauvel and J Gray, The History of Mathematics: a Reader (London 1987)
.
- A quotation by Tate
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Quotations/Tate.html
.
- Quotations by Barrow
- Quoted in C B Boyer, A History of Mathematics (New York 1968)
.
- Quotations by Dantzig
- The attempt to apply rational arithmetic to a problem in geometry resulted in the first crisis in the history of mathematics.
- A quotation by Mazur Barry
- In the history of the concept of number has been adjective (three cows, three monads) and noun (three, pure and simple), and now .
Famous Curves
A word appears too often: Please refine search.
Chronology
- Mathematical Chronology
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- Eudemus of Rhodes writes the History of Geometry.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- History Topics
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/full.html
.
- Chronology for 30000BC to 500BC
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- History Topics
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/30000BC_500BC.html
.
- Chronology for 500BC to 1AD
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- Eudemus of Rhodes writes the History of Geometry.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/500BC_1AD.html
.
- Chronology for 1500 to 1600
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1500_1600.html
.
- Chronology for 1900 to 1910
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1900_1910.html
.
- Chronology for 500 to 900
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/500_900.html
.
- Chronology for 1AD to 500
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1AD_500.html
.
- Chronology for 1850 to 1860
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1850_1860.html
.
- Chronology for 1830 to 1840
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1830_1840.html
.
- Chronology for 1820 to 1830
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1820_1830.html
.
- Chronology for 1840 to 1850
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1840_1850.html
.
- Chronology for 1990 to 2000
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- History Topics
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1990_2000.html
.
- Chronology for 1980 to 1990
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1980_1990.html
.
- Chronology for 1625 to 1650
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1625_1650.html
.
- Chronology for 1100 to 1300
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1100_1300.html
.
- Chronology for 1930 to 1940
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1930_1940.html
.
- Chronology for 1970 to 1980
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1970_1980.html
.
- Chronology for 1870 to 1880
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1870_1880.html
.
- Chronology for 1780 to 1800
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1780_1800.html
.
- Chronology for 1890 to 1900
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1890_1900.html
.
- Chronology for 1910 to 1920
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1910_1920.html
.
- Chronology for 1810 to 1820
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1810_1820.html
.
- Chronology for 1740 to 1760
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1740_1760.html
.
- Chronology for 1880 to 1890
- (See this History Topic.)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1880_1890.html
.
- Chronology for 1960 to 1970
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1960_1970.html
.
- Chronology for 1940 to 1950
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1940_1950.html
.
- Chronology for 1300 to 1500
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1300_1500.html
.
- Chronology for 1760 to 1780
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1760_1780.html
.
- Chronology for 1800 to 1810
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1800_1810.html
.
- Chronology for 1600 to 1625
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1600_1625.html
.
- Chronology for 1720 to 1740
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1720_1740.html
.
- Chronology for 1860 to 1870
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1860_1870.html
.
- Chronology for 1650 to 1675
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1650_1675.html
.
- Chronology for 900 to 1100
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/900_1100.html
.
- Chronology for 1700 to 1720
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1700_1720.html
.
- Chronology for 1950 to 1960
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1950_1960.html
.
- Chronology for 1675 to 1700
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1675_1700.html
.
- Chronology for 1920 to 1930
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Chronology/1920_1930.html
.
- WhoWasThere.html
- action="http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk:/history/cgi-bin/mathyear.cgi">
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Timelines/WhoWasThere.html
.
- test.html
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Chronology/test.html
.
EMS Archive
- Edinburgh Mathematical Society Lecturers 1883-2016
- (Edinburgh Academy) On the history and degree of certain geometrical approximations, (Part 1 of 2)
.
- (Edinburgh Academy) On the history and degree of certain geometrical approximations, (Part 2 of 2)
.
- (The Academy, Edinburgh) History of the nine-point circle
.
- (The Academy, Edinburgh) Early history of the symmedian point
.
- (Glasgow) On the history of the Fourier series
.
- (The Academy, Edinburgh) History of a theorem in elementary geometry: the isosceles triangle
.
- (Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA) Discussion and history of certain geometrical problems of Heraclitus and Apollonius
.
- (Sydney, Australia) On some map projections, including the story of Mercator's projection -- a chapter in the history of mathematics
.
- (Aberdeen) A history of dynamical methods
.
- (St Andrews) Note on the history of the fundamental theorem of the integral calculus
.
- Edinburgh(joint with the British Society for the History of Mathematics)
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_lecturers.html
.
- EMS 125th Anniversary booklet
- Click the link to go to the biography in the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.
- He is best known for his 5 volume History of Determinants.
- He published several important textbooks and was an enthusiast for the History of Mathematics.
- He served as a Schools Inspector and published works on the History of Mathematics.
- He worked on non-Euclidean geometry and the History of Mathematics.
- His main interests were in the History of Mathematics.
- His best known work is in analysis, in particular numerical analysis, but he also worked on celestial mechanics and the history of applied mathematics and physics.
- He was interested in Invariant Theory and in the History of Mathematics.
- He produced important work on the history of Hindu mathematics.
- He was also interested in the History of Mathematics.
- He was a appointed Professor of Biology at Dundee and later Professor of Natural History at St Andrews.
- EMS 125th Anniversary booklet
- Click the link to go to the biography in the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.
- His main interests were in the History of Mathematics.
- He produced important work on the history of Hindu mathematics.
- He published several important textbooks and was an enthusiast for the History of Mathematics.
- He is best known for his 5 volume History of Determinants.
- He was also interested in the History of Mathematics.
- He worked on non-Euclidean geometry and the History of Mathematics.
- He was a appointed Professor of Biology at Dundee and later Professor of Natural History at St Andrews.
- He was interested in Invariant Theory and in the History of Mathematics.
- He served as a Schools Inspector and published works on the History of Mathematics.
- His best known work is in analysis, in particular numerical analysis, but he also worked on celestial mechanics and the history of applied mathematics and physics.
- The EMS: the first 100 years (1883-1983) Part 2
- As part of the Centenary celebrations of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, the Committee of the Society invited Professor Robert Rankin to write a history of the Society.
- Some notable personalities in the history of the Society
.
- He was the author of books on calculus which were notable for their rigour at a time when this was the exception rather than the rule, but his main interest was the history of mathematics.
- In later life he became an authority on the history of mathematics and, after his retirement in 1950, he edited the correspondence of Isaac Newton on behalf of the Royal Society.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_centenary_2.html
.
- Napier Tercentenary
- An exhibition of calculating machines, apparatus, and books, and of objects associated with Napier and the history of mathematics, will be held in connection with the celebration.
- The mathematical discussions in connection with the Napier celebration opened on Saturday, in the History Classroom of the University.
- These various papers, which all dealt with the history of Napier's discovery, were discussed by the Chairman and by Dr Glaisher, Professor Gibson, and Dr Conrad Muller, of Hannover.
- Professor Andoyer, of Paris, gave the history and method of construction of his recently published trigonometrical and logarithmic tables (1911.) These tables contain the logarithms of the trigonometrical functions to 17 significant figures for every hundredth of the quadrant, and to 14 figures for every 10 seconds.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Napier_Tercentenary.html
.
- EMS 125
- Edinburgh Mathematical Society History
.
- Professor Edmund Robertson, on behalf of the St Andrews History Team (Ms Marit Hartveit, Dr John O'Connor and himself), explained that they had produced a History of the Society.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_125.html
.
- EMS 1926 Colloquium
- The History of Mathematics in Scotland, by G A Gibson, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.E.
- History of the concept "invariant." Growth of Algebraic method: interplay of Algebra and Geometry in construction of symbolic methods.
- Gibson gave two lectures on the 6th and 9th on the History of Mathematics in Scotland.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1926.html
.
- The EMS: the first hundred years
- As part of the Centenary celebrations of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, the Committee of the Society invited Professor Robert Rankin to write a history of the Society.
- From 1878 until his death he concerned himself with determinants and their history, a subject on which his books and papers, of which he published 307, are still the leading authority.
- In essence his scheme was that the Proceedings should be retained for research papers, but that the Society should publish in place of the Mathematical Notes a new periodical, to be called the Journal of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, which would contain articles on History, Methods of Teaching, Notes, Discussions on Elementary Mathematics, etc.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_centenary_1.html
.
- EMS Proceedings papers
- History of the Nine-point Circle
.
- Early History of the Symmedian Point
.
- History of a theorem in Elementary Geometry
.
- EMS honours James Leslie
- The name Leslie, said Dr Horsburgh in the course of his lecture, was famous in the troublous times of Scottish history, but the Leslie whose name was enshrined in the M'Ewan Hall made his conquests in the fields of science.
- Knowing the history of the subject as well as he did, he knew exactly where to begin his experimenting.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_Leslie.html
.
- EMS 1972 Colloquium
- He knows poetry and history and languages and, of course, mathematics: he has insight and wisdom and wit; he talks softly and precisely; he likes a glass or two of sherry before his dinner, and he smokes all the time.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1972.html
.
- Scotland in 1883 and the EMS
- The subjects are, for the most part, those taught in the University; but History, and the French, German, and Italian Languages and Literatures, have been added.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Scotland_1883_EMS.html
.
- EMS 1980
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1938 Colloquium
- Turnbull, F.R.S., Regius Professor of Mathematics in the University of St Andrews, will lecture during the Colloquium on Recent Discoveries in the History of XVII Century Mathematics, making special reference to the life and work of Gregory.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1938.html
.
- EMS 1934 Colloquium
- At the opening meeting Professor D'Arcy Thompson, on welcoming the members on behalf of the University, spoke also of the history of the town and University.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1934.html
.
- LMS Newsletter article
- For those interested in the history of the Society two interesting articles are:
.
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_article.html
.
- EMS 1926
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1955
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1972
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS 1964
- EMS history
.
- History Topics Index
.
- EMS Secretaries
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSSecretaries.html
.
- EMS Mobius
- Other papers of the programme were: Deformable quadrics and their circular sections, by Professor H W Turnbull, F.R.S., illustrated with a series of folding cardboard models; A note on the history of the fundamental theorem of the integral calculus, in which Professor Turnbull showed that an important theorem, commonly ascribed to Barrow in 1669, was actually contained in Gregory's Pars Universalis (1668), and should therefore be credited to the latter mathematician; On the intersection of certain quadrics, by L M Brown; and On the projective geometry of paths, by Dr J Haantjes.
- EMS 125 Dinner
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_125_Dinner.html
.
- EMS Members
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/members_1929.html
.
- EMS
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_about.html
.
- EMS Freundlich
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Freundlich.html
.
- EMS honours Maxwell and Tait
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_Maxwell_Tait.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1934
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1934.html
.
- EMS Treasurers
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSTreasurers.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1996
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1996.html
.
- EMS Founder Members
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSFounder.html
.
- EMS 1976 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1976.html
.
- EMS 1968 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1968.html
.
- Colloquia photographs
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_index.html
.
- EMS session 5
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_session_5.html
.
- EMS Presidents
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSPresidents.html
.
- EMS school mathematics
- (4) Students should read something of the history of mathematics in the vocation before entering the University.
- Colloquium photo 1972
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1972.html
.
- EMS Centenary Dinner
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_Centenary_Dinner.html
.
- EMS 1914 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1914.html
.
- EMS 1996 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1996.html
.
- EMS 1951 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1951.html
.
- Colloquium photo 2003
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_2003.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1951
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1951.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1984
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1984.html
.
- EMS Mackie
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Mackie.html
.
- EMS Whittaker Prize
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Whittaker.html
.
- EMSWhittakerPrize.html
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSWhittakerPrize.html
.
- EMS Ruse
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Ruse.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1964
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1964.html
.
- EMS 1984 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1984.html
.
- EMS Levi-Civita
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Levi-Civita.html
.
- Edinburgh Mathematical Notes
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Edinburgh_maths_notes.html
.
- Chrystal: EMS Address
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Chrystal_EMS_Address.html
.
- 1892-93 May meeting
- Gibson, George Alexander: "On the history of the Fourier series"
.
- 1892-93 Dec meeting
- Mackay, John Sturgeon: "History of the nine-point circle"
.
- 1901-02 Dec meeting
- Mackay, John Sturgeon: "History of a theorem in elementary geometry" {keywords: triangle, isosceles}
.
- 1909-10 Jun meeting
- Archibald, R C: "Discussion and history of certain geometrical problems of Heraclitus and Apollonius"
.
- 1891-92 April meeting
- Pressland, Arthur John: "On the history and degree of certain geometrical approximations", {Part 2 of 2 (Part 1: December 1891)}
.
- 1892-93 Mar meeting
- Mackay, John Sturgeon: "Early history of the symmedian point"
.
- 1920-21 Jun meeting
- Carslaw, Horatio Scott: "Some map projections", [Title] {Title in minutes: "On some map projections, including the story of Mercator's projection Ð a chapter in the history of mathematics"
.
- 1891-92 Apr meeting
- Pressland, Arthur John: "On the history and degree of certain geometrical approximations", {Part 2 of 2 (Part 1: December 1891)}
.
- 1891-92 Dec meeting
- Pressland, Arthur John: "On the history and degree of certain geometrical approximations", {Part 1 of 2, (Part 2: April 1892)}
.
- EMS Proceedings papers
- Discussion and history of certain geometrical problems of Heraclitus and Apollonius
.
- EMS Proceedings papers
- On the history of the Fourier series
.
- Chrystal EMS tribute
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Chrystal_EMS_tribute.html
.
- EMS Honorary Members
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMSHonorary.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1930
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1930.html
.
- EMS 2003 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_2003.html
.
- EMS Roll of Honour for World War I
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EdMS_war_roll.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1959
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1959.html
.
- EMS 1988 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1988.html
.
- 50 years of the EMS
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_at_50.html
.
- EMS 1964 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1964.html
.
- EMS 1980 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1980.html
.
- EMS 1959 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1959.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1988
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1988.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1913
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1913.html
.
- EMS/SCM
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS-SCM_2017.html
.
- EMS Centenary meeting
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_Centenary_meeting.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1992
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1992.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1980
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1980.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1968
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1968.html
.
- EMS Centenary
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS_Centenary.html
.
- Colloquia photographs
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_photo_index.html
.
- EMS Ince
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/ems_Ince.html
.
- EMS 1913 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1913.html
.
- EMS/SCM
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/EMS-SCM.html
.
- EMS 1992 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1992.html
.
- EMS 1955 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1955.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1926
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1926.html
.
- EMS 1930 Colloquium
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/Colloquium_1930.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1955
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1955.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1976
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1976.html
.
- Colloquium photo 1938
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/ems/photo_1938.html
.
BMC Archive
- Minutes for 2005
- [The main task is to draw up a list of potential UK-based speakers- Newcastle have provided suggestions of some names, and seek more suggestions; my own suggestion is that they seek one morning speaker in history/philosophy/political areas - or an area of applications such as financial mathematics.
- There was also a suggestion that a single lecture on the History, Philosophy or Sociology of Mathematics might prove popular, after the success of the History of Mathematics talks at Liverpool.
- Andrews History of Mathematics website.
- Minutes for 2005
- It was decided to put the archives on the website of History of Mathematics of Saint Andrews University and to write in a News Letter of LMS about this subject.
- British Society for the History of Mathematics proposed to organize a splinter group at BMC2006, but the possible organizer Elena Robson did not submit a proposal to the meeting.
- So, it was decided not to have a splinter group of History of Mathematics on BMC2006.
- Minutes for 1998
- Combinatorics/History/Others
.
- Prof N Biggs (LSE, Comb.), Dr N S Manton (Cambridge, Math/Physics), Dr I B Leader (Kings, Comb.), Dr G Brightwell (LSE, Comb.), Dr J J Gray (Open, History), Dr J Chapman (Oxford, Phys.), Dr R J Wilson (Open, History), Dr R Hill (Salford, Comb.).
- Scientific Committee 2008
- BMC Historical Records: Edmund Robertson reported to the committee that lists of all Plenary and Morning Speakers as well as a list of Special Sessions since the 1st BMC were now available via the St Andrews History of Mathematics web site.
- History of Mathematics Lecture by Edmund Robertson.
- Tony Mann for History of Mathematics.
- BMC Report
- A History of Mathematics lecture was given by Rod Gow (UCD) on the Monday afternoon followed by a special lecture given by Tom Laffey (UCD).
- There were Splinter Group sessions on Differential Equations and Numerical Analysis, Geometry and Topology, History of Mathematics, Operator Theory and Real Analysis, Ring Theory, Algebraic Combinatorics, Group and Representation Theory.
- BMC 2018
- History of Mathematics workshop (Organiser I Falconer)n
.
- Bailey, RLatin squares: Some history, with an emphasis on their use in designed experiments.
- Minutes for 2012
- http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/BMC/
.
- However, there will be a History of Mathematics splinter group to provide a more accessible option to the afternoon workshops.
- Minutes for 2002
- Suggested themes: number theory, analysis, groups, algebra / groups, topology, logic/etc, history/etc.
- Suggested names (if not recent BMC speakers) included Heath-Brown, Susan Howson, Tennenbaum, Everest, Tom Korner, Robin Chapman, C Read, David Preiss, S Powell, Martin Bridson, Nick Inglis, V Bavula, Ben Steinberg, Bridgeland, Rickard, Chuang, Dunwoody, R Seidel, Richard Thomas, Simon Singh, Moritz Epple, Rod Gow (for history).
- Scientific Committee 2007
- Details of main speakers at BMC since 1968 now available on St Andrews history of maths website, and LMS records to be consulted by Edmund for period 1949-1967.
- The Chair graciously accepted an invitation to give a History of Maths lecture, about the EMS.
- BMC 2015
- Workshop: History of mathematicsn
.
- Heard, JThe Early History of The London Mathematical Society
.
- Minutes for 2011
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/BMC/.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/BMC/Advice2008.html.
- Minutes for 2007
- [To follow the usual pattern York will pick out about 4 areas of mathematics that they wish to concentrate on - with one or two singletons in, for example, history of mathematics, and to circulate in advance a few names in these areas.]
.
- A History of Maths lecture to be given as a general morning lecture, possibly related to the 125-th anniversary of the EMS.
- BMC 2002
- Green, J AThe history of representation theory
.
- Memorandum 2004
- The LMS will retain the records of the BMC and meetings of the committees of the BMC, to provide an archive of the history of the BMC.
- Report2015.html
- The afternoon workshops (with organisers) included: Analysis of Non-linear PDEs (Neshan Wickramsekera), Category Theory (Julia Goedecke), Combinatorics (Andrew Thomason), History of Mathematics (June Barrow-Green), Probability (Christina Goldschmidt and James Martin), Quantum Information (Toby Cubitt and Berry Groisman) and Mathematics Education.
- Report2011.html
- Other sessions including afternoon splinter groups on the history of maths and on maths education (led by the MSOR network) and (before the main part of the BMC began) a session of contributed talks by "early career" delegates and meetings of the LMS funded scheme 3 groups BLOC (algebra) and TTT (topology).
- Minutes for 2012
- Possibilities include the History of Mathematics, Mathematical (higher) Education and the areas of LMS Scheme 3 groups not already represented.
- SCminutes2017b.html
- Minutes for 2000
- History: D Fowler, R Wilson.
- SCminutes2013b.html
- There could also be a lecture on the history of the LMS.
- BMC 1988
- Gray, J J Recent progress in the history of mathematics
.
- BMC 1974
- Bass, H A brief history of algebraic K-theory
.
- Gminutes2017.html
- The areas for workshops are to be Algebra, Analysis, Dynamics, Combinatorics, and History of Mathematics.
- Minutes for 1999
- Minutes for 2006
- It is usual for Swansea to pick out about 4 areas of mathematics that they wish to concentrate on - with one or two singletons in, for example, history of mathematics, and to circulate in advance a few names in these areas, to give us a start.]
.
- BMC 2013
- Workshop: History of Mathematicsn
.
- Minutes for 2009
- Andrews History of Mathematics site.
- BMC advice
- A lecture on history or relevant current events (mathematical finance?)
.
- Report2014.html
- This funding was essential in view of increasing the international profile of the BMC, since it allowed the organisers to invite a stellar list of speakers, unparalleled in the recent history of the conference, as detailed below.
- Minutes for 2007
- The Chair of the BMC Scientific Committee, Professor Edmund Robertson, announced that information on previous BMCs which had been collated by Professor Garth Dales would soon be available on the St Andrews History of Mathematics website.
- Mathematics 2005
- Minutes for 1999
- It is intended that in Leeds there be Splinter Groups in Mathematical Education, Number Theory, Mathematical Logic, Algebraic Topology, History of Mathematics, Functional Analysis, Algebra, and Integrable Systems, and possibly other areas.
- Minutes for 2008
- The following have accepted invitations to be morning speakers: Rod Gow (History) and Tom Laffey both UCD, Jurgen Berndt (UCC), Lars Olsen (St Andrews), Reidun Twarock (York), Dominic Welsh (Oxford).
- BMC Report
- A history of mathematics lecture (Edmund Robertson);
.
- Memorandum 2003
- The LMS will retain the records of the BMC and meetings of the committees of the BMC, to provide an archive of the history of the BMC.
- BMC 1962
- Atiyah, M FRiemann-Roch: the history and development of the theorem
.
- Minutes for 1990
- Lists of potential morning and evening speakers were compiled, and it was resolved to seek the advice of Dr J Gray of the OU concerning potential speakers on History of Mathematics.
- SCminutes2016b.html
- Mike Todd reported that Laura De Marco (Northwestern), Irit Dinur (Weizmann), Martin Hairer (Warwick), Nalini Joshi (Sydney), Paul Seymour (Princeton) and Marcelo Viana (IMPA) had accepted invitations to give plenary lectures and that the provisional list of workshop areas is : Algebra, Analysis and Probability, Dynamics, Combinatorics and Number Theory, Geometry and Topology, History.
- Report2013.html
- A guest Workshop on the History of Mathematics, organised by June Barrow-Green, was held on Wednesday 27 March.
- Minutes for 2012
- An amendment to the comment on the possibility of a Workshop on the History of Mathematics was agreed.
- SCminutes2013a.html
- It was pointed out that information about all previous BMCs, including speakers, is available on the St Andrews MacTutor website: http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/BMC/index.html
.
- Minutes for 2011
- A minute book has surfaced providing insight into the history and past practice of the BMC.
- SCminutes2017a.html
- The areas for workshops are Algebra, Analysis, Dynamics, Combinatorics, and History of Maths.
- Grant Walker speech
- Past: history on the Springer bags, reminds us of the wider community that supports mathematics and is supported by it.
Gazetteer of the British Isles
- References
- Compiled by the Institute of the History of the Natural Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
- International Mathematical Congresses - An Illustrated History 1893-1986.
- Outline of the History of Mathematics.
- An Illustrated History of Computers.
- A History of Trinity College Dublin 1892-1945.
- A Short Account of the History of Mathematics.
- A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- A History of Mathematics.
- History on London Walls.
- Study Group on the Relations between History and Pedagogy of Mathematics Newsletter 10 (Oct 1985) 9-10.
- The Royal Mint - An Illustrated History.
- Works in the National Gallery that illustrate the history of science and technology.
- British Society for the History of Science, Stanford in the Vale, Faringdon, Oxon., 1997.
- Open University Course AM289 - History of Mathematics.
- [Freely taught physics and history of science for 16 years at Robert College, later the University of the Bosphorus, so this is one of the very few general guidebooks to mention scientists and mathematicians.
- Writers who have changed chess history.
- John Napier and the history of logarithms.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985.
- A History of Medicine.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- The Cambridge Philosophical Society - A History 1819-1969.
- A Mathematical History of Division in Extreme and Mean Ratio.
- An Illustrated History.
- Hinde, Thomas, An illustrated History of the University of Greenwich (London: James & James, 1996 [ TM]
.
- Praha v Historii Fyziky / Prague in the History of Physics.
- The Camden History Society, London, 1979.
- IHHS = Institute for the History of Hungarian Sciences (Magyar Tudomanytorteneti Intezet).
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- A Concise History.
- Feedback Mechanisms in the Historical Collections of the National Museum of History and Technology.
- Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, No.
- Trinity College Dublin 1592-1952 An academic history.
- Phillips, ed.; Studies in the History of Mathematics; Math.
- King's College A Short History.
- A Short History of Chess.
- The History of Statistics in the 17th and 18th Centuries.
- (This has a complex printing history as various partial editions appeared.
- Notes on Local History.
- Sidney Sussex College A Brief History.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- History of Mathematics.
- The Ninth Part of The History of Philosophy, (1655-1662), collected ed., 1687, pp.
- International Study Group on the Relations between History and Pedagogy of Mathematics Newsletter 33 (Nov 1994) 9-11.
- IN: History of Mathematics; Proc.
- Annals of the History of Computing 5 (1983) 45-59.
- Its History, Principle and Operation.
- Curiosities of History; With New Lights.
- Trinity College - A History and Guide.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- Compiled by the Camden History Society's Street History Group.
- Camden History Society, 1991.
- Camden History Society and High Hill Press, (1972, corrected, 1973 & 1976), 2nd ed., 1984.
- History of the Three Royal Exchanges, the Gresham Lectures, and Gresham Almshouses.
- Islington: A History and Guide.
- London individuals D-G
- The Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, has a facsimile of his Holy Table.
- The Barnes & Mortlake History Society has published a number of booklets which describe this area and give old pictures, but none of the pictures seems to be Dee's house - see the items mentioned below and [Glimpses of Old Barnes and Mortlake; Going to the Parish Mortlake and the Parish Church of St Mary The Virgin, Barnes and Mortlake History Society, 1993',5)">Freeman] and also [Britain in Old Photographs Sutton Publishing Ltd; (1995)',6)">Loobey].
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- [Vanished Houses of Barnes, Mortlake and East Sheen, Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1964), new ed., 1978, p.11',8)">Barnes History Society] says that Dee's land stretched on both sides of the passageway.
- In about 1619, Dee's entire estate was purchased for the Mortlake Tapestry Works [Vanished Houses of Barnes, Mortlake and East Sheen, Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1964), new ed., 1978, p.11',10)">Barnes & Mortlake History Society].It's not clear whether they used Dee's house or built new buildings - [History of Mortlake (1886), p.30',11)">Anderson] records that the house was standing in 1817 - this seems unlikely to me.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Maisie Brown, of the Barnes & Mortlake History Society sent a picture of the stone, which was a plaque commemorating Mortlake Tapestry House, restored 1877, and she says the stone was removed to the Council Depot in 1951 and vanished.
- On a visit in 1997, I found an open space with a memorial stone by the river saying it marked the site of the Tapestry Works - Maisie Brown says the Barnes & Mortlake History Society recently promoted this as a replacement for the vanished stone.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991., p.60; confirmed by Maisie Brown',16)">Hailstone].
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Elizabeth visited him in Mortlake several times (at least twice, according to [Glimpses of Old Barnes and Mortlake; Going to the Parish Mortlake and the Parish Church of St Mary The Virgin, Barnes and Mortlake History Society, 1993, p.34',19)">Freeman]), once to see his famous scrying stone [Alleyways of Mortlake and East Sheen.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, (1983), 2nd ptg, 1991.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- [History of Mortlake (1886), pp.
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- [Richmond: Notes on Local History, No.
- In 1715, he published the first history of the telescope as an appendix to the second edition of David Gregory's Catoptrice et Dioptrice Sphaericae Elementa of 1695.
- [A History of Trinity College Dublin 1892-1945.
- [Islington: A History and Guide.
- She was instrumental in founding Avery Hill and Furzedown teachers' colleges and temporarily served as Principal of Avery Hill (Avery Hill College merged with Thames Polytechnic (now the University of Greenwich) in 1985 [An illustrated History of the University of Greenwich (London: James & James, 1996) ',46)">Hinde]).
- [Ben Franklin Stilled the Waves: An Informal History of Pouring Oil on Water with Reflections on the Ups and Downs of Scientific Life in General, Duke Univ.
- [Curiosities of History; With New Lights.
- [An illustrated History of the University of Greenwich (London: James & James, 1996) ',46)">Hinde] He lived in West Kensington, near St Paul's School which his sons were attending, then in Hampstead.
- Oxford individuals
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.69',7)">Gunther & Simcock] is a picture of an eighteenth-century painting in the Museum of the History of Science showing the tower.
- Printed for the author, Oxford, 1937, p.304',17)">Gunther]; [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Printed for the author, Oxford, 1937, pp.40-42',29)">Gunther]; [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- An astrolabe known as the Oriel astrolabe, c1340, now in the Museum of the History of Science, may have come from him.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Margaret Gowing (1921-1998), the historian of the UK atomic bomb project, became the first Professor of the History of Science at Oxford in 1973.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.65, but no details are given',72)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, picture on p.60',73)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Most of this deals with natural philosophy, but he also wrote on zoology, geology, Oxford gardens, the history of botany, south Italian amulets, architecture, etc.
- Reader in the History of Science in 1934.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, pp.
- He was also Professor of Experimental Philosophy and Radcliffe Librarian! Some of his instruments are in the Museum of the History of Science.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.11',88)">Gunther & Simcock]
.
- In 1694, he published a two volume set, De Ludis Orientalibus, one of the first western expositions of oriental games and their history.
- [Keble College History, The College, 1997',90)">Keble College]
.
- His collection of instruments was given to St John's, but is now in the Museum of the History of Science.
- Press, Oxford, 1925, p.18',95)">Gunther], he says it is in the Museum of the History of Science (though this may have been just a temporary loan).
- The spectrometer that he used to establish the concept of atomic number is in the Museum of the History of Science.
- It is currently in the Museum of the History of Science.
- Printed for the author, Oxford, 1937, p.156',113)">Gunther]; [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- In 1914-1920, he got the Bodleian to provide a 'Science Room' for himself and other workers in the history of science.
- University Lecturer in the History of Biological Sciences in 1920, the first academic post in the history of science at Oxford, and probably in the UK.
- However, he was unable to form a department and soon left Oxford for London where he established the first department of the history and philosophy of science at University College London.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.68.',122)">Gunther & Simcock]
.
- The Old Ashmolean, now the Museum of the History of Science, has been attributed to Wren, but this is certainly spurious.
- Oxford Institutions and Colleges
- The Ashmolean Museum (Beaumont Street; tel: 01865-278000 (or -278015)) was originally located in the present Museum of the History of Science, see below for the early history.
- Press, Oxford, 1925, pp.26-30',21)">Gunther] describes the instruments as being in the Museum of the History of Science - they are still there - and says the Orrery collection is "the largest, if not the only considerable collection now in existence of scientific apparatus formed by any one person who lived so long ago." In fact it was Gunther himself who uncovered the collection in a dark and dusty cupboard at Christ Church about 1918.
- This bit of singularly unnatural history was used as an image of Christ feeding his Church! See: Kratzer, H.
- [Keble College: The History, The College, 1997',25)">Keble College]
.
- Museum of the History of Science
.
- This has many items of mathematical interest and is also of considerable interest for the history of science and of museums.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, pp.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- (Lewis Evans was the brother of Sir Arthur Evans, the excavator of Knossos and Keeper of the Ashmolean at the turn of the century.) This expanded into the present Museum of the History of Science, which was established in 1935 with Robert T.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985,',40)">Gunther & Simcock]
.
- Press, Oxford, 1925, pp.26-30',21)">Gunther] describes the Orrery collection as being in the Museum of the History of Science, as a loan from Christ Church and it is still in the Museum.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.50',63)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.69',64)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, pp.71 & 90',67)">Gunther & Simcock].
- It may well be the oldest extant natural history specimen [Robert T.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, p.73',83)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984, pp.14, 15, 42, 44 - the location is shown on the map facing p.15',85)">Simcock].
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984, p.15, with a map facing p.15 showing the location of the residence',87)">Simcock].
- London individuals H-M
- Camden History Society, London, 1986, pp.16, 46, 69-70 & 86, including photos of the tomb and of its inscription; Culbertson & Randall, p.230',15)">Wade] Portrait in the Royal Observatory.
- 36 (1952) 5-19',19)">Cooper]; [Camden History Review 20 (1996) 14-16; Whittaker (3)',20)">Sealey]; [Bull.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- Little is known of him except that he died on 29 Aug 1769 in what is now Welbeck Street and is said to be buried in Old St Marylebone church, marked by the present Garden of Rest in Marylebone High Street [The Oxford Guide to Card Games, OUP, 1990, reissued as A History of Card Games, Penguin, 1991, pp.58-59; Greenwood, p.318',33)">Parlett].
- [Trinity College Dublin 1592-1952 An academic history.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- The Camden History Society, London, 1979.
- The Camden History Society, London, 1979, p.23;',57)">Howells, Richardson, Stapleton & Tindall]; [Who Lived Where in Europe: A Biographical Guide to Homes and Museums.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- [History of Chess, OUP, 1913, p.846',78)">Murray] and Francois-Andre Philidor.
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- London individuals S-Z
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- [History of Mathematics.
- p.281',28)">Dakers]; [Curiosities of History; With New Lights.
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- The design of the Great Hall of Lambeth Palace is sometimes attributed to him [Lambeth Palace A Short History, Church Information Office, London, 1974, p.5',60)">Huelin].
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Other institutions in Cambridge
- Whipple Museum of the History of Science
.
- London individuals A-C
- Camden History Society, London, 1986.
- Thomas Bradwardine (c1290-1349) died at Lambeth, [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Arthur Cayley (1821-1895) was born in Richmond, now part of SW London [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- IN: History of Mathematics; Proc.
- London individuals N-R
- He became Chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1661 [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- History of Electricity, 1767.
- Lectured at Hackney College on history and chemistry.
- [Notes on Local History, no.
- Glasgow
- He was interested in the history of mathematics and in 1928 his friends raised funds to endow a lecture on the history of mathematics, delivered about every four years.
- Gibson and the Gibson lectureship in the history of mathematics, BSHM Newsletter 29 (Summer 1995) 7-8.',2)">Rankin]
.
- For recent history, see [Mathematics, in A Faculty for Science A Unified Diversity A Century of Science in the University of Glasgow; ed.
- East Horsley, nr Ockham, Surrey
- Lovelace pioneered the use of wood formed after being steamed - he reported this to the Institution of Civil Engineers and Isambard Kingdom Brunel expressed approval of Lovelace's Great Hall built in 1847 using bent beams (photo on p.10 of [The History of Horsley Towers, PB Publishing, Woking, 1998',7)">Beach]).
- [The History of Horsley Towers, PB Publishing, Woking, 1998]',2)">Beach] says there is a memorial tablet to Ada in the Chapel, but I didn't notice it.
- [An Album of Curious Houses, Chatto & Windus, 1988, pp.140-143',4)">Lambton]; [The History of Horsley Towers, PB Publishing, Woking, 1998',5)">Beach]; [A Little Guide to St Martin\'s Church East Horsley Surrey, East Horsley Parochial Council, 1986.',6)">Bowley]
.
- Teddington, Middlesex
- p.28',2)">Craig], but [History of the Three Royal Exchanges, the Gresham Lectures, and Gresham Almshouses.
- Effingham Wilson, London, 1896, p.17, 22-28',3)">White & Foster] gives a detailed history showing that Halifax and Barton lived at Upper Lodge, which was replaced by 1840 and was on the site used by the Admiralty Research laboratory in 1945-1994.
- [History of the Three Royal Exchanges, the Gresham Lectures, and Gresham Almshouses.
- Cambridge Colleges
- At some stage, there was a graft and the next cutting was taken from a different part of the tree, so the Trinity tree is a different type of apple than the original!! As you enter, you can buy a copy of Trevelyan's History and guide to the College at the Porter's Lodge on the right.
- St John's is the second most mathematical college after Trinity, but does not have a convenient history available.
- a short history of the College has recently appeared which mentions the following: Oughtred; Arthur Berry; H.
- Oxford professorships
- Early professors used the purpose-built 'mathematical tower' in the Schools Quadrangle as an observatory - some of the original instruments are in the Museum of the History of Science [The Ashmolean Museum and Oxford Science 1683-1983.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1984.
- London Museums
- As you enter the Library you pass Bill Woodrow's Sitting on History (1995) (not particularly mathematical but fun nevertheless), and in the Piazza Antony Gormley's Planets (2002) has recently been installed: its "eight, one-tonne granite boulders carved with the outlines of a variety of human bodies in the act of clinging onto them" may allude to astronomy.
- The wall continues with the history of punched cards and then moves into computers: an original Hollerith punch; Kelvin's Harmonic Analyser (1878): parts of Hartree's Differential Analyser and its Meccano model (1935); counters from the Harvard Mark I (c1943); a segment of ENIAC (c1945); a replica of the first transistor (23 Dec 1947) (no longer on display); some parts from CADET, one of the first experimental transistorised computers, built at Harwell in 1952-1957, showing that the early transistors were too delicate to be soldered into place and had to be clipped into circuitry; Mercury delay lines from EDSAC, LEO 1 (1948) and the Pilot ACE.
- Norwich, Norfolk
- Samuel Clarke (1675-1729) was born in Norwich [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Robert Woodhouse (1773-1827) was born in Norwich [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Sidmouth, Devon
- Lewis Evans, the founding benefactor of the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, lived at Sidmouth and his collection of scientific instruments was there before he donated it to Oxford in 1922 [Robert T.
- Museum of the History of Science, Oxford, 1985, pp.20-22',3)">Gunther & Simcock].
- Cambridge Individuals
- A history of St John's says Dee was assistant Greek reader at St John's but "is better known to posterity by his reform of the Julian Calendar" - an assertion which seems odd since England refused to adopt the Gregorian Calendar in 1582 and only adopted it in 1752.
- (Although there have been notable mathematicians at St John's, Peterhouse, etc., only Trinity and King's seem to have a reasonable college history available, so I am undoubtedly missing out many people and details of interest.)
.
- London Learned Societies
- It has a most distinguished history in the physical sciences.
- Its History, Principle and Operation.
- Rye, East Sussex
- Isaac Todhunter (1820-1884) was born in Rye [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- St Andrews, Fife
- Cambridge
- Town and gown riots occurred in Cambridge as well and in 1381 all the university records were publicly burned, resulting in considerable obscurity about the early history of the university.
- Oxford
- [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Manchester
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- Slough, Berkshire
- John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) was born here [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Markree Castle, Co. Sligo
- Edward Cooper was a noted amateur astronomer and had an observatory at his house, Markree Castle, c1850 [Trinity College Dublin 1592-1952 An academic history.
- Milverton, Somerset
- Thomas Young (1773-1829) was born here [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Ottery St Mary, Devon
- [The Church of St Mary of Ottery in the County of Devon: A Short History and Guide, British Publishing Co Ltd, Gloucester, (1956), 4th ed, 1968, pp.18-21',2)">John] says "Its age must be largely a matter of conjecture but there are some grounds for attributing it to John de Grandisson, Bishop of Exeter 1327-69".
- York
- St Peter's School, in the York street of Clifton, claims a continuous history from this foundation by Alcuin, though the school buildings are not that old! [A Guided Tour of York Minster, The Dean and Chapter of York, (1983), 3rd ed, revised by Charles McCarter, John Toy et al., 1999, p.52',2)">Allen] says the school is often said to have been founded by Alcuin's earliest mentor, Ecgbert, the first Archbishop of York (and the last person to have known Bede), but that the school really goes back to the time of Bishop Wilfrid, c670.
- Cambridge professorships
- Holders have been: Isaac Barrow (1663-1669); Isaac Newton (1669-1702); William Whiston (1702-1710), best known for his translation of Flavius Josephus' historical writings and for being expelled for heresy, but who also popularised Newton's work; Nicolas Saunderson (1711-1739), famous for overcoming the apparent handicap of blindness; John Colson (1739-1760) who invented negative digits; Edward Waring (1760-1798) of Waring's problem; Isaac Milner (1798-1820) who gave no lectures; Robert Woodhouse (1820-1822) who wrote the first English calculus using Leibniz's notation and a book on the history of the calculus of variations; Thomas Turton (1822-1826); G.
- Skreen, Co. Sligo
- George Gabriel Stokes (1819-1903) was born here [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Moretonhampstead, Devon
- The local history society has a leaflet on Bidder, but there were no copies on hand when I visited.
- Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
- He, assisted by his wife Ruth, established the first substantial bio-bibliographical database for the history of British mathematics and amassed a substantial collection of early British mathematical books which have now been transferred to the University library.
- Leadenham
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- Liverpool
- Young (1863-1942) held various part-time teaching positions at Liverpool University from 1906 to 1916 (including one with the grandiose title Professor of the philosophy and history of mathematics in 1913).
- Wimborne St Giles, Dorset
- Consulting a book on the history of food reveals that the cabbage is thought to be a native of northern Europe and was well known to the Greeks and the Romans, so I find Evelyn's and Nichols' assertions surprising - perhaps they are referring to some other, cabbage-like, plant, or perhaps it was an improved variety which people could eat.
- Other Institutions in central London
- [The Royal Mint - An Illustrated History.
- Churches
- He is buried in the adjacent St Mary, Lambeth (now the Museum of Garden History), with a plaque in the chancel.
- Shrewsbury, Shropshire
- Edward Waring (1736-1798) was born near Shrewsbury [A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge.
- Portsmouth, Hampshire
- Its History, Principle and Operation.
- Upton-upon-Severn, Hereford and Worcester
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society, Occasional Papers No.8, 1995.
- Chevening, Kent
- The third Earl, Charles Stanhope (1753-1816), was also a noted inventor, devising numerical and logical calculating machines, a microscope lens, a printing press and the process of stereotyping -- examples are in the Science Museum, London, and the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford.
- London Scientific Institutions
- IN: History of Mathematics; Proc.
Astronomy section
- A Brief History of Time and Calendars
- A Brief History of Time and Calendars
.
- This reflects the lack of information that historians of science have as they delve further back into history.
- M Hoskin, The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy (Cambridge, 1999)
.
- D Leverington, Encyclopaedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge, 2013)
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/bhistory.html
.
- Astronomical items in History Topics
- Astronomical items in History Topics
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/topics.html
.
- The Dynamics of the Solar System
- A Berry, A short history of astronomy from the earliest times through the nineteenth century (New York, 1961)
.
- D Leverington, Encyclopaedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge, 2013)
.
- M Hoskin A Very Short Introduction: The History of Astronomy (New York, 2003)
.
- M Hoskin, The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy (Cambridge, 1999)
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/dynamics.html
.
- The Structure of the Solar System
- Using this hypothesis, he was able to predict the transit of Mercury across the face of the Sun, for the first time in human history.
- M Hoskin, The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy (Cambridge, 1999)
.
- D Leverington, Encyclopaedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge, 2013)
.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/StructureOfSolarSystem.html
.
- The Reaches of the Milky Way
- A Berry, A short history of astronomy from the earliest times through the nineteenth century (New York, 1961)
.
- D Leverington, Encyclopaedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge, 2013)
.
- M Hoskin, The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy (Ch 8.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/galaxy.html
.
- The Infinite Universe
- D Leverington, Encyclopaedia of the History of Astronomy and Astrophysics (Cambridge, 2013)
.
- M Hoskin, The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy (Ch 8.
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/universe.html
.
- Extras Index
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Indexes/Extras_index.html
.
- List of astronomers
- Astronomical Societies
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/societies.html
.
- Astronomy in different cultures
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/culture.html
.
- List of astronomers
- https://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/astronomers.html
.
- Astronomy timeline from the 16th Century
- http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Astronomy/timeline.html
.
This search was performed by Kevin Hughes' SWISH and Ben Soares' HistorySearch Perl script
JOC/BS August 2001